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December 9, 2016
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September 13, 2000
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May 10, 1949
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Approved For Rase 2001 IA-RDP79-090A000100020033-3 INTERN.ATIOMAL ORGANIZATIONS GROUP "TEEKLY SUT>"MARY NO. 19 For week ending 10 May 1949 The International Week Er a + ('."~- i o Volume 11 The raising of the Berlin blockade and the calling of a Council of Foreign Vinisters meeting on the German question con- tinued to dominate the international scene. Western European agreement to establish a Council of Europe was a step of major sit?rtifioance toward the future unification of !",estern Europs. In the UN1the Politioal Committees recommended admission of Israel (33-11-13) and lifting, the ban on diplomatic missions in Spain (25-16-16) but the latter will have difficulty in secur- ing plenary approval. Successful conclusion of the preliminary Dutch-Indonesian conference in Batavia augurs well for eventual solution of the Indonesian problem at the forthcoming Hague conference. GA DEVELOPTIIENTS Bevin-Sforza llan or ost onement only likely colonies al- terna ves. The Bevin Sfo za plan for the former Italian colonies may r arely secure General Assembly approval this session, but only if it obtains the support of the entire Latin American bloc and at least a few Asiatic states. If this support fails to materialize, no other solution except postponement stands any chance of GA approval. The Bevin-Sforza agreement stems from British recognition that UK trusteeship over Cyrenaica could not prevail without some conciliatory gesture toward the pro-Italian bloc and corresponding Italian appreciation that the alternatives to the UK proposal might be even less favorable to Italy. The resulting "deal" pro- vides for Italian trusteeship over Somaliland, partition of Eritrea between Ethiopia and the Sudan (with special status for Asmara and Massawa) and British trusteeship over Cyrenaica. Tripolitania would be placed under Italian trusteeship after 1951; meanwhile the UK, assisted by an advisory council, would remain in interim control. Although initial Latin American reaction was cautious, the pro-Italian LA delegates will probably support the proposal." If, however.. their alignment ;s not solid, and if a few additional DOCUMENT NO. NQ CHANGE IN CLASS. 76 ff" X DECLASSIFIED CLASS. CHANG TS S C . 100020033-3 Approved For Release 2001/d'3/04: CIA-RDP7 Approved For Rele&e 2001/ ?A-RDP79-010000100020033-3 Asiatic votes cannot also be secured, the proposal could not pass over the combined opposition of the Soviet and Asiatic blocs,. Of the resolutions now before the GA, independence has the support, of the Arab states and other former dependent areas, but it is unlikely that even the twenty votes claimed for it actually exist. The UK had already given up hope for approval of its orig- inal resolution, while direct UN trusteeship -- proposed by India and more or less in line with the Soviet suggestion -- also has few adherents. Consequently postponement is likely, should the Bevin-Sforza proposals fail to win GA approval. Israeli UN membership assured. The GA Ad Hoc Political Committee s overwhe m ng; a recommending Israeli admission to the UN clearly forecasts favorable action in the plenary. Israel's opponents had attempted to embarrass Tel Aviv by forcing definite commitments on the emotional issues of international- izing Jerusalem and repatriating refugees. Apparently the adroit handling of the debate by Israel's UN representative plus the lobbying; of GA President Evett convinced the majority that it was Improper to thrash out these issues of the peace settlement in connection with a membership application. Such doubts as were recently engendered as to Israel's worthiness of UN membership apparently expressed themselves largely in the form of abstentions. These proved insufficient to defeat the resolution, blessed as it was with the affirmative votes of both the US and USSR. Effect on sacs ne otiatlons. In the long run the effect of Isree 's successful g or admission to the UN should in- crease the pressures making for ultimate settlement of remaining disputed issues between Israel and the Arabs. Neither the ref- ugee Issue nor the internationalization of Jerusalem is in fact fundamental. No one seriously supposes that the Israelis will over accept more than .a handful. of Arab refugees. Furthermore,, Jordan has been quite ready to agree to splitting Jerusalem and the Palestine Conciliation Commission secretariat has already worked out a plan whereby the practical application of inter- nationalization will be restricted to the holy sites themselves. The most important remaining problem is that of frontier de- limitation, but sight is often lost of the small land area involved in this squabble. In time these issues will be settled and, if matters continue as in the past, largely on Israel's Indonesian debate now un13'te a. The favorable outcome of the Satav al s w 1 pro ably preclude discussion of the Approved For Release 200 LI RDP79-01090A000100020033-3 Approved For Rase 2004 CIA-RDP79-90A000100020033-3 Indonesian question by the present General Assembly. Australia and India, sponsors of the Indonesian item, have proposed that discussion thereof be postponed until the fall session. Unless the Soviet bloc has determined to exploit the propaganda oppor- tunities of the subject, the Australian-Indian proposal will doubtless meet with little opposition. US retrieves position on FOl Convention. After it became clear ~ao- and o~refuse to adhere to the News Gathering Convention in its amended form, the GA Social Committee voted to reconsider those articles which sought to impose on correspondents and news agencies the legal duty accurately to report facts. Adopting a six-power compromise amendment, the Committee transferred the substance of the objectionable portions to the preamble where they will serve as a mere recital of moral responsibility rather than an imposition of obligations. The Social Committee decided to complete the News Gathering; Convention. and transmit it to the GA with *he proviso that it sh'll not be submitted to member states for their adhesion until the completion of the companion Freedom of Information Convention sponsored by the UK. The latter convention is universal in Its application while the News Gathering Convention is restricted to correspond- ents and news agencies. Attempts have also been made to amend the FOX Convention to permit governments to suppress the diffusion of false or distorted reports which undermine friendly relations between nations. Yielding to vigorous US-UK objections, however, the Committee finally voted to defer further action on F'OI until the next GA session. GA likely to re eat Committee recommendation on Spain it is sti l dou tfu whether the GA. -w-i-17-approve the Po itrcal Com- mittee's resolution giving UN members freedom of action on dip o- matic relations with Spain. In a debate characterized by violent Soviet bloc attacks on the Western Powers, the Committee quickly rejected the anti-'.Western, anti -i raneo Polish proposal and. ap-, proved the four-power Latin American plan favoring the return of chiefs of missions to Madrid.. If, however, the Committee voting line-up (25-16 with sixteen abstentions) is maintained in the plenary, as is likely, the resolution will not secure the required two-thirds majority. Approved For Release 20011 ?? IA-RDP79-01090A000100020033-3 Approved For Rase 2001/ IA-RDP79-00W90A000100020033-3 New Asian labor federation will check Communist or anizin drive n Ma. Substantial progress owar s e formation of an ant Asian labor federation is likely as a result of the Indore Labor Conference currently meeting under the sponsor- ship of the India National Trade Union Congress and a 7-nation preparatory oommittee. Plans to organize this federation and to strengthen the non-Communist working class movement in Asia are under consideration by labor representatives from India, China, Ceylon, the Philippines, Indonesia, Siam, Surma, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran, Turkey and Syria. Aided by an AFL representa- tive, they are also considering steps to bring the regional Asian federation into the new world labor organization projected by the Western labor groups. Prompt action by the Asian labor forces to establish a powerful regional labor organization will oonsti- tute an effective brake on the renewed efforts of the World Federation of Trade Unions and the World Federation of Democratic Youth to expand Communist control over Asian manpower. ECE to seek place in Point Four. The forthcoming report of the sacra ar a o the conom c ommission for Europe to the UN reflects two trends in relation to the Point Four Program: the strong desire of subsidiary UN bodies to play an important role in the program and the problems which will arise in connection with Satellite participation. The report's proposals for setting up fellowships, consultants, pilot demonstration projects, tech- nical services and a "know-how" bureau foreshadow demand_sfor a large degree of regional responsibility which may be imitated by other UN regional economic commissions. In the l.hto,f" TUS intentions sharply to limit Satellite participation in Point Four, It is significant that the Eastern European countries, which would receive the majority of these services, would be the chief bene- ficiaries of the ECE proposals. Revision of Intra-European trade agreement in ooffin . One of the most i n canproblems 'ln the establishment of the OEEC program for 1949-50 is the scheduled revision of the October 1948 Intra-European Payments and Compensation Agreement in order to stimulate further multilateralization of European trade. The existing Agreement has been of only limited usefulness because of the rigid bilaterelization of ERP "conditional" aid and drawing rights which has kept intra-European trade within artificial channels. Moreover, the total compensations in the first four months were only some 63 million dollars. '11hale the 1948 Agree- ment has somewhat alleviated the problem of intra-European pay- ments, it has not made the most effective use either of the resources provided in the system or the cooperative possibilities envisaged under the OEEC. Approved For Release 2001/ A.,tDP79-01090A000100020033-3 Approved For Relee 2001 /0 '- RDP79-01098'A000100020033-3 Consequently, several proposals have been made to broaden the 1948 Agreement in order to facilitate the restoration of a sound multilateral European trade structure. All of these pro- posals favor allowing some transferability of drawing rights between the participating countries. While most-OEEC members recognize the desirability of revising the Agreement, and all favor ultimate multilateral trade, many of them,, particularly the creditor nations, have strong present objections to such plans. The UK is the chief opponent on the grounds that it must protect its conditional aid dollar allocations which would be threatened should debtor countries transfer their drawing rights. Such debtor states as France fear in turn that such a plan would lead the creditor countries to reduce their non-essential imports from countries like France in order to protect their dollar all.oca- tunons. Although the problem is still in the discussion s:,3 e, it appears likely that the OEEC will agree at least to some degree of transferability, perhaps 25-30% of the total drawing rights. Approved For Release 2001 IA-RDP79-0109OA000100020033-3