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December 12, 2016
Document Release Date: 
September 13, 2000
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March 1, 1949
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PDF icon CIA-RDP79-01090A000100020043-2.pdf569.73 KB
Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP79-01,090A000100020043-2 *fte ST ?r 1S" sU EA NO. 9 For week ending I March 1949 The Intern ionna..L Week D'spite the new Dutch plan for prompt establishment of a sovereign Indonesian government, Republican opposition indicates the dispute will be tossed back to the Security Council. Secretary General Lie has hailed the Egyptian-Israeli armistice as a triumph for the UN. Nepal?s appli- cation for UN membership face a probable Soviet veto on grounds of British domination. The Western European press has accorded an increasingly favor- able reception to the proposed Atlantic Pact, counteracting earlier fears of a US desire to water down its cor-r;itments. In a counterattack in FCOSOC, the USSR proposed creation of an intFrnational commission of trade union members to investigate forced labor conditions throughout the world. Tritaolitanian issue again critical.. With the second part of the 194.8 General Assembly only a month away, the US, UK and France are again seeking tripartite agreement on the Italian colonies, particularly Tripolitania. France still favors restoration of Tripolitania to Italy, with the French receiving the Fezzan. The British, although apparently coming, reluctantly around to this position, question Italian ability to control the colony in the face of a hostile Arab population. Consequently they have again pro-- posed US trusteeship as an alternative, preferring US forces next door to their Cyrenaican bases. France in turn might object to US or UK trustee,- ship as representing the very type of colonial policy which the French fear to see adjacent to restive French North Africa. Italy probably would eventually acquiesce in a US trusteeship as preferable to that of any other non Italian power, but is still pressing strongly for return of the colony. As the GA session approaches, the US will be under increasing pressure from Italy and its supporters. The Tripolitanians themselves reportedly prefer a US or UK trusteeship if independence is impossible. Local Arab chieftains, however, seeing the handwriting on the wall, have recently hinted at making a "deal" with Italy should Italian return appear likely. From this welter of conflicting interests it appears that, barring US agreement to a trusteeship, return of Tripolitania to Italy is the solution most likely to obtain three-power support. The question of Italian adherence to the Atlantic Pact, which will probably arise at this time, will underline the desirability of at least partially satisfying Italyss colonial demands. Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-R DOCUMENT NO. 9 ADECLAi- Sts99Ef CLASS. C-iAN0EOS S C Approved For Release 20011gX(O4 IA-RDP79-V'1090A000100020043-2 A tripartite agreement will not, however, solve the remaining problem of securing GA approval. Numerous proposals ranging from multiple trustee- hir to immediate independence will be advanced by the USSR, the Arab states cnd other anti-colonial powers. The Soviet Union will revive its proposal for direct UN trusteeships with a seven-nation advisory council (including the USSR) for all three colonies or may, if strong sentiment appears, back independence. Nevertheless, 'tn view of hardening GA sentiment behind the Western Powers, the. US and UK could, with the support of most Western Ruropean and Latin American states and the British dominions, probably o: Kist enough additional votes to secure the required two-thirds majority for returning Tripolitania to Italy. Inclusion of appropriate safeguards for the native population and a proviso for eventual independence would help to placate the local population and the anti-colonial powers. Should UN agreement to any solution prove unlikely, however, the present US proposal for postponing decision on Tripolita.nia until the next regular GA woulc have Feu: 3tantial appeal. FUrtherYSC I,c ion on S_neionea a im Pndin a With the liberated Republicans determinedly opposed to negotiating with the Dutch until restored to author ited in Jogjakarta and with the Dutch stubbornly opposed to such restoration, the resultant impasse is likely to bring the Indonesian dispute again before the Security Council:, The Netherlands firmly maintains that restoration would mark the return to chaos, the end of law and order gained by the recent "policy action." Republican leaders hold, however, that only by returning to Jog.a can they convince guerrilla fighting units that they speak with authority and not as p'uppots acting under duress. Sines the Republican position is based on the 28 January Sc resolution, the Dutch will find themselves in conflict with the SC terms. This conflict will be made particularly clear when, in its 1 March report, the. UN Com- mission for Indonesia reveals that no progress has been made toward the establishment of an interim federal government on 15 March. Pressure from the Asiatic states will compel the SC to take a firm stand backing the substance of its January resolution - a pose tion already strongly advocat