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December 15, 2016
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December 24, 2002
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October 24, 1960
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Approved For eleaseTOP/275 ' 00975AAO05300460001-2 25X1 24 October 1960 Copy No. C ' ti} b- W MIPLI 10 M / / D CUM N N 25X1 O E , M!P iv'. IN CLASS. NEXT t? .v;4w? 64'%. AUTM Hey 70.2 Department review completed 25X1 7 25X1 1 Vr .7C\r1~G 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/02/27 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO05300460001-2 Next 1 Page(s) In Document Exempt Approved For Release 2003/02/27 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO05300460001-2 A F I 2003/02/27 CIA RDP79T009 05300460001 2 j CENTR L INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN j 24 October 1960 DAILY BRIEF II., ASIA-AFRICA Laos: (King Savang has signed an ordinance accredit- ing the Soviet ambassador and has scheduled an audience 25X1 with him on 26 October. Savang had stalled signing the earlier at le t, had been close to an open break with his governments In Vientiane, there are reports that Kong Le p his position with General Ouane and other officers who, s in Luang Prabang, where he will probable attempt to shore rdinance for ten days, apparently hoping that Souvanna's eutralist government would fall-] Souvanna reportedly now may be planning an early attack on General Phoumi's de- fense line in central Laos c 25X1 25X1 25X1 *.Republic of the Congo: New outbreaks of mutiny and dis- order in the Congolese army reportedly have occurred in Leopold- ville and in the provincial capitals of Stanleyville and Coquilhatvillee Mobutu has flown to Coquilhatville in an effort to restore order ther, eo He is reported to be near the breaking point, and his decision to j Abed For R lease 2003/02/27 : CIA-RDP79T00 75A005300460001-2 Approved Forlease 2003/02/27 : CIA-RDP79T009705300460001-2 25X1 present his i .s motivated party rt a'~ a< iuVine. In am i':flu .gnce in Con{,o , The latest outbreak ht?s glade no attempt N and pro- Lumui bh --- government which we.-'. C head'sue?r Zers r ip_Y have lid..en t. escape from the pressures in h.c m a~~ not be able to retain any _._..rs once he has left t:.% counts-va violence which the UN apparently p, v:ill complicate efforts of the s to reconstitute a Conc olese :chic"? Lumumba. 25X1 Tfl WEST r us;ria: Follo:=a? 'ident Schaerf's refusal to ac- cept his resignation c_ : i Ocf. ?.bcr, Chancellor Raab has agreed to try to re e. L:e zsh t' e People's party - Socialist coalition government. ;? rot cte effort may be necessary, since the long- stancL a -ere ces of the two-oarties over fi- n"= cial policy have becoi.-_ more severe in recent -nonth:3. The dispute with Italy t : South Tirol-- c urre ntly under discussion in the Unit::d " Lions--may be exacerbated during maneuvering for the fcn .4ior of a new governmrment, since both parties may try to outdo each other in seeking public sup- port on the Tirol issue. Cuba: While the ma orityy of Latin American governments seems to feel that the US was Justified in imposing an embargo on most exports to Cuba, o fics=al circles in Mexico and Chile are critical, vi vin; ve US action as giving Castro an inipor- tant propaganda advan .age in the hemisphere. Other govern- ments, while sympathe ic, are concerned over what they expect will be a strong adverse reaction in Latin American public opin- ion. The Canadian press, meanwhile, has been unanimous in applauding Prime Minister Diefenbaker's announcement that 24Oct60 Approved For Release 2003/02/27 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO05300460001-2 Approved Forease 2003/02/27: CIA-RDP79T009705300460001-2 25X1 -C?. ,:-Ia han no mn e 4-,- - of Imposing an~, oli 'via: Presid-Y- is told US Ambassador Strom is under ine ew_ h political and economic 25X1 pr , ;ure as a result o. ?2 ivity by e Creme leftists -~d Conirnunists, who e4: tin she story that he is x L ing the Bolivian az seemed enuinely dl A ;bed, and Strom ~. ...a ..ad "never found him u-set b rep - . .. said h_ on `,s made particularly df_ f.=--t by Communist bI r ., a tin smelter and other cw ~ ofnic aid at a time : _ - the Bolivian treasury is empty. (Page8 ) 24 Oct 60 iii 25X1 25X Approved For Release 2003/02/27 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO05300460001-2 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/02/27 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO05300460001-2 Next 1 Page(s) In Document Exempt Approved For Release 2003/02/27 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO05300460001-2 Approved For iea a 2003/02/27: CIA-RDP79T00975A05300460001-2 25X1 Situation in La 25X1 25X1 25X1 25X1 25X1 25X1 L King Savang has signed an ordinance accrediting the Soviet ambassador and has scheduled audience with him in Luang Prabang on 26 October. Thp King had stalled signing the ordinance for ten days, apparently in the hope that Souvanna's neutralist government would topple. Savang reportedly told that he had no al- ternative but to accept the Soviet en'oy, even though he felt that this would open the door to Soviet infiltration, propagan- da, and subversion, which, he said, !Laos is too weak to re- sist Souvanna reportedly left Vientiane on 22 October for a visit to Luang Prabang and. two provincial capitals in north- ern Laos. He probably is attempting to shore up support for his government from General Ouane and other officers in Luang Prabang who, at least earlier, were close to break- ing openly with Vientiane. Souvanna may also wish to consult with provincial officials on the Pathet Lao military effort in northern Laos. LWith Souvanna and General Ouane out of Vientiane, Kong Le is free of any restraining influence. Reports indicate that Kong, who has been described as politically unsophisticated, has ex= tensive contact with Pathet Lao sympathizers. On 22 October, he reportedly allowed Colonel Singkapo, a ranking Pathet Lao officer, to address a meeting of Laotian Army officers in Vien- tiane on the subject of neutrality. Rumors continue to circulate that Kong, possibly in cooperation with the Pathet Lao, may be planning an attack on General Phoumi's defense line in. central. Laos. ,.,,A Laotian Army patrol investigating the loss of a post in the southern province of Attopeu was attacked on 16 October by Pathet Lao troops wearing new uniforms. The Pathets, who previously have withdrawn in the face of Laotian Army probes, apparently had been resupplied and possibly reinforced. Troops under General Phoumi's control are considered capable of con- trolling only the principal towns in Attopeu Province, while the Pathets have freedom of movement throughout the countryside. Approved For Release 2003/02/27 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO05300460001-2 24 Oct 60 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 3 25X1 Approved For'e e 2003/02/27 : CIA-RDP79T00975 5300460001-2 Situation in the Congo: New outbreaks of mutiny in the Congolese army reportedly have occurred in Leopoldville and in the provincial capitals of Stanleyville and Coquilhatville. Disorderly Congolese troops have terrorized the African quarter of Leopoldville and have routed the police patrols of provincial governor Kamitatu. The UN, which earlier authorized joint patrols in the capital of its troops and Kamitatu's police, apparently has withdrawn its forces. Mobutu has flown to Coquilhatville in an effort to restore order there., he was not concerned over the army's loyalty; he apparently is de- pending on the 5,000-man force based at Thysville to regain control of Leopoldville. Mobutu apparently has vague plans of protesting the activities of Ghana, Guinea, the UAR, Morocco, and the UN command during his projected visit to UN headquarters; however, he reportedly is near the breaking point, and his decision to present his case personally at the UN may have been motivated partly by a desire to escape the pressures in Leopoldville;' In any case, most observers in Leopoldville question whether he will retain any influence in Congolese affairs once he has left the country. The latest outbreak of army violence will complicate the UN's efforts to bring about a peaceful reconciliation of political factions. The UN, under heavy pressure from such pro- Lumumba states as Ghana, Guinea, and the UAR, apparently has reached the conclusion that a solution to the stalemate in Leopoldville is impossible unless Lumumba and his followers are allowed to participate in the government. However, un- rest in the capital would probably prevent any attempt to re- convene the Congolese legislature, and the UN command's failure to take action against the mutineers could compromise its reputation with both the politicans and the populace. 25X1 25X1 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/02/27 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO05300460001-2 24 Oct 60 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 4 A roved Fo 4 Release 2003/02/27 - r-1 - 5AO05 RDP-749;~ The Rustrian i i ollowing President Schaer s refusal o accept res- ignation on 22 October, Chancellor Julius Raab is working to reestablish a coalition of the same two parties which formed the previous government- -Raab's right-center People's party ,and the Socialist party led by Vice Chancellor Bruno Pitter- mann and Foreign Minister Bruno Kreisky. A protracted ef- fort may be necessary to bring the parties together again; long-standing differences over financial policy have become more severe in recent months, and the coalition split came after failure to agree on the 1961 state budget. There has been a deficit of approximately $80,000,000 in the budget both last year and this year, and inflationary pres- sures have been on the rise. In the face of this, the Socialists are advocating a $40,000,000 increase in pensions, out of total planned budget expenditures of about $950,000,000. The Peo- ple's party has not objected publicly to the pension increases but wants to finance them mainly by an increase in contribu- tions, whereas the Socialists propose an increase in taxes that would fall primarily on the well.to-do., ,(Raab had for some time been considering retirement from politics because of ill health. If Raab fails to form a new gov- ernment now, the Socialists may be asked to try because of the close balance of power between the two parties in parliament. The People's party has 79 seats in parliament,. the Socialist par- ty 78. The remaining eight seats are held by the right-wing, pan-German Liberal party./ The cabinet negotiations may indirectly exacerbate the dis- pute between Austria and Italy over the South Tirol--the issue of the rights of the German-speaking population in this area of Italy-- which is currently under discussion by the UN General Assembly's Political Committee. In the maneuvering to form a new govern- ment, both sides may strive to gain public support by outdoing one another with extreme statements on the Tirol issue7l I Approved F 24 Oct 60 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN 75AO05300460001-2 Page 5 25X1 25X1 Approved. ForIease 2003/02/27 : CIA-RDP79T009705300460001-2 Reactions to New U : -: Flo s on Experts to Cuba l a.ile the majority c- .-,ti-. `-Ynericar. governments ap- -oars to feel that the 1: :4 ? . St : es was justified in imposing an embargo on most e: to ::a':;a., o ficial circles in Mex- ico and Chile are tz ;ir : it^ wl attitude toward the US ac- ~w v is :. irg it as an a n t propaganda advantage for heznispher. Castro in "die The Ecuadorea : 1-. mI aster and Bolivian President chile syznpatu'l-_tiC .:e J position, have also expressed concern over what t ey c": act be a strong negative re'ac.- tion in publ ~c opinio oe the hemisphere. Venezuelan }'. ident Betancourt, --all : s the Bolivian President; warned at ~ on, iy s further ac- e US move will be criticized unless on is also taken against the _ =?illo dictatorship in the Domin- ' The ; -an attitude seems complicated by o P ub c p . the hopes apparently r ~? _ .s eo Moth by the Kubitschek adminisW t.rat .on and by Pres ,_ .' .et (ua.dros of effecting a reconcil< iation between the t."?i_ ;..ate and the Castro regime. Some of the Latin American govern=cents expressing sym- for the United States move may see it as obviating the need sy