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January 1, 1972
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Approved For Release 1999/09/02 : CIA-RDP79-01194A000200220001-0 25X1 C1 Ob Next 3 Page(s) In Document Exempt Approved For Release 1999/09/02 : CIA-RDP79-01194A000200220001-0 Approved For Release 1999/09/02 : CIA-RDP79-01194A000200220001-0 CPYRGHT CPYRGHT WASHINGTON POST ? 2 November 1971 ? Co inmunique 'Hints Softer Cuban Line By Dusko Doder Washington Post Staff Writer HAVANA, Nov. 1?Cuba and the beviet Union today, made public a communique expressing their support for the leftist regimes in Chile and Peru as well as for other Latin American governments: seeking political and economie ; independence from the United States. The communique was inter- preted by some senior West- emn diplomats here as in-', dicating that Soviet Premier Alexci Kosygin, who ended. his four-day visit to Cuba Sat- urday, has persuaded Premier Fidel Castro to abandon his policy of trying to exp or t armed revolution around Latin Ameriea. . This would formally mark a 'inajor departure in Cuban poli- cy, although some. Cuban offi- cials expressed reservations about the extent to which Hay- titi baCittl Moitcow'a effortii to court Latin regimes regardless .of their political complexion. ? Published in the Cuban Communist Party newspaper G ran m a, the communique voiced support for Panarna's demands for sovereignty over the Canal Zone, condemned the U.S. trade blockade of Cuba and "acts of piracy" and vio1ation:3 of Cuban airspace as well as what it termed the "illegal U.S. presence at Guan- tanamo" naval base. It made only passing refer- ence to tile revolutionary situ- ation in the hemisphere that "inereasin ;ly confronts with greater strength the domina- tion of North American imper- ialism an i oligarchies allied with it. "In thit context," the 'corn-, munique continued, "the two sides exp .essed their solidar- ity with the government of Popular t nity led by Salvador Allende ill Chile and with the structural changes and trans- formation whieh the govern- ment of P ru is carrying out. "Likewi e the two ,parties expressed their resolute sup- port for economic and social measures which are being ap- plied in tlese Latin American. countries that are moving to- ward the distribution of their. riatIonel .vealth and tewerd consolidation of their political and econo rile independence," ? Cuban Economic Problems Western diplomats here said that Castro, who is now more .depeedent on Soviet aid than ever before, has chosen to ac- cept the Moscow line because of his preoccupation with do- mestic economic problems. The diplomats said that the Cubans have practically ceas- ed exporting revolution in the past two years, although they were reluctant .to admit it publicly. Today's communique stands in sharp contrast to Cuba's po- sition in 19674968, when Cas- tro contended that any eco- nomic or other cooperation with non-Communist regimes in Latin America' in fact helped suppress revolutionary movements in the hemisphere., Castro was also against Communist parties' forming united fronts with nationalist, groups in order to weaken1 America's position, a policyl advocated by Moscow. Earlier Visit Differences on this point were such that no commu- nique was issued after Kosy- gin's first visit to Cuba In, 1967. ?But last week the Soviet premier was received warmly!, and the communique described' his conversations with Castro as "friendly and cordial." It asserted that both men "af firmed their mut iial aspiration to continue strenethening and developing by all means that fraternal friend: hip" between the two nations. Iensygin said the Soviet Union would continue to er? tend aid to Culei, but there were no specific references In any additional subsidies. Cuba's acceptance of the So- viet line is said to have been based on a gullying feeline here that Havana Is slowly breaking the diplomatic 'sole- tion Imposed by the United States. Peru Link Expected ? In ? addition to diploniatle ties with Mexico and Chile, Cuba has, a lure trading of- fice in Peru. Cuban ?Ukiah; I -here said that a formal estah- lishment of diplomatic rein! tions between Tiavana and 1 Lima is expectrd within the ?next few weeks. Cuban sources also said that Kosygin has reresured Castro ?that the Soviets will make no I ,deals with President Nixon nt 'Cuba's expense. These sources ,said that Castro hi turn sought , to impress upon the Soviets that any such deal would be usiacceptabic to his regime. ? While the communique was largely devoted to generalities .111(51at Gu?..Avla IZVESTIYA, Moscow 24 November 1971 CPYRGHT torrinfinnnt IIi9 It reinrin only a passing reference to China, with both sides ex- pressing satisfaction over Pe- king's admission lo the United Nations. SOLIDARITY WITH CUBA [Text] It can be said without exaggeration that the visit to Chile of Fidel Castro, Cuban Communist Party Central Committee first secretary and Cuban Revolutionary Govern- ment prime minister, has become the number one event in the current political life of Latin America. One has only to glance at the front pages of the leading newspapers of the countries of this continent to be convinced that the warm reception accorded by the Chilean people to the emissaries of heroic Cuba is being appraised not only as a demonstration of the feelings of fi.lendship of the two countries' peoples but also as a new stage in the relations between revolutionary Cuba and the other Latin Ameri d Fr Ftelb* 141 itTle difie2R002%2611194ACHT020022000114Vr EL PO "Ogled, means clef n co apse.of Cuoa s solation from the continent and I s a wtimulus for the intensification of the liberation process in these countries."' Approved For Release 1999/09/02 : CIA-RDP79-01194A000200220001-0 Moreover the response evoked by the visit is proof of the acknowledgement of the revolutionary merits of the Cuban people and of their successes in building the founda- tions of socialism, for socialism is being developed in Cubit under the difficult and complex conditions of an economic and political blockade imposed by U.S: imperialism. For more than 7 years Cuba has been artificially isolated from the other Latin American countries, and, as F. Castro has repeatedly stressed on previous occasions and 'during his visit, had it not been for the vast aid and support of the Soviet Union and the other socialist countries, Cuba would have had to face its bitterest enemy alone. But 4uba_was..not-left-alaney-and-all-the-armed4 Tom vadatt dhg-iiiid'intii4entrairoWiiiGf 16;d " ? " failure. Tod?y it can be said that Washington's entire political policy with regard to Latin America is also suffering failure. Cuba's revolutionary influence, as the imperialist strategists had feared, has broken through the blockade and shown other countries the way to national independence and freedom from the U.S. diktat and from domination of their economies by the North American monopolies. A vivid example of this is the victory of the Popular Unity bloc in Chile, the progressive social and economic reforms in Peru, and the upsurge of the revolutionary movement in many countries of this truly turbulent continent. There is no doubt that Cuba's successes had a considerable effect on the development of events in Chile, where public opinion has always beer sympathetically inclined toward the heroic island of freedom. It is characteristic that the bourgeois press, unable to keep silent about F. Castro's visit to Chile and the interest shown by the Latin American countries in it is trying to dictate to them what policy they should pursue in the future with regard to Cuba. American newspapers and news agencies, as if by arrangement, reiterate that the Organization of American States (OAS) must "display firmness and inflexibility," in other words, ignore Cuba as hitherto. Such advice nowadays seems naive, to say the least, but the main thing is that it is useless, for everyone is well aware that throughout Latin America the movement to establish diplomatic and other relations with Cuba is broadening and many counries are already on the way to doing it, and the Cuban Government's opinion of the OAS as an obedient weapon of U.S. imperialism .is widely shared. The Soviet people follow Fidel Castro's visit to Chile with great interest.. The USSR, a true friend of Cuba, has always been.on its side, has done everything tq support its socialist achievements, and has always rejoiced in its successes and the growth Of its political prestige in the world. This is why the present visit is regarded in our country as yet another proof of the tremendous magnetic force of socialism,. which is Strengthening the unity of the Latin American peoples and their solidarity in the struggle against imperialism and reaction. . CPYRGHT MIAMI HERALD 15 November 1971 -?;Q e"i-n P in) - -177.77N ? -.7T" -1,1 - [i iv ; 7!) :11 ? ByNATHAN A. HAVERSTOCK ..e And RIC;IARD C. SCHROIT.DISR ? ? Lair tnercanSrvico 0 - t4, fi .A1 11 ' 1 . C) .. CPYRGHT . iyo- 0 oi,aces anu to ccallengii U.n. ledoer.hlp in the hemisphere. Castro's brief stop in Lima, and his meeting with General Juan Velasco Ah varado, head of Pru's military juntl, is THE VISIT 01 Cupan' eremier rice Castro to Chile isviewed in Washington 'as; the scan: Apt' an atterutrbz forge a newPiPirAWAtelx117 rISMea -in, opposition to the United, States. iy soilmiyms government and that o, Salvador Al- lende. his Marxist counterpart in Chile, hoes to sot up a base that other no nationalist governments can .Castxo .leftist SOW 140 irvIrgiiiikiritsist61944tiovAtIlbottiNi dli-ecticin: Approved For Release 1999/09/02 : CIA-RDP79-01194A000200220001-0 CPYRGHT * SOME authorities believe. that the Soviet Union is lending its active en- couragement to. the Cuban' initiative. ' eeeeo,t et: ! neee.O ? \ 'The failure of Cuban-led guerrillas in, Bolivia, and Allender} !egUirn cite electoral victo;-y have g rerz:ly sirc,q1;_;t1ieized ? the Sovf posifiou . . ? rze:azezmeeoLee:tieeri:eio:;:eiee, oee One such expert, James Theberge of the' Georgetown University Center. for Stra- tegic and International Studies, recently noted that "The Soviet Union and Cuba are both interested in gaining allies out- side of the Caribbean area ? whiCh is 'still generally friendly to the United States. ? in 'order to enable Cuba to break out of the diplomatic and econom- ic blockade imposed by the OAS mem- ber states in 1964. And the Marxist gov- ernment of Chile is .providing such en opportunity.". Theberge emphasizes that Allende is a willing ally in the Cuban diplomatic thrust. "Allende clearly aims at estab- lishing a broad foreign policy re-align- ment in favor of Cuba, Russia and other "friendly Socialist states!' .agairise the United States, Brazil and other members' of the OAS opposed to a policy change toward Cuba. The purpose is to .solit the OAS into antagonistic political blocks, end Cuba's political .and economic isola- tion and enhance Communist and anti- American influence in the hemisphere." . IN RECENT months, Castro has re- peatedly denounced the OAS, and has rejected all suggestions that Cuba might eventually return to active membership in the Organization: Most recently, Cuban foreign minister Raul Roe celled the OAS "the colonial ministry of the U.S. State Department," and said his. government would never consider reoc- cupying its OAS seat. Instead, Roa suggested, a new hemi- sphere organization, free from U.S. dom- ination, should be set up in the near fu- - ture. Presumably, such an organization would also exclude Latin .America's right-wing iniiitary governments. believed by observers here that the Soviet Union ? is encouraging the Cuban initiative because it seems to ad- here to the Soviet line that peaceful pen- - etration- of Latin America is possible. The new Cuban stance represents a sharp change in the previous Cuban sup- port for anti-government guerilla move- ments in Latin America. The failure of Cuban-led guerrillas in Bolivia,. and Al- lende's legitimate electoral victory in Chile have greatly strengthened the So- viet position in Latin America. . SOVIET influence, has been rising noticeably in Chile since Allende's victo- ry. The Soviets have offered aid for Chilean port ,development, and have ex- tended a $50 million credit for the pur- chase of arms. ,Cultural missions have .anrled out across the country, teaching Russian and presenting Soviet-films :atici literature. There has also been a marked - in- crease in the Soviet presence in Cuba Soviet Premier Alexei Kosyein toured the island last month. Cuba receiveti a shipment of &via jet fieliters, its flirSt shipment of planes in four years..TI he Soviet naval presence has also under- gone significant expansion. Some 20 to 30'deep ' sea fishing trawlers novi oper- ate out of Havana, from facilities devel- oped with Russian aid funds. - The signs of rising' Soviet influence are evident in several areas, according to Washington sources, but the Soviets nonetheless are expected to stay in the background during Castro's visit to Chile. A primary reason is that the trip is something of a personal triumphal tour for the Cuban. Premier. He has come to South America es a celebrity and the Chilean government has mount- ed a celebrity's welcome. U.S. officials are not worried, they say, by the cheering crowds and the, 'mass enthusiasm for the bearded revolu- tionary. Much more serious is the inten- sive diplomatic campaign now being launched by Cuban and 'Soviet repre- sentatives, aimed at weaning away the growing number of Latin governments who show eigns of disaffection for the United States., WASHINGTON STAR 9 Decea:ther 1971 C1-1A.1< - I i? 'Ld, ,p14 r 4, :1 r 3 L.,ir , CPYRGHT Castro's parting word to Ch;11-e's Communist rulers was a warning: The exploiters are going to bag your revolu- tion if you keep playing by the old rules. The ahem dictator put aside, in a startling farewell - speech, the tactful reticence which bad guided his behavior during a three-week visit to Chile. He was leaving, he said, "more radical, more extre- mist" than he came because he had seen how the Chilean revolutionaries are being thwarted by e_mistaken defer- ence to democratic traditions. AnachronlAPProVedif,or Congress, frecaorn of the press are doomed by history, Cas- tro declared, aecl they "exist as long as the: 7)cople do not have enough s tir ength to change them." Democracy. is just a stage in the evolution of man, he said, and its institu- tions must crumble to make roorn for the new social order. Castro's key point was that the Chilean oligarchy is wily and experienced, so much tougher than the opposition he faced in Cuba that it may manage, . if democratic free- doms continue to be tolerated, to win the ideological struegle for the support of the middle classes. Ironically, he epte;e, of the "brutal and batibe or es_forms" Release499/9/0WG2 i. day M whieh Chilean soldiers, acting on orders from Presi- dent Allende, used gims to ds- parse a protest march by some 5,060 'women carr?ing empty pots. "Tho la5elAs," Castro said, "are trying to go into the streets to win the mid- dle classes." Fidel is reviving an old and bitter debate over the "peace- ful road" to power. His claim that force is the only alterna- tive once angered most Chile- an Communists, who saw huge differences between the cul- tures of Chile and Cuba. "Aft- er all," Allende remarked five years ago, "C a s tr o took.. charge of a brothel." that the Alienk;..; r 'me ;Inds few real answeys limits of its critistitiorial pow- er 10 an awest.,!-!, array of economic ;orobichis. The -indirect's:, democratic let! : proved to be clLfficilit. c4). position can still be heard through tee ter-7ity with which the El Mercurio, I. in kept alive. Wheil the -..c.reramut, recently moved COZ,trOi of the newspriat ..,it.ccr5 the stockholders rahie to .$UCCeed in keeping the slot in private har.ds. But nevertheless, the Cohan The Marxists' at!,erripts to exam:Au has consistently had 4'-i,. .M0? CIA- 79m01464A00.0206 an OnlinUELLS and it may he battled ;oy its rec: Dr. Ld- gare..o Borniinger. oven more persuasiVo mw CPYRGHT Approved For Release 1999/09/02 : CIA-RDP79-01194A000200220001-0 en toe seninnciit necessy to force a plebiscite to dciarmine whether the University C3c.1 wili be. left, in Alarxisi Cohtrol. Tho university...or.f.retemps, now a burning illustrates Aliende's dilemma. Hs Socialist backers, warn that the plebiscite will go against them so he must settle the dispute by force. Sut the price of the high-hantiness will be widespread -violence so the Com rr.unisti faction of his government keeps pressing for a couipromisc solution. Castro has bistory On his side in arguing that Marxists , have, never kept power by compromising with dernocra- ey_ They resort always in the end to the destruction of pie and Institutions who. en lenge ineir &ann.& 0 the loy&P y of the working class. So Chile is ineacitif: : its ur.avoidable of :faith in. its , . ditfons that will exert a lieir.v influence on the future of com- munism in many:nations. CPYRGHT 0 ESTADO DE SAO PAULO, Sao Paulo 24 October 1971 ? ? t ? ? 1:? 0 V C.J1 ? ( . ,r v,:!1.11 ?-?1 CPYRGHT , Ai e!.01 u. pyi?:(..ii?o-teino:tro atuaimente .passcan. do no Cali, segairil, atsnaracio urn "cc- Vito Coraissilo C:ntral do Partido pcmunista Cuban? e rdo govcrno revolaciona- rio -de Cuba" para ?srlstar lina de Cabtro. Kajj foi pre.cerlido e7.1 Latcrabro por Novikoff, rice-presi- dente do Conf.A-lho dr., Minis- tr 0 s cl a URS. No fin: co rmlls chezard a Cuba ama r.ora-tarela da Marinha Guerra sovictica, icy:mark, par seis navios, entre ()S. qUaIG 0i:11402C:3 ,arillaCi 03 corn fl);UCt.Cf3 0 cicstroleres, bera con Dor sulona- 71110S, flaViOS an ti-Stib inn navio- do a.habte- clmento. Esaa (lemon.raci;r, In a C 'kV.. do Interesso. don so- vleticoa era Cuba con firma, por urn lade, a opinil-,o don observadores intcrnacionals, setando a u al ILA, algurn tempo Moscon resolv,n; fill .1)- motor a, politica, a -cconornia o memo a administrayao regime castrista a ou cnn- trolo dlreto rigid; por .outro lado, intensifica as es- peculactles E6bre o clestiLo politico do "chefs supremo da ravoluio cabana". 0 jornal 'fiempo, de IA- . ern nc.LIO V11 VOlt 111(rC,; ter..17) !ii ;401 thi?I'.,Approvec ?,?,.?., :?,)6?;cou. quo ,conast;ula subrovivor aos ox- pargon castristas. quo ap6s 1062 dmarnm a Vona Guarda do PC cubano. As es- TreculacZ5es tamban sho all- mentadan polo tato do ft. vi- olin tin Kow.igin a, Tlavana prcocdor a s;;;;-:.?,,I, to 'Lento() ?tro no Chili.. C'-',"o j.ava .jr,JLi, ir r,I.;I:,}I-.1i 31:111Cip:11 . 1.o de n alo e!r! r,o, confirm:.ndo . saa inja- gem co:no o Eder ineontes- tado do mo-imento olonario da America Lati- ns. Todavia, duranto todo o. zner, on .russon cxerceram p)sadas press64n r7Obro o lidor cubano por ttrrn:zdto do Carlon Rafael Ro4r5.7ucz, I.aul Castro o N'icclay Eay)akov, vice-pri- ntoiro-mlnint.o o presidento do GOSPLAN, QUO vlsitou, Dar% convencer Can- tro dr. COD.7011ncz de'desit7.- ttr do ctun DIV.7105. UM nstu- to lider. coriunisto. chtleno, Te telboint, con a Cr.(str? quo tnarIt orsCi1, a: tor de. v!an'era do Allende. ", ;77(ina(.7.or ro Peru, serfs. Dolltira extor- na 7,11 to- ola do "plumlismo idcoIor;l- eo" r.-? do co nbate tr. "fron- 2t1rft."; idcolsgicas". r,fltarA, Cantro rend( cubmctido noval prorsref... parr. desintir da num clecirao ir a San- tiaro? Ntio 'ar?aze s' part torutr: trlibztitule.o, du- rant TIFLA`Cril, for Raul Castro cu ptr Carlon Rafael Rodruer.1'On terneria ter relor:ado um panel /nail rtpar, lide.ranqa, con- formo augenra alr-,urs seto- it ilha.rldIrt?Irrinados .d.r; Flocls.:;7ta SrlIvrdor Al- lende? De qualquer forma, 'as enpecu1ac,.(5en don vador,ea intornacionain s()bro sr. politica interns. .de Cubs. tno Tarladars o fantasio- sas como as cue so fazern 56- bro a China. Dcsdo 27 471s so- tornbri), Castro .n.r.1.0 apart,- ? em publico,-tem mosmo no funeral don quo tornl)a- ra!rn na luta contra cs dos desombarcadon rta noite de 12 de outubro. Erse fate 05timulm ai r,gpnculacd^.s st)- bre Feu estado de !Iambs e o. declinlo num estrela no- ? 'Man ouk itruort.r. realidade rao,?cula- c5es ere torno da realidad.o. 0 fate (5 a c7esconte deport- .d'ancla-e.e. Cuba do .controle cod: 7C7.rni rigido e dire- to quo cla cxerce Mos- COU. 1 conscquenciaii- tate, 4 a ro,luclo do papel do liticranca, quo, corn ba- se cm ce,a carisr.r.a, .Catro 0 russo-cubano ? publicado no c'ius Ilaul o c;i?s,nc..?ler Cazt,l'o, no rim