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December 16, 2016
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February 3, 2005
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May 31, 1977
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Adw AMV AMW AMW Adw Amr Amr 'Ar 1 NAME AND ADDRESS FACTION APPROVAL COMMENT CONCURRENCE DIRECT REPLY DISPATCH FILE FROM: NAME, ADDRESS, AND PHONE NO. (Security Classification) CONTROL NO. 2 1 1 # 1 Access to this document will be restricted to those approved for the following specific activities: NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE DAILY CABLE Tuesday May 31,___1977. 0 1 w CG NIDC 77-125C NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION Unauthorized Disclosure Subject to Criminal Sanctions 25X1 1 0 Top Secret 25X (Security Approved For Release 2005/06/09 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO301000100 0-1 AWAW AW AW AJ PREPARE REPLY RECOMMENDATION CIA-RDP79T00975 A03010T(Op0QCret ! ,? 25X1 Approved For Release 2005/06/09 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO30100010050-1 Approved For Release 2005/06/09 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO30100010050-1 25X1 Approved For National Intelligence Daily Cable for Tuesday, May 31, 1977. 25X1 25X1 e NID a e is tor a purpose o informing senior otticials. 25X1 RHODESIA-MOZAMBIQUE: Incursion ANGOLA: Discontent Growing SOUTH AFRICA - NAMIBIA: Execution ISRAEL: The Dayan Controversy LEBANON: Negotiations Deadlocked 25X1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 5 Page 5 Page 6 Approved Forl Release 2005/06/09 : CIA-RDP79T00975A030100010050-1 25X1 Approved For Release 2005/06/09 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO30100010050-1 Approved For Release 2005/06/09 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO30100010050-1 Approved For 25X1 25X1 RHODESIA-MOZAMBIQUE: Incursion The Rhodesian military incursion into Mozambique over the weekend occurred the same day the joint US-UK team arrived in Mozambique for talks with black Rhodesian nationalists and was apparently intended in part to underscore Prime Minister Smith's willingness to support his tough negotiating position with military action. The Rhodesians have probably known the location of the guerrilla camp struck in the raid for some time. Approved Folr Release 2005/06/09 : CIA-RDP79T009754030100010050-1 25X1 Approved For R lease 2005/06/09 : CIA-RDP79T00975 030100010050-1 I IThe joint US-UK team arrived in Maputo on Sunday for a s wi Robert Mugabe, the most militant of the black Rho- desian nationalist leaders. The team has been seeking the views of all parties to the Rhodesian problem on possible terms for a peaceful settlement and had just completed talks with Smith last week in Salisbury. The latest Rhodesian cross-border operation is only e it one officially announced by Salisbury and is the largest such action since a three-day operation in northwestern Mozambique last November. The guerrilla camp is in the Rhodesia Mozambique - South Africa triborder area, and at last report the Rhodesian attack was continuing even deeper inside Mozambique. According to press reports, some 20 guerrillas have been killed and a large quantity of war materiel has been seized. Rhodesian government policy requires that all poten- tially sensitive cross-border operations be cleared by the prime minister. Smith undoubtedly approved the present operation to dramatize Rhodesia's determination to carry the war to the in- surgents for as long as possible and to demonstrate his willing- ness to back his tough negotiating stance with strenuous mili- tary action. ANGOLA: Discontent Growing //Angolan-President Neto may have quashed is growing. Luanda was calm this weekend, although a heavy guard was main ained around the presidential palace, the radio station, and other strategic positions. The government announced that the finance minister, four other members of the central committee of the ruling Popular Movement, and a senior official of the in- ternal security forces were killed by the dissidents. Press re- ports estimate that more than 100 people may have died in the fighting. Nito Alves and Jose van Dunem, leaders of the dissi- dents who staged the coup attempt, apparently have escaped. 25X1 25X1 Approved Fo4 Release 2005/06/09 : CIA-RDP79T00P75A030100010050-1 Approved Fir Release 2005/06/09 : CIA-RDP79T00P75AO30100010050-1 //Despite the failure of the coup attempt, 6v still rally support among Luanda's poor and 25X1 he may seek allies among other dissidents in the military and the party. //Many believe the Active Revolt faction is the only via e a ernative to the Neto government. It report- edly has been gaining strength in recent months. The Active Re- volt is thought to have disseminated the anti-Neto pamphlets that appeared in Luanda last month.// Approved Fpr Release 2005/06/09 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO300100010050-1 25X1 25X1 Approvedi For Release 2005/06/09 : CIA-RDP79T00975p030100010050-1 SOUTH AFRICA - Namibia: Execution I South Africa's execution yesterday of a con- victed murderer who had been active in the South-West Africa Peoples Organization may seriously hamper efforts to achieve a peaceful settlement in Namibia. The South Africans convicted Nduvuu Philemon Nangola of mur er in two incidents in late 1975 and early 1976 in north- ern Namibia in which three white adults and one child were killed. They dropped a terrorism charge, perhaps because Nangola refused to admit his SWAPO connection. I //Five Western powers--the US, UK, West Germany, France, an Canada--which have been involved in trying to achieve a peaceful transition to black majority rule in Namibia had ap- pealed strongly for a stay of execution, but Prime Minister Vorster was adamant that it was an ordinary murder case and that occurred t id . s en Nan ola had defected from SWAPO before the inc W PO and mos TTN members will view the execution as S 25X1 a po111.1L:a.- ....~ .. - ---- UN Secretary General Waldheim, the UN Com- nations t , ern five Wes mission on Human Rights, and the International Commission of Jurists seeking help in getting a stay of execution for Nangola. I I By deciding to go ahead with the execution without de- wy, sou Africa reaffirmed its policy of no amnesty for con- victed criminals. The execution and the widespread international 25X1 condemnation it is expected to arouse will make it much more dif- ficult for the parties invol ed in the Namibian question to reach compromise solutions. ISRAEL: The Dayan Controversy The Likud party executive committee in Israel ha, passed a resolution requiring party head Menahem Begin to sub- mit all his cabinet nominations to the committee after he s formally designated to form a government sometime next month. Approved For kelease 2005/06/09 : CIA-RDP79T00975A0+00010050-1 25X1 Approved Fq The resolution, temporarily freezes Begin's offer of he For- eign Ministry to former defense minister Moshe Dayan, and party leaders hope it will placate the Democratic Movement for Change, which broke off coalition talks last week in opposi- tion to the Dayan nomination. The Democratic Movement, however, may demand more concessions in return for its cooperai;ion. The reaction of the Democratic Movement remains un- especially since Begin seems determined to bring Dayan into his cabinet eventually. Leaders of the Democratic Movement planned to meet yesterday to discuss the possibility of resuming coalition talks. J Democratic Movement leader Yigael Yadin and other party o icials said repeatedly last week that the party would not resume coalition talks with Begin unless he withdrew his offer to Dayan. Yadin and his colleagues fear that with the conservative Dayan in charge of the Foreign Ministry, the Demo- cratic Movement would be unable to exert a significant., moder- ating influence on Likud's hardline negotiating stance. The Democratic Movement might demand control of key domestic ministries as the price for acceptance of Dayan as Leaders of Likud's Liberal wing, who protested that tney were not consulted about the offer to Dayan, appear satis- fied with the new arrangement by which the Likud executive committee, in which all party factions are represented, must approve cabinet appointments. This is only a face-saving de- vice for the Liberals, however, since Begin's Herut contingent and other party groups that support the Dayan nomination en- joy a majority in the executive committee. LEBANON: Negotiations Deadlocked Approved 25X1 25X1 Approved Ford 25X1 I ISarkis believes that if the Palestinians are disarmed he wi nave grounds for demanding that Christian forces dis- arm. He hopes this will enhance his authority and lay the groundwork for future political negotiations between the Chris- tian and Muslim communities. Over the weekend, Christian leaders denounced the Cairo agreements as "null and void" and urged the Arab League to resolve the "illegal Palestinian presence in Lebanon." The Christians clearly are trying to increase the pressure on Sar- kis and other Arab leaders to force the Palestinians to accept a tough interpretation of the Cairo accords. Palestine Liberation Organization chairman Arafat i fears--with justification--that disarming the Palestinians would allow the Syrians to gain control over the movement and leave the guerrillas vulnerable to Christian retaliation. I IThe Syrians side with Sarkis but have shunned using force w ich would: --Meet stiff and costly resistance from the Palestinians. --Antagonize the Saudis and Kuwaitis, who are subsidizing Syrian operations in Lebanon and do not want Syria to gain unilateral control over the PLO. --Undermine Syria's broader interests at present in pro- jecting an image of Arab unity during negotiations with Is- rael. As a result, Syria has had to try to strike a compro- mise between the PLO and Sarkis by diplomatic means. Syrian leaders recently have entertained a procession of Lebanese and Palestinian leaders in Damascus, apparently in hopes of devis- ing a formula that would satisfy Sarkis and still be palatable to the mainline fedayeen groups. Approved For elease 2005/06/09 : CIA-RDP79T00975 030100010050-1 Approved Fo Fighting in the south, meanwhile, has settled down into a routine exchange of artillery fire between Palestinian and Christian forces in the area. 25X1 25X1 Approved Igor Release 2005/06/09 : CIA-RDP79T00$75A030100010050-1 AMW AMW AMW AdW AdW AAV AdWAAW AAF A roved For Release 2005/06/09 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO30100010050-1 0 Top Secret (Security Classification) 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 ~ Tao secret 0 (Security Aip8i#i t1 r Release 2005/06/09 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO30100010050-1 ,mr "AWAVJW ~Aw "Awjmr "Aw "Aw 'j