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November 9, 2016
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January 5, 1999
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Approved For Fase 1999/09/08 : CIA-RDP79-01154A"100010002-7 1969 (Calendar Year) PRODUCTION OF INTELLIGENCE National Intelligence Survey Program Geographic Research Program Intelligence Map Program Cartographic Activities INTELLIGENCE PROCESSING Information Retrieval (Map Collection, Processing, and Reference) GROUP 1 Excluded from automatic downgrad n ._ and,. declassifiiat o, Approved For Release 1999/09/08 : CIA-RDP79-01154A000100010002-7 Approved For Release 1999/09/08 : CIA-RDP79-01154AWO100010002-7 National Intelligence Survey Program NIS production in 1969 comprised 33 General Surveys, bringing to 123 the number of countries on which Survey-type NIS are available, plus 258 supporting sections, of which 85% were revisions. Two pilot units entitled, "Social Characteristics" were processed during the year. This new NIS element consolidates coverage heretofore provided in four separate volumes: Population (Section 41), Characteristics of the People (Section 11.2), Religion, Education, and Public Information (Section 4+3), and Manpower (Section 1i4). With its December 1969 issue, the semiannually produced Basic Intelligence Factbook continued selective statistical coverage on some 180 countries and dependencies. In response to an indicated broad requirement in the Department of Defense, the first of a planned series of upper air atlases was produced and published. This is the first known attempt at presenting an integrated series of charts covering the climate of the upper air over the Southern Hemisphere for levels up to 100 millibars. To test user reaction and requirements, a questionnaire was disseminated with each volume. At the request of the Executive Director-Comptroller, CIA, and the Deputy Director for Intelligence, CIA, an NIS User Survey was undertaken in early 1969 as a means of assessing the validity and effectiveness of the current NIS concept. The Survey, accomplished with the cooperation of the NIS Committee, consisted of a worldwide dissemination of a user questionnaire, 25X1A5a1 personal interviews in the field, an ADP applicability evaluation by ORD/CIA and a cost analysis of NIS printing. In general, the re urns o more an 1,000 user questionnaires and the findings of the field interviews reaffirmed the utility of NIS products and confirmed that the Program is providing authoritative, reliable, and comprehensive basic intelligence and analysis on foreign areas. Findings also pointed to the fact that unavailability and lack of currency of certain NIS products, along with lack of knowledge about the NIS, hamper wider and more effective consumer use. Analysis of the survey results is continuing and specific recommendations as to the future direction of the Program are still under review. With a view toward making the DoD produced elements of the NIS more generally applicable to a wider group of users, the NIS Committee approved certain modifications in the NIS outlines on Marine Climate and Oceanography. The level of detail on some of the more highly specialized aspects has been reduced, and provision has been made for coverage on known and potential mineral and petroleum resources, food from the sea, and pollution. Approved For Release 1999/09/08 : CIA-RDP79-01154A000100010002-7 Approved For Rrftase 1999/09/08 : CIA-RDP79-01154AQD0100010002-7 S-E-C-R-E-T Specific steps have been taken to encourage NIS producers of the General Survey to emphasize its overview function by further streamlining of presentation--deemphasizing perishability and concentrating on those relatively enduring factors which are distinctive of particular country situations. In this connection, staff personnel in OBGI are assisting in the development of revised instructions to analysts for improving the drafting of contributions. Progress toward full implementation of a computerized photo-composing system (EPIC - Electronic Printing for Intelligence Composition) continued in calendar year 1969. Over 50% of all NIS published in 1969 was printed by this method. Continued effort was made to expand the DIA use of automated techniques in preparation of NIS contributions. With reference to the Agency's effort to reduce material held in the Records Center, a new approach to NIS reserve stock planning was developed in 1969 which resulted in a 54/ savings of supplemental dissemination storage space requirements. - 2 - S-E-C-R-E-T Approved For Release 1999/09/08 : CIA-RDP79-01154A000100010002-7 Approved For Rclease 1999/09/08: CIA-RDP79-01154AQ 0100010002-7 S-E-C-R-E-T Cartographic Activities Cartographic and graphic activities in calendar year 1969 resulted in the production of 6,361 maps and graphic items of all types. Although total available man-hours decreased .65%, production by items increased over 10%. Significant contributions were made to all components of the Agency, intelligence production, operational support, scientific investi- gations, and logistical requirements. In addition, map and graphic support for the President, Vice-President, USIB, the National Security Council, the DCI and top-level personnel was extremely heavy in 1969. Cartographic and graphic support of current intelligence activities increased appreciably. Requirements placed on the All-Source Branch and the Special Projects Section reflected the greatly increased emphasis on on current reporting in OER, OSP, OSA, OSI, SAVA, OCI, OSR, and other Special Center components. This activity reflected the need for maps and graphics by the New Administration, the Vietnam conflicts, the Paris Peace Conference, the Disarmament Talks, the SALT Talks, and the briefing requirements of the DCI and top-level people. Much effort went into pro- viding handbooks and trip factbooks for the President and Vice-President and in preparing special briefing aids for White House executive assistants. Trip factbooks were prepared for the President's trip to Europe and around the world, as well as numerous briefing boards, vu-graphs, and slides for the DCI and top-level briefings of congressional committees, the National Security Council, and the White House. Production by automation showed steady increase during the year in supporting analytical requirements in the Special Center and in production of planimetric bases and projections for compilation components. The Soviet Weather Project, the OER China Target File, and Azimuthal Equidistant planning charts were illustrative of this support. Progress was made in upgrading automation techniques in programming earth profiles, line of sight paths, geographic projections and the World Data Bank. A contract to 25X1D3a develop a system for using production was initiated with and intensive efforts were made to relocate the automation activity. 25X1A5a1 Cartographic support for the NIS Program increased to 310 items-- Summary Maps, Base Maps, and various thematic maps required by Agency and non-Agency components. Although the number of items increased over 10% over calendar year 1968, overall support remained at approximately 30% of productive capability. -3- S-E-C-R-E-T Approved For Release 1999/09/08 : CIA-RDP79-01154A000100010002-7 Approved For W ease 1999/09/08 : CIA-RDP79-01154AQ 0100010002-7 25X1A2g Support for the Vietnam War, other Far East requirements, and Communist China absorbed considerable production man-hours. Guerrilla activity in Laos, tribal insurgency in the Northeast India Frontier Area, and the disputed Sino-Soviet Border required significant map support. To fill map gaps, a Provincial Atlas of Communist China was completed and issued, and the Pro- vincial Atlas of South Vietnam was updated and reissued. Other significant contributions were made to the President's Quarterly Report on Soviet Strategic Forces, the ABM discussions, and the Biafran conflict. Other cartographic support was provided various non-Agency components, chiefly the Department of State, DIA, and ACIC. A total of 212 items, representing a 4+3% increase over the previous year, were prepared for the Department of State. The Paris Peace Conference, the Disarmament Conference, and other State activities required a variety of thematic maps. Continuing support during the year was provided Department of State publications such as the Civil Division Geographic Reports, International Boundary Studies, and Background Notes. Manpower also went into the production of numerous base maps for Department of State current intelligence reporting, and for the upcoming Law of the Seas Conference with the USSR in 1970. - 4+ - S-E-C-R-E-T Approved For Release 1999/09/08 : CIA-RDP79-01154A000100010002-7 Approved For lease 1999/09/08 : CIA-RDP79-01154A00100010002-7 Geographic Research Program Approximately 45 special studies were prepared in response to the needs of policy level officials for geographic data and analysis bearing on significant world developments. Included were detailed reports on the 25X6A insurgency-plagued North Thailand and Thai Malaysia border areas, West Irian, Sabah, and the Persian Gulf. A series of Intelligence Memoranda 25X6A treated vital aspects of the Middle East situation: ino-Soviet border discord along the Ussuri was evaluated in another Intelligence Memorandum, while intelligence on Soviet corrective labor colonies and her apparent policy of map distortion were disseminated in two Intelligence Reports. A needed Administrative Atlas of Communist China was widely disseminated both within and outside the Government. Other important studies dealt with the trend of internal conditions in Haiti, Sino-Soviet territorial issues, 25X6A and the geography of Indian Ocean Islands. Extensive support continued to be given to the Interagency Working Group on Antarctica and the Interagency Intelligence Advisory Group on Exchanges. Total work accomplished under this subelement amounted to 24