Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
Release Decision: 
Original Classification: 
Document Page Count: 
Document Creation Date: 
December 12, 2016
Document Release Date: 
September 13, 2000
Sequence Number: 
Case Number: 
Publication Date: 
June 14, 1949
Content Type: 
PDF icon CIA-RDP79-01090A000100020028-9.pdf420.99 KB
r i. , ,~ar Approved For Rase 20O/64"- CIA-RDP79-6 -- INTERNATIONAL URGA JIZATIONS GROUP 'WEEKLY SUtWRY NO. 24 For week ending 14 June 1949 The International Week Volume II ".1th the OFIM in its fourth creek. the few remaining hopes of a settleraent lay in the possibility of a permanent and effective Lifting of the Berlin blockade, relaxation of East-.Vest German trade barriers and possibly some headway toward an Austrian peace treaty.: squally gloomy was the outlook In the Palestine case which might .uell_ be headed. back to the Security Council in view of the gathering on Israel's aggressive intentions. Senate ratification of the International '-heat Agreer,ient is expected to bring numerous rthar ratifications in its tr'aina. i"eenwhiia the UEEC is still seek tng ? corrmuromise on the new 1%.449-1950 lntra -European Trade Agreefient .in~i the division. of ERP aid _ with the UK the chief opponent of the HS point of view. 'iestern labor organizaationi3 face leftwing revolt over ,"FTTI 3tetus, A serious cnal range to non-l:ommu ~ st abet leadership n a number of countries outside the Soviet orbit is developing as leftwing unions repw iate their national organizations! decisions to withdraw from the "orid Federation of Trade Unions. During recent weeks: (1) the Canadian District of the United Public ";orkers (CIO) raid a group of Communist-dominated Australian unions have decided to ,=rrtic late in the 28 June 'JFTU Congress in Milan; (2) the British Electrical Trades and Civil ;Service Unions threaten to right for TUC re-entry into the .IFTU; (3) the US International Longshoremen '.7orkers (CI- 0) strategic west coast maritime union, has rejected the ClO Nat;on,Al Committee's withdrawal from the "!FTU. Participation in the f:'ilao Congress by any of these )_sftwinr unions in addition to ' astern European labor federations still under Communist domination (the French CGT1 Italian CGI7, and Dutch EVC), would strengthen ','IU s clairi to represent a substantial portion of ':estern labor. T'ar3 xbil_. ity c,' the non-Cormunist national organizations to meet this ?Ch 1enge will iepend largely on what disciplinary action they take arr;iirts,. their recalcitrant unions and or Low willing the leftwingers be to face expulsion for failure to comply. tNNY CHANGE IN CLASS. ^ V G C-LASStFIEO Approved For Release 20 GLASS. CHANGED S S C T F1EViE CIA-RDI -9 00010002 -9 REVIEWER: N- .W .2. 00:150-OF Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CI -RDP79-0109OA000100020028-9 UaWr_ 1%W Possible setback to ':extern huro9ean morale. The cumu :-rtise i Yrlpaet cif Congresslonrl Pastponement of the tary Aid Pr! era! i, substantial cuts in ECA ?approprtation i and a failare of the Co,, of #'nrei ;n ~"inisters to reduce least-':est- tension would zarre 16a- 1,18trini? affect on the improvi r?f; rr:oral.e of '"extern Europe tie li..ftini of the T3crlin blockade, the stepped-up Soviet "Peace ofrens- and the conveni~ rr of the C P,,! have '-aised hopes in Europe for a slackening of the cold war tension and a period of stabilization. If these hopes are dashed, there will be a natural public let-down. In the econoraia f 1 eld f where '>`restern i'iirope is anxiously watching sir;ris ref an approacr `ns- U recession, a Congressional cut in '20A fipprop~?iati.ons would be taken as an indication that the US,, no 4% midway In the ERP, is already slackening its interest in full i.mple- mentata.on of the European Recovery Program. The psy~cholo7ica1 etfeet of such e conviction would of itself do rnue'n to retard wur-- ope: n recovery efforts and thu-i :a,-)a} en measures of self-defense? In :d.dition, failure to p=iss the *"AP at this session of Cortr;r?ess would convince many Europeans ttia t US strategy contemplates at be43t the eventual liberation of 'e3t.3rn "urope rather than resistance to initial Soviet aggression. The pro1peet cf eventual liberation hold?r no attraction #'or and widespread at.trtbu.tion r;f such in..~ r Lion urn the US 4bo1id deal a st= gerino; blow to European r,eter?- mi.r..Lion to re3i3t the or Communism. onsequently, it sear?3 clear t at the combined psycholc4 cal ei'f: ct of these adverse developments would be to weaken Eurcpoan determination to resist ~znd to retard the growing consolidation of a Western European anti-Corrimunist. biocn Some cf the momentutr, of xtr?'Gi--iCommuni3t ear 11'''ation .vi11 ii ve been lost, and e r'nevv d riffo t at greater coat may b~! -eoeessary to revive the former :.spirit, '"o_r.eover, the USSR :..tse1 t,, ~4hi~.h may be expected to watch c;l c::: aiy rrx~a ndicaticns of _a recasslon an(1 US effort: t3 . -)ai1.d up ?.'3st; ur?n 4t,'trope, may be encouraged t;o continue its ag7resr-.iverose- ('it.' On u f t'h'e col to Wtt t'., V'ulnerabilit of LOR. Anc;t'.her soviet attempt to ter r~ t:e ti L ~~"; s n i c ptte - t t t."to s:rrent Region One International "'els- ?vir?R ..ir2i.c'. 1o.ns Unioc 4cnfero; oe at. Geneva. The USSR may ar '...~,~y~ Its o e'en-vote blue In erg. attm,,t to have the Conference cons'tder and ?e;iec:t the recoranendation of the February LORAN Conference t. ,nit the ice be continued .,tntil 1952, Continuation of LORM is considered. ,sxtrftmeiy irapo.rtan.t by the US sinfce it Is the only long; ranf? .radio aid ;*1viny full, coverage of the North Atlantic .lea and ir routes,. It is used extensively by US ships and aircraft, =jnd by ttjo: e or Belgium, Canada, France, Iceland, the Netherlands, ,Norway, 13vseden and the UK as well, In view of the strategic value of LORAN to the Atlantic Pact powers, it seems reasonably certain that current US efforts to obtain sufficient voting suptiort for LORAN will be sue- cesafu1 n Approved For Release 2001/0 -RDP79-0109OA000100020028-9 1 Approved For Rase 20049&: CIA-RDP79-090A000100020028-9 US notions of freedom of information making headway. 'A Sub- commission of the Ecanom c and octia Council has vote to-receive and discuss complaints or criticisms against states regarding their information principles or practices, orrered by any proper press, information, broadcasting or newsreel association or any member of a professional organization with competence in this field. Identity of complainants will be protected from disclosure vatttheir request, although anonymous complaints are barred. The the receipt of individual complaints, arguing that no self-respecting government would tolerate such "meddling". Nevertheless, while it would be crass over-optimism to expect Iron Curtain countries to ratify the POI Convention, knowledge that interference with the free transmission of news can be laid before the UN will tend to bring practices of some non-Communist States which have hitherto followed repressive information policies into line with US conce-ptes Czech delegate seeks to undermine UNCIP. Oldrich Chyle, Czech delega a to t s $I~~"omm anion for Ind a an akistan, has recently alienated other Commission members by his overt promotion of Soviet interests through typical delaying tactics. During recent and fre- quent talks with Sheikh Abdullah, the Kashmir leader, Chyle may have discussed the possibility of an independent Kashmir backed by the Soviet bloc. Despite recent denials, Abdullah primarily seeks Kashmir independence and seems loath to agree to the speedy appoint- ment of a Plebiscite Administrator following the conclusion of a truce. Another link connecting the USSR to Kashmir is the reported trips of persons close to Abdullah back and forth across the northern Kashmir frontier, an escape route for many refugees from Communist areas to the Forth. In any case, Chyle is informing Abdullah and local Communists of Commission moves. Although the US, Colombian, Argentine and Belgian delegates on the Commission will scarcely be misled by the Czech's tactics, his actions are a hindrance to the Commission's work. G/IO NOTES ITU Conference rejects Jarman. The US proposal that an official Japanese a egat on be sea as has been rejected by the Telephone and Telegraph Conference in Paris. Rather than suffer a similar defeat a t the Geneva Region Three ITU (International Telecommunications Union) Conference, thereby further prejudicing its case before the subsequent session of the ITU Administrative Council, the Department of State favors withdrawal of the Japanese application. Approved For Release 2001 CIA-RDP79-01090A000100020028-9 Approved For Re ease 200 CIA-RDP79-010A000100020028-9 OSR o oses Bizone coal price increase. The Office of the ECA Special epresen at ve n Paris strong; y opposes the Bizone"s planned increase in coal prices as a major break with the US economic policy of liberalizing trade in Europe. The US has made some progress in its eff its to secure reduction of European coal export prices in order t riaximize use of European coal and thus curtail the still substantial use of US solid, fuels. OSR fears that the Bizone increase will undercut the present British Benelux and Polish trend toward reduction of coal prices to more competitive levels, which is an essential step in European re- covery. Belgium and France o ose "est German participation in ILO Conference. rance an a g.ium eve brought unexpected suppor to recent Polish and Czech efforts to block attendance of West Garman "observers" at the Geneva International Labor Organization Confer- ence. The French Government delegate urges that admission be 'ost- poned in order to avoid a split among the Western Powers on this issue; the Belgian Government representative has indicated that he too will have to oppose admission at this time. Latin American representatives are reportedly ready to abstain. Although the T7crker and Employer delegates would probably support admission now, the negative votes and abstentions of most of the Government del- egates (including those of Germany's western neighbors) might prove embarrassing to the Western Powers. Postponement of a decision until the end of the Conference (early July), while not likely to please 'est German labor, would permit the 'estern Powers to con- sider this issue without risking Soviet exploitation of their dif- ferences while the Council of voreign r:'inisters is still in session, "The devil can cite Scripture for his purpose." A new problem in Ens s - uss an trans st on ha-s--been raised by the erudite T'.r. Vishinsky at the Cfl. When Secretary Acheson characterized a Soviet proposal as being "as full of propaganda as a dog is full of fleas -- in fact, I think It's all fleas and no dog," Vishinsky invited attention to a Biblical passage (identified by G/I0 as Matthew 23:24, "Ye blind guides, who strain at gnats and swallow camels"),, which he quoted as "You should not try to catch fleas, lest a camel slip through your fingers." Mr. Bevin impliedly challenged Vishinsky's accuracy by stating that he could not identify the passage in the King James version. Vishinsky quoted his source as the Russian version, translated by St. Vladimir. 11. Schuman, with commendable restraint, refrained from citing a French version., suggesting instead that the flea question be referred to the Deputies for ap- propriate action, possibly so that they could start from scratch, Approved For Release 20 CIA-RDP79-01090A000100020028-9