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August 2, 1974
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August 2, 1974 Approved For Release 2005/07/20: CIA-RDP79-009574000100040050-1 E 1241 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - Extensioni of Remark- s ?brance of the Warsaw Uprising as a sym- bol of the fight for freedom which con- tinues fr geperation to generation. throughout e world. MANY HELPED ? IN SUCCESSFUL TELEVISED J RY COMMIT- TEE MEETINGS HON. ROBERT CLORY OF ILLIN011 IN THE HOUSE OF REFRES TATIVES , Friday, August 2; 1 Mr, McCLORY. Mr. Speaker, e great public interest in the recent vised meetings of the House Judiciary om- mittee?a first in congressional hist ? drew huge crowds and representa s of the media from throughout the wo to view this most dramatic and challen Ing action. Mr. Speaker, sufficient laurels have been heaped upon the members of our committee, all of whom performed their jobs with dignity. However, there are many others who contributed to make these public meetings successful and ef- fective vehicles for communicating the committee's deliberative proceedings. Mr. Speaker, the unsung heroes and heroines of this final phase of the House Judiciary Committee's impeachment in- quiry were our capable Sergeant at Arms Ken Harding and the various staff personnel who manned room 2141 in the Rayburn Building, particularly during the recent televised debates. Mr. Speaker, first, of course, are the impeachment inquiry staff members? ably headed by Chief Counsel John Doar, Chief Minority Counsel Sam Garrison, and Associate Committee Counsel Albert E. Jenner, Jr. Those who served with them, including both majority and mi- nority counsel?are entitled to equal praise. Of equal importance were the committee's own Chief Counsel Jerome Zeifman, and Chief Minority Cou Franklin G. Polk, who with their sistants backed up the chairman d all the members of the corn ? ee throughout this prolonged perio Mr. Speaker, the media cont s and facilities were responsibly hand under the direction of our radio ai TV di- rector Mike Michaelson, ancl ssisted by Tina Tate and Larry May e writing press was served ably by Press Gal- lery Superintendent Be est and his assistant Jerry Gallego David Holmes, superintendent of the riodical gallery, provided other supp to the media in- terests. The limited ating for members of the press and tr restricted guest ac- commodations w e alocated equitably and smoothly b Helen Starr. The ma- jority staff f lities were under the capable supe sion of Theresa Gallo. The minorit staff room served the de- mands an needs of the Republican members d their staffs with the as- sistance Nancy Parke. Mr. S with the large number of media epresentatives and public visi- tors, roughout the meetings the Capitol Polii under Captain Price maintained tig security and good order. Mr. Speaker, Louise Vs nee handled the public address system s the skilled technician that he is--vith the result that the more bombastic remarks were modulated and the quiet eoices were ade- quately amplified so the!. every word of the weeklong meetings eras capable of being heard. Mr. Speaker, while aptly hearings of Senate committees ani some House committee hearings have been te.e- vised in the past, this Nees our first ex- perience with televised eem.mittee meet- ings. From the remark that I heve heard from our colleaelies we can all feel proud of this example of a House committee at work. Aesu,seing to speak on behalf of the committee. I am confident that I voice the apprecielon of all com- mittee members?for the supporting and sustaining roles which ell of those whom I have mentioned and many others pro- vided during these tryg and hister days. NDING ATOMIC ENEiter ACT 1954 AND A'reelefIC W PONS ARDS ACT OF 955 ----- SPEEC I I HO CLARENCI. . LONG OF MART D IN THE HO OF ENTATIVES Thursd 1, 1974 The House in niff,Ai of the Wriole House on the S the Union had under consideration bii 1 Hr. 15416), to amend the Atomic E gy A of f 954, as amended, and the A ic Wea Rewards Act of 1955, and other pit es. Mr. G of Mary! Mr. Chair- man, my amendmee,t1 oes it to eon- for e procedure of Co.ssional con- tro ith respect to tb n t . '-fer of cer- t amounts of special nucl material the procedure est.,b]ishlc by my endment offered yr terda h re- spect to internationee nuclea agree- ments. The amendment offe .-ed yester re- quired congressional troval be or I fly further international agreements take place with respec,, to sales of clear reactors and materials. My amen merit today does the same thing with respect to the transfer of certain amounts of special weever material to the International Atorme Energy Agency. Let me point out tint the joint Com- mittee is proposing te, conform to the procedure is suggestec a HR. 15582, a1- lowing congressional ,.eto by concurrent resolution. All my amendment does is insure that we adopt 1! e same procedure far sales to IAEA and this House ap- proved yesterday fm bilateral agree- ments. If we do not adopt my conforming amendment, there w H exist a sizable loophole by which tie: President could export nuclear fuel ith very limited congressional check. There presently et- ts a_ very broad agreement with the International Atomic Enrgy Agency under e.hich reactors and fuel can be sold to third countries. The Joint Atomic F:nergy Committee amendment would aii,:vw uniimitee, nu- clear fuel to be transeered to the IAEA, and then to third countries, with only a flimsy check of the veto by resolution. which this House rejected yeste We have no control over rea s sup- plied to third countries gh the IAEA, and if the committe endment is not made to conform w the controls we approved yester Congress will have only the we check on fuel transfers. The committee arguing that if we do not approve bill, we will not have any bill, beret the President will veto. I am point' out that even if you have a bill, th rnmittee bill is not worth a cent use when it starts to rain the roof eak. Th ncurrent resolution has abso- lut no constitutional standing; if the P dent wants to veto it he can, be- se the Constitution says specifically t all concurrent resolutions must be signed by the President, and exempts only motions to adjourn and constitu- tional amendments. Those are the only exceptions. There has never been a case in which any court test has been made which would uphold the committee po- sition. I urge that the House support my amendment because it does what we tried to do yesterday, putting the Congress on record that we who represent the people of the United States want to have some- thing to say about transfers of nuclear reactors and nuclear materials. This amendment of mine closes a very important loophole. Let us get a test now. If the President vetoes it, at least we have made a confrontation now, and not someday when it might be much more important than it is at the present time. I urge an "aye" vote for my amend- ment, and I yield back the balance of my time. CONCERN EXPRESSED FOR CER- TAIN ENDANGERED SPECIES UN- LESS NEW RIVER IS SAVED 0 ect ment needle At m Service studied th Ridge proj the area. At share with my report on the dangered species New River is not HON. WILMER MIZELL OF NORTH CAROLINA IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Friday, August 2, 1974 Mr. Meeeere. Mr. Speaker, as my col- agues are aware, there is strong oppo- ion to the proposed Blue Ridge power ect in Virginia and North Carolina. eason that many oppose this proi- the significant adverse environ- ffects which will result from this mpoimdanent of the New River. equest, the Fish and Wildlife e Department of Interior ects of the proposed Blue on the unique fauna of is time I would like to eagues their disturbing ction of certain en- ch will result if the d. Ftsx AND Wr, IFE SERVICE. ashington.. D.0 . Congressman WILMER D. ELL, Cannon Building, Washington, D.C. DEAR MR, MIZELL: This is in phone request requesting names luscs or crustaceans in the Ne Approved For Release 2005/07/20: CIA-RDP79-00957A000100040050-1 to a t.Ce- sh, molt- iiive7-? in Approved For Release 2005107/20 : CIA-RDP79-00957A0001 0040050-1 /4 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD ? Ewe" ;kw of Remark: August 2, 1974 Visgta1a or West ihrenne theweintal lat pole Oil tie New litver know widen ,specese e Rime was includee Scenic WM( 878.. se to *visor die deal elulareest, June lira, Project illtainiter and Virginia. Am hey ems emit. three pearly mums& are ?you cuilined ow' Zoe the alectie est in the case al tWO candidates ettleresiested species likely wed: Phemeobias tee-e- thos lek-beee claw, the 1441W Liler ecreletoeps; Cho Kanawha kencrwhare; and probably darter, ttimosinme are restricted to the North Carceina vir- vfleginta. ronspresces egret:Oa - preesmateen bemuse es in. the genus. Thus the e endangered sari premix- would be ou imparto it nialntianiee diversior ODIUM". It is known MI6 01 ittiogie riser bluff Puteeki County, tar- leseadred The epttemerai ephemeras, ',Wind end in small &mud- known only from Cave in Citiee ewes -wear in $ tilbestaity at the istostait ot a small are- a. Sew Miser. ens, eseuld eel-4.mm et of the ik 2317, No The 1 ernetseemila folluid in or are Considered of endangered of the for the ornelat to become e The Kase tuhs, it. Nneomfe shiner, No darter, lithe? the fineestliest mbroille 'Mem Het Inver ifteab. tied The New RI rtsi4 it is tne genus appeers vation of this oontrintition of Anima lItt only freen 0PPlitite tads at cave send, white cave bothered Treaumes Clive County, Visid Sieteingfireek New lateen isot time of this. In a, legislated greatly benefit this epee/len latacIdtes car is found in caves and several 0th candidate for Ths aping eime itztoeM only a tributary of the ginia. Otte wane* Cave scut is f County and of a short nee adjoining the lied natant' area. It is estimated about PO percent of bosaitse of poll/item othenfactora. Met in the Greenlee, below Hinton. the Kanawha Raver, of the Kieuraba KansWha rens. In found the tuberculed- ? Spioblesme foresees :ratchet, Leen These two no of extkaction. expressed over They appear Co on International Trade cies at Wild Patina enclosed a copy of was signed on Manch 3. tirated Stales Smote. and tho Emiangered Species Act The New Knee is a Is believed to be the oldest America. It crosses the because it meted prier to Oinu.s Iles 00U11.y. Virgio Lit and ia G./seemed theneteued epectes. illiegavierdas spissonie Greartiorier vieley, River in West Inr- of the spiny true Idoiaroe y .n44usk3e, ver Diver e designaten hasten inuiseee. Ong indi time are atoms tory at the -sone statue Mee or we %Nati , pine orbioulleta. on ma, verge Orristera las beau species. the tionsteatiau ed ape- s. Pleaos And relation whian ratified by the .euted 1,1 1273. Theo Ayer lieaul4 tel divide ace 0: the Appailiehlan leomalains. This Mew be one reason so many viducal wenn sant to the New lifter. Available enbttet for three eleven epode, has already been lost including the Kanawha River below Cheriestoe. WA& Is invetele polluted, the impranded sections of the New River above Pithier! and Radford. end Im- pounded met lone of the Elk and Osuley emotes. Mich of theme eleven epeeist is jeopardesed by one or More of tbe following factors: acid mine wastes, amotorpea sesta proposed impouvainients, over collecting. quarrying, road conetruction. ground water pollution, cbannelbtatton. and the down- etreern effeets of ehannellzatIon of small nib- ataries, such as Cherry River and Paint Creek. The impart adatement for Monet Number 2317. Impoundments at etelea and Independ- ence. Virginia. states on page 28 that,"... MO rare or endangered species have been report- ed or are known to exist In the project area." Reference In made to the Big-mouth chub. the New River definer. the franteriza darter, and the Kanawha mftintliw. trithely omitted is ary consideration that the creation of the two !mpoenclinents might make them en- d& veered. BInerrely. JO Pseuds?, ("Ifet, Ftrale/t cfRIoltsigral Support Of- ?vv. of Sedan fierce S'perfe,, "red fe!er- wino/lei Actt?ity A LONG STAY IN POWER POR MILITARY JUNTA IN C1BLE .11....?????? HON. MICHAEL HARRINGTON MirmmmtillaTTa IN HE 1101731 OP ItKPRISKNTATIVT-1 Friday, August 2, 1374 Mr. HARRINGTON. Mr. Sneaker, he the same week in which a Chilean mili- tary court sentenced four persons to eckith by firing squad for essentially po- litical offenees we learn in a compre- banal se report from Banttago, by Joseph Novitski of the Washington Post, that ohms for continued military role in Chile are "for the long term and on a large scale." The article once Wain makes the obvious Point ths.t the military Junta will remain a near-permanent fixture on the Chilean political scene =lees the United States Jahn other Western na- tions in taking Brno steps to withdrow our support for the junta. In the pending foreign military aid rconeFt for 011ie. the Congress has an opportunity to assert our influence Wirt continued military rule and Po- litical trials in Chile. By =conditionally terminating ail plenary assistance to the Junta, the United States sant pat those rulers on none* that their policies no longer meet with our =Wort. It is them- eleeent with our tosverted Interest In ha- mm to ignore the existing situ- ation in Chile by antinuing user military aid oiograns. I Inge ray colleagues to read tale Washington Post article de- scribing the prorteets for continued minter; role in Cline, find to consider taking it stand in favor Of a termination of all U.S. military aid 4o Chile so that the unfortunate predictions corning out of Santiago AMY be PrOtiln untrue. The text of the artiste tetimer OEMS Storm DEALS DaMocRACT 0-fr ow Lop:x.- Tama Prams (By Joseph Nor/14d) Sawn...co.?TM Chilean military junta, after governing for 10 Months with IMPrc- timid policies and structures, has settled down for a long stay In power. The junta, which replaced President Sal- vador Allende after the coup in. which he died last September, began ite tenth month by reordering the canary's government, burning the national toter registry and breaking or mistime with Chile's largest, political party, the Christian Democrats. Ir all added up to a declaration. that the mili- tary plans to govern for an indefinite span. without elections or organized civilian po- litical support. Oovernment spokesmen, when asked how long military rule may last, answer, "We have plans, not deadlines." The plans are bar the long term and on a hews scale. -it we dont do big. lasting teenge, we might as well go home now,' an adviser to the junta said recently. Thus far, In what it calls "the secoed stage," the junta has made known its In- tention to rebuild the economy, to make it grow with the help of foreign investment. to reduce and reorganize the government bu- reauceacy and to enforce a total ban on etvillen political activity by continuing the detentlone and military-court trete that have been the rule since last September. The fled step of government reorganiza- tion came late in June, when the armed forces agreed to shift from a four-man junta to a one-man presidency. Since the military overthrew Allende and uprooted his elardat- Greeted government, the commanders of the army, the navy, the air force and the eeriest- /terra, Chile's national police force, had ex- welled the powers of the presidency. They also took over the law-making power or the Convene, which was cloned last year. Now. Oen. Augusto Pineebet, coatanamier- ht-eitiet of the merry and leader of the junta ham been named president for' an inciennito term with the formal title of "supreme chief sr the nation." The point of the change, government /emcee said, was atildency. The four-man teats had been dower In reaching decisions than one man mead be, they said. The com- menters of the army, navy, air force and 70110, have retained the roie of drawing up ewe for promulgation by decree. Pinocheee the also represent* an ascen- dancy of the Chilean army over the navy, ;Jr force and police. Some civilian obeervers, nelleving that the army oMcers In govern- /Mat bad shown more moderation than air Imre and navy ?dicers, thought this might 13011rt an easing of repreeaton. This has not et been the case. Chilean Inmate report that men and %/omen are still disappearing for days and imietimes weeks. A businessman told friends rscaritiy he bad been arrested, held for four cam alone in a tiny cell and then released t althorn charges. While Oen. Pinochet was forming it new C abinet of 14 military men and 3 civilians, vu of them technocrats 'with international r4pittations, the government burned the Oa- t Mai voter reglatration records. A govern- n .ent spokesman explained that the lists of 4 million voters were "notoriously freudu- k at." No plane were announced for making sw lists or reregistering voters. The remote ezpectatiozz that the junta ri tight cell elections to marry out its an- n iunced aim of restoring Chilean democracy el 'appeared with the electoral records. There remained another passibility, suggested to tie 'mita by leaders of the Christian Demo- te silo Party. TM piety leadership, who op. Approved For Release 2005/07/20 : CIA-RDP79-00957A000100040050-1 Approved For Release 2005/07120 : CIA-RDP79-00957A000100040050-1 August 2, 1974 CONGRESSIONAL Rtr:oRn?Extensions of Remarks posed Allende and, publicly accepted the conp a necessary evil: had hoped for a returi t Xen vivernment within three to five years' _ Tha p , Carding-To Christian Dierno-` eaaeaet;i,graie.a,,_is"*...?, targy:aikirs,d its en disappeared red_ when the junta-pnwa..,rfell.l.broic,14ety off last week. Form.ali.. there --- o political party activity in sine' piejunta outlawed the cauntrMte,rifsteParties and declared' tgtiglaleireteruOing '0%6 0"1.- istran t-)em?- r1Atitekehe recess, i? toaders lanuaryPrt memorandum to tha government aeitfcdttmili- tary's treatment of prisoners and its dis- regard for legal and human rights. Also in sejuggilillani:est:de'a4?ptinlihrie.:kneri'Sjeatita.:Pttiat'fi:e);43.11113ca1;tttnArolylpwnremil:esili:direst'eciltaertr: that Christie Mere 7* "Tgw_ ".1'-r")re:F?sC4Viairlr411-Eary dictator- shag In chile. ?u?Moaratic political et W."' PP"74131s1W Imposed on a Santi- ago?1711111)118' b41cenr Own' git-b the party that catte rcedr?the asaaer-CY's coma-eke break with the 4tp4r p,T1,eaeargm...4 ?,ofe letters, sttherumt f ge7nl eo- mem caJrct,IL12.4.-"4ism?: told he oke 1144744 alien, , sp o thetsPet riljloitnaryegsjini-s IwIn bruntly_ to keepChristian Eieraocrati said gm .governhaent's. move looked like a signal from the army tha,t its contacts with clul,stian beinoprats were at an end SOM8 party leaders said the break helped OA party overborne ,the reputation of haying helped in. tbe, coup. Even former Freshient Eduardo the grand old Man of Chilean' Chrio49-11- WIAS1 had, gone, with other former presidents, to a thanksgiving Mase with the lunta Leatoeat was rellebly reported to be critical of the', military govern- ment now. , e"In the end it's probably better this way," 8114 a Christian Dernacratie lawyer. "They tell us to, shut up and we stop arguing. It elean's everyone that this is a dictatorship and that's that," ' ? aawarry-Tissze Soci.wrs air TarAr, us filerrnMaN OKI= SANTIAGO, August 1.--Seventy-three mem- bers of the outlawed Socialist Party are be- ing tried on charges ranging from the illegal pceisfession of arms to treason by a court Martial in the town of T,laares, about 172 miles south of Santiago, lawyers for the ac- cused said today. The lawyers said the prosecutor had de- manded destkpenalties for feur of the de- fendants charged with as,sisting the enemy thiririga state of internal War, extreinelY 314,..ght provoktag concepts, worthy of eon..deration. Mr. Cadieux proposes the establish- ment of wildr-i-rress areas In the East, where the reed or such areas is the most acute, and where the passage of time only serves te Intacerbate the situation. nowever, Mr, Cadieux Proposes more than the slamL setting aside of existing . wilderness are, but imaginatively sug- gests that we eate wilderness in places where none vzilts, and that we manage that wilderne for everyone's benefit. The proposal ? . particularly intriguing when one cort.!'ders the lack of any sub- ? stantial natur,?,1 Wilderness In the East. The Interial Committee's Subcommit- tee on Public Li.nds has under considera- tion legislatio) which I am cosponsoring to establish yr rious eastern wilderness areas, and to ,:.,udy other areas for pos- sible future Iii.lusion in the wilderness ? systern: r -lost. to allatikald the commit- teeil.:a0icta awl:trust that we shall be able tainove Lis this much needed legis- I now inclu fie in the RECORD for the consideration .!* my colleagues, the text of Mr. Cat:to:Ws article: Vtlit.amr.t.ss: ISyr-=--itrunsaigass Eair" , (By Clc:.ries L. Cadieux), The Wilderne.---, Act Completed ten of life on Septe.eller a, 1973. The question 'Has it worked? would ng different anavidza from east and west. 'Don Iiifilderrea System began with 54. arecie created :rom the United S For- eat &nicest Petaiitive eaves and f parts of the_ lieundare eiefrees Canoe Ar ? north- ern Miatneseta. Today, in. the derness System, there ale 95 units totali .ore than ii million acres. Some ca more totaling 7,5 milLton._ sea-, are >eine dereci by Congress. Adria, more be reviewed era These 95 an additional 7"1;4'rtetO 14 *Le areas coraprlae_r'most acres/ _ The great b of the eluded in the ",i,141-riseas- west. Bob Howep at the Searles . 'Alma theitith under enereat threearaaa 411 te-4-,, .ea-4 Stator-' -Brxrdwell. Bay flier-Slick Roelk in Cacique in Puma Now- nave the s ersi- agent-ins rais the terms at tat complishment they ser the their primary -The Bureau has responds that wildern wath itsep _ - managing WILVERNESS wEST7--W4DEP,NPR?ct Tile Nat T GUDE iig TEzlicruSE- 014 Fara/ESE , F11441,,iwu.st 2, 19-74 Mr, 0171:8. Mr. Speaker, a most inter- esting and thoughtful article appeared in the, JuUP .474,V,C4:01941-QC Conservation News? writt,en 44, ivrr, cbArles L. Cadieug and entitled "Wilderness West---Wilcier- ness East." 4one may find themselves in partial disagreement with several a the pCiSathilities auggested by the article. believe that Mr. Cadieux expresses so VES just ain't of Sport .so ratin some ar status pose areas' 10 ds already ine em lie in the States Forest rat Service areas ODn. Include, only half at the United Florida, Joyce SR- h Carolina, and El land-managing fed- their cooperation with lelerness Act? Their ac- I entirely upon how ass Act in reference to aose. -port Fisheries and Wildlife Ste enthusiastically. rt feels -ea, status is in agreement purpose of protecting and v Mile on that property. a irk Service, which manages as a: reage than does the Bureau erks and Wildlife, gets only so- from he superficial observer. in the F ark Service sees wilderness being ii agreement with its pur- ;Teem-vile the out-of-doors. In other Vaitrk- '7'ervice Sees tie wilderness t as a handicap to its Purpose of show- out-of-, S iors to as ma ny people as ble, ?e greases.. 5 lands is the pates. The United St ates Forest Ser., c far more land ti, ii both the Departmen the Interior ages es. How has it done? Again, we get two amsw-is. West of the Mississippi, the Forest Servia., hes designated huge acre- - a f both BSF&W and Cf the United ? CS E 5243 ages as wilderness. But it has failed miserably in the eastern half of the nation. Asked why this should be, the Forest Service people re- mind you that the Wilderness Act said that there could not he a wilderness where the signs of man's habitation?or use?of the land for a home was visibl The joke has it: never set foot." ued that an area timber, where man cannot qualify as ystem. 'That is?east aegue this way. s proposed in our na- derness area, carved out Forest in New Mexico at orrunenclation. This was in before the environmen- legislation which led to the . The Gila boasts cliff dwell- man's he from pre- mea, first of all wilderness areas is not here "the hand of man has never It is a beautiful wilderness area. So ecos Wilderness of the Santa Fe Na- Forest to the north, which boasts of ty's Cabin" and other signs of former tation. you look hard, you can find signs of ? 'S former use in every single one of the ountry's wilderness areas. This has not di- minished their value as wilderness one iota. Professional foresters, men who look at the problem without emotion, tell me that we can produce wilderness almost anywhere we want to?anywhere plants will grow?if we are tto invest the time and the money to do it. - Produce wilderness? Why not? It should be obvious that the healing hand of nature can reclaim all but the most sacrilegious treat- ment of the land. Even strip mines, ghastly crimes against the earth, can be made to produce a wilderness area, if the American public is willing to pay the bill. In addition to money, it will take time. But even the longest restoration job only needs to be started sooner, not surrendered without an attempt. Congress never intended that the strict construction of the Act's wording should pre- vent inclusion at worthy areas into the sys- tem. Senator Church was floor manager of the bill when it passed the Senate in 1963. He said then, "It is one of the great promises of,the Wilderness Act that we can dedicate formerly abused areas where the primitive scene can be restored by natural forces." Congress in 1963 had no delusions that an area had to be pristine, never timbered, never plowed, never broken by the homesteader's cabin. It is much more likely that Congress envisioned the restoration of land to wilder- ness quality by proper management, rather than, the preservation of a pitiful remnant of "virgin" wilderness with a tall fence around it Wondering whether it was possible to pro- duce wilderness, we asked 15 people, all lovers of the outdoors, for their description of a wilderness, From this tiny sample we learned some interesting things. Most defined a wil- derness as any area with mature trees, water, cleanliness, solitude, and beauty. We were not very surprised that so many people in- cluded beauty as a requisite for wilderness. But we were surprised that so many appended the remarks, "and it ought to have good roads M let us in and see it." This was shocker, because the original Wilderness Act called for roadlessness as a requirement for consideration of an area. The solitude and unspoiled grandeur of the Bob Marshall Wilderness in Montana is very beautiful. But the trails of Shenandoah National Park in Virginia are also beautiful, ?t would be difficult to find 5000 acres with- a road in the Shenandoah, and it would be difficult to pretend that the signs of man's former babitation have disappeared from "Where the hand of man The Forest Service has, must be primitive?vir is but a visitor?or e part of' the Wilderne of the Mississippi The first wilde ? tion was the Gila of the Gila Nati Forest Service 1924, about talists spons Wilderness ings?sig Columb This an are set f is t tio ? Approved For Release 2005/07/20 : CIA-RDP79-00957A000100040050-1 Approved For Release 2005/07/20 : CIA-RDP79-00957A000100040050-1 E 5244 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD ?Extensions the Shenandoah. But why search for the signs of man's former use? The desired wil- derness experience. Is available there now. Deep in Abe Bob Marshall Wilderness it is easy to ye that you are the only hu- man who ever t foot there. But 80,000 acres of the Bob Ma ? all have been logged over since 1900. Woul ou therefore rule out the Bob Marshall? If yfound the cliff dwellings of the pre-Columb Indians, would you rule out the 01la WI nese? If some signs of ma still to be found In a new wilderness are n a generation or two they'll be obscured the actions of nature. Can't we afford to ? up with that process meanwhile? Isn't t better than having no wilderness in this lion? If you'll agree that wilder can be 'restored," then you will agree at It is ridiculous to have ten million acre f wild- erness in the West, where one-qu ?f our population lives, and almost no wilde in the East, where the other three-fourths us live. Stripping away the rhetoric, what are t real reasons for the failure of the easter half to get its share of Forest Service wild- erness? Remember that the Forest Service had a big head start in the West?they ori- ginated the whole idea of wilderness. The western National Forests were so huge that they could easily spare the acreage for wild- erness. The national forests of Wyoming alone are bigger than all of New Hampshire, nearly as big as Maryland. The national forests of California are just a bit bigger than the whole state of Maine. New Mexico's national forests are bigger than all of Massachusetts. You could put four Connecticuts and two Rhode Islands into the national forests of Montana and have room left over for Dela- ware to slip in on edge. With this tremen- dous area in national forest, it was easy to designate wilderness areas--almost unno- ticed at Arst. National forests in the East are compara- tively small, Most of the forested lands in the East are privately owned. The Wilder- ness Act ruled out acquisition of privately owned land by condemnation. The govern- ment which cannot condemn land for pur- chase cannot provide wilderness. Western-oriented, the Sierra Club d serves much of the credit for supplying push in the West. The Sierra Club did pude for wilderness areas in the East, one did. So the East was left out in the ten years of the Wilderness System p It's time for a new look at the era old, it must be thinking about gr up. about maturing to fit the needs of 4 and 1894 and 2204. The youngster ? ed in the West, where its aims were harmony with the other purposes for ? the can- didate lands were managed, where the acreage could be "spared" I tremendous area of national forest Ian I think tt is time that the maturing w rotas program starts to think about the Of the three- quarters of our people w ye in the eastern half of the nation, Evidently Congress notes a lack or progress by the For Service in the Ewa. The tenth birthday the Act saw a spate of Congressional 1 talon setting up wild- erness areas in !cuter nationnl forests regardless of For Services wishes or rec- ommendations. example is H.R. 4380, in- troduced by gressman Gude of Mary- land. Oude's called for the designation of 28 separa parcels of land in Alabama, Missouri, Fl a, Arkansas, New Hampshire, South Ca na, and Wisconsin. A dozen comps ls testify to the coneressioeal impatie with a system that has not pro- duced desired wilderness results in the Su will require more than corigression- al d Von to provide instant wilderness. It require iota of money to buy privately owned lands. Congressmen who enthialas- of Renuirts August 2, 1974 tically introduce authorizing legislation are much lees enthusiastic about legislating the r.cedeci funds. To On suecessful, legislation for eastern wilderness must specifically authorise cone demoe.tion as a means of acquiring title to eastern lands. Without condeemation. them will be no Wild...mesa Fast. A misreading of RGAS regulations represents another ?bated?. Contrary to popular opin- ion, the present act does riot insist on a minimum of 5000 acres But the wording of the. 15w gave many the impression that it "ought to be" 5000 acres. This impression is a crippling requirement In the East, Proper management can restore lands once abused and meet* wilderness, regardless of the size of the area. Uncle Sam doesn't own enough land in the Fast to solve our problem under the present rules. Private land end clear redrafting oft requirements must be the source of fut e este re wilderness. Conservntion-minded agencies are f of saying "What we save today is ell will ver have." This is definitely not the Ilderness, The true situation i t What n and construct today Is ? e east- elderness we will have we plan nstruct some more. ona1 planning Is of selecting the at roses. We mu a. assign 1 . and I will sat go an meth ern ? for se . our pri the need the land a new Ore result might wail desigtied to their aro Pease. salt many of wildern Th is vested trees At My sensible future cost- ae!y the need rightful place in be wilderness near en we must buy o rid construct Wilder- ng wild build Amine mature and time another a d ;he logged area we ted to start the w Wildlife managers this rotating concept great wildlife value?ahundant shelter?providing by the young ing in the timbered areas. Undoubtedly the concept of rotat dernees is anathema to many readers. Is this feeling the reeult of logical lb merely en aversion to change? To many. It is paradoxical to suggest Need wilderness. But we are already ing humanity wallet the wilderness areas avoid damage caused by intensive use. We disperse visitors over large areas, and still we are forced to provide sanitary facilities or risk it timing our paradise into a sewage dis- posal sum. We have learned that we must itnite access to wilderness, lest we destroy the thing we admire by the sheer weight of our admiring numbers. We have wilderness ease We can have wil- derreee east. We will have to pay for It, plan for .1, and manage for IL There's no other way. ued regional planning ing wildernews"?wassa wilderness needs while ture trees protide the jestie seclusion which d when we visualize =Wet well be her- homes when its Into old age. tdd come into Intensively cycle over tbuslastIc of the and grow- GREEK INDEPENDENCE: OPINIONS OF PROF. GEORGE ANASTAPLO ON CYPRUS SITUATION HON. RAY J. MADDEN OF INDIANA if: MK HOUSE OF REPREibFNTATIVES Friday, August 2, 1974 Mr. MADDEN. Mr. Speaker, John An- antaplc*, for many years one of the out- standing radio commentators with sta- tion WJO 3 in Hammond, Ind , has for- warded to me exerpts from a nscript of a radii Interview with brother, George Anastaplo, an en it lecturer and professor of poli science and philosophy at the U ? - 'ty of Chicago and Roam y College s fessor Anastaplo has been reco international au- thority cat Or tory and govern- ment for I am sub ng this interesting and revealing rview of July 20, 1974, on WJOB . Hammond. Ind.. for the en- t of the membership: .INTDOWN AND THE FOLLY OF THE Gazes COLONELS At IASTAPLOS. How does Is look on , Oecrge? On the basis of the little we we've been getting out of there, can you give us some thoughts? GEORGE rlIASTAPLO. My first thought is that something has gone wrong with American policy what two NATO allies such as Turkey and Oreeo fight each other. I suppose one can also sey these hostilities show us that the govern nent in Athens is well on the way to the find bankruptcy of its policies. I know the 3reek military government to be desperate. 1 expected them to do something simply bee sue. they have been losing their standing a home. What Is now happening is partly the result of a miscalculation on the part of the colonels: They may have figured that the Turks wouldn't do anything if the healcarlos government should be overthrown. The action of the Greek army against Arch- bishop Ma larks gave the Turks the oppor- tunity and pretext to do it. Well, the chickens hate cone home to roost for the Greek colonels. That is, it does seem that the gov- ernment 12. Athens. which was evidently be- hind the ceup earlier this week against Ma- karios, is in some way responsible for what has happetied. Josef. Abet do you know about this fel- low Samp on, who is now the self-styled President of Cyprus? Do you know anything about him? Ozoacet. Not very much. I gather he's not a nice mar. Jonas. Shen he took over last Monday, he said that the government of Archbishop Makarios sad tortured political opponents and had so be toppled to avoid civil war. That's a th rowback to what the colonels were saying in April 1967, isn't it? Chsoarez. The colonels weren't claiming tor- ture then. That has been what the colonels' opponents have claimed since then, and with cons! lerable justification. JOHN. Bat they were claiming in 1987 the wasting of civil war. zoacx. These is, I should notice first of me question in the press about the cheins now being made against the Ma eovernment. The people who have been d to have been tortured on Cyprus are a id by others to be quite jolly and untort looking when not In front of cameras, lever threat of civil war there was this week on Cyprus came because of the cot of the contingent of Greek officials stat d on Cyprus pursuant to the treaty which abliithed the independence of Cyprus Th ? officers are under the con- trol of ties go'. ?ent in Athens. Makarios has been ,rying et them out of there, or to rotate hem frequently, for he saw them as a threat to security. Whether he went about getting t out of there in the best possiole way re to be seen. It's also evident that los has been, for some years now, the o Miming favorite Of the Ortak Cypriots. .emsw. 'Nees Turkey f that the new rulers will not be as arnica was Arch- bishop ati karios when It c to getting the two et hnic groups together Cerosee. They know that arias has Approved For Release 2005/07/20 : CIA-RDP79-00957A000100040050-1