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December 12, 2016
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August 8, 2002
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February 14, 1959
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/1"'101Z Approved For Releas~J/O~Er~~E7~T00975A004300240001-7 14 February 1959 Copy No. _W3 MIL19129MVILMI pan - 0 -9 "L- I DIA and DOS review(s) completed. D OCUJMENT NO, rao cup, C ir, . AIJTi 11 70-9- %#F' ~7CVlll~c ~//Zzzzzzz /1' , / 0, 0 ~Zx/ 0~ /r// Approved For Release 2002/09/04: CIA-RDP79T00975A004300240001-7 25X1 Approved For Release 2002/09/04: CIA-RDP79T00975AO04300240001-7 Next 1 Page(s) In Document Exempt Approved For Release 2002/09/04: CIA-RDP79T00975AO04300240001-7 Approved F A004300240001-7 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN 25X1 14 February 1959 DAILY BRIEF I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC 4 Im * UK-USSR. (The American Embassy in London reports indi- 25X1 j 25X1 cations that Prime Minister Macmillan has "election fever" and 25X10 may be tempted to make proposals to the USSR primarily moti- vated by domestic political considerations. A large number of top-level officials will accompany the prime ninister land more than 100 newsmen: are seeking yisasl iii ii ii i01:0 i i i i ii ii ii i ............... Approved For Release 2002/09/04: CIA-RDP79T00975A004300240001-7 ME I 25 j j Approved For Release 2002/09/04: CIA-RDP79T00975AO04300240001-7 U AR: LNasir intends to end, at least for the time being, his campaign against Communist influence in Iraq, according to an emissary from Nasir to Ambassador Hare. The emissary said. this action is to be taken because Nasir believes he can- not continue to attack the Communists while the British and French governments remain hostile to him. Nasir may hope that the US will bring some pressure to bear on London and Paris in order toj create a unified backing for him in the event xi of a further worsening of his relations with Moscow. A more important consideration for Nair, however, robabl is that his tactics toward Iraq have not succeeded.. /l/l/W10111 25X1 Approved For Release 2002/09/04: CIA-RDP79T00975AO04300240001-7 onroved For Release se 2002/09/04: ' CIA-RDP79T00975A004300240001 RDP79T00975A004300240001- Approved For -7 25X1 25X1 is apparently forcing a showdown in Parliament on the ques- tion of whether to make the constitutional changes necessary to permit his return to the premiership indefinitely or to call for elections in April. Ne Win may expect significant opposition to his request for such a constitutional amend- *Burma: #General Ne Win, through his statements ex- plaining resignation as prime minister on 13 February, ment, particularly from former Prime Minister U Nu. How- ever, he is probably counting on the threat of extra-legal ac- tion by the army to influence Parliament to, return him to of-' f' eon his terms. Japan - South oreae In an a or to oc implementa- tion of Japans decision to repatriate Koreans wishing to go to North Korea, the Rhee government has suspended further talks with Japan and begun demonstrations. It apparently in- tends also to cut off trade and step up seizures of Japanese fishing vessels. Despite an alert of South Korean armed forces, no military action is likely except for possible clashes between South Korean Coast Guard vessels and Japanese patrol craft, LATE ITEM LLD *Cuba: The resignation of Prime Minister Miro Cardona and his cabinet on 13 February and the assumption of the top cabinet post by Fidel Castro on 16 February will probably sharpen the latent conflict between Castr&s "26 of July xmve- ment" and other groups that opposed former dictator Batista. This is possibly Castro's first move toward the presidency; he was made eligible for the post by a recent constitutional revision lowering the age requirement. Another revision, con- ferring citizenship rights on foreigners who fought with the 14 Feb 59 DAILY BRIEF Page iii 25X Approved For Release 2002/09/04: CIA-RDP79T00975A004300240001-7 MMON: ----------- VICE Approved For Rel ?ase 2002/09/04: CIA-RDP79TOO975AC 04300240001-7 rebels, also mattes the controversial leftist Argentine, "Che" Guevara, eligible for any high government post. Castro's former position as chief of the armed forces now will probably fall to his younger brother, Raul, whose past actions have demonstrated his irresponsibility. I 14 Feb 59 DAILY BRIEF iv NUMMOMMOMM/4 M ~ ams x"M ME 25X1 25 Approved For Release 2002/09/04: CIA-RDP79TOO975AO04300240001-7 25X1 Approved For Relg 25X1 Soviet Views of Macmillan's Visit to Moscow [The Soviet leaders apparently believe that British views on Berlin and Germany and the likelihood of British elections this year can be exploited to weaken Western unity. The first secretary of the Soviet Embassy in Bonn implied 25X1 that the USSR considers ri - ain the "weakest link" in the es ern front and may drive a "hard bargain" during Prime Minister Macmillan's visit. He hinted that the USSR might suggest withdrawing its Berlin de- mands in exchange for cancellation of plans for West German nuclear rearmament Moscow probably feels that Macmillan's desire for a "peace- maker" role, together with the pressure of British public opinion for a lessening of East-West tensions, makes him particularly vulnerable on the German issue. The Soviet leaders, reminded of the benefits former Prime Minister Eden derived in his 1955 election campaign from having advocated a summit meeting, may seek to obtain at least a tacit endorsement from Macmillan of the desirability of another heads- of -government conference and favorable reference to European security measures. such as a nonaggression pact or a reduction of foreign forces in Germany. Soviet propaganda is stressing the British people's concern over trends in West Germany and their desire for a policy "independent of that imposbd by the Adenauer-Dulles partnership;T') Lin discussing the Berlin problem with Macmillan, Khru- shchev probably will repeat the line 1 e'took with the Norwegian ambassador on 9 February, when he warned that Soviet troops would immediately react to Any violation of the East German frontier by Western forces. He remarked on the significance of Secretary Dulles' reference to the formula that the East Ger- mans might act as "agents" of the USSR and said this formula- tion, while unfortunate, was a move in the right direction. Khru- shchev again denied that his Berlin proposal was intended as] 25X1 25X1 14 Feb 59 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 1 Approved For Release 2002/09/04: CIA-RDP79T00975AO04300240001-7 25X1 Approved F rel tan ultimatum, but said the turnover of Soviet functions to the East Germans could occur sooner or later than 27 May]-- 25X1 25X1 14 Feb 59 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 2 Approved For Release 2002/09/04: CIA-RDP79T00975AO04300240001-7 25X1 Approved For Rel Iftew Macmillan's Visit to the Soviet Union CThe British Foreign Office is preparing a list of questions to be used as "guideposts" for Prime Minister Macmillan's dis- cussions during his week- to ten-day visit to Moscow beginning on 21 February. According to a Foreign Office official, London hopes to ascertain how confident Khrushchev is that the USSR is sufficiently strong to prevent any modification of the European situation. Britain would also like to determine whether the USSR is so apprehensive of a "German-US alliance in NATO" as to con- sider war to prevent its further development. The importance London attaches to the forthcoming trip is indicated by the large number of top-level officials who will accompany Macmillan., lThe US.Emb .s.syfeels thatMacmillan-now has entered the period of "election fever" and may have to be held back "by the coattails" from pushing proposals aimed at impressing the British electorate. The embassy also feels that if British elections were scheduled to follow an East-West conference, the British Government would be under pressure to produce results and "agreements.'~ Macmillan may be considering a nonaggression pact with the Soviet Union. In a possible trial balloon, Reuters on 11 February said that London diplomatic quarters expect Khrushchev to pro- pose a bilateral pact during Macmillan's visit. According to these diplomats, Soviet leaders believe Macmillan's denial of an inten- tion to negotiate would. not rule this out-.A 25X1 25X1 25X1 14 Feb 59 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 3 Approved For Release 2002/09/04: CIA-RDP79T00975A004300240001-7 25X1 Approved For Release 2002/09/04: CIA-RDP79T00975AO04300240001-7 Next 3 Page(s) In Document Exempt Approved For Release 2002/09/04: CIA-RDP79T00975AO04300240001-7 Approved For R ifte w II. ASIA-AFRICA Nasir Says 11a Plans to Drop Campaign Against Iraqi Communists 11.Nasir, through Cairo newspaperman Muhammad Hasanayn Haykal, informed Ambassador Hare on 11 February that the UAR campaign against the Iraqi Communists will be gradually abandoned for "tactical reasons." Haykal added that suppression of Egyptian and Syrian Communists would continue, however, as would the UAR's "basic hostility" toward those in Iraq. ~ l.Nasir's reason for dropping the campaign, according to Haykal, is his feeling that he cannot continue while the French and British still show no indication of changing their opposition to the UAR. He complained specifically of press and clandestine radio attacks against him and alleged British delay in completing financial negotiations with the UAR& Haykal stated that Nasir's complaint did not include the United States, whose position through- out the Iraqi-UAR dispute was "unprecedented in its wisdom:"; Cvarious considerations, besides that put forth by Haykal, prob- ably-entered into the decision. Nasir has had virtually no success in shaping events in Iraq according to his desire, and he has run considerable risk of seriously damaging his relations with the Communist bloc, which backs Iraqi Premier Qasim4 Nasir is unlikely to stop all clandestine opposition to Baghdad, however, and would probably still attempt to aid any internal movement in Iraq which appeared to him capable Of displacing-the present regime. The approach to Ambassador Hare may have been partly designed to elicit some assurance of American support 25X1 25X1 25X1 14 Feb 59 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 7 Approved For Release 2002/09/04: CIA-RDP79T00975AO04300240001-7 25X1 Approved For Release 2002/09/04: CIA-RDP79T00975AO04300240001-7 Next 2 Page(s) In Document Exempt Approved For Release 2002/09/04: CIA-RDP79T00975AO04300240001-7 25X1 Approved For Release 2002/09/04: CIA-R0P79T00975A00 1%W %W Japanese - South Korean Crisis South Korea has responded to Japan's decision to permit the voluntary repatriation of Korean residents in Japan who de- sire to go to North Korea by breaking off negotiations to normal- ize relations with Japan, by commencing nationwide anti- Japanese demonstrations, and by announcing an intention to step up seizures of Japanese fishing boats and to cut off trade. The South Korean Coast Guard and the Air Force alleged- ly have been alerted to intercept "any ships" carrying repatri- ates. These orders are unlikely to result in military action. Actual sailing of repatriation vessels is several months away, and. the most serious incidents likely at the present time are clashes between South Korean and Japanese patrol vessels. The Japanese have intimated they might arm their patrol vessels, which heretofore have been defenseless,Qbut Tokyo is planning to request International Red Cross or possibly North Korean transportation for the repatriates The Kishi Government's decision to act unilaterally on the repatriation issue probably stems from a desire to keep it from developing into a major domestic political problem. Other factors such as the problem of internal security, the expense of maintaining many destitute Koreans, pressure on the labor market, and Japan's vulnerability to charges of violation of "human rights" also entered into the decision] In any event, Japan sees little chance of normalizing relations with South 25X1 25X1 14 Feb 59 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 10 25X1 Approved For Release 2002/09/04: CIA-RDP79T00975AO04300240001-7 Approved For Release 2002/09/04: CIA-RDP79T00975 004300240001-7 25X1 THE PRESIDENT The Vice President Executive Offices of the White House Special Assistant for National Security Affairs Scientific Adviser to the President Director of the Budget Office of Defense and Civilian Mobilization Special Assistant for Security Operations Coordination Board of Consultants on Foreign Intelligence Activities Special Assistant for Foreign Economic Policy Executive Secretary, National Security Council The Treasury Department The Secretary of the Treasury The Department of State The Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary for Political Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary for Administration The Counselor Director, International Cooperation Administration The Director of Intelligence and Research The Department of Defense The Secretary of Defense The Deputy Secretary of Defense Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs The Secretary of the Army The Secretary of the Navy The Secretary of the Air Force The Chairman, The Joint Chiefs of Staff Commandant, United States Marine Corps The Director, The Joint Staff Chief of Staff, United States Army Chief of Naval Operations, United States Navy Chief of Staff, United States Air Force Assistant to Secretary of Defense for Special Operations Director for Intelligence, The Joint Staff Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence, Department of the Army Director of Naval Intelligence, Department of the Navy Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence, Department of the Air Force Supreme Allied Commander, Europe Commander in Chief, Pacific The Department of the Interior The Secretary of the Interior The Department of Commerce The Secretary of Commerce Federal Bureau of Investigation The Director Atomic Energy Commission The Chairman National Security Agency The Director National Indications Center The Director United States Information Agency The Director 25X1 Approved For Release 2002/09/04: CIA-RDP79T00975A004300240001-7 Approved For asTOp9/SECRIET9T00975 4300240001-7 TOP SECRET W proved For Release-2002/09/04: CIA-RDP79T00975A004300240001-7