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December 15, 2016
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May 22, 2003
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November 18, 1969
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Approved Foelease 2003/06/11 : CIA-RDP79T009015001SQf62 25X1 DIRECTORATE OF INTELLIGENCE Central Intelligence Bulletin Secret 51. 18 November 1969 Approved For Release 2003/06/11 : CIA-RDP79T00975A015000020001-2 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/06/11 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO15000020001-2 Approved For Release 2003/06/11 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO15000020001-2 Approved Foilease 2003/0&]E'M'bP79T0097.15000020001-2 No. 0276/69 18 November 1969 Central Intelligence Bulletin CONTENTS Vietnam: The Communists are heightening political pressure on the Thieu government. (Page 1) Phili iines: President Marcos made a clean sweep in his successful bid for a second term. (Page 2) Greece: The regime has announced discriminatory press laws. (Page 3) El Salvador: The government may request OAS assist- ance in setting up an airlift. (Page 5) Chile: University elections will affect all polit- ical factions as the 1970 elections near. (Page 6) India: Mrs. Gandhi wins again (Page 7) Approved For Release 2003/06/11 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO15000020001-2 SECRET Approved ForAelease 2003//b4~R&PTRDP79T009 015000020001-2 Vietnam: The Communists are heightening po- litical pressure on the Thieu government. Madame Binh, the chief Viet Cong negotiator in Paris, has been quick to indicate that the Com- munists could approve General "Big" Minh's call for a referendum to determine the popular will in South Vietnam if it were confined to the government-held cities. Her remarks also tried to tailor Minh's proposal to fit the Communist claim that South Viet- nam's urban population is demanding Thieu's replace- ment by a "peace cabinet." In addition, there are signs that the Commu- nists will try to foment street demonstrations against Thieu. A recently dated document captured in III Corps calls for an immediate increase in political agitation in the cities and urges cadres to look to the US example and concentrate on stu- dents to get an antiwar movement going. It also declares that any available issue such as taxes, conscription, civil liberties, and the government's new austerity import program should be exploited Central Intelligence Bulletin Approved For Release 2003 WJR 1 'RDP79T00975A015000020001-2 Approved For eF lease 2003/0? 1,CIc pDP79T00975 000020001-2 Philippines: President Marcos made a clean sweep of all 66 provinces in his successful bid for a second term. His Nacionalista Party, in addition, has tight- ened its control of Congress, winning seven of the eight Senate seats being contested and taking 86 of the 110 seats in the House. Liberal Party candidate Osmena has with some justification labeled the elec- tion the dirtiest in Philippine history, but even without widespread voter coercion and vote tamper- ing, Marcos probably would have won handily. Bal- loting was heavy, and there was a nearly complete turnout of registered voters in some provinces. Some 65 percent of the vote has been tallied, and it is unlikely that further returns will narrow Mar- cos' overwhelming margin of victory. Final results will probably not be ready for several weeks. Vice President Lopez has done even better than the President. His honesty and competence were wel- comed by voters who usually have to choose between politicians who are equally corrupt. There has been some postelection violence, fanned by Liberal Party losers, but most Filipinos seem to accept the elec- tion results. Marcos moved quickly after the election to dem- onstrate his independence of the US. He has informed the US and South Vietnam of a decision to withdraw the Philippine noncombatant contingent by the end of the 18 Nov 69 Central Intelligence Bulletin 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/ 1 fqp RDP79T00975A015000020001-2 Approved Fo elease 2003/0R1". -RDP79T009 015000020001-2 Greece: The regime has announced new press laws that discriminate economically against the larger Greek newspapers. A government spokesman introduced the new laws, presumably designed to assist newspapers with a small circulation, at a news conference on Saturday. These laws continue tax concessions for small newspapers--a number of which are progovern- ment--but increase taxes on the larger papers by as much as 900 percent. The new legislation also drastically. reduces duty-free newsprint to mass circulation dailies. The Greek regime explains that these measures are designed "to protect the nation from elements- that corrupt the soul and abuse the freedom of the press." Six weeks ago, when the government lifted rigid press censorship, it warned publishers against critical comment. Some of the most hostile news- papers are the large-circulation dailies whose owners now see the new laws as economic retaliation for their criticism of the regime. 18 Nov 69 Central Intelligence Bulletin 3 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/0611c P79T00975A015000020001-2 Approved For Release 2003/06/11: .1ffT00975A01020001-2 El Salvador Seeks OAS Assistance For Trade Airlift BRJTISH HONDURA! XOYDIJRA ~, Sar~Pedro Sula H 0 N D U R' A S Salvadora rade block yflOndur $ Tegug alpa VADC 25X1 SECRET Approved For Release 2003/06/11 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO15000020001-2 SECRET Approved Fo lease 2003/06/11 : CIA-RDP79T0097SM15000020001-2 El Salvador: The government will probably request OAS assistance to set up an airlift opera- tion to circumvent Honduran obstruction of Salva- doran trade with Nicaragua and Costa Rica. OAS officials who met with top Salvadoran Government leaders last week led the Salvadorans to believe that the OAS would respond favorably. The politically troubled Salvadoran Government is now enthusiastic about the project. Although it does not regard the airlift as a permanent solu- tion,. it is convinced that it will have a benefi- cial psychological and economic effect on the coun- try and on the government's political image. Any backsliding on the part of the OAS might lead to an anti-US, anti-OAS backlash. Honduran leaders are not yet upset about the proposed airlift, probably because they believe it would not be as successful as expanded ferry serv- ice between Nicaragua and El Salvador. The Hon- duran foreign minister said that it might relieve public pressure on Honduras against opening the border to Salvadoran traffic and might also reduce public fear of Salvadoran military action as a consequence of the continued Honduran blockade. He expressed some concern, however, that the air- lift might weaken the Honduran bargaining position and stiffen Salvadoran unwillingness to begin bor= der demarcation talks. The danger exists, moreover, that an OAS-sponsored airlift would arouse public feeling in Honduras and lead to additional anti-US, (Map) Central Intelligence Bulletin 5 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/069CCIA-RDP79T00975A015000020001-2 Approved For `e ease 2003/69i~RDP79T009715000020001-2 Chile: The elections at the University of Chile will affect: all political factions as the 1970 presidential elections approach. Dr. Eduardo Boeniger, the government candidate who ran as an independent, won the rectorship on 12 November in a runoff election with the support of conservatives, moderate independents, and Christian Democrats. Boeniger was helped to victory by a ma- jority of the professors whose weighted votes count the most, the abstention of nearly half the stu- dents, and infighting among the strong but divided leftists and Communists. The elections warned the leftists that they must unite to win control of Chile's largest and most important university. They reportedly are burying their differences in order to elect a Com- munist president of the powerful student federation on 21 November. This tactical victory for the government is im- portant more for the effect it will have on jockey- ing for the national elections than as an indicator of their probable outcome.. The highly politicized nature of the university makes it an important test- ing ground for Chile's complicated and shifting pol- itics. The new rector, who has only a one-year term in which to direct the reform of the university's unwieldy administrative structure, is likely to face a difficult task. Boeniger may have a Socialist in the key office of secretary general. In addition, Marxists and other leftists control several impor- tant departments of the university, as well as its influential radio and television operations. Central Intelligence Bulletin 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/O , Ch"DP79T00975A015000020001-2 Approved ForPelease 2003/0~h.:~ 7Xi2DP79T009 015000020001-2 India: Prime Minister Gandhi yesterday easily defeated no-confidence motion in Parliament intro- duced by a right-wing opposition party. The oppo- sition was joined by the 65 break-away Congress Party members, led by ex-deputy prime minister Mor- arji Desai. Support for Mrs. Gandhi from indepen- dents and regional, socialist, and Communist par- ties brought the vote to 306, well over the 262 needed. This ad hoc backing will enable her to head a minority government, but she may have some difficulty in the future trying to accommodate the special and often conflicting interests of her new allies. Central Intelligence Bulletin Approved For Release 2003/0~NI`:'C17X-RDP79T00975A015000020001-2 Sec proved For F ase 2003/06/11 : CIA-RDP79T00975AM5000020001-2 Secret Approved For Release 2003/06/11 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO15000020001-2