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December 15, 2016
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August 11, 2003
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April 28, 1969
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Approved For Release 2003/10/01 : CIA-RDP79T00975A01360t 25X1 DIRECTORATE OF INTELLIGENCE Central Intelligence Bulletin Secret 5G 28 April ,969 State Dept. review completed Approved For Release 2003/10/01 : CIA-RDP79T00975A013600040001-6 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/10/01 : CIA-RDP79T00975A013600040001-6 Approved For Release 2003/10/01 : CIA-RDP79T00975A013600040001-6 Approved For Release 2003/RDP79T00975A013600040001-6 No. 0101/69 28 April 1969 Central Intelligence Bulletin CONTENTS South Vietnam: Situation report. (Page 1) France: De Gaulle's resignation opens a period of intense political maneuvering. (Page 3) Jordan: Stepped-up fedayeen pressure on King Husayn increases the chances of a clash. (Page 5) 25X1 Yugoslavia: Nationalist pressures and unemployment hinder Belgrade's efforts to improve the lot of the Albanian minority. (Page 9) Bolivia: The armed forces have "guaranteed" consti- tut al succession in the presidency. (Page 10) 25X1 Chile: Two presidential hopefuls plan to visit the USSR and Communist China. (Page 12) USSR -- Eastern Europe: CEMA communique` (Page 13) SECRET Approved For Release 2003/10/01 : CIA-RDP79T00975A013600040001-6 Approved For Release 2003/1 /01 : t -} 7DP79T00975A013600040001-6 CAMBOD A i'1':cnna ) `cAM iRANH d'.1 SOUTH VIETNAM ic MILES SECRET Vang Tara 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/10/01 : CIA-RDP79T00975A013600040001-6 Approved For Release 2003/&DP79T00975A013600040001-6 C South Vietnam: An upsurge of sharp fighting over the weekend cost the Communists heavy casual- ties. Some 500 enemy troops were killed in a half dozen stiff encounters in the western III Corps and northern delta countryside. Two battles were trig- gered by strong Communist night infantry assaults against US field positions--one, located in Tay Ninh Province about a mile from the Cambodian bor- der, was first struck by an intensive mortar attack, much of it from across the border. There were also several unsuccessful sapper attacks in Saigon, apparently aimed at the city's electric power supply, and a number of terrorist incidents as well. More such violence in the capital city area is indicated by recently captured prisoners, documents, and the discovery of a large store of demolition equipment north of Saigon. Meanwhile, a major fire at the Da Nang Air Base on 27 April has crippled allied operations there at least temporarily. According to preliminary esti- mates, ammunition and fuel losses are extensive. Air operations were suspended and personnel were evacuated from several portions of the base. So far, it does not appear that the fire was caused b enemy action. 28 Apr 69 Central Intelligence Bulletin SECRET Approved For Release 2003/10/01 : CIA-RDP79T00975A013600040001-6 25X1 SECRET Approved For Release 2003/10 0 : CIA-RDP79T00975A013600040001-6 25X1 Alain Poher, Interim President of France Political Party: Democratic Center Aorn Elected. Vliyor of Albon-sur-Seine 1945 senator for Seine et-Oise 19 6 194 -19 0 retar/ of the Navy (Gaillard Cabinet) to to utopean Parliament , ~, 1958 President of European Parliament 196 6 Ele ted r sident of Senate 0cto ier SECRET pprove or a eas J1W - - Approved For Release 2003h R6PTRDP79T00975A013600040001-6 I France: De Gaulle's resignation opens a period of intense political maneuvering and bargaining for the office he has vacated after almost 11 years. No formal candidacies have been announced, but a Gaullist and a centrist are likely to be the prime contenders for the presidency. Senate President Alain Poher, who will serve as interim president until new elections are held, is almost certain to be a candidate. Centrists and some leftists were already coalescing around his candidacy last week, probably recognizing that his role as interim presi- dent would put him in the spotlight during the crucial campaign period. The other prime contender doubtless will be former prime minister Georges Pompidou, who is certain to be the choice of most Gaullists. Other possible candidates are Indepen- dent Republican leader Valery Giscard d'Estaing and leftist leader Francois Mitterrand. The Communist Party has no candidate at this point but its leaders have already publicly declared that they are seeking an alliance of all the parties of the left. Elections must take place not sooner than 20 and not later than 35 days from today. During this interim period, no basic domestic or foreign policy changes are likely. Although Poher is an anti-Gaul- list centrist, the administration remains in the hands of the Gaullists. At this juncture neither Prime Minister Couve de Murville nor any of his cab- inet has resigned, and Poher does not have the power under the constitution to remove them without their consent. Moreover, Poher will probably focus most of his attention on the campaign rather than on policy decisions. The public has reacted calmly to the defeat of the referendum and De Gaulle's subsequent resigna- tion. Although a few isolated outbreaks of violence have occurred, neither government supporters nor op- position forces have tried to provoke major civil 28 Apr 69 Central Intelligence Bulletin 3 SECRET Approved For Release 2003/10/01 : CIA-RDP79T00975A013600040001-6 Approved For Release 2003/''`&A RDP79T00975A013600040001-6 disorders. In any event, government security forces have elaborate contingency plans to control any out- burst. Slightly over 80 percent of the electorate voted and, of these, almost 53 percent voted "no." Returns are not yet in from the overseas territories but Interior Minister Marcellin announced that these votes could not affect the outcome. Of the 18 ref- erenda and plebiscites which have been held in France since 1793 onl one other failed to gain a positive vote. 28 Apr 69 Central Intelligence Bulletin SECRET 25X1 ppproov oar a e~"ase~~}(J 9 Approved For Release 2003/19PC_N IZDP79T00975A013600040001-6 Jordan: Additional fedayeen pressures on King HusaynTe increased the chances of a major clash between the terrorists and the regime. Prime Minister Rifai, in a meeting on 23 April with Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) chair- man Yasir Arafat, tentatively agreed to allow Egyp- tian-based personnel of the Palestine Liberation Army (PLA), the military arm of the PLO, to enter Jordan. Rifai stated, however, that the transfer must have the agreement of the King, who returned from London yesterday. The fedayeen in Jordan already constitute al- most a state within a state, and the presence of additional units of armed Palestinians would fur- ther jeopardize the King's position. In view of Husayn's long-time refusal to allow PLA units to be stationed in Jordan, it is doubtful that he would now agree. The King is also under pressure to allow the transfer of the fedayeen's propaganda office from Cairo to Amman and possibly even to al- low their broadcasts from Amman. Various fedayeen organizations have prepared for an all-out confrontation with the. government following a joint fedayeen communique on 15 April repudiating Husayn's six-point peace plan. Within Jordan, the Palestine National Liberation Movement, Fatah, remains on alert status and there are some signs that fedayeen supporters are approaching pub- lic security and army personnel with the request that they remain neutral in any future clash. US officials in Amman estimate that the King will attempt to enforce stronger controls over the fedayeen, but will avoid an all-out clash. Any efforts to limit fedayeen operations, however, will almost certainly meet with resistance. 28 Apr 69 Central Intelligence Bulletin 5 SECRET Approved For Release 2003/10/01 : CIA-RDP79T00975A013600040001-6 25X1 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/10/01 : CIA-RDP79T00975A013600040001-6 Next 1 Page(s) In Document Exempt Approved For Release 2003/10/01 : CIA-RDP79T00975A013600040001-6 Approved For Release 2003/1& -'kDP79T00975A013600040001-6 YUGOSLAVIA Albanian minority group Republic boundary Autonomous province boundary SECRET 25X1 01--_6 INNNOW ppprovedFro-re Tease : CIAM Approved For Release 2003/RCRDP79T00975A013600040001-6 Yugoslavia: Continuing nationalist pressures and widesprea_unemployment in the Yugoslav auton- omous province of Kosovo plague Belgrade in its ef- forts to respond effectively to the demands of the Albanian minority there. Riots erupted in Kosovo and in parts of Mace- donia in late 1968, reflecting the seriousness of the Albanians' grievances. Since then, Serb-Alban- ian rivalry for political control of the province continues to undermine efforts to solve the area's problems. Belgrade nevertheless appears determined to make good its promise to improve conditions, and Tito himself reiterated his support for this goal at the ninth party congress last month. The exodus of Serbian professional experts and skilled laborers has particularly hampered Belgrade. Kosovo, with Yugoslavia's highest unemployment rate and widespread illiteracy, can ill Afford to lose the few capable personnel it has. In weeding out those responsible for last year's riots, Belgrade itself has added to the unrest. Numerous intellectuals and workers have been brought to trial, and scores of Albanians have been sen- tenced to jail for terms ranging from a few months to seven years. Numerous other students, workers, and teachers have been expelled from the party and have lost their jobs. 28 Apr 69 Central Intelligence Bulletin 9 SECRET Approved For Release 2003/10/01 : CIA-RDP79T00975A013600040001-6 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/10;P79T00975A013600040001-6 C Bolivia: President Rene Barrientos was killed yester act y in a helicopter crash; there is no evi- dence of sabotage. Vice President Luis Adolfo Siles Salinas has been sworn in as president and the constitutional succession has been "guaranteed" by the armed forces. The armed forces remain the key to political power in Bolivia. They probably will back Siles for the moment but could oust him should he attempt to assert his independence. Armed Forces Commander in Chief Alfredo Ovando is on his way to Bolivia from the US. Ovando had been considered the prob- able winner in the presidential election scheduled for July 1970? He ma now decide, however, to m before the election. 28 Apr 69 Central Intelligence Bulletin 10 SECRET Approved r 1111111MMUM - 25X1 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/10/01 : CIA-RDP79T00975A013600040001-6 Approved For Release 2003/10/01 : CIA-RDP79T00975A013600040001-6 Approved For Release 2003/1 ~)0'T ' IyX-RDP79T00975A013600040001-6 Chile: Two prospective presidential candidates for the election, next year plan to travel to the Soviet Union and to Communist China; one plans to go on to North Korea and North Vietnam. Pro-Castro Socialist Senator Salvador Allende leaves soon for Moscow, Peking, North Korea, and North Vietnam. Allende,, who is president of the Senate, wants to get "first-hand" knowledge of the Vietnam situation. Allende has in the past run strongly for president with the support of the Com- munist and Socialist parties. He would again be a formidable candidate if he could add other leftist support next year. Radomiro Tomic, former ambassador to the US and presidential hopeful in President Frei's Chris- tian Democratic Party, also hopes to visit the So- viet Union and Communist China early next month during a planned trip to Europe. Tomic may believe that by so doing he can increase his appeal to leftists outside the Christian Democratic Party, whose support he has said is a necessity for his presidential campaign. 28 Apr 69 Central Intelligence Bulletin SECRET 25X1 pprovec~orelease - Approved For Release 2003/1&E 1-'kDP79T00975A013600040001-6 USSR - Eastern Europe: The communique issued at the end o the four-day CEMA summit on 26 April indicates that a few unspecified decisions were made, and that major disagreement on the subject of economic unity continues. The eight member countries agreed, however, on the need to establish an investment bank and to seek to improve the op- eration of the existing Bank for Economic Coopera- tion as a means of bolstering trade and financial relations among CEMA members. The communique ad- mitted, nevertheless, that "the session raised many problems concerning deepening relations be- tween the national economies," indicating that di- vergent views among members on the desirability of economic integration still persist. 28 Apr 69 Central Intelligence Bulletin SECRET Approved For Release 2003/10/01 : CIA-RDP79T00975A013600040001-6 25X1 SecreXproved For Release 2003/10/01 : CIA-RDP79T00975A013600040001-6 Secret Approve or a ease/ : 0975 0 -