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December 14, 2016
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April 21, 2003
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June 24, 1968
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Approved Release 2003/05/06: CIA-RDP79T0QW5A014M 1 t01-9 25X1 DIRECTORATE OF INTELLIGENCE Central Intelligence Bulletin DIA and DOS review(s) completed. DOS Secret 49 Approved For Release 2003/05/06 : CIA-RDP79T00975A011500040001-9 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/05/06 : CIA-RDP79T00975A011500040001-9 Approved For Release 2003/05/06 : CIA-RDP79T00975A011500040001-9 Approved r'Release 200306RRDP79TO 5A011500040001-9 No. 0190/68 24 June 1968 Central Intelligence Bulletin CONTENTS Vietnam: Situation report. (Page 1) Tanzania-UK: New British aid cuts will further re- duce the Western presence as Communist influence is growing. (Page 3) Canada: Trudeau's Liberals have good chance to gain small majority in parliamentary elections. (Page 4) Uruguay: President Pacheco intends to take firmer action to stop current wave of disorders. (Page 6) Chile: Disruption is continuing at the University of Mile. (Page 7) India: Internal strains may be-leading to a split within the radical left Communist Party. (Page 8) Denmark: More aircraft (Page 9) Spain: Concern over unrest (Page 9) Philippines-Malaysia: Sabah negotiations (Page 9) Approved For Release 2003?x; V4RDP79T00975A011500040001-9 Approved For Release 2003/05/'66JDP79T00975A500040001-9 NORTH VIETNAM ~f?kf:ny I .Ql(ang Ngai Demililerized Zone CAMB OD1,,N Ban Me Thuot PHNO PENH ?' Q* ? Xuan Loc DAf) PHU ODUC SOUTH VIETNAM 0 25 50 75 100 M0e5 0 75 50. 75 161) K,Iometers 91075 6-68 Approved For Release 2003/05 C3 1jJ DP79T00975AO11500040001-9 Approved Fop Release 200 Opj AA-RDP79T0V5A011500040001-9 C South Vietnam: Communist-initiated military activity remained at a low level on 22-23 June. Although most of the weekend action was concen- trated in the southern section of the country, Sai- gon was quiet. No ground fighting or Communist shellings were reported within the capital itself. The most significant ground fighting occurred on 22 June when a South Vietnamese infantry battalion was ambushed north of Xuan Loc. Losses were heavy on both sides: the South Vietnamese suffered 48 killed and 57 wounded, and a subsequent sweep of the bat- tlefield revealed 76 enemy dead. The Buddhists have launched a new peace cam- paign, with militant and moderate factions vying for the spotlight. On 22 June, militant leader Thich Tinh Khiet released a statement calling for an immediate cease- fire and castigating the North Vietnamese for the indiscriminate shelling of Saigon. Khiet's appeal, which also took a veiled swipe at allied military operations, may have been timed to get the jump on a moderate-sponsored prayer meeting and press con- ference already scheduled for the following day. Cast in neutral terms and addressed to Saigon as well as to Hanoi, the moderates' call for peace on 23 June, like the militants' earlier statement, nevertheless made it clear that the onus was on North Vietnam for not matching allied de-escalation. The moderates refused, however, to commit themselves on various suggestions for achieving a peaceful so- lution to the war and hedged on the possibility of a coalition government. The Buddhist campaign comes at a time when there is increasing discussion among leftist students J 24 Jun 68 1 Approved For Release 2003SECRE~RDP79T00975A011500040001-9 Approved For Release 2003/05 `U,q P79T00975A 00040001-9 C and some politicians about the consequences of con- ti nued fighting and the need for a prompt end to the bloodshed. A recently formed labor organization, for example, has petitioned President Thieu for an end to what it described as careless and indiscrimi- nate allied air and artillery strikes in Saigon and 24 Jun 68 2 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/05/06 : CIA-RDP79T00975A011500040001-9 SECRE'1' Approved For ease 2003/05/0g rf79T00975 11500040001-9 Tanzania-UK: New British aid cuts to Tanzania will further reduce the Western presence there at a time when Communist influence is growing . [London announced on 20 June that it will halt aid to Tanzania in reprisal for the latter's annul- ment of a preindependence agreement whereby Dar es Salaam has been paying some $2.8 million a year in pensions to British colonial civil servants.] [London has provided little or no capital de- velopment support since President Nyerere broke re- lations over the Rhodesian issue in late 1965. Con- tinuing technical assistance, however, has amounted to about $4 million annually and has supported nearly 700 UK nationals throughout the Tanzanian civil service, including 180 in education. London appar- ently intends to bring home most of them as their contracts expire -I The departure of the British technicians, who totaled 1,200 in 1965, will further strain Tanzania's understaffed civil service. It is in line with Nyerere's continuing efforts to reduce Western in- fluence in his administration, however, particularly in the educational system C To help fill the void, Nyerere reportedly in- tended to ask Peking to supply Chinese personnel. East Germany has already sent about 40 secondary school teachers. Earlier this month, a Tanzanian minister flew to Moscow to seek aid in building and staffing a technical university to replace the small, USAID-assisted technical college in Dar es Salaam -1 24 Jun 68 3 Approved For Release 2003/05/06 : CIA-RDP79T00975A011500040001-9 SECRET Approved For Release 200 NW VJII4-RDP79T0095A011500040001-9 Canada: ,Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau's Lib- eral Party has a good chance to win a small parlia- mentary majority in Tuesday's voting.j The latest polls give the Liberals some 46 per- cent of the vote, enough to take a majority of the 264 seats. Three major parties and two minor ones are in the race. On the other hand, a district by district assessment by the embassy indicates that the Liberals will fail narrowly to win a majority and will have to continue as a minority administra- tion as they have been for the past five years j CTrudeau has roused the voters, and images as well as issues have played an important part in the campaign. In contrast to that of Progressive Con- servative leader Robert Stanfield, the Trudeau ef- fort has been well organized. The prime minister's personal style of campaigning has attracted record crowds.) LTrudeau has kept the campaign focused on issues of his choosing--national unity and foreign policy-- and has succeeded fairly well in downplaying Canada's economic problems, on which the Liberals are most vulnerable. All three major party leaders have sup- ported a comprehensive review of Canada's foreign and defense commitments, and have favored recogni- tion of Communist China.1 Third parties pose the most serious threat to the Liberals. The leftist and urban-based New Dem- ocratic Party is expected to add a few seats to the 22 that it now holds. The New Democrats have made attacks on US investment in Canada a central theme of their campaign. Trudeau and Stanfield have vir- tually ignored the issue, however, and, unlike some previous elections, anti-Americanism has not been a significant factor in this one. -7 24 Jun 68 4 Approved For Release 20031A5JO~W-RDP79T00975A011500040001-9 E Approved For ease 2003/05/0 Cf A-79T00975Y011500040001-9 [A minor French Canadian party may take seats from the Liberals in rural Quebec, one of the few areas where Trudeau has not caught on. His strong profederation position on the issue of granting greater authority to the province and his reputa- tion as a social reformer have hurt him in that area;' Approved For Release 2003/05/ t t6P79T00975A011500040001-9 Approved For Release 20031U519 -elA-RDP79T00975A011500040001-9 Uruguay: President Pacheco intends to take firmer action against labor leaders and other agi- tators responsible for the current wave of disorders. The President reportedly has cabinet and mili- tary backing for an intended crackdown on leaders of the Communist-controlled National Workers' Conn It is not clear how effective Pacheco's meas- ures will be. If the government does not move promptly to alleviate the chaotic economic condi- tions, punitive measures against labor and student agitators might only set off more widespread vio- lence. In the past, the government has been unwilling or unable to impose significant sanctions on key labor leaders. Much of the present agitation is caused by economic grievances and the PCU is often unable to dissuade more militant workers from active protest. The party reportedly has decided that it must now assume more vigorous leadership of the protests if it is not to be displaced by other more rad " 1 groups-1-T 24 Jun 68 6 25X1 Approved For Release 20030 -RDP79T00975A011500040001-9 SECRET Approved For Flaease 2003/05/06 CIA-RDP79T009711500040001-9 Chile: The disruption at the University of Chile continues. The administrative structure of the university has resulted in an extreme fragmentation of respon- sibility and a diffusion of interests in the 13 fac- ulties and ten regional branches. The students and faculty are united at some of the branches but mak- ing contradictory demands at others. Violence broke out early this week between ex- treme leftists and police in front of the central administration building in Santiago. Earlier, the investigative police had entered and searched uni- versity television studios following reports that Molotov cocktails were being stored there. Some observers predict that university func- tions will be back to normal by next week, but this would only mean that short-term solutions have been found to some problems. Congress has begun to con- sider the government's higher education bill, which, if passed, would be a start toward the needed lon - term reforms. 24 Jun 68 7 Approved For Release 2003/05/(ECIR-79T00975A011500040001-9 Aft Approved For Release 200Ifl EA-RDP79T009'011500040001-9 India: [Internal strains within the radical left Communist Party (CPI/L) may be leading to a formal organizational split and possibly the emer- gence of a third Communist party.] [Four important dissident leaders recently have been expelled from the CPI/L state secretariat in Andhra Pradesh, an area long a major stronghold for the party. The powerful expellees are expected to attract a substantial group of supporters out of the party and in doing so may completely split the state party unit.] The Andhra dissidents, already predominant within their own state unit, may now move to join forces with more extremist CPI/L elements in West Bengal and elsewhere in a national split reminiscent of the 1964 break between the CPI/Leftists and the pro-Moscow CPI/Right. Serious negotiations between the Andhra dissidents and the extremists toward formation of a third Indian Communist party have been taking place for several months. The Andhra leaders, however, appear to have been waiting until they were expelled from the CPI/L before moving ahead with third party plans. Expulsion, they re- portedly believe, would win them more sympathy, and thus more support from party cadres, than simply quitting.-] Formation of a third Communist party out of the various extremist and dissident factions within the CPI/L could prove very difficult. The leader- ship of the Andhra group includes a number of capa- ble ideologues and activist veterans whose prestige is far greater than the more radical West Bengal - based extremist leadership. The Bengalis, however, have taken the lead in attacking the official party line and are unlikely to settle for a secondary role in any new party. Moreover, there appear to be significant differences in ideology and attitude, with the extremists much more slavishl Dro-Peking than the more pragmatic Andhra group. 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/05/06 : CIA-RDP79T00975A011500040001-9 Approved For F% ase 2003/05/0EIRIi5 79T00975 1500040001-9 Denmark: [The finance committee of the Danish Parliament approved on 18 June the purchase of a second squadron of 23 Swedish J-35 Draken aircraft. This purchase is for the reconnaissance version of the Mach 2 plane. A fighter-bomber version was or- dered in March. Delivery of the second squadron, which will cost about $26.4 million, will begin in mid to late 1971, after the $34-million contract for the hter-bombers is filled.] Spain: The Franco government is showing con- tinued concern over the possible spread of politi- cal unrest in France and elsewhere. Monarchist celebrations planned for 22 and 24 June in a num- ber of Spanish cities were abruptly canceled. In recent months, the government has been quick to ban meetin s that might develop into political problem Philippines-Malaysia: The prospects for a ne- gotiated solution to the Sabah dispute are dim at this time. Talks that began in Bangkok on 17 June have been taken up with wrangling over procedural preliminaries and there are no indications that either party intends to give ground. The Philippine side appears to be relying on stalling tactics-- Manila has sent a poorly prepared delegation and has given it little authority to make decisions. 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/05ff ~$ P79T00975A011500040001-9 Secre Approved Fft- elease 2003/05/06 : CIA-RDP79T00 A011500040001-9 Secret Approved For Release 2003/05/06 : CIA-RDP79T00975A011500040001-9