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Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
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Document Creation Date: 
November 9, 2016
Document Release Date: 
January 21, 1999
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Publication Date: 
April 11, 1950
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Approved For F I`ease 19 iCIA-RDP79- 090A00010003001'4-3 I TERNATICNAL QhGA.!'..L~AT 1C NS ll i M ISICI EEKL2 SUMLAAPX NC 14 or week ending 11 April 1950 T1Tnternat:icnai -Week An agreement between Nehru and L.-aqua, All Khan on minor!- -Lies represented an important step toward a detente between India and Pakistan. leanwhile the US threatened to cut ECA aid to Greece and Korea unless these recipients put their houses in order. Results of sixth TC session. A.Lthough the principal accom.y plishirents of the recent Trusteeship Council session were the preparation of a trusteeship agreemeen for former Italian Somali land and a statute for internationalizing Jerusalem, the Council Sound time to dispose cf a number of less prominent items:, Dur- ing its eleven-week session it drew up reports for the GA on Tanganyika, Ruanda-Urundi., and the 'reach and British Cameroons, based on the annual reports ci' the three administering powers. Except for very sharp Philippine criticism of the UK, debate waf temperate and, indeed, the administering powers received a large measure of commendation for steps tL.ken to advance the develop- ment of their territories,. The Council postponed discussion of French and British TotUol.nd pending formulation of Franco-British proposals on the Ewe tribe problem. Action on administrative unions was also postponed pending come.Lt?cee study, while a seem- ingly innocuous request to fly the UN flag over trust territories was defeated on a 5--5 vote. Bitterly opposed by all administer, ing powers except the US, the :rLa resolution had been adopted, 0-5, by last fall's GA. Early in the session the Council rt pidly drew up and adopted a trusteeship agreement for former ita.lian Sorr:aliland. Although the agreement will not officially enter Into force until approved by the GA next fell, Italy quietly took over provisional adminis- tration from the British on I_ April The Jerusalem statute pre- sented a pore complex problem. Persistently needled by Jarrali of raa the Council early rejected TC President Garresuti s plan fo limiting international supervision to a restricted area and pro- needed to draft a statute providing for full internationalization as called for by the GA. however, Jamali. failed to get the TC to provide an enforcement date for tree statute, which Garreau hopes to present to Jordan and Israel a c iihodes nex`, weed:. Of course these countries are expected to 3 wjec the statute in which case q after reconsideration in the , igtc of Jordan and Israel comment y, the TC will undoubtedly refer the back to Ili GA for fur,' METNO ther instructions o GU GE IN 0 S 13 ^ DECL D ? C T~~ 119 _,. "M CEV 004 AUTH H4 70 neTG? dY~ REVIEWER: -2 NFIDENTIAL Approved For R ease 19/0 DP79- 90A000100030014-3 German and Chinese rskresentat on p?se problem for ILO. The International Labor Organization., faced during coming weeks with the difficult cuestion of German and Chinese representation at its 1950 conference., must decide: (a) whether to invite both East and West German. renresenta?rives; and (b) whether to invite Chinese Communist participation, Although the 1949 ILO Conference agreed to associate German representatives with the Organization in all activities of interest to Germany, only the Bonn. government actually sent representatives last year,, Director General Morse interprets the 1949 decision as authorizing relationships with all of Germany and believes he may be obligated to invite the Fast Germans. A recent Czech inquiry concerning arrangements for East German participation this year suggests the possibility of such participation. The USSR, which is promoting recognition of the German Democratic Republic, may see in the ILO conference an opportunity for extending such re,cog- nition. The chances of Chinese Communist participation in the ILC conference are at nresent remote. The Chinese Nationalist Govern- ment, nominally still an ILO member, has not sent representatives to any recent ILO meetings and is unlikely to do so now in view of transportation costs and its nrobabiy desire to avoid drawing attention to its unsaid dues-. Such arrears right prejudice any attempt to press the Nationalise credentials. If the Chinese Nationalists are absents, their membership in the ILO would pro- bably go unquestioned. So far, Communist China has shown no in- terest in the ILO and would probably be disinclined to subsidize the long trip to Geneva for the empty privilege of participating in the work of a UN organization whose aid it is not likely tc re- quest. Kashmir ReDresentative to be named` The Security Council Is a .oected to approve the appointment of Sir Owen Dixon (Australia) as N mediator in Kashmir this week. i3ixon, Justice of the Australian High Court .si_nce 1929, has long served in many official posts including that of Australian Minister to the US in 1942-44, and is considered eminently cua..ified. Notification of Dixon s co,isideration by the SC was sent .to Liaquat All Khan and Nehru dur- ing their meeting in New Delhi, The SC believes that, so long as -the parties have no olaj ctions to Dixon serious enough to inch t:e either to reject him as mediator,, it Is unnecessary to obtain their formal or informa:.L acceptance Dixon's legal background skioun.a make him acceptable to India, However, Pakistan has consisten ,.iy Favored a military man., and c as t ereforebeen suggested that, a wilitary aide to Dixon will. ,, satisfy the Pakistani viewpoint A1~i~ Qrn ~j se 1999/0 q,-RDP79-01090A000100030014-3 I~ViV~CiY 1 ~f1~ _ Approved For ReIepse 1999/09/02 : CIA-RDP79-0 09OA000100030014-3 CONEENTIAL Eritrean partitloti with ,. usteesnZ Suggested. A new thought on partitioning Eritrea gas been furnished by the South African representative on the UN Commission of Inauiry (UNCCNINQ ) and by a UK Foreign Jffice off i c'ial . This idea calls for Ethiopian trusteeship over all Eritrea except the western province, possibly for a decade during which the UN Trusteeship Council right crake periodic iinvestigativr s to determine Ethicpials fitness to rule permanently the area entrusted to here While it is clear that a majority on UNCCb3INQ now favor partition, the reaction to the new suggestion cannot as yet be measured. Curiously enough, it Is not altogether unlikely that the western province will also be placed under trusteehip, possibly British, as r.eouested by the Moslem League of that province Following close on the heels of Italy's assumption of pr.ovisioon administration of former Italian possibil:it:ies.r if realized, would con- wyomaliland, these newer stitute a notable eni.argerert of the International Trusteeship System.. ThaCevjdnt di s plaasurj oz Esla"gq Nationalist China d s Security Council representative, with the efforts of DN Se.raretury- General Lie to resolve the imps: se over Chinese representation right conceivably be manifestedi by his vetoing Lie's possible appointment for a second term. Though this possibility cannot be entirely overlooked, assumir:g U e ccntinued seating of Nationalist China in the UP, it is doubtful whether Tsiang would dare to dis- rupt the organization In this .,ginner, especially In view of his own precarious position. In spite e.f the continuing Soviet boycott, Lie may be the only ca didete on whore the USSR and the West might ultimately be able t agree, looking ahead to renewed Soviet participation In UN activities. Appro cI R44A mE99/09/02 : CIA-RDP79-01090A000100030014-3 03 Tr TH Approved For Reuse 1999/09/02; CIS-RDP79-0 "0"J0A000100030014-3 CONFIDENTIAL T.'EH`r:CTED PCLISH LEI DETI GAT ANALYZES SOVIET UN PCL CIEES T#,e views of Dr. Alexander RxidziT skl recently defeated dele :ate of Poland to the UN are of 0r-:nsiaer: t,"!e interest in view of long and intimate association with an Important satellite xlel.egation. Rudzi.rski believes that the of the USER uis a vis the UN have geasurauly ;:;hanged since the San Francisec it'eren e... He discerns three 1i t .nr--t c hases. (1) At t,-:e :i-.i~l a ,, Soviets vi seal. f zeel al irpo.n.l zation 'controlled by the ?rs at powers, especially the USSR and the US, with the smaller _!i 'r!' 's rac~re~.y cortribut ins; an asy:n;lr, vcice~ This attitude was aoandoned In the ftiice of -au o~t h1 p.. r~~r~e y conflicts as the F.rctw~ian dist~ute4 (2) Late in 1Q46 a r_r?wwr Soviet view crysta11i.zed. neeative aspect consist-!r..- of a three effort to block the 'Nestern powers tt.reugh the ve,.o.. wh lc the USSR. at the s &me ,t-essed the prir 1r1e of,aW! sovorAi.pntq versus inter- ,ar:tonal authority (3 The Sour : i s ctanzed their tactics and be gan 191o undermine the UN foilovvizo~ the rele,-tion of their ciisarma-- ne>t proposals by the Third Gerc-rel. Asselr-bly in Paris., wile rem ~~e ?'~7rg co the original conceTant of secret bilateral negotiations outside the world organization In Rudziriski Is opinion , the I r(.:. el in does not plan to withdt--nu frorr, the UN at this tinne. but will eorrti sue the present boycott unti.1 the seating of the Chinese Corr.rruni.sts The former Polish =3.e;legste also states that the Sc 4riet reLo7nition of ho Chi-Minh was deliberate in order to Dare vent. French, recognition of Red ".a;r"!a wli.ich step might have led to ar, early solution of the i.-ese question. He believes the : hcrtt range objective of the 3oviet boycott has been to convi nc:e th;,, Chinese people that the *ui:'i ets were their only friends. w'ni.le the long-run aim was 'co d_!.tride the US and UK. 13 Well as t 0 Dara 1vze the U?I,. With respect to a.toml.,~ er er ry . ?Rudzinski believes that the USSR. will never accept intern,--,ti.c:ra1 ownership and managerent Since it conflicts with their fund3mmental tenet of national sovs:ra.. eighty' but there is no doubt that the Soviets fe :r the atomic .bomb in spite of the dispera ic;n cf their :industry. he believes :hrw USSR is more interested in abclishing atorde warfare than in a Y.G.ernational control cf at:cirl:.. ever?v and that it will try to s'orce the US's hand in rrodsi.fyirag the Uri majority control plan., ~ppr `~ c ase I 9 2 ?: CIA-RDP79-0109OA000100030014-3