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Approved For Release 2005/11/21 : CIA-RDP79-00957A000100060007-7 H. R. 17256 Approved For Release 2005/11/21 : CIA-RDP79-00957A000100060007-7 El 6466 LW, I Approved For Release 2005/11/21 : CIA-RDP79-00957A000100060007-7 CONGRESSIONAL RECOME)? Extensions of Remarks October 11, 1974 19 percent a year in the last decade. For 1973, it was as high as 12.3 percent. Free China is 'confidently building for the future,!yvith o the sure knowledge that there are Stiff nations and peoples who valie freedom and the dignity of the in- dividual. 'Free China knows that it can continue to find support among those nations and peoples. Speaking recently to the Chinese peo- ple, President Chiang Kai-shek voiced the nation's optimism in these words: The world understands that to strengthen both the Government and people of the Re- public of China is to increase the strength Of the orld, and the free world would hat strength in any way to be minished, THE NEED FOR CONGRESSIONAL OVERSIGHT OF FOREIGN INTEL- LIGENCE OPERATIONS HON. EDWARD G. BIESTER, JR. OF PENNSYLVANIA IN TTJE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, October 10, 1974 Mr. )3/ESTER. Mr. Speaker, the recent discussions involving the role our Gov- ernMent is said to have played in the in- ternal affairs of the Chilean nation has raised serious questions about the work- ings of our foreign intelligence gathering agencies. John Farmer of 'the Philadelphia Bul- letin has written an analysis of the Chilean incident which contributes to a better understanding of the problems which exist when intelligence activities move beyond gathering information to actually becoming involved in the domestic affairs of another nation. The allegations which have been leveled against certain agencies of our Govern- ment provide a strong case for more ef- fective and aggressive congressional oversight in this strategic policy area. I commend this article to the attention of my colleagues. -WHITE Muss "40 COMMITTEE" FED OVER- THZROW OP ALLENDE (By John J. Farmer) WAsHINGION.--011 a warm Saturday morn- ing, June 27, 1970, Henry Kissinger, address- ing the most secret committee of the United States government, laid down In highly per- sona! terms what was to become official American policy toward Chile. - "I don't see why we should have to stand by and let a country go Communist due to the Irresponsibility of its own people," he reportedly declared. That statement, according to government intelligence sources, was made to the 40 Committee, a five-man group so secret that its existence was unkruiven at the time to the Vast majority of Congress, the press, and even the White House staff. Kissinger, through a State Department spokesman, said he could not recall making the statement but, in any case, could not conernent on 40 Committee activities, t,he 40 Committee is elected CY no one, and resperfelhie to no one except the President, wile appoints its members. serious students of foreign-pollicy-neaking have _questioned whether, in a democracy. Eno% a five-Man directorate should have this ,kincrof nnlericlled power, whether the five are really In touch with American public opin- ion, and whether Cengress should not have tighter reins on their covert programs. As a consequence of the 40 Committee's action however, Janie sums of Central Intel- ligence Agency modey were poured vainly into Chile to avert the election of leftist Salvador Allende. And that money was fol- lowed in later year by even larger sums to "destabilize" the Chilean economy and top- ple the Allende regere. With the Chilean military uprising in 1973 and Allende's violent death, the policy ul- timately succeeded. But it has produc ed in recent days several developments certain to provoke a new na- tional debate on tee role of the CIA and even of Kissinger himself. It has: ?Focused attent-on, at last, cn. the 40 Committee, domina- ed by military and intel- ligence professienals of the World War II- Cold War vintage, as the real overseer, even operator, of the CIA's covert activities and responsible only to the President. ?Made clear the emergence of Kissinger as the most powerful non-elected official in the nation's history, standing astride the in- telligence, covert-operations and foreign- policy apparatuses as Secretary of State, chairman of the Netional Security Council, National Security iielviser to the President and Chairman of the 40 Comittee. ?Destroyed wha- was left of the belief that at least a few members of Congress have knowledge of and a veto over the cloak-and- dagger aspects of CIA. "The CIA is the soot of the President and it works today for Kissinger," according to one government source, The history of the U.S. government's Chil- ean adventure dates back to 1964 when Al- lende, a proclaimed Marxist, first E ought the presidency. CIA to helped his Christian Democratic opponent, Eduardo Frei, capture the presidency that. year. 'GREATER- DANGER ;E'Elsr DY WASHINGTON But by 1970, Frei could not succeed himself and the Allende threat was seen by Washing- ton as greater thin. ever. This time even more money was funneled by CIA into anti- Allende efforts. In all, according to secret testimony April 22 this year by CIA Director William Colby, as revealed by Rep. Michael J. Harrington (fl-Mass.), the agency pumped $11 million into anti-Allende efforts in Chile, between 1964 and 1973. It was spent as follows: ?$3 million went in 1964 to help finance the Christian Detisocratic Party, Allende's chief opposition. --Abont $500,906 was advanced in 1969 to help Chilean in.ditduais and organizations gear up to oppose Allende the next year. ?Another $500.e00 went to opposition party personnel di ring the 1970 campaign, and $350,000 was authorized to bribe the Chilean congress, cut this last effort was abandoned. ?Following Alleede's election, $5 million was authorized to disrupt the Chilean econ- omy from 1971 to 1e73, and $1.5 million more was spent to inflpence Chilean municipal elections in 1973. Berne of these funds helped finance an infivieni tel Chilean newspaper. ?Finally, in August, 1973, just one month before Allende's closmfall, another $1 million was authorized to press home the effort to wreck the Chilean essonomy, already in trou- ble because of Alter de's own misguided poli- cies. In each case, the .iffort and the eependiture were approved by the 40 Committee, Or by the same committeo operating under another alias, such as the '303 Committee. "No more myste: ions group exists Within the government than the 40 Committee," ac- cording to David Wise, a journalist who has Tong been a stud,: fit of the American in- telligency connexhi"ty. "Its operations ere so secret that in an appearance' before the Senate Armed Services Committee, CIA Director Colby was even re- luctent to identify the chairman," he said. The Bay of Pigs invasion attempt, the U-2 overflights of Russia, the overthrow of the Arbenz government in Guatemala?each of these was a CIA covert operation approved by the 40 Committee, or its predecessors. In most cases, it now appears, Congress was kept in the dark, at least until after the operations were completed, and some- times beyond that. The Chilean intervention is an example of how this blindfolding of Congress works. On March 29 this year, Charles A. Meyers, former Assistant Secretary of State for Latin American Affairs, told a Senate subcommittee that "the policy of the government . . . was that there would be no intervention in the political affairs of Chile . . . we financed no candidates, no political parties . . ." As late as June 12 of this year?two months after Colby's secret admission ? Harry Schlaudeman, number two man in the Amer- ican embassy in Chile from 1969-73, denied that any such U.S. effort was made. "There was no funding, of that I am quite sure," Schlaudeman told a closed hearing of the House Foreign Affairs Committee. CIA Director Colby emphasizes when ques- tioned that the agency makes full secret re- ports to the "appropriate" Congressional committees, the so-called CIA "oversight" subcommittees of the House and Senate, tilt what they are told, according to a former top official of CIA, depends on what questions they ask?and frequently they don't ask the right questions. "The CIA deals with Congress in the way that Congress requests it to," said the offi- cial, who requested anonymity. "Often they don't ask the right questions. But it's their fault." Among the subjects that have escaped close congressional questioning have been the operations of the 40 Committee. Despite its anonymity, the committee ap- pears to have existed under one name or another since at least 1954. It was apparently formed officially in 1954 as the Special Group and later called the 54-12 Committee. In President Kennedy's time, it operated under the name 303 Com- mittee, apparently a reference to the room it used in the Executive Office Building ad- joining the White House. The names, in each case, have been delib- erately designed to provide no clue as to its function. Its members communicate mostly by word of mouth, with little paperwork and a staff of one man, believed to be a CIA employee. "You can look all you want but you won't find any document with the title '40 Com- mittee' on it," said one former intelligence officer, "It's like, officially at least, it didn't exist." Fiona its pre-1954 origins as a loose group of top State and Defense Department offi- cials; the group has evolved a fixed member- ship based on title and formalized in a direc- tive of the National Security Council. The name 40 Committee is believed to refer to an NSC directive number 40. Kissinger, as national security adviser to the President, took charge of the 40 commit- tee under former President Nixon and retains the chairmanship today. The other members are Air Force Gen. George S. Brown, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff; William P. Clements Jr., deputy Secretary of Defense; Joseph J. Siseo, Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs, and Colby, the CIA director. They are men in their 50s, veterans of World War II and the Cold War periods. Colby's membership, according to critics, is the classic story of the "fox in the hen eoop"--the CIA director, in effect, sitting in judgment on piens -and proPosals of his own agency. Approved For Release 2005/11/21 : CIA-RDP79-00957A000100060007-7 ? Approved For Release 2005/11/21 : CIA-RDP79-00957A000100060007-7 Ockber ii, 1974 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD? Extensions of *ernarks request was $28.5 million?the leans amount was provided in fiscal year 1974. In a letter, to Senator McCeeente, chairman of th Senate Appropria- ged the restoration i le ra to, at the 19'74 level. I to learn that restore this tons Committee, of funding of ND very least, the fiscal was therefore very ple the committee did in 1 necessary funding. It is my sincere hope en the Senate resumes consideration ? le sup- plemental appropriations bill r the elections, it will approve the reco en- - detest of the Senate Appropri in Committee with respect to NDEA. ABORTION DEMAND HON. GENE TAYLOR Or MISSOURI IN I HE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Friday, October 11, 1974 Mr. TAYLOR of Missouri. Mr. Speaker. the most single important legislative business awaiting action before the close of the 93d Congress is the passage of legislation to correct the damage that has been done to the moral fabric of our So- ciety ftS a result of the disastrous decision of February 1973, which permits abortion on demand. This is an issue that is essential to the whole range and freedoms and re- sponsibilities embodied in the U.S. Con- stitution. The right to life is the startine point of all other rights. If the right to life le absolute, Government cannot rightfully diminish or restrict this right. In the 14th amendment, the Constitu- tion guarantees that: No Etate shall . . deprive any person of life, liberty or property, witloou: due process of law: nor deny to any person within its jurladietion the equal protection of the laws. In Roe against Wade, the Supreme Court decided that some human beings were not 'persons" within tee meaning of the 14th amendment. The Court held that the unborn infant can be defined as a nonperson and subjected to death at the convenience of others or because others consider him unfit to live. I believe that the great majority of Americans believe this Court opinion violates fundamental moral and spirtual principles. I share this conviction. Life starts at the moment of conception and the sacred spark should be protected from that moment onward. It Is inde- fensible to withhold protection front human beings, however young. Legislative action is necessary, not only to protect the young, but also the elderly, sick and retarded who are also now in peril of being defined as nonper- sons by the Supreme Court. In principle these persons too are capable of being defined as not self-sustaining. It is essential to reverse the Supreme Court on its basic proposition. During this Congress, the House of Representa- tives has attached numerous amend- ments to many different pieccs of legisla- tion which prohibits the use of Federal money to perform abortions. I have been plowed to support the passage of these amendments. but. we most recognize that they do not go far enough. A constitu- tional amendment is needed which ?vould protect the right of he from the %cry beginning and would guarantee the equal protection of the laws to all human beings at every moment of existence. Several resolutions are pending within the House Judiciary Committee which seek a ba.sir reversal of the new Supreme Court policy. The committee should act soon to recommend one of these II:was- ters to the floor where it can be swiftly paesed and sent to the Senate. We should delay no longer in proposing a htunan e'e amendment to she Constitution itch can be ratified by a vote of the ate legislatures. A Cl AN COMMENT ON "MR. ADAM" Ili 1 liE Hob Th ursda RON DE LUGO viRGIN ISLANDS OF REPRESENTATIVES ?.tob.r 10, 1974 Mr. its LUGO. Speaker, on Oc- tober 2. I laser azi article on Mr. Adam Petersen, wh we in the Virgin Islands look upon as vine example of oor Virgin Islands motion." Today. I want to to My col- leagues' attention a Si i article on "Mr. Adam" written by r. Charles Hewes, a local columnist? ell-known artist. hiniself?writing for t St. Croix Avis, a newspaper which has fl eery- Leg the Virgin Islands since 184 halite Hawes had this to say. 'I lie a ri icle is as follows: CRUCIAL/4 COMMINT By Charles Hewes) . ofien. if you're lucky and moon is at the right quarter, you reach per,onal piiiitaele of 'torte Just such a th reseell!,- 1,appened to us. It's not the kind or r.tiue money earl buy You jest have to be sit'!aline in tm. right place at the right time, and there it 5. Mr. Leroy Daniel drove Into .our yard not 1,,e1, leo to approach its about doing a paint- ug ef a Mr. Maim Petersen who lived at the Hessen Griggs Home. At president of the SL Croix Cultural Dancers, Inc., a non-profit otesitizetion founded by MT., Lillian Bailey. Yr t)artt,O informed us that Mr. Adam Peter- ms! WM the foremost flootenaster of quadrille ic the Virgin Wanda, anti that Ma organi- zes ion %stilled to present Mr. Adam the paint- lag at e teal imoniel ceremony on the night o; 6eptember 20. Now with the possible exception of mu- :Astons, then. 's act group of people In the .v]-1,1 alto get. is much flits out of their work as artists Adis'n Petersen turned out to be a giant of a men. Badly injured a number of years ago, he is a polished ebony carving, waiking wait a cane A totally bald head sit. squarely on his massive shoulders, and the deep-se: eyes that peer from beneath y brow, cannot suppress a smiling svei }tie that says he knows something that yf don't know. Square-jawed, his mouth is tot UptUrned an-tiling slash until he opens ldely to stout a call to Isla performing dAiwers. We painted him holding a guitar -AVI`. A suggestion of a quadrille in the back- gi ganut. We would like to paint him a hun- (Jess tittles E 6465 So the time came and Mr. Adam Petersen was honored at St. Gerard's Hall. Hundreds of friends were there to wish him well. He was honored, in the words Of the Hon. Hor- tense Rowe, Commissioner of Conservation and Cultural Affairs (would someone mind shortening that") the keynote speaker, "for your contributions to the performing arts, and for the preservation of the cultural heri- tage of the people of St. Croix." The Gov- ernor and his Lady were there. The President of the Senate was there, as well as our Con- gressional Representative, Ron de Lugo. Join- ing the Hon. Gwendolyn Blake, Commissioner of Social Welfare, in saying a few words, was Mrs. Dolores Brewster, head nurse at the Herbert Griggs Home. Pinch-hitting for his brother Randall James as toastmaster was old friend, Luz back among us and going strong. Thus it was fitting that the St. Croix Cul- tural Dancers should perform before the maattr on his night of nights. This they did In perfection and grace, though twice called to task by the master by shrill blasts on the whistle for no fault apparent to this neo- phyte. They executed the Seven Steps and then that most difficult of all form.s, The Lancers, to tumultuous and deserved ap- plause!. It Vita somewhere here hi between the rais- ing or our glass of real Crucian guava berry and air. Adam's whistling halt at the end of number four of The Lancers that we found ouraeleas on this pinnacle we started this column talking about. There we sat at a table with the highest officials in this adopted home of ours, Mr. Adam. five feet to our left, calling to his daacers, our old friend Stanley Jacobs ten feet behind us blasting us right out of the room, and we were higher than any riches can buy. So to cicee once more on a note about elec- tronic amplification; if we have to be blown right out of a room, let it be by Stanley Jacobi and The Sleepless Nights. God bless you Mr. Adam. It was we who were honored. THE REPUBLIC OF CHINA HON. FLOYD SPENCE Or SOUTH CAROLINA IN THE riousic OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, October 10, 1974 r. SPENCE. Mr. Speaker, Thursday, her 10, marks the 63d anniversary of public of China. It is both an d a pleasure to join with so my colleagues in sending Presi- ne Kai-shek and the people of lie of China our sincere con- the hon mane dent! the Re gratelati Many that the fu is uncertain. are anything destiny. The Republic taken its recent stride, but is e dented program of economic expansion 4 1 * e in the world seem to think e of the Republic of China e free Chinese. however, t uncertain of their own I China not only has lomatic reverses in ed in an unprece- - I, industrial, and As citizens of "th only one of the world's developing nat ns to have truly developed," the people Of the Republic of China now enjoy the second highest standard of living in Asia, a per capita income that is five times that of the People on the Chinese mainland, and a stable economy whose gross national product has risen at a real rate of over Approved For Release 2005/11/21 : CIA-RDP79-00957A000100060007-7 S. Approved FolfReleas'e.2065/41[21, :'"CIA-RIDP79- 009 7 , - ? C ober 11 1974 CONakt5SIONA1.- RECORD Extensions At times, other Officials liA#e let ih; 'cretST-Of the Ihilted States government, Miteliell, .as Iliihrire -Attorney General, sides the CIA's coyest projects, it also reviews WEig: ki.9 go ,n:1011-6-iffei-iiber an there is and-approves monthly a Joint I:Roommate- serrie;04titg UrZF-Wfiether the late -Robert sance Schedule that involves, among other KenpadY, turn as Attorney General, things, the use of .--;py satellites around the , 610, fa -0,--iiiepribet. It is believed that Mr. world. r.N1,41-cs contrberslal assistants, fl U. KaIde- Outside the intelligence community there Man lance Jelin Ehthchman also attended is criticism-of the secrecy which shrouds the Meetings but evidently not as -ineinbers. 'CIA and hands over its operations to a non-? 7 - Ea-C/-1L40 Conimittee;,aecording to past and elected elite such es. the 40 Committee. But present intelligence officers, 'has tended- to within the- intellipence -community here? , bee...erne-an extension of the chairman, chiefly men sympathetic tc- the need for clandestine because he alone "liaS aCcCse?directlY the PiOlicS, -alternatives in a -divided world?the PreSide,nt? ' "" ' ' ' that there is not enough control ..ftisSinger has Conte -to dorninata- the 40 of CIA by int.titi Liens such as the 40 CoMinitt4 fsr'boyqji-1.d ? the 4-i.5-vver Of his pre- Committee. dece.sSor and tO an extent Sdine intelligence For example, Victor Marchetti arid John D. specialist here 'believe is dangerous. Marks, former U.S. intelligence officers and the' -,Peat, 'for example, the 40 Commit- authors of "The CIA and the Cull; of Intel- tee net weekly, but not today"; ; ligence," maintain that covert operations EI,C- -7,44 .111:P.9,wh,rasperiSibilitie-shaire ekpanded, count for only $440 million of CIA's estimated - Kissinger has convened the-committee less budget of more tban $750 million a year. frequently, intelligence-specialists here say. The actual figures a re a closely held secret. t Much ?of the 7- time, according to several By far the larger. more important opera- AblirCea, Kissinger Merely atifera With the tion?world-wide espionage?is subject to no other rnernbers 'dealing with review by the 40 Committee. them individually rather than as a gronp. This is true even if the espionage involves and paSsing onto the Pie-skid-it the consensus a,s sensitive an operation as hiring a key that he alone has had a real; hand in lash- official of a foreign government?as has been dime in Latin Areetica at the risk of a - The reetilt, according to specialists who serious diplomatic i acident. have Sallied, in both the CIA and State ? sows, RESULT ; NEVER ' partment, has been to concentrate decision- malting , making in fewer hands, mostly Kissinger's Even covert ope ations approved by the 40 Committee have some history of generat- 'han,c1a. ing capers never er visioned by the Commit- ' A lot of, the consultation and argu- ,,.. . . _aing now,' Said tee. The Russian sugar case is an example. hientation that went on1S-ridis ' one-offlpial. ' Directed by the 40 Committee to do its "The controversy over Kissinger's role ek- damnest to foul up the Cuban economy, CIA tenda-fo the Chilean adventure and who real- agents picked on a load of Cu an sugar Russiabound fOr Russia that had been off-loaded in ly initiated it. an American port. They contaminated the The CIA _clearly has taken most of the highly to date, but at leat one official sugar, risking a real ruckus with the hhofficial placed in the State Department from 1970 Russians. The deed was undone only wher. President ,t0 090, the years of the most ambitious anti- Kennedy learned of it in time. Allende effort believes the 'CIA ma t ting a bum rap." With the growth of multi-national corpo- The idea for intervention, he said, appears rations?the spree 1 of American business to have Coine from the 'white e abroad in the 1960. -he chance for unmoni- Nixon Or Kissinger. -bared CIA mischief has expandet. mightily. For many of these -3usinesses, the CIA is fer- : It *as then faxiiied out to CIA -Lb develop a tile recruiting ground, and the list of Amer- plan and providefinicli and routed routinely lean banks and imernational business is re- back ;td the 40 COnarnittee, where Kissinger, as plete with ex-CIA employes whose old loyal- 46 cottinnitee Ohairinaii; aPProireit *Eat May ties can be tapped by the agency. 4wir:e "Veen his oivid4qtarii, thIS abiiree ; Said: According to one published report, Colby According to this Official; the CIA "Was not that hot" for intervention. has said the CIA maintains some 200 agents -- abroad posing as businessmen. The:, S4lifte Department Was- divided, he With the disclornre of its role in Chile, said. Edward 'Kerry, then- anibasadoir appeared to favor si5nie CIA role, but there are signs at !ast that Congress, which the $ tat epartthent's.'own -Intenignce and has closed its eyes to the ever-widening CIA AeSearelie b experts oPPOSed' the role, may be about. to take a tougher line. , idea-,- ---not on Ziloul grounda, but in the belief it would Sen. Frank Church (D-Ida), chairman of a ,- - - Senate Foreign Relation subcom mittee on not Work and was risky. mulit-national corporations, is exploring the .4 .ts ppi known, he" said; how V. Alexis possibility of perjury prosecutions against Johnson, then as under Secretarylki the State Administration offisdals who denied any U.S. Departinenee -Man on the -40 Corrunittee, "played it .in the corninittee." But in any effort to topple Allende. eve-pt.- Kissinger's view Would have been ir- And even Sen. Si nart Symingto:n (D-Mo.), p reStatihle because of his influence with the a member of the Senate's CIA oversight sub- re4siderit he committee and supposedly one of the few men ' ? - in Congress informed about the agency, ex- There are seine intelligenbelepacialiets here whe credit Kissinger With having impeded - pressed surprise at Colby's admission of the aoilie restraint on CIA aftera-deoade in Which depth of CIA intro ion into Chile. Among Congress's younger members, like the White House and the 4:000rkilidittee stood in awe Of the ageiley'a _C.Molia "dirty Harrington, there is a rising cry for more .'con- tricks" department.- trol of the agency. This, was partletitaily-true-dinder President What form that might take is not yet clear. Joh But many intelligence specialists questioned tigii'S hawkish-Katiorial-Seeinity Adviser, traloi040-vi, v-t-64.ii--6-ye1x-gfase--- deli-bit_ here felt that the CIA might well have to sur- Ment atelligence sa 4fie scared even rendersome of its covert operation; to protect the -CIA." , t o cer t ' its mroe vital intelligence gathering and eval- 4), 'the 'saiiielifile:_theiTis apprehension nation capability. al-olig A.616.6' eRireas iii-A.Rigsinger has Colby seemed to suggest that late Friday, 004 tilide'cr 'many 607 all along as a when, at a conference here on "CIA and real,slior*thing-of the 40 Cernmittee opera- Covert Activities," he declared that an end ti*-7-the? ciaineentratiOn of a, review function to covert activities "would not have a major ARtlit of men b With daily effect on the current security of the United own 'fields. States." 01 the 40 Committee includes In fact, according to Ray S. Cline, a former. ROMC6f the'rneet- delicate foreign-policy de- CIA deputy directc,r, covert activity is on the 57A000101)060007-7 of Remarks E 6467 decline', and has been since' its hey-day in the 1950s and 1960s. The thawing of the Cold War, and the detente in general have made the difference, he said. "COLD WARRIOR" STARTED IT ALL The man who started it all was that first Cold Warrior, Harry S. Truman, who put to- gether the CIA in 1947, primarily as an in- telligence-gathering agency, and saw it quickly enter the cloak-and-dagger trade. At the end, it seems, Mr. Truman had some second thoughts, and it may be that Con- gress, will take its lead from this comment attributed to the former President in 1963: "I never had any thought when I set up the CIA that it would be injected into peace- time cloak-and-dagger operations. Some of the complications and embarrassment that I think we have experienced are in part at- tributable to the fact that this quiet intel- ligence arm of the President has been so re- moved from its intended role . . . "I would like to see the CIA restored to its original assignment as the intelligence arm of the President and whatever else it can properly perform in that special field and its operational duties be terminated or properly used elsewhere. "We have grown up as a nation respected for our free institutions and for our ability to maintain a free and open society. There is something about the way the CIA has been functioning that is casting a shadow over our historic position, and I feel that we need to correct it." DENNIS SUPPORT FOR LEGISLATIO HON. DAVID W. DENNIS OF INDIANA IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, October 10, 1974 Mr. DENNIS. Mr. Speaker, on Wednes- day of this week I had the personal pleasure of attending the ceremonies ad- mitting my daughter, Martha Ellen Dennis, to the Bar of the State of Indiana. Consequently, I was absent from the House Chamber during the calling of the roll on final passage of House Resolution 988, the committee reform amendments, and on H.R. 16901, the agriculture, environment and consumer protection appropriations bill for fiscal year 1975. Had I been present, I would have voted in favor of passage of both of these important measures. House Resolution 988 represents the first major undertaking by the House in the last 25 years to review and reform its committee system. Had I been present, I would have voted for the Bolling reso- lution rather than for the HANsEN sub- stitute, although I would hope to have amended the Bol,LING resolution?as I did the MARTIN resolution?to provide that the Panama Canal not be placed under the jurisdiction of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, and, in this one par- ticular, I preferred the lisiszsEN version. However, this measure, even the HANsEN substitive proposal Which prevailed, represents a step toward reform of the House committee system. As to H.R. 16901 I voted for the pre- vious bill when it first passed the House, and later voted to sustain the President's veto, after the Senate increased the Approved For Release 2005/11/21 : CIA-RDP79-00957A000100060007-7 E.4468 Approved For Release 2005/11/21 : CIA-RDP79-00957A'000100060007-7 COIsiGRESSIONAL RECORD &Iowansoj Rrnarks October 11, 1972 appropriation. present /SEW bill Is some $192 million than the measure winch Was vetoed, support the Pres:nt legislation. OPPOSIIION TO TAX'CHAFtGL HON. C. W. BILL Y OF sarcasm IN TUX HOUSE OP RLTRSt3ENTA Thursday, October 10, 1974 Mr. YOUNG of Florida. Mr. ape there are, there always have been, there probably always will be those i government se Immediate answer to any fiscal pro em is more taxation ef American business and the eirnelicaa people. I know that President Ford be- lieves his recommendation of a 5 percent stereharge will be effective in ilentleg in- flation. While it fate expect to suPPot t the President of the United States oa every pOssible occasion, in this case I whet respectfully disagree. Tr-te Preehierd has proposed a 5-per- cent surcharge on corporate and individ- ual inwretes above a certain level. It is estimated that this surcharge will bring an additional $2.6 billion into the Treas- ury. Unfortunately, since this a ;use charge, those millionaires who somehow seem to escape income taxes will Mee escape this tax, and the burden will fall on the same taxpayers always hit. And what happens to Ms money ? It, will be spent by the Federal Govern- ment- ?pumped back Into an already in- flation-ridden economy to further fuel the inflationary spiral. America's tax - payers, however, will be even lee.% able to cope with higher prices because the:: incomes will be further reduced bi the 5 -percent surcharge- The $2,6 billion is not a large sum, compared with an overall Federal budget topping more than $300 billion. It is lees than 1 percent of the budget, in fact. But it would be a far more effective approach to simply reduce the budget by that saint 1 percent?and more, preferably to balanced budget where spending will ac longer exceed income. Such a 'eduction in Federal spending, to effect a balanced budget, would have a very dramatic ef- fect on inflation. If we define inflation at too many dollars chasing too few good: and services, then it makes sense to have fewer Federal dollars chasing these goodt and services and driving up their prices, As I said on the floor foffewing Presi- dent Ford's first speech to a Joint session of Congress, I support him in his fight against inflation. I want to support me President on every Possible occasion, and work with him for the betterment of OUT Nation. But I netist respectfully disagree with this proposal to increase income taxes. Such tax increases have not cured inflation in the past, and will not care Inflation now. es More taxation is not the answer Le in- flation n just pinches the budgets of American households even more. The budget which needs to be Pinched is the Federal budget. It contains the fat, the waste, the unnecessary expenditures, the outmoded programs, the unjustifiable policies. Let us clean up Our IOWA imouries JOCtOret we Put a. lien on the Income of others. Mr- Sae-Akar, a balanced budget is essential. and I will Coritinnally strive to achieve that gesa---Itot by inceeeeluit taxes- but by damaging, government *penning. For too long the Federal OCEt - eminent has been rebbtrue Per to Pay :Rae. is past time for is to get our /Mancini house In Order If we can achieve this, we will filially he getting rid of one of the major underlying causes of iaillation. HP NJW AS AN INSTRUMENT or SOCIAL, CHANGE' N. CHARLES B. RANGEL or WSW TORX IN 't' HOUSIt OP RFPRESENTATIV ES oeto,er 10, 1974 tar. ". slie Bla Ur. rlayd tile new taethennun noeted the new instrument eutegrate the .Mn Speaker, recently vat ai Reston, gave a apeeele on "meet. as a . He curi- ae a major blacks to d political realms of this sac* The new town p is a reliable aItertilitiVe to the fICP on SEMI pay- arLylnourciMesandi areas. A would like to share th my col- leagues Mr. bleXissick'S 'In, New IOW?, AS AN I tefflet, OF SOCIAL CHAFIGX A speech delivered by lir. FLOYD rum. to Coe Keeton klisea, Arts Statism. Va. on August at, It174) Mr. McKissick is the developer oe 1 t,ity new town and president ot tbe Soul I am delighted to be present at t Iteroon Slack Focus Arta Pestltal, honored to have been (loosen to give address. I arn again delighted to meet 'nth so many Pew Town associates. Kew Town people ere a peatiliar species of hu- mane veto believe that reeletiy ts mixture d people and of bricks said mortar. They be- lle % o Unit the economic process combined VinAt people, bricks end mortar can improve ,( y as a whole and car. provide solutions r individual people of all varieties ts tent to art. howtier, "what is a new v a a new corniutintree's It Yes recently be- come a popular expreaston, not at thrice ex- pressing what "real" new town developers are all about. Metals new heessang pro3eCle are c-..escrilbed erroneously as new communities. H's a developer defines whets new coin- ion It- is depends In part Upon the do- 'Torr rroe! f I loot rot/ ni?hts expert - erces-hfs onneept of gre?his concept of homanity?Sis love ter people--hLa love for IS* country and his desire far abetter world Wilere people can live with dignity because of Liar color an* their cultural distinctive- isso. aod be loved and be respected by ail. ? r ew tows l> not just bricks and Mortar, ? stickl and at nes, but a new town must ire holly by people and is new Vern must have son!. New communities are reactions to the many problems of Ponerlean Society. thereby crato,Ing bold alternatives to orban sprawl aud maus out-migration loom rural depressed areas. New towns are the result,of combined initiative of the Federal Government, private financing, private developess and concerned coarsens. TIM Initiative requires that the in- tercynamIce of social, cultOral, physical and economic systems must baa part of the tie- velemaerit Mae of new communities. Let us now loot at how the concept of a new town can be broadened to deal with the basic problems confronting the American 5014e1y today. Let's make a list of the prob- lents that face America today, those prob- lem. which have, to a degree, polarized the races: unemployment and underemploy- Mal a?lack of economic opportunities?poor hes4th services--lack of police protection-- rectsm--dcrimlnittion against women, the Meted/ and the young?crime In the streets? an inequitable welfare system?poor hous- ing-- poor transportation?the lack of new coneepts religion--educatIon?pcditics-- pelt ItIon. let me make my position on one thisig mapbeticany clear. I am an integrationist I believe that the struggle of the 1960's has not ?bean stopped In spite of the deaths of my gre4t friends, Martin Luther King, Whitney Yormg, John P. Kennedy, Malcolm X, Robes It Kerinedy and Lyndon Baines Johnson, and tbeimany other laiown and lesser known me i ane mina, The probiem is that we have never expert- eneed, and ant not now Mingo in a fully tnt*rettal society. We have not tried reel tntepristiern yet. Two of the most basic areas in society are today almost completely segregated?one is our economic system, that Is, Wall Street and the ownership and management of produc- tion. The second is our political system. Both systems are highly sophisticated and cannot be Integrated by mere protest or by marching In the streets singing freedom songs. The struggle to integrate the economic and polit- ical realms of this society depends upon knonledge?akille--endurance--and sagacity. and Inmany instances It requires the sub- ordthation of the ego. That is why there 13 a distinction between the strategy employed In the battle to fight overt segration in the letkes and the strategy to fight subtle raciam of the 1970's. Our objectives have not changed. It is the strategy to accomplish thosp same objectives that pierced the Amer- ican, conscience In the 1960's that has charged. The end Is the same, only the means has teen changed. Ifillibrtitriatery, many do not realize that; e new community is a concept for corn- the Ms which confront sotiety and Is mechanism for continuing the struggle ? 960's. Many do not realize that while nue the struggle?that the struggle Jettsd to urban development and at time must be maintained in tin unity. New communities can be built vete financing and new commu- nitlee can raoriels for existing distressed urban end areas. The p to the "Urban Growth and New Comm Development Act"? (Sec - tion 7101) state "It Is the polity of the Con- greed and the p of this title to gravid( for the clever of a national urban growth policy and encourage the rational. ordeal!, efaclent. economic growth, de- vekattment. and red pment of our States, metropolitan areas, s, counties, towns. and .cronnaninttles in ednlnlnanuy rural areal Which demonstra special potential for arcelerated growth: to ?usage the pru- dent -1 use and constreatio of our natural resottrces: and to encourage d support de- velopment which will emu communi- ties V adequate tax bases, unity serv- wig horboods socially, economItglly, and IcesTijob oppormnities. and well-balanced t ph ally attractive living environments." This New Community Act was first passed by tile Congress In /968. Under Title VII, El3 we Lawyers like to call it, more than a dozen new towns are now being built across Asper- lea . oul City In one of thew. Yet neither Approved For Release 2005/11/21 : CIA-RDP79-00957A000100060007-7 Approved For Release 2005/11/21 : CIA-RDP79-00957A000100060007-7 93D CONGRESS 2D SESSION H. R. 17256 IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES OCTOBER 10,1974 Mr. BIESTER introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Com- mittee on Rules A BILL To create a Joint Committee on Intelligence Operations. 1 Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa- 2 tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, 3 That this Act may be cited as the "Joint Committee on In- 4 telligence Operations Act of 1974". 5 ESTABLISHMENT OF JOINT COMMITTEE ON INTELLIGENCE 6 OPERATIONS 7 Sm. 2. (a) There is hereby established a Joint Com- mittee on Intelligence Operations (hereinafter referred to as 9 the "joint committee") which shall be composed of eighteen 10 members appointed as follows: Approved For Release 2005/11/21 : CIA-RDP79-00957A000100060007-7 Approved For Release 2005/11/21 : CIA-RDP79-00957A000100060007-7 1 5 ii 8 10 11 12 I 17 15 19 20 "1 I ) nine memb,rs of the 11 Ilse of Representatives, ) five shall be appointed by the House majority leader, and to include one member from the, Committee on Armed Services, one from the Committee on Foreign Affairs'. and one from the ('ommittee on A ppropriati ns; and (B) four shall he appointed by the House minority leader, to include one from each of the above Mimed standing. committ .es; and nine memln?s of the Senate, of whom? ( A ) five shall be appointed by the Senate majority leader, and to include one member from the Committee on Armed Services, one from the Committee on Foreivn Relations, and one from the Committeon Appropriations; and ( 1) lour to be appointed by the Senate minor- ik leader. to Mel o& one front each of the above named standing committees. b) The joilit committee shall select a chairman and a vice chairman from totiong its members at the beginning of each Cono.ress. The viee chairman shall net in the place and 23 stcnd of the cluniruuiaji in his a hsencc. The cLairmanship and 94 vice ehairman,liip skill alternate between the Ilouse of Itep- 9; resematives and the Senate \\ill' each Congress. The chair- Approved For Release 2005/11/21 : CIA-RDP79-00957A000100060007-7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Approved For Release 2005/11/21 : CIA-RDP79-00957A000100060007-7 3 man during each even-numbered Congress shall be selected by the Members of the House of Representatives on the joint committee from among their number and the chairman during . each odd-numbered Congress shall be selected by the Mem- bers of the Senate on the joint committee from among their number. The vice chairman during each Congress shall be chosen in the same manner from that House of Congress other than the House of Congress of which the chairman is. a Member. (c) A majority of the members of the joint committee shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business, ex- cept that the joint committee may fix a lesser number as a ? quorum for the purpose of taking testimony. Vacancies in the membership of the joint committee shall not affect the power of the remaining members to execute the functions of the joint committee and shall be filled in the same manner as specified in, and in conformance with, subsection (a) . DUTIES OF THE JOINT COMMITTEE SEC. 3. (a) It shall be the duty of the joint committee to conduct continuing oversight of, and to exercise exclusive - jurisdiction over, the legislative authorization with respect - to the foreign intelligence activities and operations of (1) the Central Intelligence Agency, (2) the Defense Intelli- gence Agency, Department of Defense, (3) the National Security Agency, (4) the Bureau of Intelligence and Re= Approved For Release 2005/11/21 : CIA-RDP79-00957A000100060007-7 Approved For Release 2005/11/21 : CIA-RDP79-00957A000100060007-7 4 1 search. Department of State. (5) Army, Navy, and Air Force In and (() other agencies, bureaus, or 3 departments insofar as their operations include foreign in- 4 telligence activities. 5 (h) The Director of the Central Intelligence Agency, 6 1 Di n _ reel of the Defese Intelligency Agency, the Direc- 1 7 tor of the National Security Agency, the Director of the 8 Bureau of Intelliffe re anti Research. the Commander of 9 United States Army Intelligence. the Commander of Naval 10 Intelligence, and the Air Force Deputy Assistant Chief of 11 Staff for Intelligenve shall keep the joint committee fully 12 and currently informed with respect to all of the foreign 13 intelligence activities and operations of their respective 14 organizations, and the heads of all other departments and 15 agencies of the Federal Government conducting foreign in- 16 telligence aetivities and operations shall keep the joint 17 committee fully and currently informed of all foreign in- 18 telligence activities and operations carried out by their re- 19 departments and agencies. The joint committee 20 shall have authority to require from any department or 21 agency of the Federal Government periodic reports regard- 22 ing activities and operations within the jurisdiction of the 23 joint committee. 24 (e) (1) All bills, resolutions, and other matters in the 25 House of Representatives or the Senate relating primarily to Approved For Release 2005/11/21 : CIA-RDP79-00957A000100060007-7 Approved For Release 2005/11/21 : CIA-RDP79-00957A000100060007-7 5 1 the functions of the Central Intelligence Agency, the Defense 2 Intelligence Agency, the National Security Agency, the 3 Bureau of Intelligence and Research, or Army, Navy, and 4 Air Force Intelligence, or to foreign intelligence activities or 5 operations of any other department or agency of the Federal 6 Government shall be referred to the joint committee. Nothing 7 in this 'subsection shall be construed to deprive 'any committee 8 of either House from exercising legislative oversight with 9 respect to foreign intelligence activities and operations related 10 to the jurisdiction of such committee. 11 (2) Members of the joint committee who are Members 12 of the House of Representatives shall from time to time 13 report to the House, and Members of the Senate shall from 14 time to time report to the Senate, by bill or otherwise, their 15 recommendations with respect to matters which are within 16 the jurisdiction of their respective Houses and which are 17 referred to the joint committee or are 'otherwise within the 18 jurisdiction of the joint committee. 19 ADMINISTRATIVE POWERS 20 SEC. 4. (a) The joint committee, or any subcommittee 21 thereof, is authorized, in its discretion, to make expenditures; 22 to employ personnel; to adopt rules respecting its organiza- 23 tion and procedures; to hold hearings; to sit and act at any 24 time or place; to subpena witnesses and documents; with H.R. 17256-2 Approved For Release 2005/11/21 : CIA-RDP79-00957A000100060007-7 Approved For Release 2005/11/21 : CIA-RDP79-00957A000100060007-7 the prior consent of the Federal department or agency con- - mimed. to use on fi reimbursable basis the services of person- nel, information, and facilities of any such department or 4 agency; to procure printing and binding services; to pro- ,- cure the temporary services (not in excess of one year) or ti in services of individual consultants, or organiza- 7 lions thereof. and to provide assistance for the training of its professional staff, in the same manner and under the same conditions as a standing committee of the Senate may pro- 10 cure such services and provide such assistance under sub- sections ) and (j), respectively, of section 202 of the Leg- 12 islative Reorganization Act of 1946; and to ike depositions 13 and other testimony. 14 (I)) Subpenas may be issued over the signature of the 15 chairman of the joint committee or by any member desig- 16 iiatcd by hint or the joint committee. and may bc served 17 by such person as may be designated by such chairman or 18 mcmhcr. Time chairman of the joint co unittee or any wm- 1.9 her thereof may administer oaths to witnesses. The pro- 20 of sections 102 to 104 of the Revised Statutes (2 21 1".S.(. 192-194) shall apply hi the case of any failure of 22 any witness to comply with a sulipena or to testify when 93 summoned under authority of this subsection. Approved For Release 2005/11/21 : CIA-RDP79-00957A000100060007-7 Approved For Release 2005/11/21 : CIA-RDP79-00957A000100060007-7 7 1 CLASSIFICATION OF INFORMATION 2 SEC. 5. (a) The joint committee shall be charged with 3 the establishment ?of guidelines for the classification of in- 4 formation originating within the joint committee in accord- 5 ance with standards used generally by the executive branch 6 for classifying restricted data or defense information. 7 (b) ?The joint committee shall be charged with the 8 establishment of guidelines under which its data and records 9 shall be maintained and be made available to (1) any 10 Member of 'Congress who requests such records or data or 11 (2) any officer or employee of the House of Representatives 12 or the Senate who has been designated by a Member of Con- 13 gress to have access to such records and data and who has 14 the appropriate security clearance to have such access. 15 RECORDS OF JOINT COMMITTEE 16 SEC. B. The joint committee shall keep a complete record 17 of all joint committee actions, including a record of the 18 votes on any question on which a record vote is demanded. 19 All records, data, charts, and files of the joint committee shall 20 be the property of the joint committee and shall be kept in 21 ?the offices of the joint committee or such other places as the 2`2 joint committee may direct. Approved For Release 2005/11/21 : CIA-RDP79-00957A000100060007-7 Approved For Release 2005/11/21 : CIA-RDP79-00957A000100060007-7 8 EXPENSES OF JOINT COMMITTEE 2 SEC. 7. The expenses of the joint committee shall be paid 3 front the contingent fund of ibe Senate from funds appro- 4 pria ted for the point committee, upon vouchers signed by the 5 eituirinan of the joint committee or by any member of the 6 joint committee authorized by the chairman. kgi Approved For Release 2005/11/21 : CIA-RDP79-00957A000100060007-7