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Document Creation Date: 
December 12, 2016
Document Release Date: 
November 26, 2001
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February 21, 1975
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PDF icon CIA-RDP79T00865A000400140001-3.pdf198.36 KB
Approved For Release 2002/01/03 : CIA-RDP79T00865A000400140001-3 Secret No Foreign Distem 0 105-1% ~ T Soviet Union Eastern Europe Secret February 21, 1975 No. 0072/75 Approved For Release 2002/01/03 : CIA-RDP79T00865A000400140001-3 Approved For Release 2002/01/03 : CIA-RDP79T00865A000400140001-3 No Dissem Abroad Background Use OnZy/Controlled Dissem Warning Notice Sensitive Intelligence Sources and Methods Involved NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION Unauthorized Disclosure Subject to Criminal Sanctions Classified by 005827 Exempt from general declassification schedule of E. O. 1 1652, exemption category: 4 5B (1), (2), and (3) Automatically declassified on: Date Impossible to Determine Approved For Release 2002/01/03 : CIA-RDP79T00865A000400140001-3 Approved For Release 2002/01/03S9T00865A000400140001-3 SOVIET UNION - EASTERN EUROPE This publication is prepared for regional specialists in the Washington com- munity by the USSR - Eastern Europe Division, Office of Current Intel- ligence, with occasional contributions from other offices within the Directorate of Intelligence. Comments and queries are welcome. They should be directed to the authors of the individual articles. February 21, 1975 Yugoslavia: Kardelj and Bakaric Moved Aside?. . . East German Security Service Urged To Step Up Activities . . . . . . . . . . SECRET Approved For Release 2002/01/03 : CIA-RDP79T00865A000400140001-3 Approved For Release 2002/NfpkDP79T00865A000400140001-3 Kardelj and Bakaric Moved Aside? President Tito yesterday appointed two of his oldest proteges, Edvard Kardelj of Slovenia and Vladimir Bakaric of Croatia, to senior advisory posts in what may be a subtle effort to relieve these ailing leaders of demanding day-to-day duties. Kardelj, at 65, and Bakaric, at 63--both mem- bers of the presidium and the collective state presidency--have serious health problems which have reduced their life expectancy. Last year, Tito reportedly pressured Bakaric to give up his stew- ardship over Croat political affairs, when it became obvious that his grip was slipping. Kar- delj, long presumed by many to be Tito's eventual heir, underwent serious surgery in Decembe I and he has since mace only one p is appearance. Kardelj's new assignment as head of the fed- eral council on international relations will in- volve him in developing long-range foreign policy, although he will still have some influence over daily policy matters. As a theoretician who played a :Leading role in founding the nonaligned movement, he will add considerable prestige to the council. It is doubtful, however, that Tito--who considers foreign policy to be his own preserve--will allow anyone, including Kardelj, extensive influence in this sphere of activity. Bakaric is charged with overseeing the council on defense of the constitution. The assignment re- flects his life-long concern with developing a sys- tem of safeguards against violations of national minority rights. Bakaric's position on the council seems tailored to reassure those Yugoslavs who fear February 21, 1975 -1- SECRET Approved For Release 2002/01/03 : CIA-RDP79T00865A000400140001-3 25X1 B Approved For Release 2002/AiLQ3RQ AR DP79T00865A000400140001-3 that the current vigilance campaign may lead to sys- tematic infringement of the rights of Yugoslavia's smaller minorities. It remains unlikely that Tito will formally deprive Kardelj and Bakaric of their other posts and thus take a major step toward ushering in the post-Tito generation during his lifetime. More shifts in the leadership--such as parceling out. Baka- ric's actual responsibilities in Croatia--are, how- ever, in the cards. The Yugoslav party central com- mittee will meet next Tuesday to discuss the elec- tion of new presidium members, and Tito's intentions may then become clearer. (SECRET NO FOREIGN DISSEM/ NO DISSEM ABROAD/BACKGROUND USE ONLY/CONTROLLED DISSEM) 25X1A February 21, 1975 -2- Approved For Release 2002/01/0 : C -RDP79T00865A000400140001-3 Approved For Release 2002/011 fIDP79T00865A000400140001-3 East German Security Service Urged To Step Ug Activities The East German secret police have been enjoined to step up their espionage and counter-intelligence activities against the West. The message was driven home by party boss Honecker and State Security Minister Mielke during the celebrations of the 25th anniversary of the Ministry of State Security earlier this month. The increased demands on the security service during the period of detente was also a major point of an earlier article by Mielke in the party theoretical journal, Einheit. A major theme of the celebration speeches and the Einheit article was the need for close collabora- tion between the East German security services and the Soviet KGB. Mielke noted that cooperation and coordination will increase "as the socialist community becomes consolidated." In noting that the "events in Chile underline the necessity for resolutely confront- ing counter-revolutionary intrigues," Mielke charged his personnel with "offensively invading the con- spiracies, and uncovering hostile plans wherever they are hatched." He particularly charged them with pre- venting "the imperialist abuse of the most positive results of detente." The shrill tone of Mielke's remarks indicates the depth of Pankow's concern over the penetration of Western ideas. As East Germany increases its contacts with the West and as some progress is made on the freer movement of peoples and ideas at the European security talks, Pankow is likely to assume an even more defensive posture. To underscore the need for safeguarding East Germany's internal order, Honecker and Mielke lauded February 21, 1975 -3- SECRET Approved For Release 2002/01/03 : CIA-RDP79T00865A000400140001-3 Approved For Release 2002/%1 j j RDP79T00865A000400140001-3 the efforts of the members of the security service-- in Mielke's words, the "socialist scouts at the invisible front"--who serve in lonely and self- effacing assignments abroad. This emphasis on spies and espionage .implies that East Germans overseas will become more active in seeking out and reporting ac- tivities that are deemed detrimental to East Germany's national security. (CONFIDENTIAL) 25X1A February 21, 1975 - 4- Approved For Release 2002/0W. fA DP79T00865A000400140001-3 Approved For Release 2002/01/03 : CIA-RDP79T00865A000400140001-3 Secret Secret Approved For Release 2002/01/03 : CIA-RDP79T00865A000400140001-3