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Document Creation Date: 
December 14, 2016
Document Release Date: 
April 1, 2003
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Publication Date: 
March 11, 1963
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1111111 i i Z Z i i i i ' ~ Approved For Reese 200TOP CI~ MT75A0 00090001-6 / 25X Copy Noa .v 25X1 II GROUP 1 Excluded from automatic downgrading and declassification n ~ 11 March 1963 J State Dept. reelp w?oohfAetkdease 2003/05/16 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO06900090001-6 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/05/16 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO06900090001-6 Approved For Release 2003/05/16 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO06900090001-6 j Approved For Relee - 0090001-6 f 11 March 1963 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN CONTENTS 25XT""" 4. USSR: Khrushchev reverses his position on de- Stalinization and liberalization of the arts. (Page 5) 5. Sino-Soviet Relations: Soviet and Chinese Com- munist parties affirm need to hold.talks. (Page 6) 7. Afghanistan: Policy shifts likely in wake of Prime Minister Daud's resignation. (Page 8) S9malia-UK: Sgmalia to sever relations with Britain. (Page 9) 9. South Vietnam: Anti-American feeling of President Diem's influential brother sharpening. (Page 10) 10. West Germany: Bonn.wants submarines used for proposed NATO multilateral nuclear force. (Page 11) 11. Notes: Iran; Norway; Iraq. (Page 12) 25X =sx Approved For Release 2003/05/16 : CIA-RDP79T00975A006900090001-6 Approved For Release 2003/05/16 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO06900090001-6 Next 4 Page(s) In Document Exempt Approved For Release 2003/05/16 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO06900090001-6 ----------- Approved For e 0090001-6 2 5 X 1 ll?////, USSR: Ehrushchev has re-defined the party's line on de Stalinization and on liberalization in the arts, reversing his attitude of last November in both cases. In a 9 March speech to representatives of the Soviet intelligentsia, Ehrushchev called for a de- emphasis in literature of personal suffering under Stalin, reaffirmed Stalin's contributions to the Com- munist movement as well as his abuses of power, and for the first time publicly defended'his own ac- tions during the Stalin years. His claim that he personally averted various miscarriages of justice in the years preceding Stalin's death was probably prompted by a recent debate among, Soviet intellec- tuals regarding the guilt of those. who made their careers during the years of Stalin's "lawlessness:' Khrushchev strongly reaffirmed his intent to control both the form and content of Soviet art and literature and harshly condemned "formalist and abstractionist trends," warning that supporters of such bourgeois influences might attack the socialist system itself. The meeting with the intelligentsia- -the second in three months at which Khrushchev was present-- was attended by most Soviet leaders and by party bosses from all the republics ofthe USSR. The latter were probably called to Moscow to hear the new de-Stalinization and cultural lines and may have been briefed on other policy problems as well. 11 Mar 63 DAILY BRIEF I 1MM. 25X11 Approved For Release 2003/05/16 : CIA-RDP79TOO975AO06900090001-6 Approved For Res 2003/05/16: CIA-RDP79T00975A006 00090001-6 25~/ j ' p 25X1 I Sino-Soviet Relations: Letters have been ex- changed between the Soviet and Chinese Communist parties affirming the "necessity" of holding bilat- eral talks on "important" questions, but such talks, if held, are unlikely to result in a. settlement of the differences between the two parties. The Soviet letter probably was presented to o se-tung on 23 February when he met with Soviet Ambassador Chervonenko. The Burmese ambassador in Moscow recently told a US Embassy official that he had heard that that eeting was "very unpleasant" for Chervonenko. Since then Peiping has renewed its bitter ass It on the. Soviet position and reiterated its own uncompromising stand on the questions at issue. Moscow has not yet made a direct response to the renewed Chinese attacks. A Pravda article of 6 March indirectly attacked Peiping by historical analogy. The article, in commemoration of the 45th anniversary of the Soviet Communist Party's 7th extraordinary congress in .1918, cited Lenin's defense of the Brest-Litovsk "compromise" against his "left-Communist" critics. The article was obviously intended as a defense of Khrushchev's foreign policy, notably regarding. Cuba. 11 Mar 63 DAILY BRIEF 6 25X Approved For Release 2003/05/16 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO06900090001-6 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/05/16 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO06900090001-6 Approved For Release 2003/05/16 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO06900090001-6 Approved For se 20 25X Afghanistan: The official announcement on 9 March of Prim-e Minister Daud's resignation marks the end of almost ten years of near -dictatorial con- trol. Prince Daud's successor, former Minister of Mines and Industries Mohammed Yusuf, has no po- litical power in his own right. He is an experienced administrator whose responsibilities have included a number of Soviet-assisted development projects. King Zahir Shah reportedly has given him an interim appointment for the delicate transitional period while a more permanent government is being formed. If the King remains in firm control, the govern- ment is likely to adopt a more cautious attitude to- ward the USSR. Zahir may try gradually to restore Afghanistan's foreign relations to a more balanced neutral position by moderating somewhat its pro- Soviet attitude of recent years. At the same time, Zahir will probably continue to cultivate good rela- tions with the USSR and seek to retain Soviet devel- opmental assistance. With Daud no longer in control, the new govern- ment will probably be less adamant in the Pushtoon- istan dispute with Pakistan. Zahir apparently wants to reopen the Pakistan border to transit trade in order to restore the traditional access route to.Free- World markets. Pakistan would nevertheless put Zahir in a difficult position if it propagandizes Daud's resignation s the direct result of Ayub's tough policy toward D-qpdJ 11 10ar 63 DAILY BRIEF 10//1////, Approved For Release 2003/05/16 : CIA-RDP79TOO975AO06900090001-6 j= Approved For Rel a 003/05/16: CIA-RDP79T00975A0 0090001-6 25X1 25X1 Somalia-UK: *Somali Prime Minister Ab- dirascid announced on 11 March that his govern- ment had decided to break off diplomatic relations with Britain. Relations between Britain and the Somali Re- public deteriorated over the issue of Mogadiscio's claims to the Northern Frontier District of Kenya. Britain's announcement on 8 March that Nai- robi would continue to administer the district un- der a plan of regional autonomy touched off anti- British demonstrations in Mogadiscio. A British announcement of an alert for its forces in Kenya has been followed by the declaration of an alert for the Somali army. The Abdirascid government is reported to have formally asked for Soviet, Chinese Commu- nist, and Czechoslovakian support of its claims. . This request was made in response to the demands of a group of parliamentary deputies that the Bloc be asked to demonstrate its friendship. the disputed territor. suit Somalia regardin the ultimate disposition of (Britain now has assured Somalia that before ranting Kenya full independence it plans to con- 25X1 j 11 Mar 63 DAILY BRIEF 25X11 Approved For Release 2003/05/16 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO06900090001-6 Approved For Rel a 2003/05/16: CIA-RDP79TOO975A 0090001-6 25X VEM South Vietnam: The anti-American feelings of Ngo Dinh Nhu, President Diem's brother and chief political adviser, appear to be sharpening) (Nhu is reported to have stated recently that South Vietnam's army has come increasingly under the influence of American advigprs and is carrying uJ has frequently instigated the government's MEN. 25X1 shailp rejoinders to criticism, j out primarily American policy, the large number of Americans in South Vietnam and the country's dependence on American aid pro- vided the Communists a propaganda advantage, and that all Americans not absolutely essential should be withdrawn the American press. He, and possibly Diem as well, still suspect that Americans were involved in the 1960 coup attempt and the 1962 palace bomb- ing, and that -an American- j again attempt to oust the present influenced egime, y may 0 (Nhu is said to feel that the Diem government should base its j hamlets on irregularforces--such as the armed Republican % Youth which Nhu heads--rather than on the army. j he is pro- 25X moting policies designed t assure himself an even- tual position of dominance. 25X1 MEN j 11 Mar 63 DAILY BRIEF 10 j j 25X Approved For Release 2003/05/16 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO06900090001-6 Approved For R A 6900090001-6 25X1 West Germany: Bonn now strongly favors nu- clear submarines rather than surface ships for the proposed NATO multilateral force. Defense Minister von Hassel told Ambassador Merchant on 8 March that preliminary studies in- dicate that the difference in costs between subma- rines and surface craft is not as great as first an- ticipated. While acknowledging that establishment of a submarine force would take longer, von Hassel emphasized that the overriding consideration for Bonn was the. political difficulty the government would face in trying to persuade the Bundestag and the public to accept surface ships when submarines are militarily preferable. Von Hassel admitted that if it were agreed to use submarines American atomic energy laws would pose difficult problems, but he felt that these problems would not prove insurmountable. I 25X I 11 Mar 63 DAILY BRIEF 11 25 Approved For Release 2003/05/16 : CIA-RDP79T00975A006900090001-6 ------------- Approved For Release 1003/05/16: CIA-RDMT00975AOO~4 0090001-6 25X1 NOTES Iraw. The resignation of blinister of Agricul- ture Hassan Arsanjani has removed a potentially troublesome figure from the cabinet but also will probably cause Iran's revolutionary land reform program to lose much of its momentum. Arsanjani viras the prime mover In the program and undoubt- edly aspired to become prime minister with peas - ant support. The Shah may have become concerned over Arsanjani's political ambitions and forced his resignation. Arsanjani may now seek other means to mobilize peasant. support prior to the elections which have been promised by June or July. Norway: . (Forwegian leaders have apparently decided against Norway's participation in a NATO multilateral nuclear force. A Foreign Mnistry official told a US Embassy officer that his minis- try is opposed to participation and that he had little doubt this. will be the government position. He also asserted that Norway will not attempt to discourage other NATO members from joining but added that he thought Denmark's position would be similar to Norwavls.i r 25X1 11 Wr 63 DAILY BRIEF 12 Approved For Release 2003/05/16 : CIA-RDP79TOO975AO06900090001-6 d 25X1 Approved For elease 2003/05/16 .CIA-RDP79T0 5A006900090001-6 *Iraq: An acceptable framework for settle- ment of the Kurdish revolt was. agreed upon by Kurdish and Iraqi officials on 8 March. Under the terms of the agreement, the Kurds will be allowed to conduct many of their own affairs under a "decentralized government:' A number of important problems of security, boundaries, and administration of the Kurdish area remain to be worked out, and these could dela a final 25X1 settlement. F7 I 11 Mar 63 DAILY BRIEF 13 NMNNENNNNNbMR9fflMffiNNffiWMM== Approved For Release 2003/05/16 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO06900090001-6 Approv For Release 2003/05/16: CIA-RDP79T0 975A006900090001-6 THE PRESIDENT The Vice President Executive Offices of the White House Special Counsel to the President The Special Assistant for National Security Affairs The Scientific Adviser to the President The Director of the Budget The Director, National Aeronautics and Space Administration The Department of State The Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs The Counselor and Chairman of the Policy Planning Council The Director of Intelligence and Research The Treasury Department The Secretary of the Treasury The Under Secretary of the Treasury The Department of Defense The Secretary of Defense The Deputy Secretary of Defense The Secretary of the Army The Secretary of the Navy The Secretary of the Air Force The Assistant Secretary of Defense (International Security Affairs) The Assistant Secretary of Defense The Chairman, The Joint Chiefs of Staff Chief of Naval Operations, United States Navy Chief of Staff, United States Air Force Chief of Staff, United States Army Commandant, United States Marine Corps U.S. Rep., Military Committee and Standing Group, NATO Supreme Allied Commander, Europe Commander in Chief, Pacific Commander in Chief, Atlantic The Director, Defense Intelligence Agency The Director, The Joint Staff The Director for Intelligence, The Joint Staff The Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence, Department of Army The Director of Naval Intelligence, Department of Navy The Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence, Department of the Air Force The Department of Justice The Attorney General The Federal Bureau of Investigation The Director The Atomic Energy Commission The Chairman The National Security Agency The Director The United States Information Agency The Director The National Indications Center The Director Approved For Release 2003/05/16 : CIA-RDP79T00975A006900090001-6 j Approved For Rele 200VOPCI RE75A006 090001-6 X X TOP SECRET V Approved For Release 2003/05/16 : CIA-RDP79T00975A006900090001-6