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December 15, 2016
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October 28, 2002
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April 28, 1962
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Approved For Relea 100IUIV CS-bCRET75AO063350001-3 25X1 28 April 1962 f/ 25X1/4 INTE..LL16EN r- CE / 0/ 1~ 1 I 25X1 0 TA D CCf'DCT _ State Dept. reviA 4pIP elease 2002/11/19 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO06300350001-3 25X1 Approved For Release 2002/11/19 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO06300350001-3 Approved For Release 2002/11/19 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO06300350001-3 ? Approved For Relea 2002/11/19. CIA-RDP79T00975 006'Q350001-3 28 April 1962 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN CONTENTS 25X1 25X1 25X1 1. East Germany - Berlin: No immediate interference with West Berlin - West German trade likely under new East German customs law. (Page t) 5. Communist China: "200th serious warning" underscores hostility toward US. (Page t it) EN 9. Pakistan: Today's election a first step toward limited representative government. (Page iv) 10. British Guiana: Non-Communist home minister loses party post in Jagan's organization. (Page v) 11. Guatemala: Ydigoras appoints seven military officers to cabinet. (Page v) 25X 13. Bolivia: Repercussions of Lauca River issue. (Page vi) 14. Argentina: Peronistas cancel May Day demonstrations. (Page vi t) I, I Ff Approved For Release 2002/11/19 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO06300350001-3 ~~__.._~~.,_~~_ . Approved For Rele 002/11/19. CIA-RDP79T00975A00 350001-3 9, CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN 28 April 1962 DAILY BRIEF Berlin: Provisions of the new East German customs law, which sustain regime assertions that the East - West German interzonal border is an international frontier, probably will be only partially implemented when the law goes into effect on 30 April. No immediate serious attempt to interfere with West Berlin's trade with West Germany is likely, although interna- tional freight transiting East Germany is likely to be subjected to new customs controls. The law, which was passed on 28 March, specifies that West Berlin's trade with East and West Germany and other coun- tries will continue on its present legal basis pending settlement of the city's customs position "within the framework of contrac- tual arrangements." West Berlin, according to the law, exists "within the customs and sovereignty area" of the GDR and not within that of West Germany. These provisions indicate that the bloc will continue its efforts to weaken West Berlin's ties with West Germany and create a sense of isolation among, West Berliners, with the long range goal of absorbing West Berlin into the bloc's economic orbit. 25X1 j p j i j 25X1 j d Approved For Release 2002/11/19 : CIA-RDP79T00975A006300350001-3 25X1 Approved For Release 2002/11/19 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO06300350001-3 Next 1 Page(s) In Document Exempt Approved For Release 2002/11/19 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO06300350001-3 25X1 Approved For. Rele 002/11/19 - 00350001-3 25X1 Communist China - US: Peiping is using its "200th s rious warning" to underscore its hostility toward the US and to pro- fess its alarm over an alleged increase in acts of "aggression and war" under the Kennedy administration. The Chinese Com- munists charge that the US is implicated in Taipei's aspirations to "fight its way back to the mainland," alleging that the Chinese Nationalists are now conducting reconnaissance missions over the mainland with U-2 and other aircraft supplied by the US. In a People's Daily editorial of 27 April, Peiping also expressed its anxiety over US activity in South Vietnam and declared that the US is preparing to spread the conflict to other areas. Pei- ping's charges are apparently intended to heighten international concern over US activities in areas near China. Peiping does not suggest that retaliatory action is imminent, but warns that it will "eventually" sPtt1P the sr^ore with the ITS 28 Apr 62 DAILY BRIEF M 25X1 0 1 25X Approved For Release 2002/11/19 : CIA-RDP79T00975A006300350001-3 25X1 Appove For Rele 2002/11/19 GIA-ROP79TOO975 006%0350001-3 25X1 Pakistan: The election on 28 April of a new national as- embly marks the first major step in Ayub's program to restore limited representative government. Some 80, 000 members of the "Basic Democracies ' 11 Ayub's countrywide system of local councils, are voting for the assembly candidates, the majority of whom are former politicians or their stooges. While all po- litical parties remain banned, the once dominant Moslem League is well represented among candidates in both provinces, largely because it is the group most acceptable to the military leader- ship. Because of the limited franchise, the absence of an elec- tion campaign in the usual sense, and the authoritarian charac- ter of the constitution Ayub introduced in AUrch, the public mood for the most part is one of apathy and- -especially in East 28 Apr 62 I DAILY BRIEF iv SUN, M Approved For Release 2002/11/19 : CIA-RDP79TOO975AO06300350001-3 25X1 25X1 Pakistan- -resentful resignation. Where issues have been dis- cussed freely, criticism of government policies reportedly is prevalent. The extent of the challenge Ayub 1All face when the national and provincial assemblies convene in June probably will not be clear until votipg for the provincial randifinies is completed on 8-blay, British Guiana*-//Whe defeat of Balram Singh Rai for the- post of chairman of tre executive council of Premier Cheddi Jagan's People's Progressive party has removed from that body the only member not identified with pro-Communist interests. While Rai retains his government post as minister of home af - fairs with control over the police, his tenure there is increas- ingly uncertain. Rai is considering quitting the party but 4P 2 ently lacks enough personal following to set off a serious spli~tl I I Guatemala: President Ydigoras on 26 April announced the appointment of seven military officers to his cabinet, replacing all but three of its former members. Ydigoras ha's tried for the past ten days to appeasethe three-party non.-Communist opposi- tion by offering them cabinet posts, but opposition leaders have continued to insist on Ydigoras' resignation as a prerequisite for their participation in the government. The new military appointees are to remain in their cabinet posts for the duration of the crisis, now in its seventh week. Ydigoras apparently is still attempting to find respected individ- uals, not identified with the opposition alliance, who are willing to accept cabinet posts. He has approached followers of the pop- ular but controversial ex-President Arevalo, a leading contender to succeed Ydigoras in next year's elections. Communist and Communist -influenced groups are still making efforts to win an influential role in the anti-Ydigoras campaign. Street disturbances, some.of them Communist -incited, continue almost daily in the capital. The opposition will probably be dis- couraged by the demonstration of continued military support for 28 Apr 62 DAILY BRIEF v 25X1 25X1 Approved For Release 2002/11/19 : CIA-RDP79TOO975AO06300350001-3 Approved For Relea' 2002/11/19 : CIA-RDP79T00975 006350001-3 25X1 II 25X1 25X1 ON the crisis will lead the military ing the ' the President, which is inherent in the officers' acceptance of cabinet posts, but it remains possible that prolongation of o iv : e r of President Paz's cabinet informed the American ambassador on 25 April that anti-Chilean street demon- strations on the Lauca River issue on 28 April will probably be used by opposition elements to attack the government. He said he believed the demonstrators would be armed with rifles and machine guns, some of new Czech orgin, and asked for prompt US action to supply the government with 3,000 rifles, 250 riot guns., and 500 pistols. Paz has apparently been trying to exploit Bolivia's dispute with Chile over use of the Lauca River to rally domestic support for the governing party, which faces congressional elections in 28 Apr 62 DAILY BRIEF vi 25X1 O 25X1 Approved For Release 2002/11/19 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO06300350001-3 ved For Relea 2002/11/19 :CIA-RDP79T00975A 06350001-3 25X1 j Appro June. He may also want a pretext for increasing the strength of the Bolivian armed forces for domestic political purposes. j The. politically powerful Bolivian Workers' Confederation (COB) is scheduled to meet in La Paz on 1 May, Extreme leftist ele- 25X1 ments within the COB are hostile to Paz and have an effective j fi htin lowers. 25X1 j j 25X1 rgen inao ro in order to deflect the blame for any disturbances which may occur on 1 May, Peronista leaders an- nounced on 27 April that they had canceled plans for "giant" May Day celebrations. They said they would use "every legal means" to recover their March electoral victories which President Guido has annuled. Earlier equivocal statements by the Peronistas, however, give reason to doubt the desire or the ability of Peron- ista leaders to avoid violence. The Peronista movement is split into a number of factions, only some of which obey the frequently chaninLz orders of Peron 25X1 A Peronista leader recently told the American embassy in Buenos Aires that the Peronistas had rejected overtures for co- operation with the Communists- -who he understood had received a number of small arms from abroad. 28 Apr 62 DAILY BRIEF I PENN" 25X1 Approved For Release 2002/11/19 : CIA-RDP79T00975A006300350001-3 ------------ 25X1 Approved For Release 2002/11/19 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO06300350001-3 Next 2 Page(s) In Document Exempt Approved For Release 2002/11/19 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO06300350001-3 Approved For Rele British Guiana Party Elections 25X1 ai failed in his bid to be elected chairman of the People's Prog essive party and in so doing lost his seat on the ruling Executive Council. He declared publicly on 24 April that the elections were the "foulest ever held in British Guiana" and that open fraud and coercion were used to defeat his bid for the party chairmanship against the Communist who retained the post. He informed US officials he could no longer work .with a party whose ideology and "evil practices" he opposed, but feared that withdrawing would precipitate the fall of the government and a renewal of civil disorders such as took place in.February\ 25X1 Rai has performed his job competently and was given added responsibilities just before the party conference, so Jagan may hope to retain him in the government for the present. Should he quit the party, his prosperous middle-class town background would prove a handicap to obtaining a following among the East Indian peasants, who provide the bulk of Jagan's support, and the amount of backing he could obtain from other races in this period of inter-racial tension uld not be enough to make him a major political force at press tl The Jagan government suffered its first legislative defeat on the udget on 26 April through a failure to have all PPP members on hand. The budget vote of 14 to 13 does not appear to threaten PPP control of the legislature- -at least immediately- -because the government has enough votes to reverse the budget decision unless three of its 19 legislators defect. None has so far, and Rai seems the only strong possibility, 25X1 agan evaded calls 25X1 from opposition legislators for his resignation. If he did offer his resignation, the British governor might refuse to accept it, in view of the lack of anyone else able to form a govern ent. If new elections were called, the PPP would probably win oil echnicians of Soviet nationality in order to resume hither 25X1 /(Meanwhile, the Jagan government has asked the UN to provide 28 Apr 62 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY Page 4 Approved For Release 2002/11/19 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO06300350001-3 25X1 Approved For Relea be 2002/11/19: CIA-RDP79T00975A006300 unsuccessful efforts to find commercially exploitable petro- 25X1 2.5X1 25X1 25X1 25X1 25X1 28 Apr 62 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY Page 5 Approved For Release 2002/11/19 : CIA-RDP79T00975A006300350001-3 CONFIDENTIAL Approved for Release 2002/11/19 : CIA-RDP79 975AO06300350001-3 /////////////////TOPSECRET Z Approved For Release 2002/11/19 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO06300350001-3 /' I yr. DC~.KC 1 ii . _______________ - -iii h i i a, ii "r "'o, '0, ii i/I/I//////// z