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December 14, 2016
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March 5, 2003
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June 11, 1969
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Approved Fo,& elease 2003/03/28: CIA-RDP79T009Z 0139cS%7e f? 0 25X1 DIRECTORATE OF INTELLIGENCE Central Intelligence Bulletin Secret -51 11 June 1969 Approved For Release 2003/03/28 : CIA-RDP79T00975A013900070001-0 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/03/28 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO13900070001-0 Approved For Release 2003/03/28 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO13900070001-0 Approved Fes-, Release 200S ? -cTA-RDP79T00q6A013900070001-0 No. 0139/69 11 June 1969 Central Intelligence Bulletin CONTENTS South Vietnam: Situation report. (Page 1) Brazil: Government efforts to prevent anti-Rockefeller incidents may in fact increase hostility. (Page 3) Chile: A police search of a university has added to President Frei's problems. (Page 4) South Korea: The confidence of opponents of a third term for President Pak is growing. (Page 5) Finland-USSR: Helsinki has decided to negotiate the purchase of its first nuclear power plant. (Page 7) India-Nepal: No progress has been made toward alle- viating strains in Indo-Nepalese relations. (Page 8) USSR - Middle East: Gromyko visit to Cairo (Page 9) Nigeria: Arms airlift to Biafra (Page 9) Syria - Communist China: Military aid (Page 9) Southern Yemen: Army's attitude (Page 10) SECRET Approved For Release 2003/03/28 : CIA-RDP79T00975A013900070001-0 Approved For Rele s 2003/03/283]POJPPf9T00975A01&070001 -0 NORTH \ ^VIETNA THUA Tr11EN 1 A Shau THAILAND Se ravane LAOS Tonle ~ Sap CA,MBOD\A SECRET 'Ban Me Thuat 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/03/28 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO13900070001-0 Approved F elease 2003/03RF1iJpP79T009ZWA013900070001-0 I South Vietnam: The Vietnamese Communists have staked out a formal claim to a share of political power in South Vietnam by setting up a provisional regime as a rival to the Saigon government. The step was announced in a series of broad- casts by the Viet Cong's Liberation Radio on 10 June. It was billed as an outgrowth of consulta- tions.between the Liberation Front and the other major Communist front, the Alliance, but it prob- ably was an integral part of the Communist program which began unfolding on 8 May with the Front's ten-point proposal for ending the war. The new "government" probably is designed both to rally support from forces in South Vietnam op- posing the Thieu government and as a device for as- serting Communist authority in an interim period leading up to new general elections. It seems to be directly linked to the passage in the Front's program which specifies that during this period "neither party shall impose its political regime on the people of South Vietnam." The personnel in the cabinet and the advisory council announced by the Liberation Front radio ap- pear to be drawn largely from well-known figures in the Front and the Alliance. Ground fighting picked up sharply on 9-10 June with the heaviest action taking place in I and III corps. (continued) 11 Jun 69 Central Intelligence Bulletin SECRET Approved For Release 2003/03/28 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO13900070001-0 Approved For Release 2003/03F*c/RTDP79T00975A0fi'3900070001-0 (More than 200 Communist troops were killed in three battles in Quang Nam Province and another 100 died during engagements in two provinces near Saigon. Most of this ground action developed from allied in- itiatives. An upsurge in enemy shellings during the same period, however, underscored Communist hopes of keeping up a credible show of strength through the current so-called offensive phase. ) F7 I (Ma p Central Intelligence Bulletin SECRET 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/03/28 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO13900070001-0 Approved FeroRelease 2003/ TRDP79T009ZA013900070001-0 Brazil: The government's efforts to prevent incidents that could mar Governor Rockefeller's visit may in fact be increasing hostility toward his missiOD The police appear frequently unable, however, to differentiate between possible terrorists and outspoken student opponents of the government. This lack of discrimination, and the security forces' oc- casional brutality in dealing with detained students, are focusing student hostility on the visit. Stu- dents have scheduled a general university strike and agitation from now until 16 June to demonstrate op- position to the government and in hopes of frustrat- ing and tiring security forces prior to the mis- sion's visit. Last night students attacked a USIS library in Rio e Janeiro destroying a number of books but apparently causing little other damage. They also distributed leaflets protesting the Rocke-. feller visit. The government's heavy-handedness has now been extended to the communications media. The Justice Ministry issued a circular on 7 June prohibiting any reporting on--among many other subjects--hostile acts against the Rockefeller mission in other coun- tries on its itinerary, or the possibility of post- ponement or cancellation of its trip to Brazil. The circular also "recommended" that the media collabor- ate to create a climate favorable to the success of the visit The greatest potential danger probably comes not from student protesters but from small, trained terrorist groups which might take this opportunity to attack US installations or the Governor's party. The government is determined to prevent such action, but its record against the well- r anized terrorist groups has not been impressive. 11 Jun 69 Central me z ce u etin SECRET 25X1 25X1 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/03/28 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO13900070001-0 Approved For I ase 2003/C JgC ~A~RDP79T00975A0 3900070001-0 Chile: A police search of the University of Concepcion has given President Frei still another problem. Leftist parties have charged that police vio- lated university autonomy--although Chilean law does not specify that universities are autonomous. The search was initiated after a newspaper editor charged that leftist students--specifically members of the extremist Movement of the Revolutionary Left-- had kidnaped and maltreated him. The university has been a base for terrorist activity by that movement, and the searchers found a large quantity of extrem- ist propaganda and materials for molotov cocktails in the headquarters of the student federation. Left-wing congressmen from Frei's Christian Democratic Party may seize on the outcry against the police action as an excuse to join the opposi- tion in the motion of censure now pending against Minister of Interior Perez Zujovic, whose hard-line policies are coming under heavy criticism. If he should be censured by both houses, he would be under a moral but not a legal obligation to resign. 25X1 11 Jun 6 9 Central Intelligence Bulletin 4 SECRET Approved For Release 2003 03/28 : - - Approved FQ,CfZelease 2003%03~(~P79T009~4013900070001-0 South Korea: The confidence of opponent of a third"term for President Pak is growing 25X1 about 30 government asse ymen are so i y against an amendment that would remove the consti- tutional-ban on a -third term. The regime would need the support of virtually all of its- ruling party assemblymen to pass the amendment. Most of the rebels within the party reportedly believe that. they have been identified by Pak's sup- porters and have rno hope of being renpminated by the party for the assembly in 1971 if the-third term amendment carries. Thus, even though pressures, including physical intimidation, will be great, they believe they have no choice but to hold their groun~. Leaders of the major opposition party are also confi ent that the amendment will be defeated. The opposition party made an unusual show of unanimity at its annual convention in May, a situation undoubt- edly brought about by anticipation of the upcoming fight over the amendment. The party's Antiamendment Struggle Committee has already set up 50 district branches and plans to start speech campaigns in June. In addition, the committee is recruiting college students to stage sit-down protests in front of the National Assembly and ruling party head- quarters in June. At a press conference on 10 June which was given headline coverage in all the Seoul papers, the president of the opposition part pledged "every means" to black the amendment. Supporters of Pak have been predicting victory for t e amendment. The ruling party's secretary general told the press on 3 June that the government would have more than enough votes when the amendment goes before the assembly. The regime is, however, exerting great efforts to limit the public impact 11 Jun 6 9 Central Intelligence Bulletin 5 SECRET Approved For Release 2003/03/28: CIA-RDP79T00975A013900070001-0 Approved For F ease 2003/03~i~~P79T009753900070001-0 of opposition politicians and is closely monitgring and restricting activities of students and intellec- tuals. 25:X1 25'X1 a as no ye pu is y committed himself on the constitutional change and is unlikely ~o do so u - he is assured of ne,a,~y unanimous party support. 11 Jun 6 9 Central Yntelligence Bulletin 6 . SECRET pprove or a ease - - 25X1 Approved F`F,~,Release 2003/~~ATRDP79TOO~A013900070001-0 Finland--USSR: Helsinki has announced its de- cision to deg- n negotiations with the USSR for the purchase of its first nuclear power plant, but no date has yet been set for the talks. Construction of the plant has been the subject of heated debate since 1965. Several times the gov- ernment has asked both the USSR and Western coun- tries for bids, but on each occasion has canceled its plans because of pressures from Moscow not to accept the Western bids, even though they were lower and technically preferable. The Finns declined to consider any Soviet bid until agreement had been reached on a Western-style bilateral treaty~on the peaceful uses of nuclear energy; such a treaty was finally signed on 14 May of this year. The Finns now plan to tackle serious differences with the Russians over safety requirements in plant construc- tion. According to current speculation, negotiations will begin in August, but widespread Finnish opposi- tion to the purchase may lead to a delay. The final purchase will not be arranged until the negotiations end, perhaps in 1970. Finland has made clear that it wants to acquire additional nuclear plants from the West. It will, however, delay placing any orders until the conclu- sion of a bilateral treaty with the US on the peace- ful uses of nuclear energy. This treaty would en~ sure fuel supplies for reactors from third countries, Central Intelligence Bulletin SECRET 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/03/28: CIA-RDP79T00975A013900070001-0 Approved For F~elease 2003/0~I~l~~DP79T00975900070001-0 India-Ne a:L> No progress appears to have been made in t e latest attempt to alleviate strains in Indo-Nepalese relations. Indian For~:ign Minister Dinesh Singh's five- day official vi:~it to Nepal ended Monday, apparently without resolvixig any of the irritants that have caused relation: to decline to their lawest point in recent years a, Outstanding issues include a dis- pute over a small piece of land on the Indo-Nepalese border and dissatisfaction over trade and transit procedures. Amore sen.,:Ltive issue from the Indian stand- point is Nepal's persistdnt request that Indian per- sonnel be withdrawn from the 17 or 18 jointly manned checkposts ?n the Nepalese side of the border with Tibet, Katmandu strongly ob`eets to the Indian role i.n the checkpost: operation, but its main purpose in raising the issue may e in hopes of E:xtracti:ng concessions from India. In particular, i.t seeks an easing of regulations against-the sale of certain Nepalese-manufactured goods in India. New Delhi tends to discount the Nepalese argument that Communist China is applying heavy pressure i.ri Katmandu for the Indian withdrawal. Details on the lengthy bargaining sessions are unknown, but Sir.~gh apparently did not make any con- ciliatory gesturesq His exposure to Nepalese views, however, may eve:r~tually lead to more responsive In- dian action? The Nepalese foreign minister has ac- cepted Singh's i;rYVitation_to visit India for further Centr~xl Intelligence Bulletin S~~CRET 25X1 25X1- w~ww w~ pprove For eleas~/~3/ 8 : - - Approved Fq,~elease 200 /~ATRDP79T009~A013900070001-0 USSR - Middle East: Soviet Foreign Minister Gromyko arrived in Cairo on IO June, presumably to discuss the next step in the search for a political settlement in the Middle East. The Soviets and the Egyptians have held many high-level discussions at the ambassadorial level since last month, while the four powers in New York have been preparing recom- mendations for UN emissary Jarring's future efforts. On his last trip to Cairo from 21-24 December 1968, Gromyko won Egyptian approval of the Sovie eace plan" presented to the US on 30 December Nigeria: .The federal air force appears deter- mined to stop the vulnerable nightly arms airlift to Biafra, which is the secessionists' only channel for .war materiel, About half the aircraft used for relief flights have been grounded since 5 June when a federal MIG-17 shot dawn a Red Cross plane. Arms flights, however, have continued at a slightly re- duced rate. Nigeria does not have the capability to intercept all flights going into Biafra, but continued attacks by the MIG-17s could cause a fur- ther reduction in arms deliveries and might w~ force still more cutbacks relief flight~s~ 25X1 Syria - Communist China: The Chinese appar- ently did not offer significant military aid to the Syrian Army chief of staff during his visit to Peking late last month. The Syrians are consid- ering purchasing Chinese military radio equipment, but they are also negotiating with several Western electronics companies for similar equipment. Da- mascus is likely to continue to rely on th~~USSR as its major source of military supplie~ Jun entry Inte igence Bu etin SECRET 25X1 25X1 25X1 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/03/28: CIA-RDP79T00975A013900070001-0 Approved For Reldase 2003~~-RDP79T009753900070001-0 Southern Yemen: ~TYie army is reportedly dis- turbed over Fresic~.ent Qaht - ?' - in lv leftist tendencies. the army, which is drawn from moderate tribal elements, is saki to fear that Qahtan al- Shaabi may make undesirable political commitments to the leftist regimes he is visiting in North Ko- rea and Syria< The army is also reported to be pressing for restrictions on local leftist activi- tie s Qahtan's cousin, Faysal al-Shaabi, who is also the prime minister, may be encouraging the disaffection in the army in the hope of gaining the presidency__for himself i.n the event oahtan is ? ousted. 25X1 11 Jun 69 Central Intelligence Bulletin 10 SECRET pprove or eleas3~~% - - Secr>Cl' roved For Base 2003/03/28 :CIA-RDP79T00975,~3900070001-0 Secret Approved For Release 2003/03/28 :CIA-RDP79T00975A013900070001-0