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December 15, 2016
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August 8, 2003
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October 25, 1968
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Approved For Release 2003/10/01 :CIA-RDP79T00975A012400~~1~ 25X1 DIRECTORATE OF INTELLIGENCE Central Intelligence Bulletin Secret 49 DIA and DOS review(s) completed. Approved For Release 2003/10/01 :CIA-RDP79T00975A012400050001-8 25X1 gpproved For Release 2003/10/01 :CIA-RDP79T00975A012400050001-8 Approved For Release 2003/10/01 :CIA-RDP79T00975A012400050001-8 Approved For Release 2003/10~C~F~F~DP79T00975A012400050001-8 No. 0296/68 25 October 1968 Central Intelligence Bulletin CONTENTS South Vietnam: Situation report. (Page 1) Berlin: East German propaganda becomes heavier. (Page 2) Czechoslovakia-USSR: Kuznetsov continues to explore possible leadership changes. (Page 3) France-Algeria: Soviet presence now worries French. (Page 4) Morocco-USSR: Moroccan stage-managing minimized the public impact of the Soviet naval visit. (Page 5) Peru: Government hopes to obtain Soviet aid. (Page 7) Chile: Christian Democrats move leftward. (Page 8) Yu oslavia: Soviet bloc press comment continues to ink Yugoslavia to the West. (Page 10) Uganda: President Obote moves against critics. (Page 11) USSR: An improved weather satellite may be under de- velopment. (Page 13) Communist China: Unsettled conditions continue in Wu-han. (Page 15) U55R-Czechoslovakia: Troop withdrawals (Page 16) Rhodesia-UK: Further talks (Page 16) Brazil: Student unrest (Page 16) 25X6 25X6 Approved For Release 2003/1 ~F~~I~~DP79T00975A012400050001-8 Approved For Release 2003/10/~E~~~79T00975A012400050001-8 106 -a"b$`~J.. NORTH VIE7NA ` '' Demilforized Zone Rock `le" ~ QVANG TRI .. ..,. THAILAND WarinAfiamrap . Tonle j $an GULP OF SIAM QUANG NGAI QU A.NG rn1 c 'Ban Me Thuot UUG / NINH \ TH VAN IC CORPS `~ LL I~`' l/ - - 111NF. ~ I .ANC. BINH - DUONC ~~\ KUANH j n 'SD r]Trl /- H;NF{ THUAN ~~ J V11! i Ho 91 _N ).~ ~- r~~Y NGYiIA * ? Iorv ~.~-` _ CHINA. ^-i'\ _O ~ PHUOC' ~, (~ AN ;1n TUY/ UEA .~ ~;Nr Q ~~~; ~ Vw g Tall CORP5 IAN F'HONG NG ~.DINH CaMa~' yAr u C fN N Y.UYEN SECRET SOUTH VIETNAM 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/10/01 :CIA-RDP79T00975A012400050001-8. Approved For Release 2003/~~:`~fA'RDP79T00975A012400050001-8 C South Vietnam: The Communists yesterday issued another tough propaganda defense of the right of the Liberation Front to a significant voice in South Viet- namese affairs. The broadcast, in the form of a long commentary beamed to South Vietnamese audiences, hit hard at US efforts in the Paris talks to ?'bolster" the Saigon government. It reiterated Communist insistence that the US must "recognize and talk with the Front" in order to settle the war, claiming that the Front was the ??genuine representative of the South Vietnamese people?? and '?an administration" in areas under Com- munist control. The commentary closed with a pledge to continue the war until Communist objectives were achieved. Those objectives were defined as defeating the US, overthrowing the Saigon government, and establishing their own unilateral coalition government. With the exception of allied initiatives, mil- itary action in South Vietnam continues light. Fighting broke out in the southeastern corner of the Demilitarized Zone on 23-24 October-when an al- lied operation caught a company-size enemy unit near Gio Linh in a two-hour battle. The unit was probably a subordinate of the North Vietnamese 138th Regiment still lingering south of the Ben Hai River. More than 100 Communists were killed. and a lar e cache of rice was destroyed. Central Intelligence Bulletin 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/1~~~1~=~2DP79T00975A012400050001-8 Approved For Release 2003/1~~1~J~~~DP79T00975A012400050001-8 Berlin; The East GE,rman ~>ropaganda :barrage against forthcoming event=s in West Berlin is becoming heavier. A statement issued this week. by the :East German Foreign Ministry sharply prote~>ted the Bu.ndestag committee meetings, which are to begin on Monday, and other scheduled West German activities in the city. The statement demanded -that these "illegal" actions be halted and x?epeated that the Bonn govern- ment as well as the BezVlin Senat bear "full x?espon- sibility for all consequences." Warnings of this type have sometimes becyn a prelude to interruptions in access to the city and other forms of harassment. The Soviets are letting East Germany take the lead. '.t'hey have made known that they consider that the East Germans are obl_Lged to demonstrate dis- pleasure. The Soviets have ba]'_anced warnings of un- specified countermeasures, however, with diplomatic assurances that they plan no moves on Berlin and that Allied interests thE~re arc; not in jeopardy . The Soviets also have been at pains to appear circumspect in recent contacts with the Allies on autobahn matters, as ifs to suggest that Moscow is monitoring East German activities closely and is attentive to Western concern ak~out Berlin. A front- page Izvestia commentaxVy yesterday on Berlin was low-key. Top officials in Bonn and West Berlin show no disposition to cancel or postpone any of the meet- ings. On 22 October, Mayor Schuetz said, "We will not be impressed by East Berlin's propaganda." A leading official of the city government says he fears that if the Soviets decide on harassment, they are likely to begin during the Bundestag com- mittee meetings in order to sow doubts in tine minds of the organizers of tYie olit_i.cal art atherin s which will come later. 2 5 Oc t 6 8 Central Intelligence Bulletin 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/10/01 :CIA-RDP79T00975A012400050001-8 SECRET Approved For Release 2003/'~~RDP79T00975A012400050001-8 Czechoslovakia-USSR: Vasily Kuznetsov, the U5SR's plenipotentiary in Prague, may be taking up leadership problems with both Dubcek and Dubcek's enemies. During the night of 23 October, Kuznetsov met with Dubcek for an "open and comradely exchange of views on topical questions of interest to both sides," according to Prague radio. This formulation suggests there was no meeting of minds. Yesterday, Kuznetsov talked with pro-Soviet party secretary Alois Indra and the conservative Czechoslovak party presidium member Vasil Bilak. Prague radio described these meetings as '?friendly" and ?'sincere." Indra has recently returned from a prolonged stay in Moscow. Bilak has been out of the limelight since he was ousted as boss of the Slovak party in the wake of the invasion. The Soviets are promoting a resurgence of dis- credited party conservatives, who are attempting to organize against Dubcek and the reformers in the leadership. Kuznetsov may now be discussing the question of how to bring the conservatives back to their "rightful place" in the part and overnment and what roles they might play. 25 Oct 6 8 Central Intelligence Bulletin 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/1~~~I~~DP79T00975A012400050001-8 Approved For Release 2003/1g~Q~~~i41'~DP79T00975A012400050001-8 France-Algeria: Paris is showing concern over the Soviet presence in the Mediterranean and partic- ularly in Algeria. Soviet activities in Algeria are said to have put De Gaulle iri a "bad. mood, ?? and both ranking of- ficials and the press have expx?essed alarm. ~ Bu getary consi era ions an pressure rom Frenc ~siness and other interests will sevE~rely ]_imit Paris' effort to compete with Moscow in Algeria.. France has not yet responded to Alge:ria's re- quest for assistance in r_eorgariizing its Soviet?- equipped and trained navy and i_n refurbishing the Mers el Kebir naval base? Paris has so far agreed only to send a naval expE:rt to advise the Algerian Navy, and has insisted that he have complete freedom of movement so as to errnit him access to n~ers el Kebir. 2 5 O c t 6 8 Central Intelligence Bulletin 25X1 25X1 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/1~~~~~DP79T00975A012400050001-8 Approved For Release 2003/1~~~1~'f~DP79T00975A012400050001-8 Morocco-USSR: The Soviet naval force that visited Casablanca last week received a restrained reception from Moroccan authorities. Moroccan officials arranged the usual routine of calls and entertainment, and senior Soviet of- ficals were received by the minister of defense, the deputy chief of the general staff, and top civilian officials in Casablanca. The two ranking civilians and many Moroccan military officers did not attend the Soviet admiral's reception, however, and local authorities in Casablanca are reported to have dis- couraged the Moroccan public: from visiting the Soviet ships . Publicity for the visit was comparable to that accorded smaller routine US naval visits to Moroccan .ports. The visit did, however, set a precedent for future Soviet naval calls. 25 Oct 68 Central Intelligence Bulletin Approved For Release 2003/1~~1,~IA,~RDP79T00975A012400050001-8 25X6 gpproved For Release 2003/10/01 :CIA-RDP79T00975A012400050001-8 Approved For Release 2003/10/01 :CIA-RDP79T00975A012400050001-8 Approved For Release 2003/'I~~DP79T00975A012400050001-8 Peru: The military government has initiated contacts with the Soviet Union, apparently in the hope of obtaining economic aid. Peru's foreign minister has announced that pre- liminary talks have begun with the Soviet Embassy in Chile. He said that the Soviets have told the Peru- vians that the USSR makes loans for 8-10 years, car- rying interest rates of 3-3.5 percent and repayable in products. The Peruvians could be attracted by these terms, which would allow them. to avoid repay- ment in hard currency. The government had earlier announced that it would receive economic missions from the USSR and other East European countries in the next few months. It has also approved a Soviet request to conduct "maritime biological exploration?' off the Peruvian coast. In response to a Soviet: invitation, two Pe- ruvians have been named to participate in the oper- ation. Peru is looking for new markets and other sources of foreign aid, but it may also be trying to exert pressure on the U5 to maintain normal di - lomatic ties and economic support. 25X1 Central Intelligence Bulletin Approved For Release 2003/1 @~~IDP79T00975A012400050001-8 Approved For Release 2003/1~A~~~DP79T00975A012400050001-8 Chile: The Christian Democratic Party is at- tempting a move to the left without repudiating President Frei's policie;~. The party platform adoptec~ last weekend praises many accomplishments of: 1=he FrE;i administration . ~hhe party clearly believes, however, that some as- pects are a burden to it? and the platform emphasizes the need for additional. reform in the ''second stage`' of Christian Democratic c~overnrnent. ~i'he platform pledges the Christian Democrat~~_c Party to eliminate capitalism and build a '?democratic and co:rnmianitarian society." It goes on t:o call for Chile's `'total liberation from imperialism through recovery of the country's basic resources "--a i~hrust at US copper companies in Chile. The leftist segment of the party showed its strength by inserting in the platform a call :for leftist unity. The paY-t~~ leaders indicated, however, that they would insist on setting the terms for cooperation with the Communists and would not permit other groups in the party to negotiate any electoral alliance. The Communists have already replied that the Christian Democratc> must raLd themselves of "re- actionary elements" such as thE~ present minister of the interior before any cooperation is possible. Despite the Christian Democrats' emphasis on plans for additional reform, t~iey know that their prospects in congressional eler_tions next spring are tied to the success>e:~ and failures of the first four years of Frei 's governmeni~, and they wi1:1 not repudiate it entirely. 2 5 Oct 6 8 Central Zratelligence Bulletin 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/10/01 :CIA-RDP79T00975A012400050001-8 SF;CRET 25X6 gpproved For Release 2003/10/01 :CIA-RDP79T00975A012400050001-8 Approved For Release 2003/10/01 :CIA-RDP79T00975A012400050001-8 Approved For Release 2003/1?~;~I~i-'f~DP79T00975A012400050001-8 Yugoslavia: Press comment in the Soviet bloc continues to link Yugoslavia to the West. An editorial on 22 October in Bulgaz?ia's major party daily, Rabotnichesko Delo, noted the similar- ity between Yugoslav and Western reaction to the Soviet-Czechoslovak troop treaty. The editorial professed to understand the "a;ntisocialist rage" coming out of the West but expressed perplexity at the negative line in the Yugoslav press which, it noted, greeted the treaty "wit:h a sour fake." So- viet press articles on Undersecretary Katzenbach's recent visit to Yugoslavia have emphasized the close- ness of US-Yugoslav relations. This treatment will irk Tito who addressed him- self to the subject as recently as 20 October in a major speech at Leskovac, near the Bu1gaY?ian border. In that speech, Tito indignantly rejected charges by certain Eastern European countries that Yugoslavia is selling itself to tl':~e West and is tending toward capitalism. The Yugoslavs are understandably neY~vous over bloc comparisons of their social system t:o capital- ism in view of Moscow's expressed. intention of keeping order in the "socialist commonwealth." The Yugoslavs fear that with this doctrine trae Soviets are presuming the right to intervene in socialist countries outside the '~larsaw Pact. Continued crit- icism of Yugoslavia's policies from the Soviet bloc will keep tensions high and will tend to maintain Yugoslav fears of economic sanctions from the War- saw Five. 2 5 O e t 6 8 Central Intelligence B1~lletin 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/1QJ/~~~~IDP79T00975A012400050001-8 Approved For Release 2003/1a~~~~fi-'RDP79T00975A012400050001-8 Uganda: President Milton Obote is moving harshly against critics of his government. In a speech to parliament on 21 October Obote bitterly attacked a number of people, especially intellectuals. He singled out Ali Mazrui, a well- known professor of political science at Makerere University in Kampala. The speech followed the ar- rest of a member of parliament who last month pub- lished an article and more recently a letter which were severely critical of Uganda's republican con- stitution and Obote's government. Two journalists who had contacts with the MP were also arrested and beaten. Mazrui published a statement deploring the detentions; he now expects to be deported. Obote is notoriously thin-skinned and quick to take personal affront at any criticisms. He has seldom, however, resorted to such steps as detaining the critics themselves. 25 Oct 6 8 Central Intelligence Bulletin 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/10~I~P79T00975A012400050001-8 Approved For Release 2003/1~D~1~~I~f~pP79T00975A012400050001-8 SOVIET WEATHER SATELLITE PROGRAM DATE LAUNCHED LAUN(:H AREA USEFUL LIFETIME Research and development weather satellites COSMOS 44 28 Aug 64 TYURATAM 16 Days COSMOS 58 26 Feb 65 TYURATAM 7 Weeks COSMOS 100 17 Dec 65 TYURATAM 1 Day COSMOS 118 11 May 66 TYURATAM 3 Weeks COSMOS 122 25 Juri 66 TYURATAM. 18 Weeks Meteor weather satellite system COSMOS 144 28 Feb 67 PLESETSK 1:3 Months COSMOS 156 27 Apr 67 PLESETSK 4 PJlonths COSMOS 184 24 Oct 67 PLESETSK 7 Months COSMOS 206 14 Mar 68 PLESETSK 2 Months COSMOS 226 22 Jun 68 PLESETSK Active 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/10/01 :CIA-RDP79T00975A012400050001-8 S~~,(~~RET Approved For Release 2003/1~/~-I~DP79T00975A012400050001-8 USSR; The Soviets probably are developing an improved weather satellite. The satellite, which may be orbited within the next year, would represent a significant improvement over the one the Soviets have used since establishing their Meteor weather satellite system in February 1967. The short life of the present satellites has made the T~~ieteor system extremely expensive. Only one of the five .Meteor satellites put into orbit is still operating. The instrumentation on the satellite under de- velopment probably will be comparable to that used on present U5 weather satellites. The new satellite may be able to transmit images in three different colors for later reconstruction of simulated color cloud photography, a feature that has been tested on experimental satellites orbited by the US. The new satellite probably would be placed in an orbit about 300 miles high; at least three would be required to provide 24-hour, world-wide weather coverage. agreement concluded between the US and the USSR in 1962 requires passage of weather data within six hours of its collection. Soviet satellite informa- tion is usually 12 to 24 hours old when received in Washington, -too old to be very useful in weather Even if an improved satellite is orbited, data handling problems probably will. continue to plague the Soviet weather satellite program. The bilateral forecasting. 2 5 Oe t 6 8 Central Intelligence Baalletin Approved For Release 2003/1~Q/~i1-;,CWrRDP79T00975A012400050001-8 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/1g/~~I~~DP79T00975A012400050001-8 Recent Disorders Reparted in Chinese Industrial Center Approved For Release 2003/10/01 :CIA-RDP79T00975A012400050001-8 SECRET Approved For Release 2003/~A~RDP79T00975A012400050001-8 CoiYUnunist China: Unsettled conditions in the key industrial city of Wu-han may be representative of the situation in other long-troubled cities which have been centers of Cultural Revolution factionalism and violence. whi e or er as been "more or ess res ore since e period of bitter fac- tional fighting last summer, two large opposing factional groups remain. Disagreements between them have prevented the formation of administrative rev- olutionary committees at lower levels in many organ- izations. Moreover, "worker propaganda teams" which were formed in August to occupy schools and subdue Red Guard organizations in other maj r Chinese cities have made little progress in Wu-han. the teams have entere on y one Wu- an co ege . "production on the whole is not goo Wu-han youth in " and few general are "disillusione an apa etic young people participated in the National Da cele- brations in the city on 1 October. the situation in the Wu-han Pub11C Security ureau--presumably the foreign affairs section--had improved since January 1968 and that the bureau office "is now open a few times a week." As recently as early August there were reports of violent struggle in Wu-han which resulted in the burning down of some houses, but there have been no reports of major disorders since. During September, however, provincial editorials complained that some lower level units had set up ":rival revolutionary committees" without the authorization of the provin- cial authorities. Such complaints support the re- patriates' descri tion of continuin factional struggle. 2 5 O e t 6 8 Central Intelligence Bulletin 25X1 25X1 25X1` 25X1 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/1(k~~1~~Il~f~DP79T00975A012400050001-8 Approved For Release 2003/10~f~P79T00975A012400050001-8 NOTES USSR-Czechoslovakiai: The: Soviet Army newspaper Red Star reported yesterday that the citizens of Kaliningrad, in the Baltic r!lil,itary District, had given a heroes' welcome to Soviet troops returning from Czechoslovakia. This is the first official statement indicating that Soviet troops have been withdrawn from Czechoslovakia. These troops probably belonged to the units which allied military missions in East Germany reported were withdrawin