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December 15, 2016
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May 28, 2003
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June 25, 1969
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Approved For Release 2003/06/11 : CIA-RDP79T00975A014009Vgt$f9 25X1 DIRECTORATE OF INTELLIGENCE Central Intelligence Bulletin .. Secret 5 Q, -'25 June 1969 Approved For Release 2003/06/11 : CIA-RDP79T00975A014000060001-9 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/06/11 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO14000060001-9 Approved For Release 2003/06/11 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO14000060001-9 Approved For Release 2003/0'nth`1'y~ti4-RDP79T00975A014000060001-9 No. 0151/69 25 June 1969 Central Intelligence Bulletin CONTENTS South Vietnam: Situation report. (Page 1) Laos: Communist forces have attacked government po- sitions near the Plaine des Jarres. (Page 3) Thailand: Fighting remains at low levels, with Com- munist insurgents making some headway in widely sep- arated areas. (Page 5) Arab States - Israel: The situation along the cease-fire line has deteriorated. (Page 7) USSR-US: The Soviets did not harass two US ships that operated in the Black Sea from 18 to 22 June. (Page 9) UN-Disarmament: Prospects seem to be diminishing for enl argement of the Eighteen Nation Disarmament Committee before July. (Page 10) Uruguay: The President imposed a limited state of siege yesterday. (Page 11) Chile: Discovery of two terrorist bases could have serious political implications. (Page 12) Pakistan: Political merger (Page 13) El Salvador - Honduras: Troubled relations (Page 13) Haiti: Duvalier appearance (Page 13) Approved For Release 2003/06/11 : CIA-RDP79T00975A014000060001-9 SECRET Approved For Release 2003/0r:'DP79T00975A014000060001-9 Kontum Province Approved For Release 2003/0 M : VA-T Approved For Release 200 R1 'i -RDP79T00975A014000060001-9 C South Vietnam: Communist forces are maintain- ing pressure against the allied Special Forces camp at Ben Het in the western highlands, but elsewhere in South Vietnam enemy activity is at a low level. Elements of the North Vietnamese 28th and 66th infantry regiments and the 40th Artillery Regiment have been harassing allied positions in the Ben Het area with shellings and limited ground probes almost daily since early May. Some of the heaviest action in this sector in recent weeks occurred on 23-24 June and included the first direct ground assault against the camp since the enemy campaign began. Although US air and artillery resources are readily available for combat support, Ben Het and its neighboring combat base at Dak To are defended largely by South Vietnamese regular and paramilitary troops. Prisoners captured during recent engage- ments in this area claim that their unit's mission was to encircle and attack South Vietnamese Army units exclusively. The Communists may thus be seek- ing to force a major test of strength with the South Vietnamese military in a region in which they enjoy the advantages of terrain and easy access to cross- border sanctuary. Moreover, there is evidence that the enemy in- tends to maintain pressure for a considerable pe- riod against these South Vietnamese bases in western Kontum, which it may consider vulnerable, perhaps with an eye toward an eventual thrust against the provincial capital of Kontum city. Such a course of action is suggested by reports that the Commu- nists have, over the past few months, engaged in the highly unusual practice of pressing large num- bers of infiltrated replacement personnel directly into battle rather than gradually absorbing them into existing units in base areas distant from the combat zone. 1(Map) , 25 Jun 69 Central Intelligence Bulletin Approved For Release 2003/gW RifAIRDP79T00975A014000060001-9 Approved For Release 2003/ccf 2DP79T00975A014000060001-9 Communists Launch Ground Attacks Near the Plaine des Jarres L PRFi6ANCi THAftAND , PLAfNE ru~ng ~ aui VJARi,5Sf 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/,p 1aatRDP79T00975AO1400 Approved For Release 2003/ $C R 1 ' DP79T00975A014000060001-9 Laos: Communist forces have launched a series of ground attacks against government positions near the Plaine des Jarres. The action was highlighted by a sharp attack on 24 June against the neutralist headquarters at Muong Soui. At least two battalions of Communist troops supported by tanks overran a number of the base's outlying defense positions and inflicted light cas- ualties on government defenders. The airstrip, how- ever, remains in government hands and at last report the fighting had eased. In apparently related moves, the Communists drove government troops from Phou Soung, a recently won position north of the Plaine, and hit government guerrilla outposts on the southern rim. These actions are almost certainly in response to General Vang Pao's recent effort to re-establish a government presence on the Plaine. The attack against Muong Soui, however, is the first major action against that position in five years. It may have been intended as a commensurate response to the government's capture of the once inviolate Communist base of Xieng Khouangville. The attack may also have been launched for political reasons. In recent weeks the Communists have made a concerted effort to portray Communist "patriotic neutralist" elements as the "true representatives" of the neutralist faction. Such pretensions presum- ably would be furthered by the capture of the neu- tralist headquarters at Muong Soui. (Map) 25 Jun 69 Central Intelligence Bulletin Approved For Release 2003/KVt11.RDP79T00975A014000060001-9 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/S&GR J'RDP79T00975A014000060001-9 Thailand: Insurgents Improve Positions in Widely Separated Areas 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/W kQ RDP79T00975A014000060001-9 Approved For Release 2003/i 1`Dt -RDP79T00975A014000060001-9 Thailand: Communist insurgents continue to make headway in the north while they try to improve their assets in the northeast. In the north and north--central provinces, the Communists are consolidating their control over tribal areas. Village propaganda meetings and sight- ings of larger insurgent bands attest to the insur- gents' growing strength in Nan and Chiang Rai prov- inces. Village reports also indicate the guerrillas are strengthening their organization in Tak. The guerrillas continue to harass government security forces, but incidents have become less fre- quent because several army units have been pulled out of the area for security duty in adjacent lowlands. In the northeast, the guerrillas are apparently carrying out plans drawn up last December to pare down and strengthen their organization. An increased number of sightings of insurgents in Udon Thani and Kalasin provinces indicate the guerrillas may bees- tablishing footholds in neighboring areas that are relatively free of government security forces. They are reported to have established new political and military training facilities in Kalasin. Bangkok has been particularly concerned over the spread of insurgent activity in southern Ubon Province, an area that is especially vulnerable because of the proximity of Laos-based Communist forces. The guerrillas also continue to avoid armed en- counters with superior security forces, although periodic Thai Army operations have resulted in some small unit clashes. I(Map) 25 Jun 69 Central Intelligence Bulletin 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/0f' p1-'FDP79T00975A014000060001-9 Approved For Release 2003/d R1 k' DP79T00975A014000060001-9 Hatany / 1 Oacur,,,, Port Said I / '\J At Mafraq? Tempo of Incidents Quickens Along Cease-Fire Lines CYPRUS Beirut LEBANON S Y R I A *Damascus GOLAN HEIGHTS (18MASL/-OCCu%ED1 ---~ ( ', l Qunaytirah 1 I WEST Tel Aviv- BANK ti Yafo * 4~ AzZarga "ii *Amman -0Jeru atem J Gaza;' fDead Aren of inset GAZA STRIP%~ t4 ; AI Arish Beersheba Daily artillery duets across canal Sue> Canal SINAI *\ / JORDAN I S A U D I A R A B I A Hurghada. > Sharm ash Shaykh Approved For Release 200311 plQ-RDP79T00975A014000060001-9 Approved For Release 2003/OE~IVC DP79T00975A014000060001-9 Arab States - Israel: The situation along the cease-fire lines has deteriorated recently as the tempo of incidents and reprisals has quickened. Artillery duels across the Suez Canal are oc- curring daily again after a comparative lull during May. Egyptian commando raids across the canal have also been resumed. The fighting along the canal may be designed to placate more militant elements in Egypt who are growing more restive as the stale- mate continues. The number of incidents along the Israeli-Jor- danian cease-fire lines has increased greatly fol- lowing a "cooling-off" period in early June. An or- der by King Husayn prohibiting Jordanian Army units from initiating fire was apparently responsible for the lull. The death of an American tourist on 17 June as the result of shelling by an Iraqi unit stationed in Jordan signaled the beginning of a pe- riod of increasing tension in the Jordan Valley. Israel has recently toughened its already tough retaliatory policy. The Israelis, frustrated over the unlikelihood of a peace settlement satisfactory to them and determined to hold fast, have been par- ticularly irked at the new aggressiveness of the regular Jordanian forces. Last week the Israelis mounted heavy air attacks exclusively against Jor- danian Army positions, and on 23 June they blew up a water conduit in the East Ghor Canal, a major ir- rigation facility. The Israelis have been somewhat more relaxed about the Egyptian shellings along the Suez Canal because they are well dug in. The resumption of Egyptian cross-canal commando operations, however, has already prompted a counter Israeli commando at- tack on a radar station south of the canal, and other similar attacks are likely. (continued) 25 Jun 69 Central Intelligence Bulletin Approved For Release 2003/06 lj jfj fP79T00975A014000060001-9 Approved For Release 2003/00.7OJfLAPDP79T00975A014000060001-9 Yesterday's Arab fedayeen attack on the Israeli oil pipeline just outside Haifa is certain to raise Israeli ire further, and bring new Israeli attacks against fedayeen bases in Jordan or Lebanon. The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PLFP), in an announcement from Amman, has claimed credit for the pipeline attack. The section struck was between the Haifa refinery and the port of Haifa. Israeli officials expect this line for refined prod- ucts to be repaired within two or three days. (map) 25 Jun 69 Central Intelligence Bulletin Approved For Release 2003/0~/ j 1p DP79T00975AO14000060001-9 Approved For Release 2003/c C IA DP79T00975A014000060001-9 USSR-US: The Soviets did not attempt to harass two US destroyers which operated in the Black Sea from 18-22 June. Although the US ships were subjected to air and surface surveillance, there have been no Soviet prop- aganda broadsides and no protests to Turkey. In the past, Moscow has threatened to hold Ankara responsi- ble if US destroyers were allowed to enter the Black Sea with "armament exceeding the limitations" of the Montreux Convention of 1936. The Soviets have con- tended that the destroyers' antisubmarine rockets violate the convention. Soviet reaction to these biannual visits has grown steadily calmer since 1967, when there were diplomatic protests and attempted rammings. In 1968 there was only slight harassment, and the notes to Ankara were pro forma, playing on Turkish domestic pressures against the US presence there. The low-key Soviet reaction to the most recent visit is consistent with Moscow's apparent predispo- sition to avoid serious contention with the US at this time. Central Intelligence Bulletin Approved For Release 2003/0Ci1L1CRt P79T00975A014000060001-9 Approved For Release 2003/WATRDP79T00975A014000060001-9 UN-Disarmament: Prospects seem to be diminish- ing for further enlargement of the Eighteen Nation Disarmament Committee (ENDC) before it reconvenes in July. The USSR, at the close of the ENDC's last ses- sion, offered to admit Japan and Mongolia, two of the eight nations proposed by the US as a balanced enlargement package. US negotiators consented to the "partial enlargement" after obtaining Soviet agreement to discuss further enlargement during the ENDC's summer recess. Japan and Mongolia have been invited by the US and USSR, cochairmen of the com- mittee, to join its next session on 3 July, despite some old members' preferences that the plan first be approved by the UN General Assembly. IJloscow, however, has ignored several US efforts to reopen enlargement discussions during the recess. Foreign Minister Gromyko has expressed fears that the ENDC is becoming a "small UN" where serious dis- armament agreements are difficult to negotiate. The Soviets, who insist on their version of a strict East-West balance in the disarmament forum, show no signs of accepting the remaining six US-backed can- didates as a package. Even if the Soviets should reopen the question now, no agreement seems likely by the opening date of the new session. Central Intelligence Bulletin 10 25XI Approved For Release 200c/1Af-RDP79T00975A014000060001-9 Approved For Release 20039h1' 1k-RDP79T00975A014000060001-9 Urugua : President Pacheco imposed a limited state of siege yesterday morning to combat a mount- ing labor and political crisis. An arrest list with some 400 names, almost exclusively students and workers, has been made up. Terrorist incidents have been increasing for the last few weeks and numerous strikes are in prog- ress. In addition, Pacheco faces a challenge from powerful forces within his own party and among the opposition who hope to discredit him and force aban- donment of his unpopular economic austerity programs. One opposition leader has threatened to start impeach- ment procedures over what Pacheco's opponents describe as an unconstitutional closing of a leftist newspaper. The state of siege decree, which among other things prohibits meetings and propaganda "disruptive of public order," must be presented for congressional approval within 24 hours of its imposition, and Con- gress, in its present mood, may decide to limit its scope or to lift it immediately. Such a direct chal- lenge to the President would provoke a new political crisis. Pacheco suffered a major defeat earlier this month when Congress voted to censure one of his key ministers. Another defeat, so soon after the first, would seriously damage his standing and could lead him to consider ways to maintain the state of siege unconstitutionally. 25 Jun 69 Central Intelligence Bulletin 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/0SKCJtigr-RDP79T00975A014000060001-9 Approved For Release 2003/06 CR FPP79T00975A014000060001-9 Chile: The discovery of two terrorist bases could have serious political implications. Police raids last week turned up a "guerrilla training school" in the Santiago area and an arms cache farther south. Bombs, weapons, and maps of military bases and other strategic locations were found at both sites. The discoveries are receiving broad press coverage and have been cause for increas- ing concern among the armed forces over the security of their bases. Police I claim to have evidence linking the "guerril a school" to the Socialist Party, and the second find to the Movement of the Revolutionary Left, which is suspected of being the paramilitary arm of the Socialists. The Communist Party, which in Chile is less radical than the Socialists, has been critical in the past of Socialist tendencies to resort to violence, and any proof of ties between the terrorists and the Socialists could damage the Communist-Socialist political front. 25 Jun 69 Central Intelligence Bulletin 12 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/0 /11 JpfDP79T00975AO14000060001-9 Approved For Release 2003/0660 RTDP79T00975A014000060001-9 NOTES Pakistan: Four right-of-center political par- ties have merged, forming the Pakistan Democratic Party. Although the parties are small, their merger is a first step toward reducing the overabundance of political parties in Pakistan--one of President Yahya Khan's prerequisites for eventual scheduling of national elections. There are rumors, however, that additional new parties may be formed. El Salvador - Honduras: Relations between the two countries have been troubled since 15 June as a result of excesses committed by over-enthusiastic Salvadoran soccer fans. Reports of harassment of the Honduran team and mistreatment of Honduran tour- ists by Salvadorans led to anti-Salvadoran demon- strations in Honduras. Hundreds of itinerant Sal- vadoran workers have now fled Honduras. In spite of government efforts on both sides to quiet the situation, feeling remains high in both countries. A scheduled playoff game between Honduras and El 25X1 Salvador on 27 June in Mexico is likely to cause fur- ther disturbances which could affect economic rela- tions and impede Common Market cooperation. I 25X1 25X1 Haiti: President Duvalier's first public ac- tivity since his illness in early May indicates that he is still in firm control of Haiti. Over the week- end the President reviewed troops headquartered in Port-au-Prince and later took an automobile tour of the capital city on the fifth anniversary of his in- auguration as "President-for-life." His appearance, which confirms reports that he has resumed his offi- cial duties, should squelch speculation that his control had weakened. Central Intelligence Bulletin 13 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/OISBC E1 bP79T00975A014000060001-9 SecreApproved For Release 2003/06/11 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO14000060001-9 Secret Approved For Release 2003/06/11 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO14000060001-9