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' Approved For Release 2006/10/20: CIA-RDP79-00957A000100080005-6 CONGR-P'SSICONAL OVERSIGHT - CIA A. GENERAL CIA as established as oart of the National Security Act of 1947. The Agency enabling legislation, the Central Intelligence Agency Act of 1949, - provided for the general administration of the Agency arid exempted the Agency zrom normal reporting requirements which could compromise. Agency security. On the basis of the provisions of this tatter Act, the CIA appropriation is handled securely and the organization, its functions, and the names of its personnel...are protected. 1. The Armed Services Committees (on the basis of juris- dictioxa over the legislation) and the Appropriations Committees (to approve funds) have exercised continuous legislative oversight.. (a) The Committee on Expenditures in the Executive Departments (now the Committee on Government Operations) actually, held hearings and reported out the National. Security Act of 1947 but under the new Legislative Reorganization Act the House Armed Services g2..Lned permanent jurisdiction. (b) in the Senate the corresponding Committee on Expenditures challenged the referral of the National Security Act of 1947 to the Armed Services Committee, but it was ,:lef,-=-?teci\vhn the Senate upheld the ruling of the President- pro tem. Approved For Release 2006/10/20: CIA-RDP79-00957A000100080005-6 Approved For Release 2006/10/20: CIA-RDP79-00957A000100080005-6 BEST COPY Available Approved For Release 2006/10/20: CIA-RDP79-00957A000100080005-6 ,Approved For Release 2006/10/20: CIA-RDP79-00957A000100080005-6 (c) From time to time the Government Operation.s Committees particularly on the House side have insisted on a right of congressional oversight of the economy and efficiency with which the Agency conducts its activities. Up to now the issue has not been joined, essentially as a result of our voluntary cooperation with their Various investigations or informal handling between committees. - Chairman Holifield has been generally ? supportive of the Agency position. Mr. 11(1.00rhe.acl - and Mr. Moss being most interested in asserting some type .of ju.risdiction. (d) The Senate Foreign Relations Committee, over recent. years has pressed to extend its _jurisdiction . over intelligence activities .through the efforts to establish the overall authority abroad of State, which it oversees, . and to include broad limitations on funding of-programs principally administered by CIA. B. CHRONOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS i. 1947 through early 1950s - Oversight was benign. 2 Approved For Release 2006/10/20: CIA-RDP79-00957A000100080005-6 ???????11.1?00.1.01- . Approved For Release 2006/10/20: CIA-RDP79-00957A000100080005-6 .1 -(a) Control:tea by strongly entrenched congression. leadership and senior chairmen.. (b) Cold war nsychalogy--ranl: and file not pre- disposed to interference, (c) On the appropriation side, the basic concern was-do you have enough money? ? 2. Late 1950s ? {a) Record of infrequent briefings of overSight committees leads to Senator Man.sfieIcl's initiative for ? Joint Committee (defeated in 1956 by vote of 59 to 27, with. ? 12 original sponsors opposirg the resolution). (b) Sputnik era triggered wider congressional interest in Agerzy information on the Soviet threat. Agency initiated program of debriefing members Of Congress who . had travelled abroad, inviting them to visit Agency facilities and o.n occasion field installations. 3. Early 1960's (a) The Agency fu.:nished intelligence briefings to a number of committees including the Joint Committee art - Atomic Energy on the Soviet nuclear energy program, and ? creneral intelLience brielfin;s to Fopuse Foreign _A,fifairs- ark-: 3 . AP ? ? ? ??? Approved For Release 2006/10/20: CIA-RDP79-00957A000100080005-6 Approved For Release 2006/10/20: CIA-RDP79-00957A000100080005-6 the Senate _Toreign Relations Committee., Soviet space program brie Eings to the House Science arid Astronautics - Committee and Senate Aeronautical and Space Sciences Committee, and Soviet military posture briefings to the full Armed Services Committees and the Defense Subcommittee. of House Appropriations. (b) Pressure continued to grow 'for a Joint Intelligenc Committee which spurred the CIA Subcommittee of House Armed Services to examine Agency activities rather intensiv.,-1 (c) Chairman Vinson appointed Representative Paul J 1 Kilday as Chairman of the CIA Subcommittee of House Aimed S. erviceS with the mandate to give CIA more attention (d) Presidential election spurred further interest in the Agency's intelligence product. (e) The 13-2 flight of Gary Powers over the Soviet Union and. the Bay of Pigs invasion heightened congressional debate and the Cuban missile crisis of 1962-refocused attention ca the Agency's capabilities. (f) Reflecting Senator Russell's growing.responsibiliti for appropriations matters, sessions of the CIA Subcommittee The "Soviet Missile Gap." argument in the. 1960 Approved For Release 2006/10/20: CIA-RDP79-00957A000100080005-6 Approved For Release 2006/10/20: CIATRDP79-00957A000100080005-6 ? o.L7 Senate Armed Services and Senate Appropriatiorts, were in joint session. T.-.,ven so by 1.9,)5 Agency briefings .of ? these Subcommittees rose to 34 as contrasted with 9 thr- previous year. 4. Late 19601s (a) In 1966, the Foreign Relations Committee . reported a resolution to establish a Joint Committee on Intelligence with Senator Russell defeating the move by 61Z9 _ on jurisdictional grounds. (b) ? In 1967 the Agency undertook a prograrnined effort to contact and brief all new members of Congress on the Agency. (c) 1967 was also the year of exposure of Agency funding of the National Student Association. (d) In 1969 the Agency's intelligence product came to the front again on the ABM system leading to a closed sesSion of the Senate to discuss the classified aspects of the subject .including data provided by the Agency. (e) Legislative initiatives were beginning to be proposed in an effort to circumscribe executive action through CIA principally in Southeast Asia. Approved For Release 2006/10/20: CIA-RDP79-00957A000100080005-6 Nov kepi Approved For Release 2006/10/20 : ?CIA-RDP79400957A000100080005-6 of Senate Armed Services and Senate A.ppropriation.s, heid-in joint session. E,.,-en so by 1965 Agency hriefLngs of - these Su'ocoramittees rose to 34 as contrasted with 9 the previous year. 4. Late 1960's (a) In 1966, the Foreign Relations Committee reported a-resolution to establish a Joint Committee on Intelligence with Senator Russell defeating the move by 61-29 , on jurisdictional grounds. (b). In 1967 the Agency undertook a programmed effort to contact and brief all new members_ of Congress on. the Agency. ? (c) 1967 was also the year of exposure of Agency funding of the National Student Association. - (d) In 1969 the Agency's intelligence product came to the front again on the ABM system leading to a closed sesSion of the Senate to discuss the classified aspects of the subject including data provided by the Agency. . . (e) Legislative initiatives were beginning to be proposed in an efiort to circumscribe executive action through CIA. principaily in Southeast Asia. Approved For Release 2006/10/20: CIA-RDP79-00957A000100080005-6 Approved For Release 2006/10/20: CIA-RDP79-00957A000100080005-6 5. 1970s - (a) c.ongre.ssiona, stru.cture which has for a quarter of a century served to seid enc.y from intrusion or attack by the rank and file membership is in a state of flux.. The Russell's and Rivers are gone. McClellan is 73, Mahon is 74, a.nd. Stennis and Hebert are 73: Men down the seniority lists have become suspicious or jealous over the secretive manner in which the oversight responsibilities have been exercised and their ranks are being periodically reinforced by newly elected younger members. Many.feel Agency information and Agency- activities should be more broadly accessible to the - Legislative Branch, and particularly to the Foreign Relations and Foreign Affairs Committees.. (b) In 1971, as a result of the limitation by the Democratic Caucus on subcommittee chairmanships and taking note of the writing on the wall, Chairman Hebert appointed Representative Lucien N. Ned.zi (D., Mich.) as Chairman of a rejuvenated Intelligence Subcommittee of House Armed Services Committee. Nedzi has proved to 6 Approved For Release 2006/10/20: CIA-RDP79-00957A000100080005-6 Approved For Release 2006/10/20: CIA-RDP79-00957A000100080005-6 be an invaluable ally in dealing wi? proble,.-ris in the House because oE his reputation for diligence, thoroughness, . objectivity, and skepticism. (c) In an analogous reaction to the changed political atmosphere in the Senate, both Chairmen Stennis and McClellan. have changed earlier practices. Thus both now regularly take transcripts. Senator McClellan invited Senator Church to attend and participate in a Subcommittee meeting on ITT-Chile (no leaks occurred) and Senator McClellafl has offered any Senator the specifics of budget on a classified basis (Tab A). (d) Many members while sharply critical of foreign and defense policy appear to have a high regard for the Agency' intelligence product, fearful only that the Agency's capabilities in the covert action field may be misused by an Administration.. They are ankiou.s to have a closer relationship with the Agency and. thus more influence on its activities. Others are highly supportive - in foreign and defense fields, but are a.r2cious to avoid battle on issues such as the Agency's covert action authorities. C. CURRENT CONGRESSIONAL OVERSIGHT PROCEDURES 1, Under existing Icietines so far 5.;upoorteci by the chairmen of our oieriflt committees, Agency o? atonal activities are reported Nai.4 solo lv to the four overs .??,-ht committees. ? --; 7 :-;-? 7, : ! 1 Approved For Release 2006/10/20: CIA-RDP79-00957A000100080005-6 Approved For Release 2006/10/20: CIA-RDP79-00957A000100080005-6 - 2. Security Precautions: In formal sessions before subcommitte-es, the following security procedures are followed: (a) Only selected staff members of the subcommittee .., (no personal sta.Ef of members) are permitted to attend. (b) Each hearing is preceded by a technical sweep. for audio-surveillance devices and technical monitoring is maintained throughout the briefing. ? (c) When transcripts are taken, only a reporter with ? Top Secret clearance is used and the Agency maintains control over the shorthand notes. The transcripts are - placed under controls agreed .to by the Committees .and the Agency. (d) Under House rules all members are entitled access to all Committee records. (Tab B) (e)? The membership of the four oversight Subcommittees are set forth La Tab:C. M41 8 Approved For Release 2006/10/20: CIA-RDP79-00957A000100080005-6 25X1 Approved For Release 2006/10/20: CIA-RDP79-00957A000100080005-6 . ea' 4;06111 40 Next 5 Page(s) In Document Denied Approved For Release 2006/10/20: CIA-RDP79-00957A000100080005-6 Approved For Release 2006/10/20: CIA-RDP79-00957A000100080 The Pre 3 id era The 'White liouse Washington, D. C. 20530 Dear 24,1r. President: ? , 17. ;September 1974 Attached is a recapitulation of the Congressional oversight of CIA - activities as requested by Socreta.-',y Kissinger. CIA's relations with Congress are on three levels: a. I'v-here appropriate (although infrequently), CIA appears in open session or releases testimony gi.ven in executive session - when it is neither classilied no: rev-ealing of intelligence sources and methods. b. In e:xectitive session, CIA appears before a wariety 02 corn.- minees to provide Intelligence tiata and assessments. 'We use our tn..ost sensitive 9 ourcet as the basis for Such testiniony, but we do not reveal or discuss them or our operations. c. 'Oversight of our operations is conducted by Appropriations . and i'l_rxned ervIc ti'ocommittees in executive session. No Matter ar-e held secret from these committees, and it ia ny obligation to volunteer to them matters of possible interest. The a.bove arrangement is longstanding and has been subject to various attempts to Change it over the years. In particular, the Foreign AfLairs Committees have pressed for g,reater exposure to our oper.stional activities. In ray confirmation hearings and publicly I have taken the position that CIA will respond to Congress' oversight in any method established This doe:In:Jr:1 may be clovmgrcd ?(..: to v;1-Lan er.el cLtc.chci. Approved For Release 2006/10/20: CIA-RDP79-00957A000100080005-6 M11 Approved For R -2006/3012 u z 0: CIA-RDP79-00957A 00100080005-6 by the Congress, but that I propose to continue the established Procedure until the Congress changes them. This is of course only a reflection oZ the Ctut onl independence of the Congress and its power, in to legislate with respect to our authorities or appropriations.. A bill cur- rently eists in both Houses 'which would amend the National Security Act to provide that CIA's activities be reported to the Congress yin such man- ner as the Congress determines. I have indicated support of this amen47 rn.ent. The a.ttached paper presents on page 12. certain options_ for your consideration as to bow this matter might be !Dandled in the future. These might be used by you as the basis for the discuasions you indicated y intend to have with the Congressionsa leadership. I would be pleased to discuss this with you further at your convenience. ;Respectfully, /s/ Bill W. E. Colby ? Director Atta.chment WE Ct. blp Distribution: Original - Addressee via Secretary Kissinger 1 - OLC 1 - OGC 10) DDCI 1 -DCI 1 - ER 1 - Assistant to the Director NOTE: Copy also sent to Governor Rockefeller (w/atts) with covering note from DCI (on 18 September 74) (delivered to Rob Roy Ratliff on 17 September 74) 2a L9 a 21c,:3-- Ls+r? 149 314 EU EEC " . '14 L.-. Approved For Release 2006/10/20: CIA-RDP79-00957A000100080005-6 2 X1 25X1 25X1 Approved For Release 2006/10/20: CIA-RDP79-00957A000100080005-6 . 06 let?i 4160 Next 4 Page(s) In Document Denied 4t1 Approved For Release 2006/10/20: CIA-RDP79-00957A000100080005-6 Approved For Release 2006/10/20: CIA-RDP79-00957A000100080005-6 . ? On 4 June 1974. the Senate by a vote of 55 to 33 defeated an amendment to the Defense Procurement Authoriza- tion bill (S. 3000) which would have required the Director of Central Intelligence to submit an annual unclassiEied report to the Congress disclosing the total amount of funds requested in the budget for the National Intelligence Program. A number of Senators, including the Chairman of- the Agency's Oversight Committees in the Senate, strongly opposed the amendment on the basis that such disclosures would provide valuable assistance to our adversaries by virtue- of, the trends disclosed over the years and. that the publication. of the total figure would only stimulate further inquiry for. . greater detail on foreign intelligence activities, for explanations of changes or trends, and for the component. elements of the total figure. They also pointed out that the four committees charged with oversight of the Agency in the -Congress are - .fully .aware of the. details of the foreign intelligence budget and inquire into these matters deeply. The point -was also made that if any member of the Senate wished to "know what the total figure was it would be furnished to him on a classified basis. The discussion on the amendment is covered on pages S. 9601-9613 in the Congressional Record of 4 June 1974. Excerpts follow: Approved For Release 2006/10/20: CIA-RDP79-00957A000100080005-6 ApprAacityfrReami?pc-46./10/29 : CIA:RDP79-00957A00010Q080005-6 7.;--ue, we ace an,O3rtsoce:.:-; and, 30 far, we have been ab ll to carry on an itu'nce;-1vcr.t-7?An has been ,.vortit to 113billions P. Id ions and biliions Or dollars in sztviry,:s. -Out, . we ace goitt;"; to abannou the idea of -keeping these fnnu-es froI ein; cl;5- cles:-1. then. in rry humble onion. v.Te might as z...tolish the agency. It would be like saying, in e:;e-.ct, til3t, we.. do not want this secret intellisence. a.;*.ter all, that we do not need it, and that we will abandon it. We will pay an awful price for that. I am familiar with the CA budget. . - I can satisfy most any Senator in the ?- cloakroom, talking to him some about this, but I will publicly say that it is a clean budget and they have justified : many times over the expenditure o: the . ? money'. 11 SenatorPastore: ? ". . . to know what they are doing. o we can know what we have to rio in order to guarantee, the security of our ocvn country.. I So r,e cannot come out here and tell - the Nv'nole. world. "We 5pent billion or ? S2 billion for the Central ;intelligence Agency." What does that mtan to any?. one else, except that perhaps some people ? think they are spending too much. And. the minute the question is asked where they are spending it we 'are in serious ' trouble. So what happens to your children and .rhy children; Mr President? 1,1The.t hap- ? pens to you when you go home tonight? What hapoen..3 tomorrow? What hap? pens to the security of our country? Cart we afi:ord to tell them? Oh. yes, I would like to tell the public everything it Is passible to tell them. I beliere in that. ? I have been in public life continually for 40 years. I believe in the right of the public to know. But I certainly would not come to the floor of the :3eitate and ? tell you, Mr. President, how to put to- an atom bomb. I would not tell you that. I would not tell you how far our nuclear sub.; are able to travel; I would not tell you how we can detect:an ? enemy sub; and T. would not. tell you how they might detect ours. 'I would not tell you that. Why would I not tell you that? I would not tell you that beco.u_se the minute I told you that I would Jeopardi2.a the future oi you: children. . 1 Iliave:lat down with the Eenator from WI3ron.3in. (Mr. tht,. Seciltor. from California. (? CT.\:....37-ipzi.), to find a 5olutioa, and I nave down r.-ith Mr. Colby, who Is a .q].-cat A:7.7e:-Ica.n. He said, "fie.^.5e do not di.3 this. If you want to make my jr7.1.) irasier. plea..5e do not du this." I can.not zit there aCtec that ad- monition and e.,-...hortation and turn around V.. r"V-1 sty, Colby, I do not what- you ilaTo to say." If I be- . iievod that for I minute, I would say. : "You ought to give up your lob;.!...? Approved For Release 2006/10/20: CIA-RDP79-00957A000100080005-6 Approved For Release 2006/10/20: CIA-RDP79-00957A000100080005-6 Senator Humphrey: 1-1;?..! to co,- Ser..1.1.or fraci Iti?ode e.c.d to 073,3..:Iv,e f :Ni. comm?n,s. poin'.ed V7 propefiy tha.: the C,entur.-1 Tateih- genc ?ticy has in the rio?st er:7:-1.-4-.3.,1 Ia actsvittes that have been look?!d upon '.):( cr...rtain lombars of the Co tress Rs un- desirable.; b,it, '1 want to rna.;-.e? hab every one or -those acti-V..ties had be.en orde:ed by a Presider0:.? The, CE.--n- trot. Yhteiiigerice A,enc7 do-e-s not enz.a.ze in acti;itie.3 for the love of work. I know that the Central Intelligence Agency, clu.ring the Kennedy ye34-3 and the Johiasoct years, was engazSE!ci in o?c" tivitia3 in Laos-- ? . ? Freslcieht, the Central In!..eliigence. Agency is possibly the ricst important azc.?acy in this Government. By and lar;e; At is ma.cle, up of pc.,-.ople who are corn- Detent, able, .o_tid v:ho have served this country well and faithfully. TC be sure, there are times when it has engaged in activities, as :ve have said. that are looked upon with suspicion; but I think - it would be folly for us to publicize o.1.1. of Its activities, to publicLze the amounts it receives, particulaxly when there are ways and means within this body and 'within the other body of Cohgress to - supervise. .1:.and to keep a check rein. ' upon it. I ? ? - I 'nod the of sen'ing on the Nritionni Security Council,. a.nci I want to tell my coil cues that the . Central Intelligence A..ene.y was the most ?? accurate and effective instrument of ? Government for that council. :its reports were most accurate, and had we followed ? 'the- ad'olce of the Central Intelligence . Agency in many areas, we would hare been better off, but at lea-it it 7;2.3 there. V 41 :EtAl; just; on StiCe("I we itCe In this .body to,..1a7 dbttin 7,-hetii?ev ot* rot ought to have a relea_le of the figure, next year it will be vcryPth?.7r it Is too lily or tOO httie. and than it will be T.'11-23.t is in it. Then. -;hen we start to ;;ay ,7-,--hat is we p,r,-; to 1-1:17.7e S re.:pose tts.tly, in ordr3r to tr;:liC1 ;af for e:,:ai-nple, an a; t:o Soviet rinlors S[33 of we.:::::511.0,1 t 7ere. Isanl ter-1.t far they 17(1?)",. tileLr ntitic prorr wes, T. do not think it the tei.-e3t for all o:instinformat:ion to have- be4r,.? laic" out. I would hair deatnoycut ? our Inteliig?-..?ace fratheriri.zr corapietely. ?-? 116 Approved For Release 2006/10/20: CIA-RDP79-00957A000100080005-6 -Approved For Release 2006/10/20: CIA-RDP79-00957A000100080005-6 Senator McClellan: ". . But, let uo bear i mind that if ve are aSe.:.urity zaceAgency, we cannot have it v.-it:J-1 ne.tiohai on What it cloes, ho: it does it, and -c,.ow. much it spends here, or .11077 there. Senator.Stennis: ". . ? rny rcsoonsibilit-y to my colleaznics, they in CIA kcep a clean house. The' have had a conse.r,:atiie, operation d oilar- wise and ha-:e account.eci for the money In a splendid way. That .has been true without exception. There has been no great spillage of money or great extrava- gances, and not one bof scandal or odor of any l;..Lnd. . . Senator Thurmond: It . I believe that our nation Ls unique in the attention Its le..-6-44312.ture ha.3 givea to specifying and cIrcurnscel`:in.; the atvt- of the agency designated to per;:orra its rareixa intelligence mission./.,, a 11 ? Senator Proxmire: it President, amendment which to provide that the intelligence commi bro's.en. do-.4-es. but would be made. :ava payers of this cour ideo. or. tow much, dollars?and it Ls are going for inteL Governmer.t. the of the I am ?fleeing now 13 overall fi,g-ure for the may ns a whole, no-t the over:...Ll figure, liable, so that the. tax- h7 would have some ?how many biLlims 'oillion.s of dollars.? igeoce efforts by our 1? . i Now just what would this ten cur vccsaries? They would not I:now Lf it all ws..nt to the CIA, or DIA. Whether the NSA sp-ent most of the money, or the Air Force. 1-12ow about Yearly flt tuatlo ns? Say for example, triat the budget went -Lip 10 p::ent in 1 year. what they con.Tllat rrialpower was more expert- se? That the CIA 7.:t.s soendng more for Laos? Thz.,.t the DiA had bot..3ht dl new corr.-outer r.iwilion? That NSA was hiring more people? They would nothing. . . Approved For Release 2006/10/20: CIA-RDP79-00957A000100080005-6 Approved For Release 2006/10/20: CIA-RDP79-00957A000100080005-6 Senator Hughes: It ".rhe tirr,m1; will. come forn trot on the in3i:13, rnliint,Cnin!-; coiLrot requires in ounce. then I think we should. be pz-cod....ed to take cunce of rLik in at iea...i;.; letting us see publicly and the peogie. se.e pubUcL wilF..ther we are spendin,z :S3 biaion.. $7 billion, or s90 billion, and how we are conCealing it and nidin; it, and. if Tie ara protectin; ourseit:e.s" frorn the irisidE! as well as from the outside. ? ? thiar that ounce of risk., if it exist.., 13 worth takin3. and I thank the dis- tinguished Senator fromi Wis-con.sin or ? ? ? , Senator Jackson: ". . ? In summary, our fon inteltienCe 'service arise.s out of an. act .of Con!?-ess and all of its acti71tiel are closely scru- ? tinized by a. number of representative members of both the Zenae and the. l'Iouse of 17.e.pres.?ntati.7e3. This is how we resolved the bniance het;veen the needs of an open society and the needs for a secret ..forel,rm intelligence service. I certainly do noe, think that t.hL I rop 1;trri trir.ohRianile the stun- tion as I am confident enactmerA o:: the . proposed amendment would do. Senator Young: 11 ? ? ? I know there is great in the. .public kno7,-ing everythin:4 possible, but: think there NVC some things that shoulc.t. be kept secret for. our own seutirity. '1 Approved For Release 2006/10/20: CIA-RDP79-00957A000100080005-6 Approved For Release 2006/10/20: CIA-RDP79-00957A000100080005-6 RULES OF THE NOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES rorire record vote is demanded. The result of each ca vote in any meeting of any committee shall be nade available by that . committee for inspection by the public at reasonable. times in the offices of that com- mittee. Information so available for public inspection shall include a description of the amendment, motion, order, or other proposition and the name of each Member voting for and each Member voting against such amendment, motion, order, or proposition, and ? whether by proxy or in person, and the names of those. Members present but not voting. With respect to each record vote by any committee on each motion to report any bill or resolution of a public character, the total number of votes cast for, and the total number of votes cast against., the reporting of such bill or reolution shall be included in the committee report. The first part of this paragraph was derived from Sec. 133(b) of the Logislative Reorganization Act of 1010 (GO Slat. 812) and made part of the stnnding rules on January 3, 1953, p. 24. The requirements that committc0 roll calls be subject, to public inspection and that the committee report on a public bill or resolution include the vac thereon, were added by Sec. 101(b) of the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1070 (81 Stat. 1140) and made a part of the rules on January 22, 1971, p. H. Res. 5. ? committee Hearings, records, data, charts, and files shall be kept separate and distinct from the congrasional office records of the Member serving as chairman of the. committee; and such records shall be the property of the House and all Members of the House shnll have access to such records. Each corn- [3781 RULES OF TUE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIvEs Mlle XI, mittce is authorized to have printed and testimony and other data presented at hearing-. by the committee, This provision from Sec. 202 (d) of the Legi:lativr, P.v.urr,r, ? Act of MG (GO Stat. 312) was made a part of the stanc: ? January 3, 1953, p. 24. - (d)(1). It shall be the duty of the chairman t committee to. report or cause to be reported pro, to the House any measure approved by his coin: . and to take or. cause to be taken neeasary s. bring' the matter to a vote. (2) In any event, the report of :my comn-li . a measure which has been approved by the corn: shall be filed within seven calendar days of days on which the House is not in session the day on which there has been filed With th,:-? of the committee a written request, signed majority of the members of the committee, reporting .of that measure. Upon the filing- o.. such request, the clerk of the committee transmit immediately to the chairman of the mittee notice of the filing of that request. This paragraph does not apply to a report of the mittee on Rules with respect to the rules, rules, or order of business of the House or to reporting of a resolution of inquiry addresse the head of an executive department. (3) If, at the time of approval of any mea u:. matter by any committee .(cxcept the Commit Rules) any member of the commif.tcr., gives n()t.i; Approved For Release 2006/10/20: CIA-RDP79-00957A000100080005-6 [379) Approved For Release 2006/10/20: CIA-RDP79-00957A000100080005-6 CIA SUBCOMMITTEES SENATE APPROPRIATIONS .INTELLIGENCE OPERATIONS September L974 John L. McClellan (D., Ark.), Chairman 'John C. Stennis (D., Miss.) Milton R. Young (R., N.Dak.) John 0. Pastore (D, R.I.) Roman L. Firuska (R., Nebr.) SENATE ARMED SERVICES CIA SUBCOMMITTEE John C. Stennis (D., Miss.), Chairman Stuart Symington (D., Mo.) Peter H. Dominick (R., Colo nry M. Jackson (D., Wash.) Strom Thurmond (R., S. C.) *soy HOUSE ARMED SERVICES SPECIAL SUBCOMMITTEE ON INTELLIGENCE Lucien N. Nedzi (D., Mich.), Chairman F. Edward Hebert (D., La.) William G. Bray (R., Ind.) Melvin Price (D., Ill.) Leslie Arends (R., ) 0. C. Fisher (D? Texas) Bob Wilson (R. , Calif.) HOUSE APPROPRIATIONS "SPECIAL GROUP" George H. Mahon (D., Texas), Chairman Tae L. Whitten (D., Miss. ) William E. Minsha.11 (R. , Ohio) Rori: L. F. Sikes (D,, ) Elford A,. Ceclea.-berg (R., Mich) *ka0' Approved For Release 2006/10/20: CIA-RDP79-00957A000100080005-6 Approved For Release 2006/10/20 : CIA-RDP79-00957A000100080005-6 TS T170 ,? TASS Reports Colby Testimony on CIA actions in Chile L231442 Moscow TASS in English 1350 GMT 23 Oct 73 1,-? TE.YT) WASHINGTON OCTOBER 23 TASS --FRESH FACTS HAVE BEEN LEARNED HERE AB(1UT THE SUBVERSIVE ACTIVITY OF THE USA CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY AGAINST SALVADOR ALLENDE'S POPULAR UNITY GOVERNMENT PRIOR TO SEPTEMBER ELEVENTH. THESE FACTS ARE CONTAINED IN THE TRANSCRIPT OF SECRET TESTIMONIES BY CIA DIRECTOR WILLIAM COLBY AND CIA SENIOR STAFF-MEMBER F. DAyis AT THE INTER-AMERICAN AFFAIRS SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE HOUSE, OF REPRESENTATIVES. A SUMMARY OF THE TESTIMONIES WAS PUB- LISHED BY THE"WASHINGTON POST." ? . THE TESTIMONY OF THE CIA LEADERS SflOVS THAT THE DEPARTMENT. CARRIED ON LARGE-SCALE SECRET INTERVENTION IN THE INNER-POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC AFFAIRS OF CHILE. THIS ACTIVITY', THE NEWSPAPER SAID, INCLUDED?INFILTRATION INTO ALL PRINCIPAL POLITICAL PARTIES, SUPPORT OF ANTI-COVERNMENTAL DEMONSTRATIONS AND ALIGNMNETS, -SUBSIDIES FOR OPPOSITION PRESS ORGANS. THE UNITED STATES, THE WASHINGTON POST GOES ON TO SAY, REFUSED CREDITS TO THE ALLENDE GOVERNMENT TO WRECK THE &TTLE\N EGgNO:MY AND ALSO OBSTRUCTED THE GRANTING OF LOANS TO CE-BY INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL AGENCIES. THE ONLY EXCEPTION WAS 'ADE FOR THE SALE ON CREDIT OF AMERICAN WEAPONS TO THE- CHILEA'l ARMED FORCES. THUS, THE UNITED STATES SOUGHT TO SPEED UP THE ECONOMIC CRISIS IN THE COUNTRY AND TO ENCOURAGE INTERNAL OPPOSITION TO THE POPULAR UNITY GOVERNMENT, THE TESTIMONY OF THE CIA DIRECTOR AND OTHER INFORMATION SHOW THAT THE UNITED STATES MAINTAINED CLOSE CONTACTS WITH THE : CHILEAN MILITARY THROUGHOUT THE PERIOD FOLLOWING ALLENDE'S .ELECTORAL VICTORY, THE NEWSPAPER SAYS. THE WASHINGTONPOST ADDS THAT .THE CIA ALLOCATED 400,000.. , DOLLARS FOR SUPPORTING PRESS. ORGANS OPPOSING ALLENDE ON THE EVE OF THE PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS. 23 OCT 1755Z JB/GS Approved For Release 2006/10/20: CIA-RDP79-00957A000100080005-6 Approved For Release 2006/10/20: CIA-RDP79-00957A000100080005-6 BEST COPY Available Approved For Release 2006/10/20: CIA-RDP79-00957A000100080005-6 Approved For Release 2006/10/20: CIA-RDP79-00957A000100080005-6 rrri I; ir) ?-?-?1 ?0 Wtt.../ ? ILVrorE't By Tad 5.7:u1c is C Washington writcr?and igr-oer icreign. correspondent. HES lat- est. "Compulsive Spit: The Stronae of E. Howard Hunt." THE United States, -through Central Intelligence Agency or otheowise,- directly involved in the events tlizit led to the bloody coup d'qat in Chl'e. last Sept. 11? Actu2i involvement Li the military re'roltitirm that ousted the late President Ailetide foossens, a Socialist, -hos Leer. roundly denied by the Nixon ration and the CIA in particular.. 4:'?.-en the CIA's track record in e-,oeioli-owing or attempting to over- tio?orov 'foreign govornmer.ts?lran,Guate- mala, Bay of ,Pigs, Laos and so on ?deep sospicioni have persisted that, the ageticy, operating under White'. fieose -'1,:tictivcs. has been much more Coto.: In:toccnt observer of the Chilean Allende's ciection iii 1970. riao; ago, C!A rather stir- -pHs;??.-.:?yi. most reit/et:Indy, went quite ? a way ?a cr?nfirrn malty of these suspi? so in sect?et testimony on 11 ::Ffore the Ito se Subcommittee or oierica.n A.';-airs by its di- PanE. Colby, and Frederick a senior cificial in (he :ter.: or -rptoitigoncc. ti''- ?ns?irriony was, sv.:-.? to it, by snurccs _ c ':7,1ony touches ,y1 the (.i.:Vs oo?-ii anti verl ri!e chilean poli? al:o licio; in understanding . -.'truotirvo iirtiniinistration's nf Orinoinzt, about of? i;ipci.R.'.1 not eolg that 1.?..e of ilie titiotber of ?le? ...19rvcrr,-.r Is th-nza the owelat that Ur! trni St;itel, tryasi : ? Vii-iSH.T.i','GTO,'.?! POST 21 OCT N73 ? war there remains ''a Foal posribility." tusaI to hl Chlte, even on hernoini- YcL, even Coll.y warned that the jun la tartan- grounds, was empliashoed sbeut- may "rivet-do" rep,?ooiion, eek before tho military coup when Colby..s and Davis' testinicily, i w n pails -unclear aid contradictory, . offered a It turned doe-rt Sarrttago*.a requeit for picture of the CIA's iiti ci in Chile credits to buy ? 300,000 tons of wheat between Aliende's election In 1970 and hero at a time when thrt Chili na had the Sept. 11 coup ranging from thc run out of foreign currency and bread "penetration" of all the -major Chilean shortages were developing. political parties, support for anti-regime - demonstrations and finaneinof of the op- On Oct. 6, howey'er, the new mlittarf Position press and other groups to here- junta was granted $24.5 naittlort, Jr tofore unsuspected Aocincy involvement v:licat credits after the White Penne in financial negotiations bctiveen Wash- overruled State Department objections. ington and Santiago in last 1972 and Tho department.t3 Bureau - of Inter- early 19;11 when the Chileans were des-American A.Ifairs reportedly believed perately. seeking an accomr ?dation, , -that sue'n a gesture was pre.maturo a.nit There arc indications- that. the CIA, could bo ern'oarrassing. ? acting on the, basis of its? Own reports - ? , on the ."deterioration" of the Chilean "ThOtEovtitorinti3". Coup economic situation, was amorg the agen- onaAltADOXICALLY, Washington had ems counseling the- Wh H ite ouse to rc- not hoped for the kind hloody ,bufLAIlentle's. atteilipts to work out...q..' military takeover that occurred on Sept. .scttleement on the compensations, to be 11. li'or political reasons, It preferred paid fur najohaliled Aincricz:n prePertY.., a gradual destruction from within of and 'a renegotiation of Chile's $1.7 bk1.. the Chilean economy so that the Al- /ion -debt. to The Uni1t.4.1 States. lende regime would collapse of its ows-s" ; 'weight. The CIA'S role, it eoppeared,. A 2.;o-Help P. olio/. ? was to help quicizen this process. CTUALLY, the hhsic U,S. posture . Under questioning by Rep-. 'Michael Atoward Allende was set -forth by J. Harrington (D-Mass.), Colby thux 1-henry A. Kissinger, then the White testified that the CrA's "appreciation" }louse special assistant for national se.' of the Chilean economy -i%-as that curily affairs, at a background briefing F715 on a decliningpiane on trii?re -jeco- pornie ground in terms of internal eeo- for lite press in Chicago on Sept. 16, 1970,. inornic problems inflation, with 32,3 . t.112idda;,' electionsfte r. aAnlot e tat ?dvea itti.e?odn aa lvyo ne 17:51 per cent inflation In ono-year, the in Congress: Ii.ksitiger said then that if tire of the ccpper niir,. and so forth . your -total foreign deficit Was mot-a than too need for it. They .coulen't port the food because their deficit was - such that over the long term they had For the next throe years,. the U.S. _Lio base for it." Elsewhere in Isis moiy, Colby said that the CIA reperted nolicy developed alon.o two principal iines. One was the denial of all credits "accurately or, overall assessment of deterioration" and that with the Chilean to the Allende government---Washing- ton even blocked loans by international navy pushing for a coup, it V:i1.7 only a - institutions?to aggravate Chile's er...o- question of time before it cams. nomic situation when Allende lunsself But Colby also told thestiheo:nmitt-ca was bogging down in vast mismanage- that_i"our .assessment was It snight inept of his own. Tile other life was I-unfortunate if a coup took Wage. The the sooportive CIA aeliiity to accelerate rlational Security Courcil wr:a the economic cri,ir, and therclyy enc9u1:770?-2--th;lt it Is cr"?TITa't?ht- with tls,e feolinzin aide dootroo.ic oppry:ji.jrin in Al Is not In the United States interrst to mai?Nit oupoier unity go,- ernment prometa it." Ea ma c1,1 tints con! rm:r?t c(!idP;on. after Itcp: Charl!-I? V.r. Whalen (K-0,49) Tha only 2::ception to Olt, ban on ? nalt?-,1 Colby whtal.itzzr ha ag-rceri .credit, was cro vo,, of Tniiit), 2.,.tut .,Itciaci7oe7ay-cy.1.-ci o .;:tcrzk 7,ti a t.'n.tb oi;c111,ittz..c.c./ m . ent to the sirmed forces? American afintrs that inclutlimt tile derision lilt -Juno to -tion th," ; ??:-t teouhit h', adverse to aim own Unitzof States interest ie. the: Yorernment of (.7!ila were ovnthrown." ' Allende weve confirmed, a Communist - regime-would emerge in Chile and that Argentina, Bolivia and Peru might lot- low this example. . acil Chile 1.-51il Jet fighter planria-- Presumably to rionni United St Att:4 anp- poa for ilia miiilary, Cola.??'4 testimony us well ti oth,7: informAion showed that [h-i Un Intl S!atcs hid it illitlAtn:!fi cioaa corvacta Coilean roliitacy after Ti-i:NI;con. AdiliiillStrlttOn'i SIM .1-1-? Thha inc Vas 4,Ir;ii C.7 edr.TTOpf.'tt Ins on Oct. 0 f..ort ICit-Itar.:' A. Fa.o-n? prores.,or of political science at St: a- - Ford Uritt'cl'Fit.Y. to Sri. J. Fut- cilatro-n er tit", St:02 ,`3 ZA'poilinf; on meeting betws.rn i?inukoa in ea 0?4 1:1 1 ? Approved For Release 2006/10/20: CIA-RDP79-00957A000100080005-6 I..7-t ? s e.s!.ecialien. - eleclion and subsequently propose.d a rTflii.OUGII COLBY consistently re- - :?hl that Kiihiscli took the view detailed. plan to plunge Chile. tut> eco- ..;-.1 fused to tell the subtt ih.-t ? ?? v..-1 not in our interest to have commiee nomie chaos. t'he r-?:'?.-,:e.. take OVCr DI Chil her e. It whet the CIA's operations In Chile: Rep. Dante B. Fast:ell {D-Fla.). the steee];! h ;? f' been hotter had Allende had been authocized by the "4.0 Coin- nube.omrnittea chairman, raised the ques- -rer.-ei t:s entire term taking the no- inittee," the top secret group beaded tion of Involvement by Braziiian or I.:D:1 .7.j ihe Chilean people into corn- by Kissinger -in the National Security other Latin American corporations, total ruin. Only then would ? many of them subsidiaries of United Council that approves clandestine in- -t"screditing or socialism have, . Stales firms, because of reperta that the taken phi-L.e. Only then 'would people telligenco operations, ha .admitted that anti-Allende moves were widely coor- ea?-?o. e 7 the message that .socialism. rwe have had .... various relationships ? ((m ? - ated. Speaking for the CIA, Davi; v.:cies:et wili-k. What has happened line 1 over the years in Chile veli:h various ? replied: coninsed :his lesson." ? groups. In some cases this was approved 1---":There is some evidence of coopera- "No bylicaliun" of Support ? 1 by the National Security Connell and it ...! I tion be.tween busines-s ?groups in Brazil and Chile. Hass-ever, tilts Is a small share ..r-i0L'....ri"S TF.STIMONY on the CIA's t, h 33 meant 507111 A35iSt all Ca to them.- . i. - of tele financial support. Most of the s...J zeiivilies in Chile sup-plied a con- That has not /alien Into the category - . . .7., suppnrt was internal. Thera Is some siderahie amount of new information, we are talking about hero ? the turhu-P-I ?funding and cooperation among groups sorne- cf it contradictory, under vigor- le ce Or the miliary coup." ? with similar outlooks in other Latin c:_;-71.,,:,:lil!lig oy the subcommittee. 'r-s.:ge.A?Irt presious testimony be.fore a Sen., Arrterlart. countries. This h true with - 4 Thus et cne. point Colby said that "I ate subcommittee, .tormer.:CIA.Diyee.tor ' regard to most of those governments' . . , can 7 -?:-:'!!. a clear statement that car- .131e..11"-a-r-dife ? ::...., , irris. disclosed tim:_th.e_CL-'1, ' . -? . I was not thinking no much of I tainly C.I.As had no connection with tha I ; coup i:7:eif, with the military coup. Wehad _. ... .. ... .. .. ... earmacked ;;-.100,000 to support aptle .companies or firma so much as groups, '. t ? , _ i C,-..I,n' i: ,T.:ziport it, we didn't stimulate . Allende news _media nhortly before his organizations of businessmen, chambers - ; i:. Ive Cidn't bring it about in any way. election. This was authorized by tita.- .of commerce, and that, kind of thing; W.a obviously had some intelligence "40 Committee" at A ineeting In June, In a country 'such as Brazil." . ; to7era;e over the 'various moves beingi 3970. Colby, however, refl.:et:a to nay Discussing the CIA's intelligence o.p. ?i made out tve were quite meticulous in whether this effort sves subsequently I making sure there was no indication of ' maintained, claiming, that the secrecy. erations in Chile, Colby said ha "would - . .;?,..n.:-coeragennt. from our aide." " .of CIA operations had to be protoicted.. assume" that the Agency had context: Col?..:7 a!sc.... Insisted that the CIA Ivaa..- . He then became engaged in this ""' . With ,Chileans opposed .te . 'Allen:le... . 7; I not in-:oil:eel with the prolonged strike change with Harrington: . Asked by Harrington whether tha CIA 1 by Ciieari truckers that preceded the COLI3Y: That does go precisely - on maintained such contacts In social -con- . . 1.....catip. ,.. to what wo were operating e_nd. what, texts, Colby said; . But pre.e;ed by req. Harrington, Col _ r operations were. I Would prefer terli,-,7:1;- a gentleman taik, to us unctor. 13;1 byt).43ou arknowirdeed that the CIA may havel leave that out of this particular re- ( 1 assurance ha will.not be'revaniad, which essiste-.1 certain anti-Allende demon.; i port ... z'3-GrE 'T''-'"--'>