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December 15, 2016
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December 2, 2002
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March 24, 1962
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i i ~ i ~ i ~ i ~ i ~ i ~ i iii, ~ i i i i i iiiiii i i i iiii i i i i iiiiiiiiiiii i / Approved For Relea~P00~~ C'~1~75A006050001-6 I~ 25X1 ' ~ ~~ 11 R..__~.L ~nnrf - - ---~- ---- -~ -- r/ 25X1/ n....... rz.. r Cr 4~i / ~/ / ~ ~ s / s ,~ i ,~ i ,~ ,~ ,~ ,~ ,~ ~ ,~ ,~ ,~ ~ ,~ ,~ ,~ ,~ / ~ ,~ / ~~ ~ ;~, ,~ / ~ / Gy~~~4TES OF'~~~G / / ~ ,~ /J// // / 25X1 '~ TOP SECRET ~/ / State Dept. reVl~roo~0lp#?t~lelease 2003/02/27 :CIA-RDP79T00975A006300050001-6 25X1 gpproved For Release 2003/02/27 :CIA-RDP79T00975A006300050001-6 Approved For Release 2003/02/27 :CIA-RDP79T00975A006300050001-6 /O%~%%%/~%%%%%%%%%%%%~%%/////////%%///////////////O//////%///////O//////O/ ~ / ~~~/O//////%//////~~/////////////////////00%//O//////%//////O/O////////% 25X? Approved For Rele 003/02/27 :CIA-RDP79T00975A 06+050001-6 24 March 1962 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Ct~NTENTS 25X France-Algerian De Gaulle orders army to put down "armed insurrection" following clashes between. troops and OASo (Page i i) 3o Syria-USSRB Heightened tensions with Israel moving Damascus toward closer ties with Soviet Union. (Rage iii) ~;. Laoso Phourni to meet with, Assistant Secret~.ry Harri- man today. (Axge iii) 8. Brazilo Goulart to emphasize Alliance for Progress proj- ects with broad popular appeal in Washington talkse (Rage v) 9. Bolivia-Chileo La Paz threatens to call QAS foreign minis- tars' meeting over Chilean use of Lauca River waters. (Rzge r~) 25 ~~ 25X;; j -;, ~r ~~ j Approved For Release 2003/02/27 :CIA-RDP79T00975A006300050001-6 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/02/27 :CIA-RDP79T00975A006300050001-6 Next 1 Page(s) In Document Exempt Approved For Release 2003/02/27 :CIA-RDP79T00975A006300050001-6 ~ ~~ ~ i/%~~~/ / ~~%~/%~~/~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ i ~~ i ~ i i ~ i ~ ~ ~ a ~ ~ d ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ r ~ i ~ ~ ~ ~ i ~ i ~ ~ v ~ i ~ a i ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ /O ~ % ~~ ~ %% y ~ ~ %~ D~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ , , T i Approved For Rele~ 20 3/02/27 :CIA-RDP79T00975A006 050001-6 25 j j - *France-A1 eriao De Gaulle's rom . t order to .the French p p Army to put own'_ a European "armed.-insurrection" follow j ing clashes. between troops and Secret Arrny C)rganization (OAS) elements in Algiers indicates his intention to commit .the army decisively to implement government policy. The .Algiers outbreak may have been, sparked by extremists .be~ yond OAS chief Salan's control; Satan recently had. reportedly wished.to avoid a direct confrontat~.on. If the OAS does not make a strong showing in the face of army. action in Algiers or if it does :not score a spectacular success elsewhere, .its potential for sabotaging the government's program .will decline. inister of the Armed Forces Messmer. told a US Embassy offi,e r on 21 March that he thought the situation in Algiers w s "manageable " but. that he feared "rave slaughter" ~ in Orar . (Backup, Page 1~ 24 Mar. 62 DAILY' BRIEF 25X ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~j ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Approved For Release 2003/02/27 :CIA-RDP79T00975A006300050001-6 Approveor Release 2003/02/27 :CIA-RDP79975A006300050001-6 -Son La r 1 ~~Sam. Neua , '~,~ SAM NEUA Ph0 Khoii i;~ f aq Vieng ~ i/~ a mot ,`~.~.~ t ` / ~, Ban Xieng C houang 25X1 25X1 ~~ yi ntiane -~_ `,ai~,iP_rnfl'ient tOrCES +- Kong Le-Pathet Lao forces i~:ong Le-Pathet Lao areas pane FCai~ but ~aP eons ]line ~~ ~ sARl~v~,t~E 24 Ma.~? 62 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Mai Page Approved For Release 2003/02/27 :CIA-RDP79T00975A006300050001-6 Mekong Luanq~ f ~'^'~ ~ Nong Het` Thar; H~. j 25X; Approved For Rele 2003/02/27 :CIA-RDP79T00975A006 050001-6 j *Syria-USSRo he heightened tension with Israel is-move ing the Syrian o rnment toward closer ties with the Soviet Union. Mosc?w has sent Damascus a n?te expressing support of Syria?s opp?sition to the Israeli program for. diverting the waters of the Jordan River. Prime Minister Dawalibi, in a meeting with the American ambassador ?n.22 March, urged .the United States to take a public position that n? action.to di~ vest the Jordan waters should be taken until a.decisi?n by the UN Security Council caa~ be reached. The Security Council meets next Wednesday on the Syrian~Israeli border situation, Dawalibi, however, has .indicated that he is confident he can rely on the USSR to veto any decis? n can the waters issue that might be adverse to Syrian interest The Syrian prime rniniste~, pressing hard for US backing, Soviet bl c of "Western .states which provide Israel. with arms- and money9 and sociali t deputies demanded.closer coo~aeration with the predl'cted that if it became. general knowledge. that only the. S?~ viet Union .was supporting the. Arabs .and Syrians at this- c~?ucial time, there would be apopular.-ground swell toward the USSR. He claimed that his own middle-of-the-road government would be -swept away and .that .there would be an explosion of anti American sentiment throughout the Arab world. In a.meeting of parliament on 21 March, there was. widespread criticism aos? Hera oumi, w o a -ear er re use to meet with~sssta ~ Secretary Harriman in Barngkok, n?w has agreed to meet with-the Secretary and Prime Minister Sarit on_24 March in Nong Khai9 a Thai border-town southeast ?f Vientianeo Fol~ .lowing: this meeting, Secretary Harriman is scheduled to fly to Vientiane for further. talks. over the weekend with King Savang, Phoumi, and other government officials. Harriman9 noting Phoumi?s ,~ntinued intransigence regarding the ministries of defense and interior, has stated that the pr~~..s,,pects-for success- ful negotiations with Phoumi. are "not bri~h~'p 24 Mar 62 DAILY BRIE F iii 25X Approved For Release 2003/02/27 :CIA-RDP79T00975A006300050001-6 25X1 gpproved For Release 2003/02/27 :CIA-RDP79T00975A006300050001-6 Next 1 Page(s) In Document Exempt Approved For Release 2003/02/27 :CIA-RDP79T00975A006300050001-6 Approved For Rele j 2003/02/27 .CIA-RDP79T00975A0063 050001-6 25X'~j 25X' Brazil.O President Goulart on 20 March reviewed with the US am a ador various .aspects of his official visit to .the United States which begins on 3 April. Goulart empha~ sized that. he wanted to talk with President Kennedy alone, ~~j "without the limitations which the presence of Brazilian cabinet ministers might place on such a frank discussion:' Goulart said the difficulties in .Argentina reinforced his con vietion that any economic stabilization. effort in Brazil must not impinge unfairly on the working class and that the Alli- ance for Progress must include projects with a very broad social. appeal. He laid special emphasis on plans-for medical and .dental centers in small. towns. He further said he intends to discuss the problem of for~ign~owned utilities in Brazil and 25X the o uiar ress f f t ' ' p p p ures or ur her ex ro t p prig ions. is a so It 1 likely .that Goulart_ will raise the questi n of US hel for de- velo in .Brazilian ,rese Chile-Bolivian The Bolivian Foreign Ministry on 22 March sent- an ultimatum to-Chile threatening. to calla .meeting of OAS foreign ministers to consider charges of Chilean "aggression" against Bolivia, The ultimatum is a response.. to a Chilean note 24 Mar 62 DAILY BRIE F Approved For Release 200'3/02/27 :CIA-RDP79T00975A006300050001-6 Approv or Release 2003/02/27 :CIA-RDP7 975A006300 -6 BOLIVIA 25X1 al Hi BRAZIL ~~ 24 Mar 62 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Map Page Approved For Release 2003/02/27 :CIA-RDP79T00975A006300050001-6 Approved For Rele a 2003/02/27 :CIA-RDP79T0097 006300050001-6 stating: that early in April, Chile intends to begin. operating the hydroelectric power plant and the irrigation network: it has constructed in the Chilean. headwaters of the Lauca River Bolivia charges that Chile's use of the river violates interna- tional practice and is an "act of aggression against Bolivia's . sovereignty." e Bolivian foreign minister told the US ambassador thex`~would be "serious violence"` in Bolivia if Chile carried out 't plan. He hinted that the US should offer .its good of - fice The Bolivian Government may be exaggerating this issd as a means of diverting public attention from domestic problems and of forcing Santiago into negotiations on Bolivia's lon -standin as irations for a Pacific seaport. ~Backupy Page ~:) p ~% 2~: Mar 62 -DAILY BRIEF vi ~ ~ 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/02/27 :CIA-RDP79T00975A006300050001-6 Approved For Ke~ea~ 2003/UZ/Z7 : GIA-KUF'79 100975AOydy~105000'I-6 25X1 *Argentinao -The threat of a military takeover appears somewhat lessened.by the. agreement yesterday of the wide- ly respected Lt. General Pedro Aramburu to help resolve the present political crisis and by the subsequent announce- ment that some of the cabinet posts in a proposed coalition have been. filled. As of 0330 this morning, reports. indicated that the ministers of defense, economics, labor and social security, -and interior had been named. Negotiations were- . evidently still going on, however, and it was by no means clear. that Frondizi would have a cabinet formed by the 26 M~.rch deadline set by the armed forces. In any event, a lasting agreement between Frondizi and the military is un- likely unless Frondizi shows willingness to break with. his . controversial adviser Frigerio. Aramburu, as president of the provisional military gov- ernment which followed PeronPs overthrow in 1955, was the strongest influence in insisting on constitutionality when some military elements wanted to bloc Frondizi's inauguration in ..1958_. Since then Aramburu has frequently mediated disputes between Frondizi and the rnili~ary, although he also is now disillusioned with- Frondizi. The general strike called by Peronista unions as 'a pro- test against government intervention. in provinces where they won elections has thus far been. ignored by two-thirds of or- ganized labor and had no effect on trans ortation and commu- nications facilities. 25 24 Ma.r 62 DAILY BRIEF vii 25X1' ///O///////////////////////////////O////~///////////////////O///~//O///~///////////O////// ~ i i i i i of of o o i Approved For Release 2003/02/27 :CIA-RDP79T00975A006300050001-6 25X1 gpproved For Release 2003/02/27 :CIA-RDP79T00975A006300050001-6 Approved For Release 2003/02/27 :CIA-RDP79T00975A006300050001-6 Approved For Rele 2003/02/27 :CIA-RDP79T00975A0063000 Situation in Algeria 0001-6 25X1 25X1 US Consul Johns?n in Algiers, who visited. Oran in late.~Jan- uary, noted .that sentimental adherence of the European popula- tion to the OAS was more striking there than in Algierso He attributed this partly to the higher proportion of Europeans to Moslems in Oran--almost 1 to 1, as contrasted with 3 to 5 in .Algiers. and. its immediate surroundings. Johnson said ,that race hatred- in Oran appeared even fiercer. than iri the working- class. Bab-el~Oued quarter of Algiers, where-.the 23 March battle occurred, He noted that the OAS has made little effort in the Oran area.to enlist Moslem. backing, and he feels the Europeans are willing or even eager to drive all Moslems out if the OAS should seize the city and set up a European enclaveo ~he Europeans of Oran are largely of Spanish descent and, according to Messmer, "more determined, more bloodthirsty, and harder to control" than those elsewhere in Algeriaa Part of their. determination to remain in Algeria at all costs stems .from the fact that many fought against Franco in the Spanish civil war and realize tha they would face an uncertain future if they returned to Spain (~eanwhile, the French cabinet postponed -its expected 23 March public announcement of the members of the provi- sional executive for Algeria, possibly to await- further develr~ opments in the security situation there, However, it nam~ 25X1 24 Mar 62 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 1 Approved For Release 2003/02/27 :CIA-RDP79T00975A006300050001-6 Approved For R~lease 2003/02/27 :CIA-RDP79T00975A006300p50001-6 25X1 3ernard Tricot, a member of De Gaulle~s entourage and.re~ putedly one of his closest confidants, as deputy high commis- siopner for Al aria, to serve under High Commissioner Fou- chets 24 Mar 62 CENTRAL INTE LLIGENCE ~ BULLETIN Page. 2 25X1 25X1 25X1 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/02/27 :CIA-RDP79T00975A006300050001-6 25X1 gpproved For Release 2003/02/27 :CIA-RDP79T00975A006300050001-6 Approved For Release 2003/02/27 :CIA-RDP79T00975A006300050001-6 Approved For R~' Bolivia-Protests Chilean River Project Although Chile announced .its plans for the hydroelectric- irrigation project in 1939 and consulted frequently with Boliv- ian authorities since .construction began in 1948, the Bolivian Government made no protest until November 1961, when the completed installation was.-tested. In response to the Boliv- ian protest, the Chilean foreign minister passed to the Boliv- ian ambassador in Santiago a lengthy note reviewing the 23-year history of the project in full detail and pointing out that Bolivia, through lack of objection, had tacitly approved. The note was published in Chile on 5 December. Three days later, a Bolivian mob, reacting "to statements by B?livian officials, attackedthe- Chilean-Embassy in La Paz in protest over- Chile?s "geographical aggression" and alleged insults to Bolivian national honor. For about a month thereafter,. the two nations exchanged charges and countercharges designed more to placate protest- ing domestic elements than to solve the basic problem. Since early February, however9 negotiations have proceeded through normal- diplomatic channels .and. it appeared ..that the dispute .would be settled amicably. The hydroelectric power derived from -the Lauca River will be transmitted to Arica, and. the water. used in generate ing power will subsequently be used to irrigate-the:Azapa .valley. Both functions of the project. have obvious .economic value. to Chile. In contrast, Bolivia has no use for the water of the. Lauca, which discharges .into salty, landlocked Lake Coipasa, and has no plans for .its use in the futureo Qne of the major factors in Bolivia?s recent- display of .intransigence may. be the belated realization. that if Chile is permitted to .tap the Lauca .River, Bolivia ma have to a ree to Peru?s using the water of Lake Titicaca. 25X1 25X1 25X1 25X1 24-Mar. 62 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 4 Approved For Release 2003/02/27 :CIA-RDP79T00975A006300050001-6 25X1 gpproved For Release 2003/02/27 :CIA-RDP79T00975A006300050001-6 Approved For Release 2003/02/27 :CIA-RDP79T00975A006300050001-6 Approved For Red p50001-6 25X1 THE PRESIDENT The Vice President Executive Offices of the White House Special Counsel to. the President Mi I i tary Representative of the President The Special Assistant for National Security Affairs The Scientific Adviser to the President The Director of the Budget The Director, Office of Emergency Planning The Director, National Aeronautics and Space Administration The Department of State The Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs The Counselor and Chairman of the Policy Planning Council The Director of Intelligence and Research The Treasury Department The Secretary of the Treasury The Under Secretary of the Treasury The Department of Defense The Secretary of Defense The Deputy Secretary of Defense The Secretary of the Army The Secretary of the Navy The Secretary of the Air Force The Assistant Secretary of Defense (International Security Affairs) The Assistant Secretary of Defense The Chairman, The Joint Chiefs of Staff Chief of Naval Operations, United States Navy Chief of Staff, United States Air Force Chief of Staff, United States Army Commandant, United States Marine Corps U. S. Rep., Military. Committee and Standing Group, NATO Supreme Allied Commander, Europe Commander i n Chief, . Paci fi c The Director, Defense Intelligence Agency The Director, 'The Joint Staff The Director for Intelligence, The Joint Staff The Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence, Department of Army The Director of Naval Intelligence, Department of Navy The Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence, Department of the Air Force The Department of Justice The Attorney General The Federal Bureau of Investigation The Director The Atomic Energy Commission The Chairman The National Security agency The Director The United States Information Agency The Director The National Indications Center The Director 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/02/27 :CIA-RDP79T00975A006300050001-6 Approved or Re~~D3~~~P79 75A006300050001-6 ~/, Approved For Release 2003/02/27 :CIA-RDP79T00975A006300050001-6