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December 12, 2016
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July 18, 2000
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PDF icon CIA-RDP79-00798A001000070016-3.pdf117.68 KB
Aoved For Release' 2000/09/06: CIA-RDP79-00796A001000070016-3 A E p VIII -- Influences of Environmental Chances on Climate The first session of the Working Group was held June 10-21, 1974 in Leningrad. It was agreed to initiate exchanges of scientists and information and to conduct cooperative experiments' beginning in 1975 under three projects whose reorganization the joint Committee subsequently approved: Protect VIII-1 Effects of Changes in the Heat Balance of the Atmosphere on Climate Subgroup 1 - Modeling of climate Subgroup 2 - Assessment of past changes of.the climate on the basis of analysis of natural objects and data Subgroup 3 - Interactions of the atmosphere with polar regions and the oceans as they affect climate In May-June, 1974, Dr. S. M. Olenicoff, a U. S. specialist on polar research bibliography,visited the USSR and familiarized himself with bibliography, scientific publications and work in Soviet scientific institu- tions related to research on the influence of polar regions on climate The project leaders are Dr. J. Smagorinsky, Director, NOAA Geophysical Fluid Dynamic Laboratory (USA) and M. I. Budyko, Correspondent-Member of the USSR Academy of Sciences (USSR). Project VIII---2 Effects of Pollution of the Atmphere on Climate In February 1974 a delegation of Soviet specialists participated in the T'ourtil Annual A~nericen Conference on Results of Evaluet?.on of the. *DOC Exemption Letter In ERU File* Approved For Release 2000/09/06 : CIA-RDP79-00798A001000070016-3. ,-Al5pxoved/For Relea a 2000/09/06: C1A RDP79-0079IA001000070016-3 Influence of Pollution in the High Level Atmosphere on Climate. Scientific objectives of a joint marine expedition are being developed to determine the concentration of minor impurities in the atmosphere and near the ocean-- atmosphere boundary in selected regions. The project leaders are Dr. L Machta, Air Resources Laboratory, NOAA (USA) and Dr. I. I. Karol, A. I. VoyeykovMain Geophysical Ob- servatory, Leningrad (USSR). Project VIII-3 Influence of Solar Activity on Climate The project leaders are Prof. J. M. Wilcox, Institute for Plasma Research, Standard University (USA) and Acadamian Mustel, Hydrometeorological Center, Moscow (USSR). In connection with these projects, U. S. participants at the June Working Group meeting visited"institutions in Leningrad including A. A. Zhdanov State University, the Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute, the Pulkovo Astronomical Observatory, and the A. I. Voyeykov Main Geophysical Observatory, as well as organizations of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR including the Department of Oceanology Institute, the Komarov Botanical Institute, the All-Union Geological Institute, and the Institute of Zoology. In Moscow, visits were made to the Hydrometeorological Center, the Geological Institute, and the Ministry of Aviation Industry as well as the Oceanology Institute, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Computing Center, and Geography Institute, all of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Approved For Release 2000/09/06 : CIA-RDP79-00798AO01000070016-3 #Approved For Rele 2000/09/06 -CIA-RDP79-0079001000070016-3 -3- Subgroups of the American delegation also visited Soviet institutions and observatories- in Novosibirsra, the Crimea,' Kiev, and the Northern Caucasus. In all, three projects scientists from both sides have exchanged re- prints of recently published articles relating to the influence of environ- mental changes on climate. The Working Group Co-Chairman are Dr. E. S. Epstein, Associate Administrator for Environmental Monitoring and Prediction, NOAA, who succeeded Dr. W. N. Hess (USA) and Dr. E. P. Bovisenko, Director, A. I. Voyeykov Main Geophysical Observatory, Leningrad (USSR). Approved For Release 2000/09/06 : CIA-RDP79-00798AO01000070016-3