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Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
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Document Creation Date: 
December 12, 2016
Document Release Date: 
March 19, 2002
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Publication Date: 
February 17, 1954
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PDF icon CIA-RDP79R00890A000200040021-8.pdf110.48 KB
Approved For Release 2002/0 M400218 NSC BRIEFING 17 February 1954 COMMUNISM IN LATIN AMERICA 1. Topic will receive some attention at 10th Inter-American Conference - Caracas - 1 March. II. Increased Communist interest in Latin America over past two years. A. Activity of Soviet and Satellite missions. 1. Credentials presented in eight countries, in addition to five existing missions in Argentina, Uruguay, Brazil, Ecuador, and, z (D U' ' j 2. Trade pact between Argentina LU _- -10 AL IMPID _14 ~~ 11 Approved For Release 2002/05/07: CIA= DP79ROA000200040021-8' B. Increase in Latin American travel .Approved For Release 2002/05/07 - fl0890A000200040021-8 1. 900 Latin Americans last six months 1953. 2. Greatly increased Latin American representation at international Communist meet- ings WFTU, in Vienna, October 160. World Youth Festival, Bucharest, August - 600. 3. Attendance at nine front organization conferences in 1953 with travel in Orbit countries. C. Communist leaders trained or visit- ing in Moscow or Orbit in 1953. 1. Secretaries General of four parties and one other top party official. 2. Other Communist present or potential leaders also in Orbit. - 2 - Approved For Release 2002/05/07 : CIA-RDP79R0089OA000200040021-8 Approved For Release 2002/05,f~1e P79ROO89OA000200040021-8 3. European Communist leaders have in return visited Communist or front conferences in Latin America. 4. Communist training schools and programs reactivated or begun. III. Communist influence varies - negligible only in Dominican Republic or Haiti. A. Guatemala.Influence Arbenz, control labor, dominate agrarian reform. 1. Increased voting strength in January 1953 and December 1953 elections. 2. Party strength up from 500 to 3,000 in 1953. 3. Opposition divided. Approved For Release 2002/05/07 : CIA-RDP79R0089OA000200040021-8 SECRET Approved For Release 2002/05/07 : - R00890A000200040021-8 Brazil. 1. Party recruitment broadened under "united national front." a. Membership up from 65,000 to 110,000 in 1953. 2. Strength growing in organized labor. a. Labor minister using Communists to build own machine. C. Chile. 1. Increasing strength in organized labor from rising inflation. 2. Communist influence energetic in nitrate fields, coal mines, copper workers' federation. 3. Influence in workingmen's newspapers. Approved For Release 2002/05/07 : CIA-RIDP79R0089OA000200040021-8 Approved For Release 2002/05/07 : CIA-RDP79R00890A000200040021-8 iAL IV. At Caracas. A. US resolutions want controls on Communist propaganda and inter- national travel. 1. Most Latin American governments do not see Communism as threat connected with Soviet Union. B. Most Latin American governments will vote for resolution condemning Com- munism. 1. Little interest. 2. Greater interest in economic problems and colonialism. 3. Fear giving impression of inter- vening in Guatemalan affairs. a. Sensitive because of Guatemalan charges (29 Jan- uary) implying US would approve armed attack by Latin Ameri- can governments on Arbenz regime. Approved For Release 2002/ 7 RDP79R00890A000200040021-8