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December 15, 2016
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March 5, 2003
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April 17, 1962
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25X1 17 April 1962 Copy No. add' 25X1 TOP SECRET State Dept. revie'pe f f@a Release 2003/04/17 : CIA-RDP79T00975A006300250001-4 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/04/17 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO06300250001-4 Approved For Release 2003/04/17 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO06300250001-4 A r2rQ 1 For ease 2003/04117 1-1A-RDP79T00 75?4P196300250001-4 p 17 April 1962 j j CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN CONTENTS 1. West Germany: Adenaue.r may ask De Gaulle to help op- pose US proposals for Berlin settlement. (Page i) 2. Israel: Meir asks removal of UN Truce Supervision Or- ganization chief. (Page it) 3. Congo: Kasavubu and Adoula considering means of dismiss- ing army chief General Mobutu. (Page it) USSR: Khrushchev apparently in fair health but has begun to slow down. (Page iii) 25X1 Iran: Atmosphere in Tehran tense over arrests of top mil- itary officers on corruption charges. (Page ip) $. Common Market Africa: EEC and 16 African countries reach agreement on new association arrangement. (Page v) Guatemala: New demands for Ydigoras' resignation follow 12 April riots. (Page vi) 10. Bolivia--Chile: Diplomatic relations suspended in dispute over water rights to' Lauca River. (Page v) 11. Syria: New cabinet named. (Paige vii) 12. LATE ITEM: Chinese Communist National People's Con- gress ends; the few details thus far available indicate no basic change in policies. (Page vii) 25X1 j Approved For Release 2003/04/17 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO06300250001-4 Approved For R - 5A300250001- j CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN 17 April 1962 DAILY BRIEF 0 25X1 ivided in their reaction to new US pro- I posa s for a Berlin settlement. Christian Democratic West German est German political leaders are 25X1 25X1 Bundestag floor leader Von Brentano and Minister for Special Tasks Krone view them as "unacceptable:' At a special meet- ing of officials and the Bundestag floor leaders on 12 April, Adenauer, showing concern over. the sharpness of Brentano's reaction, said he would approach De Gaulle to ask him to op- pose the.. plans, noting that the time had apparently come to against any move which could encourage a loosenin of West German ties to the Wes 25X1 nerstone of his European policy, and he has frequently argued he German press has given wide, coverage to the. US pro- posals without any particular expression of alarm, although two leading newspapers stress Brentano's opposition, assert- ing his visit to the US beginning 25 April now assumes the charac- ter of a "special mission" to express German opposition.to some of the proposals. De Gaulle would probably be sympathetic to an appeal by Adenauer. French-German cooperation is the cor- endorsed the proposals as "the only realistic. polic "test German-French friendship:' Foreign Minister Schroeder, Free Democratic party leader Mende, and Social Democratic party "(SPD) leader Ollenhauer, however, appeared to be more sympathetic, and the SPD executive committee has subsequently (Backup, Page 1, 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/04/17 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO06300250001-4 Approved For R ase 2003/04/17: CIA-RDP79T009 5A300250001-4 25X1 j 25X1 25X1 25X1 Israel-Syria-UN~ he Israeli attitude toward UN pro- cedures for dealing w border: tension has hardened as a result of the Security Council's censure of the mid-March reprisal raid against Syria. Foreign Minister Meir has re- quested the removal of General von Horn, chief of staff of the UN Truce Supervision Organization, because of his "in- accurate statements" to the Security Council. She has also emphasized Israel's conviction that the only answer to Syrian "provocation" is to return the fire. Israel claims that Syrian fishing boats are again operating on Lake Tiberias and that Syrian Army equipment has been seen on the lake shore. The Israelis have returned their patrol boat to the lake and have moved a limited number of tanks and heavy equipment toward the area. US Embassy officials are con- vinced that the failure of the most recent Israeli raid- -in which Von Horn said 1,300-1,500 Israelis participated-will induce them to launch any new operation in greater force. Meanwhile, the ambushing of two Israeli trucks on 11-12 April in southern Israel has raised tension in that areT (Backup, Page Congo: resident Kasavubu and Premier Adoula are con- sidering means of dismissing army chief General Joseph Mo- butu, according to UN officials in Leopoldville. Ambassador Gullion observed that while Mobutu has shown no animosity toward Adoula, the premier has lately spoken disparagingly of Mobutu.. There are also rumors in Leopoldville that Adoula may initiate a ,cabinet shakeup in the near futurJ Recent friction between Adoula and Mobutu has stemmed in part from Adoula's frustration over the army's shortcom - ings, disagreements. concerning its retraining and eventual size, and from Mobutu's reported efforts to obtain military advisers from Belgium. Mobutu's dismissal would have rep r- cussions within the army and could damage Adoula's position 17 Apr 62 DAILY BRIEF 11 25X1 j 25X1 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/04/17 : CIA-RDP79T00975A006300250001-4 25X1 j j Approved For R - Ai300250001-4 j USSR: Khrushchev, who is 68 years old today, appears to be in generally fair health, but there are signs that he has begun.to slow down. During each of the past three winters, for example, his heavy schedule has left him visibly fatigued and susceptible to respiratory infections, with the result that at least one bout with influenza has become an annual event. He was ill with flu in early January of this year; another virus.attack evidently necessitated a postponement of the Su preme Soviet from 10 to 23 April. The other leaders, carry on quietly during Khrushchev's extended absences from Moscow, and as yet there has not been any noticeable increase in political maneuvering within the party presidium in preparation for a succession crisis. Khru- j shchev gives every indication of being. in full command. How- ever, there probably continue to be disagreements within the hierarchy over such questions as the proportion of economic .resources that should be devoted to the consumer sector and the pace and extent of liberalization in the wake of renewed at- 25X1 tacks against Stalin. 25X1 17 Apr 62 DAILY BRIEF 01 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/04/17 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO06300250001-4 Approved For R se 2003/04/17 ? CIA-RDP79T00975 fiL1.300250001-d 25X1 J j I. j 25X1 Iran: ((The atmosphere in government and military cir- cles in e'J r"an has become increasingly tense over rumors that former chief of the Supreme Staff General Hedayat and former Minister of War General Vossuq will be arrested on charges of corruption in negotiations of military contracts. Two generals and two colonels were arrested on 12 April on 17 Apr 62 DAILY BRIEF iv Approved For Release 2003/04/17 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO06300250001-4 Annroved For R se 2003/04/17 - CIA-RDP79TOO97 AMA600250001-4 25X.1 0 25X1 imilar charges. Prime Minister Amini was minister of fi- 'lance from 1953 to 1955 when the military contracts were being negotiated. The arrests were reportedly ordered by the Shah before he left for the United States. The Shah dis- like Amini and may be laying the groundwork for removing him 25X EVIN"; 25X1 25X1 25X1 25X1 Common Market - Africa: /(The Common Market (EECyand 16 African countries reached arreement in principle at a three- day meeting last week on the broad outline of a new EEC-Afri- can association arrangement to replace the 1957 convention which expires at the end of this year. Major exports of the associated states will begiven preferential access to EEC markets, but thedegree of preference will be reduced some- what. EEC financial assistance to the Africans is expected to total about $800,000,000 over the next five years, although the exact amount and the contribution of each EEC country to the aid fund have not, yet been decided. The EEC contemplates no direct reply to the US memorandum of early February which again offers to negotiate alternative arrangements. to soften the discriminatory impact of the new EEC-African association on producers. in other underdeveloped arei4_.~ IlLast week's meeting did not discuss an extension of the newMrmula to African states which are not now associated with the EEC, but it was generally agreed that such extension was not precluded. London has already begun consultations with African members of the Commonwealth to point out the- advantages to them of EEC associatio-iIAT_ . 17 Apr 62 DAILY BRIEF I Approved For Release 2003/04/17 : CIA-RDP79TOO975AO06300250001-4 D Hua yCata 25X1 25X1 17 Apr 62 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Map Page BOLIVIA UNCLASSIFIED I MILls zoo L I 1 Approved For Release 2003/04/17 : CIA-RDP79T00975A006300250001-4 A.~.~.~..~J r~~ F /fAA7/AA/A7 . /''IA P'f l"11"17f1Tf f f1 G ACA AA AA f1G AAA A A 25X1 0011/11 j Guatemala: //Fhe death of four students following a clash j 25X1 25X1 on 12 April_ with ilitary police has led to new demands for President Ydigoras' resignation. The three anti-Communist opposition parties issued a demand for the President's resig- nation on. 1.4 April after student leaders, admitting that their efforts against the regime last month were unduly influenced j by the y had sought ofparties' Guatemala support. Cit The sev eral professional groups have joined in the demand. a speech ? broadcast late on 15 April, Ydigoras theInde- mands.for his resignation but a heIde announced.that he would soon chaadoptede the cabinet the inter- ests of better government during the rest of his term.. He also month and ea1thMarip to the. US he had planned j said he now f ort ate this plans early % Events since mid-March have weakened Ydigoras' posi= tion, and new crises can be expected within the next three months. The military--the final arbiter in Guatemala.--are still proclaiming their loyalty to "constitutional order" but in the past have proved ready to turn against a President when they have determined that he has lost popular sunnor9. .consulted repeatedly by Chile over its plans for aLauca River U Bolivia-Chile: . Bolivia has suspended diplomatic relations with Chile in a dispute over water rights to the Lauca River, and Chile in turn has announced a decision to withdraw its am- bassador and embassy staff from La Paz. The Bolivian capi- tal was the scene of anti-Chilean demonstrations yesterday, and police reportedly used tear gas in dispersing several thou- . sand students who tried to storm the Chilean Embassy. Bolivia had taken the water dispute . to the Organization of American States on 14 April. Since 1939 the Bolivian authorities have been .17 Apr 62 DAILY BRIEF vi 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/04/17 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO06300250001-4 14/17: CIA-RDMT004AQW00250001-4 25X1 irrigation project but raised no objection until the project was ready for testing late last year. President Paz has encouraged Bolivian agitation on the Lauca-River question since December, when large-scale riots, similar. to those on 16 April, first occurred at the Chilean E 11.1 C"wmy Paz' motives may be to promote unity in the badly divided government party. He may also be seeking popular support for a build-up of the army, which is more likely to be loyal to Paz .than to his chief opponents in domestir nolifirs. I *Sxri : The new civilian cabinet announced by President a Qudsi yesterday is.largely composed of technicians, but has Se key defense ministry post held by army commander in chief Gen- eral Zahr al-Din, head of the military junta.which last week per- suaded Qudsi to resume the presidency. The cabinet, formed partially as a result of pro-UAR pressures in Syria, has been described by Damascus radio as "transitional," and probably is almost completely army-dominated. New Prime Minister Dr. Bashir al-Azmah has 09an a professor at the Syrian University Medical School, and w minister of health for the Syrian Region of the UAR from October 1958 to August 1960; he is not known to have any. political party affiliation. Leftist pressure for cabinet representation has been recognized by the appointment of pro- Baathist Ahmad Abd al-Karim, a former army colonel, as min- ister of social affairs, labor, and agrarian reform, Abd al- Karim was- amember of the leftist army junta in Syria prior to the 1958 union with Egypt, and subsequently served in the Syrian 'Region cabinet under the UAR. Several other members of the new cabinet served in technical capacities in cabinets during the UAR period. F_ . *Communist China: Peiping has thus far released few details of what went on at the 21-day session of the National People's I P7 A 0 25X1 iJAMI.Ul JJItl JV vii 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/04/17 : CIA-RDP79TOO975AO06300250001-4 Approved For R se 2003/04/17 ? CIA-RDP79TO09 5A&QA 00250001-4 25X1 25X1 Congress. which concluded yesterday, and it apparently hopes to keep most of the proceedings there secret. What has been released suggests that the regime was so embarrassed by its domestic failures that it. even withheld details from the con- gress delegates; although congresses have in.the..past been called on to give formal approval to the state budget and plan, this time a resolution was passed transferring this.task.to the congress's Standing Committee. ape recordings of some of the speeches at the congress rep rtedly are being played for - privileged audiences in China, and says they contain "a great d al of criticism and self-criticism" for China's economic failure The summary account released by Peiping of Premier Chou En-lai's remarks. on. domestic policy indicate that the regime will continue its retreat from exaggerated "leap- forward" economic policies, and that the regime's. awareness of widespread popular dissatisfaction has. led it to adopt a concilia- tory stance toward non-Communist elements of the population. 25X1 Peiping's even briefer account of Chou's remarks on foreign policy included an affirmation of "unswerving" friendship and co- operation with Moscow, but no suggestion whatever of any signifi- cant modification of Pei in 's position on s ecific issues in dispute with the USSR. (Backup, Page 4) 25X1 17 Apr. 62 DAILY BRIEF viii 5 L~X'I OM OMEN E. MEMA Approved For Release 2003/04/17 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO06300250001-4 25X1 Adenauer to call a special meeting of the leaders of all three Bundestag parties that afternoon. At the meeting, Brentano called the proposals an intolerable "giveaway" which, Krone added, would "never be accepted in Berlin or West German JJ 03/04/17: CIA-RDP79T00975A006 West German Views on Berlin The new US proposals apparently did not cause a particu- lar stir in the Bonn government until Brentano heard of them on 12 April. the for- mer foreign minister became so agitated that he persuaded They charged that practical. control of access was conceded 25X1 25X1 [En the early part of the meeting with party leaders, Ade- nauer reportedly was somewhat evasive as to his position, but under prodding by Brentano began to complain about "US soft- ness and unreliability" and asserted that the United States seemed not to recognize the vital interests of its Allies and to be "un- willing to keep American pledges:' With regard to acceptance of the Oder-Neisse frontier, Adenauer said he had agreed with the President that such a sacrifice would be made only if it would lead to progress toward meeting other popular German aspirations-- i, e. , reunification. Adenauer also said it had been a terrible mistake not to proceed more rapidly with European integration, since it would then have been possible to tell the Americans that of the neutrals to the East Germans, and that nonaggression declarations would amount to acceptance of the interzonal and Oder-Neisse borders. They also maintained that East German participation in access control, the German technical commissions, and acceptance of the borders amount to recognition of the partition of Germany and the theory of two German states. In talks with American of- ficials in Bonn, Adenauer has contended that the proposed inter- national acceas authority would leave Berlin access at the mercy all Europe as a body rejected these idea 25X1 25X1 25X1 25X1 25X1 17 Apr 62 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 1 Approved For Release 2003/04/17 : CIA-RDP79T00975A006300250001-4 25X1 25X1 Approved For Ruse 2003/04/17 :CIA-RDP79T00975A006{300250001-4 Israel Requests UNTSO Chief's Removal TN Under Secretary Bunche has said that as far as he can determine, this is the first time a written protest against any UNTSO chief of staff has been submitted by either Israel or the Arab states, although he recalled that the Israelis had made oral protests against both of Von Horn's predecessors. Israel's re- quest for Von Horn's removal was made in a.letter from Foreign Minister Meir to U Thant. Mrs. Meir asserted that, while oc- casional disagreements were possible and excusable, no basis for further cooperation between Israel and Von Horn existed because of the "total loss of confidence" which now prevaile he Israelis were especially annoyed by Von Horn's. conten- tion, in his report to the Security Council, that UN observers had found no evidence of a fortified position, "existing or destroyed," in the area that Israel attacked on 16 March. Israel contends, that the Syrians provoked the reprisal by firing on Israeli boats from fortified positions. Von Horn admitted privately to members of the American UN delegation that his observers had not seen the entire area in question at the time his report was presented, but that subsequently tYey had, and that only slit trenches and fox- holes were observe Non ,10 April the Israeli Knesset, by a 76-3 vote, adopted a resoTution categorically rejecting the Security Council's resolu- tion on the recent Lake Tiberias incidents as biased and fostering aggressiveness. It further asserted Israel's inalienable right to self-defense, its unwillingness to submit to aggression, and its determination to preserve its sovereignty in principle and prac- tice over "all its territory and waters.' Israel claims sovereignty over all of Lake Tiberias despite the existence of the demilitar- ized zone--only ten meters wide for half the length of the lake on the eastern shore. The issue of sovereignty within the zone was left unresolved in the Israeli-Syrian armistice agreement of 1949 The Israelis have become sensitive to any challenge in this are - ecause of their plans to use the. lake's waters as part of their 25X1 25X1 17 Apr 62 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 2 Approved For Release 2003/04/17 : CIA-RDP79T00975A006300250001-4 25X1 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/04/17 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO06 ordan River diversion project. They are tending to identify yrian shooting with attempts to impede, if not stop, imple- mentation of the project. The probability that the Israelis will respond to future Syrian firing with even greater force is indi- cated by evidence that the recent Israeli raid did not silence the Syrian positions. Von Horn, in fact, has said the Israelis were decisively beaten and did not come anywhere near their target objective 25X1 25X1 25X1 17 Apr 62 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 3 Approved For Release 2003/04/17 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO06300250001-4 Approved F 6300250001-4 Communist China's National People's Congress Closes According to the summaries released by Peiping, Chou in- dicated to the congress that economic policy this year will follow the lines., laid out in 1961--further consolidation, retrenchment, readjustment, and preparation for future economic progress. But no indication was given as to when the currently depressed economy might be capable of further advances... Two days after Chou made his report, . the conservative nature of his remarks was underlined by an authoritative People's Daily editorial which called for realism in economic planning, observed that "haste .will not succeed;" and stated that "we reject the theory of a quick victory... a desire to get things done cheaply and by empty talk:' Thus, despite the ritualistic nod which Chou made toward the "three red banners of the general line, the leap forward, and the people's communes," these programs no longer have substantive significance. Chou put great stress on improving the regime's relations with such disparate groups within China as the national. minori- ties, "patriotic capitalists," the bourgeois intelligentsia, and religious bodies. The regime. probably considers it prudent to relax restrictions on non-Communists during the protracted eco- nomic crisis in an effort to gain wider public support.. In this con- nection, Chou stated that the regime will continue through 1966, and possibly longer, to pay capitalists interest on their confiscated holdings, although -such payments could have been.ended this year under Peiping's. original schedule. Intellectuals are also to receive more favorable treatment;. Chou asserted that most Chinese intel- lectuals are now loyal to Peiping and must be allowed increased re- sponsibility. Prior to the congress, Vice Premier Chen Yi had .toured various parts of the country speaking in a similar vein, tell- ing intellectuals they will now be judged by professional quality rather than political fervor. On the subject of Sino-Soviet relations, Chou indicated that the Chinese still see their concept of the "east wind prevailing over the 2X1 25X1 17 Apr 62 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 4 Approved For Release 2003/04/17 : CIA-RDP79T00975A006300250001-4 Approved For 0250001-4 west" as the basis for correct Communist tactics toward the West, despite Moscow's displeasure with this formulation. While affirming for the record Peiping's support for negotia- tions and peaceful coexistence. with the West, Chou urged a strategy whiph would give priority to armed revolution in colo- nial and underdeveloped areas of the world. Chou's insistence on these points, is a.further indication that while Peiping and Moscow have evidently been making some efforts to give an ap- pearance of unity, they hold fast to their res ctive views. in 25X1 their dispute. 25X1 25X1 25X1 17 Apr 62 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 5 Approved For Release 2003/04/17 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO06300250001-4 Approved For THE PRESIDENT The Vice President Executive Offices of the White House Special Counsel to the President Military Representative of the President The Special Assistant for National Security Affairs The Scientific Adviser to the President The Director of the Budget The Director, Office of Emergency Planning The Director, National Aeronautics and Space Administration The Department of State The Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs The Counselor and Chairman of the Policy Planning Council The Director of Intelligence and Research The Treasury Department The Secretary of the Treasury The Under Secretary of the Treasury The Department of Defense The Secretary of Defense The Deputy Secretary of Defense The Secretary of the Army The Secretary of the Navy The Secretary of the Air Force The Assistant Secretary of Defense (International Security Affairs) The Assistant Secretary of Defense The Chairman, The Joint Chiefs of Staff Chief of Naval Operations, United States Navy Chief of Staff, United States Air Force Chief of Staff, United States Army Commandant, United States Marine Corps U.S. Rep . , Military Committee and Standing Group, NATO Supreme Allied Commander, Europe Commander in Chief, Pacific The Director, Defense Intelligence Agency The Director, The Joint Staff The Director for Intelligence, The Joint Staff The Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence, Department of Army The Director of Naval Intelligence, Department of Navy The Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence, Department of the Air Force The Department of Justice The Attorney General The Federal Bureau of Investigation The Director The Atomic Energy Commission The Chairman The National Security Agency The Director The United States Information Agency The Director The National Warning Center The Director 25X1 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/04/17 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO06300250001-4 Approve Releas 4/ !FT09'75AO06300250001-4 pprove'dFor-Release 2003/04/17 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO06300250001-4