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December 14, 2016
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December 24, 2002
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January 10, 1970
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Approved For Release 2003/01/29 :CIA-RDP79T00975A01530~~~r~ DIRECTORATE OF INTELLIGENCE Central Intelligence Bulletin Secret 5: ~0 ~'anua~y 1970 Approved For Release 2003/01/29 :CIA-RDP79T00975A015300100002-9 25X1 25X1 gpproved For Release 2003/01/29 :CIA-RDP79T00975A015300100002-9 Approved For Release 2003/01/29 :CIA-RDP79T00975A015300100002-9 Approved For Release 2003~~~t]~C-RDP79T00975A015300100002-9 No. 0009/70 10 January 1970 Central Intelligence Bulletin CONTENTS Communist China - USSR: Both sides are increasing their war of nerves . (Page 1) 25X1 Hungary-Yugoslavia-USSR: Condemnation of Soviet Marxism by a leading Hungarian Marxist will embarrass the government. (Page 3) 25X6 USSR-Cuba: Communications station (Page 5) USSR-Ghana: Crude oil contract G age 5) UN: Security Council meeting (Page 6} SECRET Approved For Release 2003/01/29: CIA-RDP79T00975A015300100002-9 Approved For Release 2003/0~'-~DP79T00975A015300100002-9 Communist China ~~ USSR: Both sides are in- creasing their war of nerves as the second round of border talks resumes in Peking. The Chinese have used a Hong Kong Communist newspaper article to lay full responsibility on Moscow for the lack of progress in the first two months of the talks. The article implied that the Soviets are attempting to apply military pressure along the Chinese border in order to gain advantage in the talksm It added that this behavior .is opposed to an understanding reached during the Kosygin-Chou meeting on 11 September.. The Chinese have consistently maintained that a mutual agreement: to withdraw military forces a~.ong the border must precede negotiations on other substantive border issues, and Peking doubtless ex- pects such publicity to demonstrate China's deter- mination to maintain its position in the talks. Moreover, Peking almost certainly judges that Mos- cow, as the stronger party in the dispute, is vul- nerable to charges of heavy-handed pressure tactics. Moscow signaled the complete end of its prop- aganda stand-down with China by issuing a 900-word blast, accusing Chinese leaders of "artificially whipping up military psychosis?' and increasing "anti-Soviet slander," The attack was centered on China's "war preparations" campaign, which Tass claimed was really aimed at distracting attention from China's domestic ills and was a device for overcoming "splits and quarrels" among Peking's leaders. Such sharp propaganda exchanges are a good indication that. the border talks, which reportedly resumed last Monday, will remain at an impasse. The Chinese and Russians, however, seem to have little to gain by breaking off the discussions, and both appear to be prepared for a protracted stalemate, 10 Jan 70 Central Intelligence Bulletin SECRET 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/01/29: CIA-RDP79T00975A015300100002-9 25X1 gpproved For Release 2003/01/29 :CIA-RDP79T00975A015300100002-9 Approved For Release 2003/01/29 :CIA-RDP79T00975A015300100002-9 Approved For Release 2003~~RDP79T00975A015300100002-9 Hungary-Yugoslavia-USSR: The condemnation of Soviet Marxism by Eastern Europe's foremost living Marxist philosopher will embarrass the Hungarian regime and may become another issue in Soviet-Yugo- s.lav relations. The Yugoslav party daily Borba published an in- terview with Gyorgy Lukacs in its 29 December and 1-2 January editions. Hungary's Lukacs blasted the Soviets for continuing distortions of Marxism and called for a "Marxist renewal" in all the Socialist countries. He also said that French and Italian workers would not want to live in the Soviets'. un- democratic system. Lukacs praised Tito's self-man- agement system--anathema to the Soviets--as a con- trib ution to a resurgence of the basic idea of a workers' democracy. The interview appeared just after the Soviets published their Lenin Theses, which contained criticism of the Yugoslav system. The 85-year-old Lukacs has long been known as an anti-Stalinist, but this is the first time he has so openly linked current Soviet problems to Sta- linist errors. Although he holds no official posi- tions and has often been in trouble in the past, he is a party member, and his attacks will be an embar- rassment to party chief Kadar. The Kadar regime may choose to ignore the affair publicly, but it might also have to face Soviet displeasure. Yugoslav officials will also be concerned about the interview. While they do not disagree with Lu- kacs, they do not want Hungary's cautious liberal- ization jeopardized by tighter Saviet controls. When Yugoslav Foreign Minister Tepavac arrives in Budapest on 12 January, he may well deny that the interview had official sanction. ZO Jan 70 Central Intelligence Bulletin SECRET 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/01/29: CIA-RDP79T00975A015300100002-9 25X6 gpproved For Release 2003/01/29 :CIA-RDP79T00975A015300100002-9 Approved For Release 2003/01/29 :CIA-RDP79T00975A015300100002-9 Approved For Release 2003/0~~~i~DP79T00975A015300100002-9 USSR-Cuba: Moscow has agreed to assist in build~.ng a ground station in Cuba for telephone, telegraph, and TV communications via satellite under the terms of an agreement signed on 9 January. The two countries had announced their intention to pro- ceed with this project in 1.966 and 1967, but the recent warming in political relations may have pro- vided the impetus to move forward at this time. Implementation of the agreement., which may take place within the next year or two, would for the first time provide the USSR with a ground station that can both send and receive outside of Soviet borders. According to press reports, it would give Cuba direct multichannel telegraph and telephone links with the Soviet Union and would also make possible the exchan e of TV programs between the two countrieso US5R-Ghana: It is likely that the Soviet Union this year will provide more than half of Ghana"s crude oil re uirements, contrary to ex- pectations. the USSR will ship ons o cruae o~ o a total 900,000 tons required for the Tema refinery. The Russians were considered to be out of the competi- tion because in 1969 they defaulted on their con- tract obligations, providing only about three fourths of the 700,000 tons they had agreed to ship. Western countries were asked to fill the short- fall in 1969 and, as a result, were expected to regain the predominant supply position they once had, (continued) 10 Jan 70 Central Intelligence .bulletin SECRET 25X1 25X1 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/01/29: CIA-RDP79T00975A015300100002-9 Approved For Release 2003/0'I~~~~I~F~DP79T00975A015300100002-9 UN: The Security Council president for Jan- uary, Terence Nsanze of Burundi, expects a Council meeting on Sout~~-West Africa to be called within two weeks. African members will-try to have the Council deal with Pretoria's refusal to comply with the 4 October 1969 Council deadline for the South African administration to withdraw from the- terri~ tory. Inasmuch as this will be the first Council meeting of the year, there could be a challenge to Taiwan's right. to a seat. Nsanze says that Burundi will not raise the China issue and he has no in- dication that any other member may do so. 25X1- 10 Jan 70 Central /ntelligence Bulletin ~ S~?(~RET Approved For Release 2003/01/29: CIA-RD 0 - Secre~pproved For Release 2003/01/29 :CIA-RDP79T00975A015300100002-9 Secret Approved For Release 2003/01/29 :CIA-RDP79T00975A015300100002-9