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December 15, 2016
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June 2, 2003
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December 16, 1968
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Approved For Release 2003/06/11 : CIA-RDP79T00975A0127001satift 25X1 DIRECTORATE OF INTELLIGENCE Central Intelligence Bulletin Secret 50 Approved For Release 2003/06/11 : CIA-RDP79T00975A012700130001-6 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/06/11 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO12700130001-6 Approved For Release 2003/06/11 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO12700130001-6 Approved For Release 2003/06YA(fl P79T00975A012700130001-6 No. 0340/68 16 December 1968 Central Intelligence Bulletin CONTENTS Vietnam: Situation report. (Page 1) Laos: The North Vietnamese have been badly mauled at Ban Thateng, but the struggle may not be over. (Page 3) Brazil: Most Brazilians seem to feel powerless in the face of the government's severe new repressive measures. (Page 4) East Germany - Rumania: Foreign Minister Manescu's visit reflects new efforts by both countries to im- prove relations. (Page 5) Philippines-Malaysia: Sabah moratorium possible (Page 6) Chile: Student victory (Page 6) Canada: Defense policy (Page 6) Panama: University seized (Page 7) SECRET Approved For Release 2003/06/11 : CIA-RDP79T00975A012700130001-6 Approved For Release 2003/3 } gRDP79T00975A012700130001-6 IV CORPS F N SOUTH VIETNAM 25X1 SECRET 190 MILES Approved For Release 2003/06/11 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO12700130001-6 Approved For Release 2003/0~`DP79T00975A012700130001-6 C Vietnam: No major Communist actions developed over the weekend, but there were continuing indica- tions that a new offensive targeted primarily against the III Corps - Saigon area might soon unfold. Enemy military activity in the III Corps - Saigon area during 13-15 December was limited to small-scale ground probes and attacks-by-fire against allied posi- tions astride known infiltration corridors to Saigon. The pattern of these actions in recent days suggests an effort by the Communists to screen the southward deployment of main force units from remote base areas and border sanctuaries to forward staging areas flank- ing Saigon. Elsewhere in this sector, the Communists heavily shelled a refugee hamlet near Loc Ninh--killing one Vietnamese civilian and wounding 72--and also inten- sified their terrorist activities within Saigon proper. prisoners also continue to report the strong probability of forthcoming attacks in this area, unless pre-empted by allied spoiling operations and B-52 strikes. In the northern provinces of South Vietnam, mean- while, Communist attack preparations continue to be reported in the Da Nang area, and a recent defector claims that North Vietnamese forces will attack Hue "during the general offensive in late December." (Map) I Central Intelligence Bulletin SECRET Approved For Release 2003/06/11 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO12700130001-6 Approved For Release 2003/T}}RDP79T00975A012700130001-6 Southern Laos: Ban Thateng Threat Continues Savannak`het Moung Nang 25X1 ViO BOLOVENS akse PLATEAU SECRET Shau SCUT* pproved For Release 2003/06/11 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO12700130001-6 25 50 Miles 25 50 75 Kilometers CJ Communist-controlled territory C] Contested territory ? Government-held town Approved For Release 2003k;;JP RDP79T00975A012700130001-6 Laos: Government troops supported by heavy air- strikes have given a mauling to North Vietnamese forces near Ban Thateng, but the two-week struggle for this strategic village may not be over. Government positions just south of Ban Thateng have been strengthened after two days of bitter fighting. Fresh troops and supplies have been flown in and reconnaissance teams are setting up defensive positions along routes leading into the area. The village itself is being held by an estimated battalion of North Vietnamese that has been dug in there since the initial assault on the government positions faltered. Laotian Army patrols have skir- mished with the enemy in the village, but there are still not enough government troops in the area to drive out the well-entrenched Vietnamese. Substan- tial numbers of civilians in the village, most of them dependents of the Laotian troops, preclude air- strikes against enemy positions there. Remnants of two other North Vietnamese battal- ions that are believed to have made up the attacking force have withdrawn under the cover of darkness. There are some indications, however, that the North Vietnamese are bringing up reinforcements from other areas of the Bolovens Plateau to renew the battle. Although an accurate count of enemy casualties is not possible, reportsl indicate that the North Vietnamese have lost as many as 200 to 300 killed. If these figures are correct, the assault may be the costliest engagement the North Vietnamese have ever fought in Laos. (Map) 16 Dec 68 Central Intelligence Bulletin SECRET 25X1 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/06/11 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO12700130001-6 Approved For Release MQ i]I fF CIA-RDP79T00975A012700130001-6 Brazil: Most Brazilians seem to feel power- less in the face of severe repressive measures in- stituted Friday by the Costa e Silva government. The army has arrested many of its former crit- ics, and the government intends to strip many of them of their political rights. Prominent persons picked up thus far include former president Kub- itschek, opposition spokesman Carlos Lacerda, a number of state and federal deputies, and several highly respected journalists. Others reportedly have gone into hiding or sought asylum. Strict censor- ship has been imposed on all communications media, including the international wire services. The President's own position is not completely clear as he is known to have opposed any departure from constitutional procedures. He clearly had little choice but to accept the military's demands if he wished to remain in office. The government will have little support except from the military establishment, but active resist- ance will probably be slow to develop. Church, stu- dent, and labor groups as well as other elements will eventually make efforts to restore normal po- litical life. For example, the conservative cardi- nal of Rio de Janeiro has reacted with uncharacter- istic vigor in angrily defending priests and students who have been arrested. Leading army generals are presumably running the government, and they can count on solid support from hard-line officers. The military's violent reaction to criticism indicates a basic failure to understand the forces working for social and economic reform in Brazil, which does not bode well for a re- turn to constitutional government in the foreseeable future. 16 Dec 68 Central Intelligence Bulletin 4 SECRET pprovedFor Release 2003/06/11: CIA-RDP79T00975A012700130001-6 Approved For Release 2003/Ogl[' RIi-DP79T00975A012700130001-6 East Germany - Rumania: Foreign Minister Man- escu's recent visit to East Germany reflects new ef- forts by both sides to improve relations. The communique after the five-day visit called for negotiations on a bilateral treaty of friendship and mutual assistance, something Bucharest had pre- viously avoided despite the conclusion of similar treaties between Pankow and other Eastern European countries. Both sides advocated a conference on European security and stressed cooperation between "all European states" and "peaceful coexistence be- tween states with different social orders." A compromise statement regarding West Germany declared that both sides believed the establishment of relations between Bonn and Pankow would "facili- tate progress toward achieving European security." Manescu concluded his visit yesterday by inviting East German Foreign Minister Winzer to visit Bucha- . rest next year. 16 Dec 68 Central Intelligence Bulletin 5 SECRET Approved For Release 2003/06/11 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO12700130001-6 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/06/Sr.(gkkP79T00975A012700130001-6 Philippines-Malaysia: An informal Philippine- Malaysian understanding over the Philippine claim to Sabah probably foreshadows a moratorium on the issue rather than early discussions toward a solution. The understanding, reportedly reached on 15 December by Philippine and Malaysian officials attending an international conference in Thailand, must be approved by their governments. Tensions may be eased by the Philippine foreign secretary's statement recognizing current Malaysian sovereignty over Sabah. 25X1 Chile: The government has knuckled under to demands of students at the Communist-dominated State Technical University following violent demonstrations last week. It will provide a supplemental appropria- tion to help cover the university's budget deficit. The government offer has been accepted by the Commu- nist rector, but the Socialists at the university have embarrassed the Communists by refusing to resume classes. This division within the university move- ment could provoke further demonstrations. 25X1 Canada: In public statements on 13 December, Prime Minister Trudeau took a more positive view of NATO than he has in the past. He said that any acceptable defense posture for Canada would require continuing expenditures at least on the present level. Trudeau made it clear, however, that a re- view of defense policy is still under way, with no final decisions having been made. (continued) 16 Dec 68 Central Intelligence Bulletin 25XI SECRET Approved For Release 2003, h bI'X-RDP79T00975A012700130001-6 I Panama: The national guard seizure of the University of Panama on 14 December appeared to have been planned well in advance. The post-midnight raid encountered no resistance, and the government decreed the campus will remain closed, perhaps for six months, until sweeping reforms permit the university "to ac- complish its lofty social commitments." Members of the ruling junta, which overthrew the Arias adminis- tration two months ago, had indicated that university corruption was to be a prime target for reform. The students' continued political opposition to the gov- ernment probably provided further incentive. 16 Dec 68 Central Intelligence Bulletin 7 SECRET Approved For Release 2003/06/11 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO12700130001-6 25X1 Secreroved For Release 2003/06/11 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO12700130001-6 Secret Approved For Release 2003/06/11: CIA-RDP79TO0975A