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December 14, 2016
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November 15, 2002
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March 18, 1964
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/i Approved For RekaseTCOP1OSEMET00975A0Q4500420001-2 25X1 18 March 1964 Copy No:. C D 25X1 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN 25X1 State Dept. 44 review completed GROUP 1 Excluded from automatic downgrading and declassification Approved For ReleaseroplOSECRET00975A007500420001-2 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/03/10 : CIA-RDP79T00975A007500420001-2 Approved For Release 2003/03/10 : CIA-RDP79T00975A007500420001-2 Release 2003/03/10 : CIA-RDP79T00975A II Approved For 041475301611001-2 18 March 1964 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN CONTENTS 3. Communist China: Russians at IAEA predict Chi- nese Communist nuclear detonation in a year. (Page 4) 4. Chile: Communists won over rural labor vote in Sunday's by-election. (Page 5) 5. Rumania-USSR: USSR will not resist Rumania's program to develop a steel industry. (Page 6) 7. Brazil: Several Brazilian leaders critical of Goulart's speech on reforms. (Page 8) 8. Notes: Panama; UN Trade Confer (Page 9) Dahomey; Cuba - USSR-Zanzibar. 25X1 25X1 Approved Fc A r Release 2003/03/10 : CIA-RDP79T00975A0075 atr21101-2 25X1 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/03/10 : CIA-RDP79T00975A007500420001-2 Next 2 Page(s) In Document Exempt Approved For Release 2003/03/10 : CIA-RDP79T00975A007500420001-2 Approved For Release 2003/03/10 : CIA-RDP79T00975A007 004Z6g611-2 25X1 25X1 *Communist China: ussian delegates to the In- ternational Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) think that the Chinese Communists already have a nuclear de- vice and will be capable of exploding it in no more than a year,1 he current US estimate, prepared in July 1963, is th t a Chinese nuclear explosion of some kind is nossihle in 1964 but is more likely to occur in 19651 18 Mar 64 DAILY BRIEF Approved For Release 2003/03/10 : CIA-RDP79T00975A0075 A 25X1 dal:101-2 pp 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/03/10 : CIA-RDP79T00975A007 W0420001-2 25X1 Chile: The decisive factor in Sunday's by-election appears to have been the Communist-Socialist Popular Action Front's (FRAP) success in winning over the ru- ral labor vote. The Communists are openly boasting that this is the case, and the US Embassy reports that analysis of the election figures bears out their claims. Leaders of the two losing parties--the Christian Democrats (PDC) and the Democratic Front (FD)--also say that FRAP's victory is largely traceable to the Communists' ability to organize and indoctrinate rural workers. Senator Eduardo Frei, the PDCts presidential can- didate, tried to put the best face on things by saying that he was "reasonably satisfied" with his party's im- proved showing in Curico, but believes that the big winner on the national scene was Senator Salvador Allende, FRAP's presidential candidate. Frei added that an Allende victory would mean "another Cuba here." Allende himself estimates that the Curico victory will be worth something like 100,000 additional votes in the presidential election next Septem- ber. The resignation from the presidential race of FD's Senator Duran in the wake of the Curico debate casts doubt on the future of the coalition, and may foreshadow its disintegration. I 18 Mar 64 DAILY BRIEF 5 Approved For Release 2003/03/10 : CIA-RDP79T00975A00 A T04E10001-2 ree 25X1 A Approved For Release 2003/03/10 : CIA-RDP79T00975A007 0220001-2 Rumania-USSR: The USSR apparently has decided not to resist Rumania's program to develop a steel in- dustry. Beginning next year, according to a high Rumanian official, the Soviet Union will supply a large blooming- slabbing mill and a rolling mill promised in 1960 for the great metallurgical combine being built at Galati, as well as increased quantities of iron ore. The official also said that relations among mem- bers of the Soviet-sponsored Council for Economic Mutual Assistance (CE MA) will be conducted on a bi- lateral basis for a long time. Multilateral arrange- ments are impossible now, he said, because of "dif- ferences" among CEMA members. Moscow had opposed construction of the Galati complex on grounds that it was economically question- able. Its agreement to assist in the project probably was intended in part to forestall a further aggrava- tion of Soviet-Rumanian differences. The Soviet lead- ers also may have decided that their failure to partic- ipate in an important bloc project in which several Western interests apparently hope to play a major role would have undesirable political effects. The Russians probably hope by this agreement to influence Bucharest's future attitude in the Sino- Soviet conflict, which is now moving toward new climax. 1 18 Mar 64 DAILY BRIEF 6 Approved For Release 2003/03/10 : CIA-RDP79T00975A0075 A VIA A 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/03/10 : CIA-RDP79T00975A007500420001-2 Approved For Release 2003/03/10 : CIA-RDP79T00975A007500420001-2 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/03/10 : CIA-RDP79T00975A007500429R011-2 Brazil: Several Brazilian leaders have been highly critical of President Goulart's 13 March demagogic speech on reforms. There has also been some muttering in congres- sional circles about starting impeachment proceed- ings against the President on charges of his having made "seditious statements" in his speech. It is doubt- ful, however, that much support can be stirred up for such a move. Goulart's speech last week, followed by his re- ported request to Congress on 15 March to approve a plebiscite on basic reforms, promises to widen the gulf that now separates the executive and the legis- lature. Disagreement over basic reforms has long been a chief bone of contention between Goulart and Congress, despite the government coalition's paper majority in the Chamber of Deputies. I 18 Mar 64 DAILY BRIEF 8 Approved For Release 2003/03/10 : CIA-RDP79T00975A0075202$001-2 25X1 rA 25X1 Approved For leIease 2003/03/10 : CIA-RDP79T00975A0075004/91-2 / NOTES *Panama: The efforts yesterday of two Panamanian radio stations to arouse public feeling on the canal is- sue may have ushered in a new period of tension. One of these stations directly accused President Chiari of bowing to the US. The other hinted that there is grow- ing uneasiness among student and other nationalist groups. Panama's ultranationalist ambassador to the UN, Aquilino Boyd, also returned suddenly to Panama yesterday and can be expected to urge that the canal 25X1 25X1 Dahomey: A reaction against France May be de- veloping in the wake of last week's demonstrations by northern tribal followers of ousted. President Maga. Some Dahomeans, notably military elements who played a key role in easing Maga out last October, apparently see France's hand behind the disturbances and believe?despite the lack of any substantiating evidence--that Paris is attempting to restore Maga. The deputy commander of the local gendarmerie has indicated that Dahomean military leaders intend to press for the early removal of the 800 French troops now stationed in Dahomey. I 18 Mar 64 DAILY BRIEF 9 Approved For A Release 2003/03/10 : CIA-RDP79T00975A007 01M1-2 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/03/10 : CIA-RDP79T00975A0likP5g4V1001-2 *Cuba--UN Trade Conference: he Cuban delega- tion to the UN Conference on Trade nd Development which convenes in Geneva next week will charge that US economic pressures against Cuba violate the pur- pose of the conference and United Nations principles, The delegation, headed by Che Guevara, is also said to be set to advocate "free commerce" among all na- tions, urging in particular that neutral nations expand their trade with the blCia 25X1 *USSR_ Zanzibar: The USSR appears to have shipped 25X1 a small quantity of military equipment to Zanzibar-- the first such shipment to that country. The Soviet ship Faizabad, which declared for Iraq when it left the Black Sea, arrived in Zanzibar on 17 March, There is no indication of the type of military equipment in- cluded in the cargo, but a few trucks were carried on deck, I 18 Mar 64 Apinxeid A DAILY BRIEF For Release 2003/03/10 : CIA-RDP79T00975A0 10 7500420001-2 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/03/10 : CIA-RDP79T00975A007500420001-2 Approved For Release 2003/03/10 : CIA-RDP79T00975A007500420001-2 rr/Z ro .41'/./7/771/7,,1* ?e/ ( / Approved rur Release100p1Osttlair A007500420001 2 Approved For Releaseiraii/10g iPtRiar0975A007500420001-2