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December 15, 2016
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February 11, 2004
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August 20, 1970
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Approved For Release 2004/03/17 : CIA-RDP79T00975A01690SL" t1 D DIRECTORATE OF INTELLIGENCE Central Intelligence Bulletin Secret 50 20 August 1970 State Department review completed 25X1 Approved For Release 2004/03/17 : CIA-RDP79T00975A016900120001-1 25X1 Approved For Release 2004/03/17 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO16900120001-1 Approved For Release 2004/03/17 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO16900120001-1 Approved For Release 200$,I1RB%N-RDP79T00975A016900120001-1 No. 0199/70 20 August 1970 Central Intelligence Bulletin CONTENTS Cambodia: Communist forces are still harassing gov- ernment positions near Phnom Penh. (Page 1) South Vietnam: The Thieu government is being criti- cize y po iticians not associated with the opposi- tion. (Page 2) Australia: The military budget reflects the govern- ment's commitment to regional defense. (Page 3) USSR - Eastern Europe: Party and government leaders are meeting in Moscow. (Page 4) Chile - Communist China: Chile is increasing its contacts with China. Page 6) Czechoslovakia: Demonstrations unlikely (Page 7) Tunisia-Libya: Improving relations (Page 7) Laos: Government offensive (Page 9) Cuba-Chile: Beans and exiles (Page 9) Jamaica: Not going to Lusaka (Page 9) Paraguay: Assassination plot foiled (Page 10) SECRET Approved For Release 2004/03/17 : CIA-RDP79T00975A016900120001-1 Approved For Release 2004/0 )4 . DP79T00975A016900120001-1 CAMBODIA: Current Situation Chhnanq 1`.,, '7 4~ ` - f i s ~ j. position 0 !eko~n Yg' Governments i hais64 Enemy attack,'.' Prel~ Tgtredk? 0Kampot Principal city (10,000 or over) Population over 125 per sq. mi. Communist-controlled area Phnom's .Penh SECRET St'ay'.` Rteng Approved For Release 2004/03/17 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO16900120001-1 Approved For Release 2004/891(ZR~2DP79T00975A016900120001-1 Cambodia: Communist forces are still probing and harassing government positions on the northern approaches to Phnom Penh. A multicompany enemy force struck elements of a government battalion at Prek Tameak, 16 miles northeast of the capital, on 18 August. Cambodian and South Vietnamese naval units and a gunship joined the engagement, which lasted for two hours but resulted in few government casualties. Contin- uing attacks in this area suggest that the enemy may be attempting to clear the east bank of the Mekong, and government commanders in Phnom Penh are concerned about Communist intentions toward the capital. The Communists have increased activity near Kompong Cham city, although there does not appear to be any serious immediate threat to the city it- self. A government post at the junction of Routes 7 and 21, ten miles west of the city, was harassed on 18 August. This position had been attacked sev- eral weeks ago when government positions at Skoun and Prey Totung were under strong attack by enemy forces attempting to sever overland access to Kom- pong Cham. Radio Peking has broadcast another of Sihan- ouk's lengthy messages; this one addressed to Cam- bodia's "intellectuals." He berates those who be- lieve that his ouster would be beneficial to the country, and contrasts the accomplishments under his rule with the tribulations Cambodia is presently enduring. He again vowed to return to Cambodia in the "near future," but was no more specific than in the past on when that might be. Although far from vintage Sihanouk, the statement does not bear the heavy imprint of his Chinese hosts, and is fur- ther evidence of the extent to which Sihanouk's ac- tions are motivated by a desire for personal vindi- cation and revenge against those who deposed him. 20 Aug 70 Central Intelligence Bulletin SECRET Approved For Release 2004/03/17 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO16900120001-1 Approved For Release 2004/N1TT)NY2DP79T00975A016900120001-1 South Vietnam: The Thieu government for the first time in several months is being criticized by political figures who have not been associated with the opposition. Much of the criticism is directed at the gov- ernment's performance in the economic field and its failure thus far to secure legislative approval for its request for special decree powers to deal with the country's pressing economic problems. The legislation has been stalled in the Upper House, and there are indications that a majority of the senators are prepared to vote against the measure. 25X1 20 Aug 70 Central Intelligence Bulletin SECRET Approved For Release 2004?/1G.7RfltRDP79T00975A016900120001-1 Australia: The new military budget is consist- ent with Canberra's continuing commitment to a re- gional defense role. The proposed budget for fiscal year 1971, presented to Parliament on 18 August, totals $1.3 billion, a modest 3.1-percent increase over last year. Although the draft budget reaffirms the with- drawal of one battalion and some support personnel from Vietnam, the over-all overseas defense outlay-- in the form of military aid to Malaysia, Singapore, and Vietnam--will not be cut. The government prob- ably calculates that the British decision for a continued military presence east of Suez, acknowl- edged in the budget message, makes possible the maintenance of a forward posture without the need for an increase in foreign expenditures. Most of the increase in the military budget will be directed toward adding men to Austra- lia's current military strength 20 Aug 70 Central Intelligence Bulletin 3 SECRET Approved For Release 2004/03/17 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO16900120001-1 25X1 25X1 25X1 25X1 Approved For Release 2004/"' RQ RDP79T00975A016900120001-1 USSR - Eastern Europe: Party and government leaders of the Warsaw Pact countries are meeting in Moscow to discuss and to coordinate their next moves on West Germany and European security. The East European delegations arrived in Moscow yesterday and will probably begin formal talks today. Now that the Soviets have achieved an agreement with Bonn, they probably want to coordinate policy moves with their allies at the summit level. The decision to proceed with negotiations with Bonn was formally agreed upon at a similar meeting last December. The Soviet - West German treaty cleared the way for the conclusion of similar treaties between the West Germans and the Poles, East Germans, and Czechoslovaks. The next round of Polish - West German negotiations, which are already far advanced, is scheduled for early September. Pankow too has begun a dialogue with Bonn, and within the last few days the Czechoslovaks have hinted at their willingness to open talks. The Soviets will want to coordinate these developments, and a summit meeting will serve to lend them formal bloc approval. The meeting will also give Moscow an opportunity to renew its efforts for a conference on European security. The Soviets probably intend to use the treaty with Bonn to add impetus to their campaign for such a conference. The Soviet press has al- ready argued that the treaty should satisfy Western demands that progress on,specific issues precede a security conference, and'a summit meeting might issue a formal statement to this effect. The may also take the opportunity to brief their Soviets allies on the recently concluded SALT round. 25X1 20 Aug 70 Central Intelligence Bulletin SECRET 25X1 Approved For Release 2004/03/17 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO16900120001-1 Approved For Release 2004/03/17 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO16900120001-1 Approved For Release 2004/(QB]CFCi'DP79T00975A016900120001-1 Chile - Communist China: Chile is increasing its contacts with Communist China. Under Secretary of Agriculture Amunategui will make a twelve-day visit to Communist China soon after the presidential election;or; 4 September. This will follow up an earlier visit by the agri- cultural marketing official who played a major role in the recent restoration of Chilean trade with Cuba. Amunategui told US officials that he will search for products that Chile can buy in order to maintain its sales of high-cost natural nitrate to China, the only remaining significant market for what was once Chile's major export. The Chinese also have bought Chilean copper and would like more. When President Frei inaugu- rated a new mine in late July, he noted especially to reporters the enormous potential of Communist China, with which he said Chile would be trading in the future. Communist Chinese representatives have been invited to a conference of Pacific Ocean countries to be held in Chile in September under the auspices of a confidant of Foreign Minister Valdes. In 1965, Chile abstained on the question of Communist Chinese membership in the United Nations, the first Latin American country except Cuba to do so. Although it maintains relations with National- ist China, the Frei government in 1965 approved the establishment of what is now the only Communist Chinese trade mission in, Latin America outside Havana. 20 Aug 70 Central Intelligence Bulletin SECRET Approved For Release 2004ik IbIi-RDP79T00975A016900120001-1 NOTES Czechoslovakia: Neither the regime nor the pub- lic appears to expect anti-Soviet demonstrations on tomorrow's second anniversary of the Warsaw Pact in- vasion. Security forces have taken precautionary steps to prevent demonstrations, including mobiliz- ing extra patrols and limiting access to potential rallying points in major cities. Leaflets appearing in Prague have called for a quiet evening boycott of public establishments and for a self-imposed curfew and blackout. Such tactics appear designed to pre- clude the clashes with the police that occurred last year. This approach should be a welcome compromise for the Husak regime, which has only a fragile truce with party conservatives who favor harsher repressive tactics. I- I Tunisia-Libya: Relations between the two mu- tually suspicious Maghreb neighbors seem to be im- proving as a result of two recent visits by Tunisian officials to Libya and the promise that Qaddafi will visit Tunis soon. In late June, Tunisian Prime Minister Ladgham and Foreign Minister Masmoudi at- tended Libyan ceremonies celebrating the US evacua- tion of Wheelus Air Base. Masmoudi's official visit last week provided an opportunity for a discussion of the full range of relations between the two gov- ernments and the signature of a three-year agreement for economic, technical, and cultural cooperation. (continued) 20 Aug 70 Central Intelligence Bulletin SECRET Approved For Release 2004/03/17 : CIA-RDP79T00975A016900120001-1 Approved For Release 2004/c 7l r.U-RDP79T00975A016900120001-1 Government Attempting to Retake Ban Na Bouam Longs Xi Khouang G oviarrX#~van Xieng 4 ` Ban Nam' cir.