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Document Creation Date: 
December 16, 2016
Document Release Date: 
May 12, 2005
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Publication Date: 
September 12, 1977
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PDF icon CIA-RDP79T00975A030300010054-5.pdf197.56 KB
1 1 AV AV Adir AAIV pprQ Release TO: NAME AND ADDRESS DATE INITIALS 1 2 3 4 ACTION DIRECT REPLY PREPAR E REPLY APPROVAL DISPATCH RECOM MENDATION COMMENT FILE RETURN CONCURRENCE INFORMATION SIGNATURE REMARKS: FROM: NAME, ADDRESS, AND PHONE NO. DATE (Security Classification) 1 CONTROL NO. .- 1 1 Access to this document will be restricted to those approved for the following specific activities: Monday 12 September 1977 CG NIDC_77-212C 1 1 0 0 25X1 NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION Unauthorized Disclosure Subject to Criminal Sanctiions 0 0 Top Secret 25X1 0 (Security Classification) Approved For Release 2005/06/09 : CIA-RDP79T00975A030300010 54-5 AAW ? - - - AW 'Aw AW AW 4 25X1 Approved For Release 2005/06/09 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO30300010054-5 Approved For Release 2005/06/09 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO30300010054-5 Approved For 25X1 25X1 National Intelligence Daily Cable for Monday, 12 September 1977 The NID Cable is tor the purpose ot intorming senior US o icials. 25X1 ETHIOPIA-SOMALIA: Situation Report PANAMA: Canal Treaty BRIEF: USSR Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Approved ForiRelease 2005/06/09 : CIA-RDP79T00975f4030300010054-5 25X1 Approved For Release 2005/06/09 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO30300010054-5 Approved For Release 2005/06/09 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO30300010054-5 25X1 Approved For elease 2005/06/09 : CIA-RDP79T00975 030300010054-5 25X1 25X1 ETHIOPIA-SOMALIA: Situation Report I IEthiopia apparently Launched its first ai.r attacks aga'ns omali territory on Friday and Saturday. The strikes, conducted against the Somali air base at Hargeisa, may boost Ethiopian morale but could also trigger a widening of the war. 25X1 Approved F~r Release 2005/06/09 : CIA-RDP79T009715A030300010054-5 25X1 Approved For Re The air strikes, carried out by F-5 fighters, appar- ently caused very little damage to the base and its surround- ing facilities. A Soviet transport aircraft was hit during the raid, according to Somali news reports, but the base's fuel depots apparently were not damaged. We cannot confirm claims by the Somalis that they shot down three of the six Ethiopian aircraft that reportedly took part in the two raids. I I Somali press reports say Ethiopian aircraft also stagec an attack Thursday on a border post, resulting in sev- eral casualties. The village's population apparently had been swelled by refugees from the heavy fighting at nearby Jijiga. I I The Ethiopians probably believed that the attacks on argexsa were justified by Somalia's assault on Jijiga, where regular Somali units have been more blatantly involved than in fighting at other Ethiopian garrisons. 1~ The air strike will almost certainly boost Ethiopian morale and may be followed by others. At the same time, the air attack may lead to a wider war by opening the way to a new range of tactics that could include a Somali strike on the port facilities and oil refinery at Assab in Eritrea. While the So- malis have probably been willing from the beginning of their invasion of the Ogaden to accept the consequences of Ethiopian air raids on Hargeisa, the Ethiopia s can ill afford to lose their facilities at Assab. PANAMA: Canal Treaty //Panamanian Chief of Government Torrijos presente the signed copy of the new canal treaty to President Lakas Friday before a peaceful crowd of about 70,000--a figure somewhat short of government predictions but ZikeZy to be in- flated in official estimates. Torrijos' relatively brief, mod- erate speech contained only one surprise. He announced that the plebiscite on the treaty will be held on 23 October--about a month earlier than most officials had predicted.// I than 1.00,000 and the administration had expended considerable //The crowd was very large by Panamanian standards, although the government press had predicted more 25X1 25X1 Approved For Re Approved energy to boost attendance. Officials are likely to be satis- fied with but not elated by the gathering; a high-level admin- istration figure earlier commented that the rally would be a test of treaty support and that more than 100,000 would be interpreted as strong public backing.// I //No anti-US or anti-government incidents were repor e . In the wake of Wednesday's anti-treaty demon- strations by students--firmly put down by the National Guard-- there was a highly visible military presence throughout Panama City.// //Most officials, including the head of the electoral tribunal, had been assuming a mid-to-late November date for the plebiscite. Torrijos' announcement that it will take place on 23 October will fuel charges by some of his op- ponents that he is attempting to push through a favorable vote without sufficient public discussion. Soviet coverage of the ceremonies in Washington sur- rounding the signing of the Panama Canal treaty was generally negative and critical. On Thursday, Moscow television commentary accused the US of pressing Panama to accept a treaty that leaves open the issue of future US military intervention. The commen- tary nevertheless concluded that reactionary forces in the US would prevent ratification of the treaty. I IOn Friday Pravda grudgingly admitted that the treaty mar Ks ashington's acceptance of Panamanian sovereignty but emphasized that the US still maintains control. and privileges over the canal until the end of the century. Soviet media cover- age also hit at US "hypocrisy," contrasting Washington's pro- fessed concern for human rights with its willingness to extend hospitality to such forces of "fascism" as the "bloody" Pinochet of Chile. 25X1 25X1 Approved For Release 2005/06/09 : CIA-RDP79T0097541030300010054-5 s s e _ AW ? .-AAW 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 Cre TOp Joved For Release 2005/06/09 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO30300010054-5 (Security Classification) 7 Tnn SP.cret (Security ft Mflolfi~r Release 2005/06/09 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO30300010054-5 41