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August 15, 1976
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Approved For Release 2005/01/31 : CIA-RDP79M00467AO02500080005-2 TRANSMITTAL SLIP DATE TO: Allo ROOM NO. BUILDING REMARKS: ------------- d1 r ..r FROM: ROOM NO. BUILDING EXTENSION i FFEB 55 ORM NO 241 REPLACES FORM 36-8 WHICH MAY BE USED. 25X1A Approved For Release 2005/01/31 : CIA-RDP79M00467AO02500080005-2 Approved For-Release 2001/31 : CIS, RDP79 00 67A002500080005-2 Part II -- Ma France steps up defense spending By Ii. A. Kidder Special to The Globe PARIS - The United States has long com- plained that its NATO al- lies have not been doing their fair share in the de- fense of Western Europe. Now French President Giscard d'Estaing Is taking steps to Improve that situ- ation as regards his coun- try. - ? This spring. Giscard's proposal to double the de- fense budget over the next six years and to modernize and develop p`rance's con- tentlonai forces was. ap- proved by the Parliament. From 17 percent of the na- tional budget the military budget will be increased, between 1977 and 1982, to 20 percent. This Is in re- sponse to the French pres- ident's concern that steps must be taken in face of "regional and world-wide destabilization." France has left NATO's Integrated command and has no Intention of rejoin- ing it, but Giscard recog- nizes that France's nation- al security depends-on Eu- ropean equilibrium and he real4es that the nation trust, egntribute to the se- curity of its allies. These points are well il- lustrated by the recent announcement of plans and actions to strengthen the French fleet greatly and to reorient its mission from the Atlantic, based on Brest, to the Mediterra- nean, based on Toulon, This decision directly in- terests the US at a time when the Soviet navy in the Mediterranean is being built up rapidly, exceeding the strength of the Ameri- can Sixth Fleet. From 1974 to 1977 the French combat fleet in the Mediterranean will have increased from 77,000 ,tons to 136,000, if current plans continue. When new ma~te: dais ?? become available,' naval strength will be in- Crewed further. Principal aero-naval units already have" been transferred from, Brest to Toulon. The carriers Foch and Clemen- ceau, with their escorting cruisers and missle- l-aunching frigates, with nuclear capacity, are being attached to Toulon, 'dou- bling the 'rench naval force In the Mediterra- nean. As explained by Giscard when he reviewed the French Mediterranean fleet in mid-July, interna- tional relations on a global scale revolve around two axes: on the East-West axis around the two su- perpowers; and on the north-south axis between the industrialized coun- tries of the north andlthe developing countries' 'of the south. The Mediterranean is the center, of gravity, the point. of intersection - of these axes, he said, and there France intends to follow a policy called for by its traditions, its re- sponsibilities and its inter- ests. Hence the reorienta- tion of French naval strength to the Mediterra- nean, where Giscard said half of the world's naval means are Concentrated. At the end of the Alge- rian war it seemed to the French that calm might reign in the Levant and that French naval forces would find tne _ A11anli~ more favorable ' to their deployment. Events, said Giscard, have shown the error of these predictions. Because of its geopoliti- cal situations on the shores of the Mediterranean and because of its economic and commercial depen- dence on, maritime trans- portation on that sea, France must seek peace and stability in that area. For both political and eco- nomic: ercial reasons, 'France.. kt2s,:..?',since de- Gaulle sought ? to strengthen its relations with 'the - ,tiTek:a'laghreb s t i Af r ; e r can) sta tifwgst R.- A. Kidder is a kraaaer (No with ? tire Arab world as a U.S ambassador to Gana--. ,ho1e_adwith blank` Af- bodia who now lives in Paris, is a special corre-? rira_ j From fie economic- spondent for he Globe. commercial point of view. BOSTON GLOBE 15 AUGUST 1976 (16) Pg. 1 Assessing By William Beecher :lobe Washington Bureau WASHINGTON - This is a story about the myste- rious "senior US official" who for eight years has been globetrotting on Henry Kissinge:'s plane, issuing lofty pronouncements tend opinions. His authoritative observations - on issues of the day, on the prospects of sensitive negotiations, indeed on chances of war and peace - are taken most seriousi by world leaders and the public in general. What he is: i l'itty, charming, Thus he is one of the most powerful and influential men in the US government. But ground rules imposed on the dozen or so newsmen who travel with him forbid un- masking him by name and title. This self-same "senior US misleading, abused, official" was very much in evidence on Air Force Three, cunning, protected a specially fitted-out Boeing 707 jet when Secretary of State Kissinger made a recent eight- day jaunt, probably one of his' last in high government' office, to London; Teheran, Iran; Kabul, Afghanistan; Lahore, Pakistan; Deauville, France, and The Hague. (See SENIOR OFFICIAL, Pg. 2-F) of- the 35Q0 trier ant ghbps -which dalIyy+beerate on 'the Mediterrane,an,:, 1200 . fly the flags of Western Euro- pean states. French Medi- terannean ports account for 40 percent of France's maritime traffic',. and, for over half of France's petro+ leum . supplies. Being so largely dependent on'the Red Sea and the Mediter- ranean for energy. re- sourees. Frandg'-is incfeaS- ingiy. _ sencutiVff: Ito the danger of submarine at tiiek`which would cut her pricipal lines of supply. It is vital, therefore, for France:toPkeep A04 lanes open and to maintain the closest possible.selations with-'the riparian nations. France's reorientation, of its naval strength- is thus entirely logical from a national point of view and, at the same time, adds, in a criti- cal area, valuable strength to the position of NATO in any confrontation with the USSR. Yet it in no way conflicts, with the basic French policy' of national i;dependence and mainte- nance of an autonomous defense capacity. Approved For Release 2005/01/31 : CIA-RDP79M00467AO02500080005-2 -Part II Main Edition -- 16 August 1976 SENIOR OFFICIAL -- CONTINUED. 'course of -a ,vorki ng trip abroad:..Heisas raised the practice of manipulating the press to an art form of diplomacy. Reporters know they are being used, but, to vary- ing- degress, they tend to go along anyway, fascinated, spellbound, flattered to be so intimately associated with a man of such unusual intellect and style. These newsmen lash out in frustration, privately and occasionally in print or over the air- waves, at the duplicity of the official's ap- proach. But they stop short of going so far as to risk a divorce of the relationship. It means too much to them personally and pro- fessionally. Not since the heyday of President John Kennedy has any ranking, American official been so adept at using the press for his public policy purpose. On each Kissinger flight, reporters, Secret Service men and secretaries sit in the rear compartment, while Kissinger, other State Department officials and some wives sit in a forward compartment, which includes an air- The source is obviously well- informed, but there is no earthly way for reporters to check what he has just said-unless they happen to have some independent knowledge of the subject. On each long flight between stops the "se- iior US official" customarily talks to report- ers both formally, with all of them grouped :round him in his office, and informally in- onversations with a few at a time in the isle in the rear section. In the formal sessions, the official makes some statements, comments on some of their stories which offended or pleased him, and answers questions. Tape recorders are per- mitted in such briefings because the noise of the engines sometimes makes it hard to hear every word. Thus, even though reporters are not per- mitted to quote the man, by name, they can review his words by replaying the tapes back at their seats and then write their stories, portable typewriters cradled on their knees it on serving trays. The source is obviously well-informed, but there is no earthly way for the reporters to check what he has just said, unless they happen to have some inde- pendent knowledge on the subject. On the flight from London to Teheran, for example, a newsman asked the official to comment on stories that the Russians on July 4 and July 29 had detonated nuclear devices that may have been of yields higher than permitted under a draft treaty on nuclear weapons tests. He first disparaged the report as being politically motivated. Then he suggested the range of uncertainty was somewhere between 100 and 200 kilotons. The pact bans tests over 150 kilotons. If careful additional analysis, which was ordered after a meeting of the Na- tional Security Council's Verification Panel, showed the test was at the upper range, he said, the United States would do something, )resumably demand an explanation from the Russians about the suspected violation of the spirit of the agreement. Asked about the second test, which re- portedly was larger than the first and was al most missed because it came minutes after at ~8en"no'ilats ha-second _-have done 'Some reporting on the s4ject in Washington a few days before and had beer. told on good authority that thee. first test ranged between 120 and 440 kilotons and the second was even larger. This wide gap of un- certainty was being analyzed, I had be-en-told. to determine whether the Russians., should have known such tests would register well above the agreed ceiling. The Globe story thus differed significantly from the one told on the plane. On the flight from Teheran to Kabul, re- porters were anxious to get some idea of the issues to be dealt with in Pakistan, the subse- quent stop. The official expressed America's growing concern that a capability will spread to a number of nations to build nuclear weapons and stressed US displeasure with a French contract to build a nuclear fuel pro- cessing plant in Pakistan. Without tighter safeguards than now envisaged, he said, Pak- istan could divert enriched uranium from the plant to build nuclear bombs as did its neigh- boring rival India. 11. He left the clear impression with report- ers that he would warn Pakistani leaders that unless they backed out- of the deal with France, or at least. agreed to air-.4ight.. safe- guards, the United States might deny the sale of 80 to 100 A7.medium bombers to Pakistan and might have to cut off economic aid under newly drafted Congressional legislation. But in public statements in Lahore, Paki- stan, Kissinger was at pains to stress, that no threats were being made, military or econom- ic, and that he "hoped the issue could be set- tled without confrontation.". However, the earlier stories, inspired by the session on the plane, had served the purpose of sending a tougher signal. On the flight to France, where the.Kissin- gers planned to spend a day and a half relax- ing on the estate of an English lawyer friend, the "senior US official" came to the rear of the plane to jestingly complain that because of their stories on the French-Pakistani deal they had managed to ruin his brief vacation. He jibed at them that when the plane landed he would have to say that American report- ers had misrepresented his remarks and that .heir stories had been further misinterpreted )y the French. But he made no public statement of that sort on landing and many of the newsmen 'igured he had been pulling their leg, partly ,ut of pique that they had not trusted his "word as a gentleman" that his visit to France was purely social and had shifted plans from waiting in Paris to-move instead to a hotel in Deauville. ' Press irritation exploded into anger the next day when reporters learned: -That Kissinger had given an interview to two of their number when they wandered out to his estate. -That the French foreign office had is- sued a statementsaying the United- Sjatj_h~d apologized for the misimpressions created by erroneous stories. A bus load of angry reporters descended on the estate, only to be mollified by public Kissinger assurances that no erroneous stories had been filed by reporters on the trip'. But too late. Two wire service reporters and one, television newscaster had already dispatched stories tagging Kissinger as the source of the earlier, controversial account. In fairness, it should be underscored that (See SENIOR OFFICIAL, Pg. 3-F) Approved For Release 2005/01/31 : CIA-RDP79M00467AO02500080005-2 "roved F Relepyse 2Q0510113d1 :.on CIA- -- RDP67&~IIgOu( art -- ain >ti 7 QO2500080005-2 SENIOR OFFICIAL -- CONTINUED much of what 'the official said on the plane was straightforward,, informative, valuable and reasonable. But. at critical moments, it ,_was not completely trustworthy. ffi- h e o And while frequently on the trip t cial complained about partisan motivation behind various. leeks, at one point he dropped a seemingly passing remark about the diffi- culty of assessing intelligence on Soviet weapons. He said that one such recent issue involving the Soviet Backfire bomber should be resolved in about three weeks. Most of the reporters had no notion of what he was talking about, but several made marginal notes to check on it after returning to Washington. Apparently he was referrin to a recent controversial study by McDon nell-Douglas engineers - at the behest of th CIA - on some new information on Backfir flights suggesting the plane might hav shorter range than concluded in five len would help the Kissinger case against insist ing on counting the Backfire as a strategi bomber under a prospective SALT-2 agree ent. As the Kissinger plane neared Was ton, the senior official was in the aisle in shirtsleeves and stockinged feet, having a largely political bull session with several re- porters. "Would former President Nixon maintain a low political profile?" If Jimmy Carter is elected and for some reason things fall apart, he responded, it's possible that Nixon will come forward and insist he was the last strong President. The official revealed that a couple of peo- ple, working on Nixon's memoirs had inter- viewed Kissinger on certain key events. Asked whether he thought Kissinger could write an historically objective acc6unt of the major events in which he had played so cen- tral a role, he grew pensive. No doubt it would be hard, the official said, but no good purpose would be served by a self-serving, one-sided attempt to explain away certain negative newspaper headlines. Kissinger, he said, would doubtless dictate his recollections of events and then search the record for corroboration. Then he got very serious. "If this turns out to be the last trip, boys-" his voice trailed off and his eyes grew misty. He waved farewell and ambled back to the forward compartment. On the ground at 9:30 p.m., the "senior US official" was last seen entering a long black limousine with Nancy Kissinger. But none of the reporters at planeside regarded that as a scandalous act. NEW YORK TIMES 15 AUG 76 (16) Greek-Turkish 'War' Is Verbal The _ Greek-Turkish war of . words over rights to resources under the Ae- gean Sea Ja continuing pit the united Nations a$ elsewhere, but the Threat of war between the two.ancient ene- mies seems to have subsided as tenta- tive steps for. negotiation of the dis- pute have been taken. Secretary of State Henry A. Kiss- inger met yesterday with representa- tives of the two countries to try to get the negotiations started. The present friction stems from the voyage of a Turkish survey ship near Greek islands. Greece claims the voy- NEW YORK TIMES 15 AUGUST 1976 Pg. Shifting Aegean Winds By C. L. Sulzberger. ATJiENS--The external dangers of the persistently ugly Turkish-Greek land's economy adjusts, will be diffi- cult. Nevertheless, he says: "I have warned our industrialists and farmers: 'I am going to throw you into the sea and you will have to swim or sink.'" quarrel are blatantly obvious: a threat . This, then, is the picture as Greece to world peace and to NATO unity as teeters on the edge of fresh embroil- well as to the complex of United States ment with Turkey in an argument that relationships with the volatile East has persisted on and off for generations Mediterranean. But there is also some- but was recently revived by the Cyprus thing inherently sad about the fact and Aegean issues. The new political that this problem, which is in truth so system is surprisingly stable, consider- needless and, stripped of emotional ing the volatile people it governs and aspects, so capable of solution, should its short duration, be hampering democracy's impressive progress here. Just over two years ago Greece was still in the straitjacket of military dictatorship imposed by a conspiracy of colonels in 1967. In the wake of that inept regime's effort to seize Cyprus by an abortive coup, Turkey invaded the disputed island. The junta collapsed and Constantine Caramanlis, a.previous Prime Minister, returned from his self- sought exile id Paris fnd restored democracy. As he himself recounts the record, The Republic's President has ade- quate executive powers-less thar- France's chief of state but more than West Germany's. He can exercise a veto, choose prime ministers, decide on plebiscites and influence long-range policy; he cannot intervene in day-to- day decisions. The press, after seven years of dictatorial shackles, is free to the de_ FOREIGN AFFAIRS within 10 months free national and gree of licentiousness. Political opposi- municipal elections had been held, a tion speaks out boldly, especially the plebiscite whose results were nchal- talented parliamentary orator Andreas lenged decided on a republican ican form of Papandreou But the opposition is di- government to replace the refrigerated vided; its lack of unity and responsi- motrarchy, a progressive constittttion bility is if anything a special weakness was approved and a president chosen of the existing system. -all without bloodshed. Greece sud- Just prior to the latest, ongoing, denly possessed Free Europe's only crisis with Turkey-this one over nun- strong government-dominated by one eras exploration of the continental shelf majority party in Parliament and public beneath the Aegean Sea-Mr. Cara- opinion. Everywhere else coalition or mantis had earned considerable acclaim minority cabinets ruled. by offering the tarnished Olympic The army-pampered by the colonels Games a permanent, nonpNiticized it produced-grad inadequate weapons . home=-ancient Olympia itself, where and was deeply involved id politics; the whole idea, began. Greece was today it is properly equipped and ready to finance a major share of the boasts good discipline and high morale. costs, probably through a long-term Those of its leaders who had seized loan serviced by quadrennial profits national power have been purged. and from the competition. the social structure was knot upset thereby. Now, suddenly-tragic, but far from The economy was -hauled out of a unusual in this passionate, changeable morass. In 1974 the growth in the land-the picture of happy, democratic G.N.P. was minus 2 percent. Last health has altered. A-few days ago Mr. year It was 3 percent and 'this year it Caramanlis was confident his national is expected to be 5 percent. The Gov- and parliamentary majority was great- ernment estimates 1976, inflation at et- than ever as the free-thinking, free- between 10 and 12 percent. speaking Greeks savored the additional The balance of payments crisis has pleasures of prosperity spiced with vanished and, despite heavy defense liberty. expenditures (in hard: currency install- x But if the current confrontation de- ments), Greece no longer has to bor- velops badly-and in this part of the row. Unemployment. during this year's ; world anything can happen with ut- first quarter is 37.4 percent less than most abruptness-how will the nation for the same period. of 1975. react? Lest week the Prime- Minister Moreover, Mr. Caramanlis has crossed would confidently have bet on greater the threshold of Greece's great Euro- support than at any time since his pean dream by gaining acceptance as return. The Greeks seemed to show a member of the Common Market. overwhelming confidence in his leader- He estimates it will take two to three ship. Next week-who knows? That is years for complete . admission and the danger of unpredictable Aegean that the initial period, while this little ralitical winds. age infringes on its rights to the sea- bed area; Turkey says the Greek claim to the subsoil is invalid. The potential prize is a domestic oil supply for two oil-poor nations: Greece has, already found oil in the area near Thasos. Greece has 'asked the International court of Justice at The Hague for an advisory opinion and has also taken its case to the United Nations Security council. The United States and other allies in the North Atlantic Treaty Or- ganization, to which both Greece and Turkey are connected, welcomed the iecision to argue the matter out in the intetnationaI forums. That was preferable to the armed conflict that seemed at least possible as Greece and Turkey, their relations already strained by Cyprus, each made mili- tary preparations. Approved For Release 2005/01/31 : CIA-RDP79M00467AO02500080005-2 Approved E.W Release 2005/01/31 : CIA-RDP79MO04L67A00250QO80OQ5 '2 Part II -- Main Edition -- 16 August .1976 WASHINGTON STAR 15 AUGUST Eliot Janew Y_.. s In Rol6 of Shah's Pawn By Eliot Janeway speciel to The W aehington Star The "greasy pole" was Disraeli' s half-respectful and half-contem - L ous term for personal, politics p power. When FDR shinnied to the to of that pole, he found the press c ference a nuisance but left it an insti- tution. Today presidential candidates are under more pressure to show how they will perform at their press con- on- He ferences than to explain away their sexual entanglements or to prop a that they never signed up on Howard Hughes' team. FDR handled his press confer- ences like a master showman. treated the reporters as 14 straight t men" and seized on their questions as an opportunity to steal their ' tined in playing to their audiences. Et Barrymore (Alice Longworth' ambassador to us Democrats) on explained to me, "President Roose- velt is a natural-born Barrymore w strayed into politics." True to the tradition of mast showmanship, FDR never relied exclusively on his own patter. Not- Ethel tha but e withstanding his reputation as " champ," he always relied on a stage prop because he ran scared. His side- t kick was his dog Fala. He brought down the house with an unforgettable punch-line delivered to his then-un- precedented mass radio audience "My wife doesn't mind what they s r about her, my children don't min d what they say about them. I don' t mind what they say about me, bu they attack my dog Fala and s a minds." Since FDR's time there have ws three pretentious attempts to steal his thunder. Nixon acted out the first charade when as Ike's Veep fought off the Feds and defended his h he it s first public liaison with Howard Hughes. As character witnesses Nixon invoked "Pat's good Republi- can cloth coat" and his dog Check- ers. LBJ played Falstaff to Roose- velt's Prince Hal. Where Roosevelt played sympathy for Fala-for all i was worth, Johnson used the White House lawn to hold up his dogs by the with the whole world looking. On the theory that you can't ha too much of a good thing, the friendly Shah of Iran has just improvised third rendition of this sentimental sketch; this time it's a tragic outrage against public decency and American security. Last week he declared e toothless war against the United States at his Teheran press confer- ence. The lap-dog at his side was none other than the indomitable p of the cocktail circuit. Secretary State Henry Kissinger. - The Romans had a term for th t li i uu land of display and they were quite clear about the stakes they were playing for. They spoke of captured barbarians "under' t yoke." Yoking is a mild euphemism n 1976 (16) Pg. B7 for the treatment the barbarian in : --. means offering it at ?a discount: When Not ev he>added, !'but we are ngithat.brokc: i Ki ss nger. Teheran gave Cham ltad no liar- ber!ain Id have taken yet.;i Lie adniitied that iie wou a gaining power comparablehumiliation from Hitler 71 --The FFench -have for -Berchtesgaden nj ilateti a , 'it - -pithy phrase to: describe _w.hgt hap=: The New York Times reported thwt- "the Skcretary sat next to the Shah pens when Europeans try. to move in under a Picasso (and that) Mr. Kis- on Americans doing business in the singer said little during the confer- Middle East: "Either we can't deliv- ence and at times seemed annoyed at er or they don't pay." Only the feck- some of the questions asked." It less British would have blundered noted that. at the end of the press into the trap the Shah has set for conference, the secretary said the them in his anxiety to put substance United States attached "great impor- behind his bluster. If the British let twice to relations with Iran as well as their new windfall of orders from the to the crucial role Iran plays in the Shah go to their beads, sterling will security and balance of the whole end up overvalued at a dollar. The Shah, in admitting that Iran is amarket Times for Picassos neglected is s more more busted than liquid, invoked the that that the rationalization that he is borrowing conducive e to aissing ready y cash for or in order to play Dutch uncle to The busted seller thrust raising of than the the Shahoil's ultimarket.matum "India, Egypt, and many other Afri- can countries;" they are the non-pay- h h U S d e . . nee was t at t s its roman i clients for the oil he can't sell. In connection more desperately than his present course he will be borrow- Iran needs its American arsenal - ing for himself; no cover-up about and that's going some. Kissinger s giveaways to countries which have willingness to serve as the political counterpart of a spear-carrier in already strained their credit will Aida was all the more remarkable stand up. because his presence gave comfort to Shakespeare could not have had this most demepted of America's de- the Shah in mind when he mocked a clared enemies. The explicit target of similar bit of noisy strutting as "a this attack was the Senate Foreign tale told by an idiot, full of sound and Relations Committee -the one com- fury signifying nothing" - but the mittee with the constitutional power - comparison is irresistible. With every shipment of American arms he to ratify any of America's foreign receives the Shah has ome more policy dealings. There's no doubt that of a captive customer-t he needs if President Ford had gotten word of American follow-on accessories and this inappropriate exercise of Secre- replacement equipment.' as well as tary Kissinger's giving aid and com- American maintenanc nd training fort to the enemy, he would have crews. Any serious effort to follgw been upset, and even confused. through on his bluff will endanger the The specific provocation of the return on his substantial American Shah's ire was the belated discovery inventory. It will alsp- s_ubject his by the Subcommittee on Foreign As- armed forces to the coifil'imoti plight sistance of the Senate Foreign Rela- suffered by all developing countries: tions Committee that Nixon had non-standardization. TShah runs given the Shah a secret go-ahead to the risk of being left no only as indi- go into the arms business with gent as the other countries in the America the source of her arsenal. Third World relying on this strategy, Senator Humphrey is the chairman of but as impotent. this subcommittee, and one of the Recollections of Shakespeare sug- most eloquent advocates of recipro- gest heroic undertakings. The Shah is cal disarmament. Ironically enough, scarcely a heroic figure; his antics only yesterday Kissinger was touting recall one of the more sardonic quips Humphrey up and down Embassy of Molnar, the late Hungarian master Row as the sure Democratic presi- of theatrical comedy. Molnar elevat- dential nominee with whom he coulc ed being a Hungarian from a way of work and on whom he could rely tc life to a profession. In this capacity keep foreign policy out of the upcom- he delivered himself of the punch line: ing political campaign. on which he made the most mileage. The theme of the Shah's rhapsody He tells us,that "if you have a Hun- in blackmail emphasized two proposi- garian for a friend, you don't need an tions: The first, that Iran is a sover- - enemy." eign country. The second, that it has The Shah has figured out a way to the right to turn the Middle East into be America's Hungarian - particu- a battle ground for an arms race, larly, to be the CIA'S Hungarian. If with America as its chosen accesso- ry.- not for the CIA he would be an ob- The Shah went op to offer Washing- scure refugee floating around Italian Washing- hotels. When the Dulles brothers ton a series of ultimata. The first was indicated by his warning that were enjoying their inning of piety Iran needs and masking their dirty pool, they engi- proposes to have a mili- neered the putsch that overthrew the tary inventory three times larger popular national revolution led by than it already has. The second sug- Mossadegh and reinstalled the gested that if Washington refused to present regime as its puppet in continue serving as his arsenal "there Teheran. The name of that game was are many more sources avail- to make Ivan safe for the American able in the world just waiting for the oil companies and to force the then moment for us to go and shop there still-important British oil interest to He started out serving an ultima- share the wealth with them. tum, and ended up seeking a trade- At the time Dick Helms was the up off : Oil for arms. (As my readers will and coming .CIA wonder-boy. Pre- recall, I have been writing for , dictably, he is now Kissinger's opera- months that this would be the Shah's that tive on the spot in Teheran - by vir- last defense.) He refused to recog- tue of being our ambassador. With nize the basic market reality that such representation, we don't need offering a commodity for barter enemies. Approved For Release 2005/01/31 : CIA-RDP79M00467A002500080005-2