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December 9, 2016
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September 13, 2000
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March 22, 1949
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Approved For Rase 200* CIA-RDP79-0 90A0001?0020040-5 IN'TFhNATI0V_ L OR I:I i;AV-f Ut4S GROUP 'gLY NO. 12 eeeek ending Ma-eh 1949 '. , onai Veek -volume Tl~ i frve agree (i i,o an srt stice, while Syria consented d Tsrae1 ;,, banon an . t,) open negotiations with the I'GT f ,;U& OC lased its a firth session afte numerous meetings fraught with ract-hest dii?ferences,; The Security Council's "nrutral "" committee adn Lted fa - .luxe the .Berlin currency negctiaticns > "he Weat Conference ended after drafting an international wheat agreement. Fleet Adrirel Nirits accepted app Diu c?nt as Kashmir Plebiscite Administrators t ublitiation of the Atlantic Pact text has elicited an initially favorable reaction from the non-Soviet, woorid, hut the Soviet bloc and its Communist party stooges have sharply attacked A as undermining the UN and as an aggresT' Sive rove toward war fie :t1an to "Point Four" The broad concept of to,3)', kcal ass st,:nce to underdeveloped countries, at forth in tha Presidents inaugarai address, was welcomed with entbusiasm throughout the non-Soviet worldh initial reacticns, although necessarily genaral in content becat'se of uncertainty abctt the Pxaet scope of the pro,=ram, indicate that the most corer: cn approach t.o !'Point Four" will be an atter.;pt to- f urr_ the emphasis of the progrrarn from t,N ~cn:~i .al to financial assistance on the xrder of tom' Latin Arrerica: Chile has taken a prgoi.jaP.nL part in UN ` conorac and Social Council. (FCOSOC) diseussiCUS of technical assistance and econonnic ce- ireloprrent and has been (iuick to inform the 115 of its interest in these prob? lems, The Chilean president has assured just, non?discrivinatory treatment ')f private foreign ca, i'tal, but has stressed the point that the basic type of development proje is re",-fired could undertaken only through government-to- government financial al'T tie also warned that continued pro--US, anti --CoiTt unist orientation in Chile mitjht depend an the imyrovernnt of living standards t:pre? t h l o ave a s s sumably with US dollars) t;cuad re Yaragt-ay, Nicarafua and fai expressed interest in rr 2o1nt .Four," while Brazil has stressed the importance of financial, in addition to technical, assistance.. Near and Far La s+ . The moct poa t rr~e attitude of any Asiatic nation has been that of Lebanon,, whose ECOSOC representative raised the problems of promoting the international Blow of capital and assuring freedom from political strings, wnil., emphasizing the aped for action rather than more ntal level and n h me e gover planning and for financial ccntri bawl ons on t NC) CHANGE IN CLASS. ^ DECLASSIFIED cn S S C . NG Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP7 Approved For R ase 2001 /e IA-RDP79-0 90A000100020040-5 inspired by, the principles cf the European Recovery Program-" rgypt has also indicated the necessity of applying the ' ax'shall" approach to the Middle Fast o in India there is widespread interest in "Point four"; however, because of the feeling preval nt among rater xndi,ans that it is the, "duty" of the United States to grant India financial, technical and material aid, they Indian ECUSOC representative ,xprassed considerable disappoin-rrant in wi:at he considered the vague nett re. of the US-sponsored MCU OC resolution. Turkey, Iraq and Syria have voiced varying degrees of interest in the Pres- ident's plan and in Ceylon there has been a reversal of the Governraent9c policy of apposition to outside financial assietance, In the Far Fast, Siam has evinced serious interest in "Point tour" while senior civil servants and educators in Burma are anxious for nxtside help from the US or other sources. USSR and Sat Mites; A1thc*gh the Slav states voted against both ECWOC resolutions on technical assistance and econcric development, the USSR has so far taken a cautious position toward the "Point Four" program, limiting its official cctrroants to generai approval of economic assistance If it promotes national develop nt toward independence and the developr: nt of domestic resrurces and is not ,ado contingent on political, economic or military demands, This initially gild and reasonable approach probably re- flects a wait=-and-see attitude pez1ing final formulation of the Kremlin line and in no way impairs Soviet capatilitie.s of attacking the final form of the 'IS program as merely another facet of` US "capitalistic iml rialism." The Polish ECO3OC representative has indicated the most probable Soviet line by Ms bitter denunciations at` then program as a US scheme designed to shape the "American Century" throuigh political maneuvering, profiteering; and espionage. Palestine deve2opnt With Lebanon anti Israel about to sign an armistice while Syria has at last Wood to negotiate, the trend toward stabilisation of the Palestine conflict Is apparently continuing. The most serious of the remaining difficulties concerns the Israeli demand for a rectification of the frontier In Samaria., There the partition boundaries leave Israa]. with a narrow coastal, strip, in sort, places only eight Ales wide, The Israelis have reoent].j been conducting a war of nerves in this area - playing up Arab raids In *a press and ccmcentrating troops -- in what is evidently an attempt to + ghten Abdullab into granting concessions. Israel wishes ':he tracks of the north-south railroad line to run entirely through its territory and to Incorporate Tulkarmm. It appears T'at if Israeli demands are reasonable, Transjordazi may be prepared to make some accomodation. Another po'nt at issue Is Jerusalem where the Israelis wan. an arrange- ment assuring them of ultimate t1 1l to the new city, thus forestalling an internationalization plan. Mesanwhi1 , the UK and possibly France are taking 'oncrete steps to suprort the Arabs as a means of making clear to the Is- Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP79-0109OA000100020040-5 Approved For Rease 2001/0A'-'IA-RDP79-0090A000100020040-5 raeiis that sore, limit rust by imposed an their advantures~ Israel will probably continue its charaeteristia:, bargaining technique of stepping '-p tha? pressure behind Its demands to the critical point of negotiation and only receding somewhat at the last minute., Following such a tortuous course, an armistice should eventually be achieved in Palestine. The Mindszenty case. Bolivia}s decision to put the Mindsaenty case on the agenda of t} n Apr w ' General As*- ably makes it unlikely that UN debate on this question can be avoided. The, US feels that, in accordance with Article! 33 of the UN Charter, it must ex!auet the remedies under the Satellite Peace treaties before it can take any UN (see XOG Weekly No. 7). Try Latin American UN delegations, however, bane decided to take, sore UN action inde- pendently of the Satellite peace treatags to which they are not parties. Australia, too, has as l-ed for GA c ens i dor:.ti on. An opportunity can arise under the pending I*.ungarian applicar:ion for UN me+nboc!rsrip. Neverthelpas, it is doubtful if rraterial is available to Treet the .inevitable jet couxrte,r- charges and no result otter than propaganda can be expected. OC Notch 'CAFE may saak pros inPntparti n 'wvol nt Fcur.. " At its forthcoming; Bangkok meeting the 1wconor.^ic Corrwiaton for Asia and the Far Fast may attempt to carve out for itself a prominent role in the iraplarentat on of President Truman's proposal for assistance to underdeveloped areas ; The Depart^-Qnt of State is atte?r!pting to forestall such action, which it considers to be pre= nature; pending full consideratior, of this problem at t}'. Jtly session ,of COSOC. US position at HFB Confprpnce iyoves. The US pas strpngt"anr d its position at t}h_ t-:exico City High Frequency Broadcast Conference by calling the Soviet bluff on threatened withdrawal Previously apprehensive delega- tions are now less concerned over a r:ossible Soviet walkout and will be encouraged to back the US in opposing exorbitant Soviet denands, Netherlands and,WFTU. The Dut.,h Federation of Trade Unions (NVV), which recently approved withdrawal from ? the WFi U, has urged the establishment of a new, independent labor intarnazional in the shortest possible time~ This move reflects the urgent desire of the Benelux trade unions to see the non-Communist labor organisations of Western 'E'urope and the US present a unitad front against the expanding WFTU drive for control of world labor forces, particularly in colonial and dependent areas. t Approved For Release 20011031- CIA-RDP79-01090A000100020040-5 = Approved For R''ease 2001/ CIA-RDP79-090A000100020040-5 S teve$rA= doubt ? . UN Secretary General Lie reportedly doubts that Soviet national Arkady Seboiev, Assistant Syg in charge of Security Council affairs and reputed chief $rnw1in agent with the VN, will return to his post. Sobolev's failure to return amj Soviet failure to replace him (as recently occurred in the case of five other Soviet 1N employees) would lease the USSR with few naticne1s en the Secretariat and force it to rely more and more on the activities of Satellite, fellow traveling and Communist Staff members for espionage and sabotage of UN activities. Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP79-0109OA000100020040-5