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December 14, 2016
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October 8, 2002
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December 30, 1961
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I 11111, 11,1111, 11 11 Aill All ////////////////~i~i~ii i i i i i 111 n._._.__..__I r_._ r~_~__~~r~~re~nil ~lt~~~1TAAf1~1C A11I .11I /1AAAA A I 25X1 30 December 1961 Copy No. 25X1 I 7 OF ,00 25X1 t.ceat.,..i..comal.t.a State Dept. review completed 0, TOP SECRET 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/03/10 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO06100320001-8 Approved For Release 2003/03/10 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO06100320001-8 25X1 Approved For Re (ease 2003/03/10: CIA-RDP79T00 75AOQW00320001-8 30 December 1961 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN CONTENTS 1. The Congo situation. (Page t) 3. India-Pakistan: New Delhi invites Pakistani cabinet min- ister to discuss possible fresh approach to Kashmir set- tlement. (Page tit) 4. Chile: Devaluation planned unless foreign exchange help received by 6 January. (Page iii) 5. Vietnam: Hanoi note to Geneva co-chairmen calls US aid to Diem "direct armed aggression" against North Viet- nam. (Page iv) 7. France-Algeria: De Gaulle announces intent to accelerate French military withdrawals from Algeria. (page v) Approved For Release 2003/03/10 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO06100320001-8 25X1 25X1 25X1 Approved Release 2003/03/10 : CIA-RDP79T5A006100320001-8 Mat'a7 Kitona UN United Nations Forces* UN 840 scattered f1 Tshombe's Forces _x,250 UN 1,000 Stan Ieyvi I le Luluabour'g Kongolo` UN 1,100 UN 800 scattered EMM UN 1,150 UN 5,175 The numerical strength of Tshombe's forces in the Elisabethville area has been reduced in the recent fighting, but there are no reliable figures on the number of casualties. 30 Dec 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Map Page Approved For Release 2003/03/10 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO06100320001-8 VIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIILIIIIIII-lIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII-11111IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII11111111111lIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIllllllllrlllIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII,1101111, Approved For R ase 2003/03/10: CIA-RDP79T0 975AOWI00320001-8 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN 30 December 1961 DAILY BRIEF * Congo: Premier Adoula appears to be. following up his negotiations with Tshombe concerning Katanga with moves aimed at establishing the central government's au- thority in other recalcitrant areas of the Congo. On 29 December, the National Assembly charged "King" Albert Kalonji--who has administered his mineral-rich tribal fief- dom in southern Kasai virtually independently of the central government- -with various misd meanors and divested him of his immunity as a deputy. 28 December, Adoula ad- vised UN representative Linner that parliament had voted to censure Gizenga for his separatist activities; Adoula had earlier indicated to Ambassador Gullion that following such censure he. planned to drop Gizenga from his cabinet. In general, however, the central government regards Gizenga and Kalonji as. secondary problems, while viewing Katanga' reintegration with the Congo as vital to the country's economic and political well-being. Tshombe's 29 December claim that UN aircraft had joined in an attack on Kongolo by Stanleyville-based Congo Army troops is unconfirmed. Earlier reports of fighting between Congolese and Katangan.forces near Baudouinville, however, suggest that Stanleyville forces are stepping up their. incursions into north- 25X1 ern Katanga. (Map) 25X1 M Approved For Release 2003/03/10 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO06100320001-8 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/03/10 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO06100320001-8 Approved For Release 2003/03/10 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO06100320001-8 f Approved For Re ase 2003/03/10 CIA-RDP79T00 75A0 D0320001-8 j *India- Pakistan: 25X1 25X1 In a 28 December press co er- ence Nehru reiterated his willingness to "talk" to the Pakistanis at any time, but only if "the existence of things as they are is accepted." Pakistani leaders apparently feel India's loss of pres- tige in some quarters as a result of the seizure of Goa provides a good opportunity to reopen the Kashmir question in the UN, and may be unwilling to forego this chance without some further indication of a genuine Indian willingness t compromise. *Chile: President Alessandri told US Ambassador Cole on 28 December that Chile is now in an acute foreign exchange cri- sis, largely because of the loss of confidence which resulted when receipts in 1961 fell $180,000,,000 short of the government's expectations. The minister of finance--though quoted in the press yesterday as stating that Chile does not plan any devalu- ation of its currency- -told Cole on the 28th that Chile will be forced into an abrupt and disorderly devaluation by 6 January if no dollars become available. Cole considers that such a deval- uation would threaten the collapse of Alessandri's program for restoring the Chilean economy and would greatly strengthen the leftist and pro-Communist forces which have been attacking this program. 30 Dec 61 ff DAILY BRIEF iii 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/03/10 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO06100320001-8 A nnm~inrl For Dn6~e ~f1111IfIQ/10 . !`IA-IA0f10Ri0f1111~f111f11 Jt . pp roved For Re s 2003/03/1 CIA0320001-8 25X1 A sudden heavy outflow of capital during December seems to have precipitated the present crisis. The economic situation in Chile has been precarious for several years, and the budg- etary deficit has continued to increase. Until December, how- ever, inflation and the outflow of capital have been fairly well controlled by Alessandri's "tight-money policy." Arrangements with the West German Government are vir- tually complete for the extension of a DM 100-million credit (about US $25 million), but this probabl ill not be available, until after Chile's 6 January deadline. 25X1 in iustifving open Communist assistance to the Viet Congo Vietnam: North Vietnamese- Foreign Minister Ung Van Khiem, terming recent US aid to South Vietnam "an act of di- rect armed aggression against our country," has asked the UK and USSR as co-chairmen of the 1954 Geneva conference to rec- ommend withdrawal of US personnel and supplies from South Vietnam. Hanoi probably does not expect more than perfunc- tory attention from the co-chairmen. The note, broadcast by Hanoi on 28 December, is designed for propaganda purposes in the hope that heightened international concern would have some retarding effect on US support for Diem. Hanoi may also feel that such complaints over US involvement could be useful 25X1 25X1 30 Dec 61 DAILY BRIEF 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/03/10 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO06100320001-8 Approved For Re 5AOQ 00320001-8 *France-Algeria: De Gaulle's announcement yesterday that the bulk of the French armed forces will be regrouped in Europe during 1962 regardless of how the Algerian situa- tion evolves signals concretely his determination to accel- erate his program of French disengagement from Algeria. He specifically stated that transfer of two of the twelve army divisions now in Algeria as well as of several air force units will begin in January. Without mentioning the provisional Algerian government (PAG) by name, De Gaulle suggested that the seven-year-old conflict might soon end with a "reciprocal accord," and he held out the prospect of French cooperation with a "sovereign and independent" Algeria, provided essential French interests are safeguarded. In an indirect warning to both the PAG and European settlers, he implied that only with such a coopera- tive French-Algerian relationship can there be peace between the European and Moslem communities in Algeria. I IV/ MAI 25X1 25 25X1 25X1 25X1 he is in a ect once again gambling on military loyalty to his regime. Even his withdrawal of only two divisions from Alger' _a few months a o was opposed by his key military advisers. Paris still hopes to be able to announce a cease-fire and the resumption of public negotiations with the PAG in late January, there have been recent indications that many of the French military in Algeria remain tolerant of the anti-De Gaulle Secret Army Organization (OAS), and that Debra's office actually is less optimistic than heretofore that all major military units would remain loyal in a crisis.]} The initial reaction to De Gaulle's speech among the Euro- pean settlers in Algeria reportedly has been marked by disap- pointment and rage, and, particularly in Oran, by street riots. 25Xf MEM 30 Dec 61 DAILY BRIEF v 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/03/10 : CIA-RDP79T00975A006100320001-8 roved For Re se 2003/03/10 :CIA-RDP79T00 75A0100320001-8 ii~i~i~i~~i..... 25X1 2 p J. nis reaeuui1 iil'd.y CU11V11i.e 6110 %IZ.0 i.ii L 1,1Av LLLi1' 11a #L'JYV M for a last-ditch effort to block any French-PAG accord. 25X 25X1 30 Dec 61 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/03/10 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO06100320001-8 DAILY BRIEF vi Approved For Rel ase 2003/03/10: CIA-RDP79T00975A 0320001-8 Turkey ,Last month, following a free election, the military junta returned power to a civilian coalition government headed by Premier Ismet Inonu. However, the key field commanders, through their control of Turkey's armed forces, are capable the Inonu coalition government. of taking over the government a second time. This capability is recognized by and influences the actions of moderate polit- ical leaders such as Premier Inonu, President Cemal Gursel, and retired General Ragip Gumuspala, the leader of the Jus- tice party, which, under mility urging, is a participant in However, some politicians in the Justice party and in other 25X1 parfies appear unwilling to soft-pedal public statements which can be expected to provoke the military. Such politicians are urging prompt amnesty for the 460 members of Menderes' Democratic party who are now in prison. The military opposes amnesty, in part because it fears that the persons now in prison might come to power and take reprisals against the officers who overthrew Menderes in May 1960. It also fears that the release of Menderes' colleagues would pave the way for a restoration of policies which the military considers to have reversed the re- forms of Turkey's great soldier-leader Ataturk. In view of the explosiveness of the amnesty question, Inonu, who as the last living hero of Turkey's War of Independence has unique prestige with the military, told parliament on 25 Decem- ber that he favored eventual amnesty, but insisted that it would be considered until peace and quiet had returned to the country. 25X1 25X1 25X1 30 Dec 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 1 Approved For Release 2003/03/10 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO06100320001-8 25X1 25X1 25XI Approved For Rel 2003/03/10 :CIA-RDP79T00975A0 0320001-8 aanger mat a i or power by one faction might provoke a counterattempt by other factions to seize power, resulting in extensive boo h d and disorders in contrast to the unopposed coup of May 1960. 25X1 11 25X1 There 25X1 25X1 30 Dec 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 2 Approved For Release 2003/03/10 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO06100320001-8 Approved For Rel a 2003/03/10 :CIA-RDP79T00975 00G#00320001-8 25X1 THE PRESIDENT The Vice President Executive Offices of the White House Special Counsel to the President Military Representative of the President The Special Assistant for National Security Affairs The Scientific Adviser to the President The Director of the Budget The Director, Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization The Director, National Aeronautics and Space Administration The Department of State The Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs The Counselor and Chairman of the Policy Planning Council The Director of Intelligence and Research The Treasury Department The Secretary of the Treasury The Under Secretary of the Treasury The Department of Defense The Secretary of Defense The Deputy Secretary of Defense The Secretary of the Army The Secretary of the Navy The Secretary of the Air Force The Assistant Secretary of Defense (International Security Affairs) The Assistant Secretary of Defense The Chairman, The Joint Chiefs of Staff Chief of Naval Operations, United States Navy Chief of Staff, United States Air Force Chief of Staff, United States Army Commandant, United States Marine Corps U.S. Rep., Military Committee and Standing Group, NATO Supreme Allied Commander, Europe Commander in Chief, Pacific The Director, Defense Intelligence Agency The Director, The Joint Staff The Director for Intelligence, The Joint Staff The Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence, Department of Army The Director of Naval Intelligence, Department of Navy The Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence, Department of the Air Force The Department of Justice The Attorney General The Federal Bureau of Investigation The Director The Atomic Energy Commission The Chairman The National Security Agency The Director The United States Information Agency The Director The National Indications Center The Director 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/03/10 : CIA-RDP79T00975A006100320001-8 Approved For ReleasA 3/1 P lgA a09"15AO06100320001-8 .100 1 Vr ,C'.KC 1 0-roorAiiiii 0' 1111,11111 iiiiiiiiii III AF Approved For Release 2003/03/10 : CIA-RDP79T00975A006100320001-8