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December 20, 2016
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August 11, 2006
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December 9, 1977
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T TO: NAME AND ADDRESS DATE INITIALS 1 2 3 4 ACTION DIRECT REPLY PREPARE REPLY APPROVAL DISPATCH RECOMMENDATION COMMENT FILE RETURN CONCURRENCE INFORMATION SIGNATURE REMARKS: FROM: NAME, ADDRESS, AND PHONE NO. DATE CIA-RDP79T00975A0304CF800S,bbr ret (Security Classification) 1 20 Access to this document will be restricted to those approved for the following specific activities: Friday 9 December 1977 CG NIDC 77/285C w 0 0 NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION Unauthorized Disclosure Subject to Criminal Sanctions State Dept. review completed 1 Top Secret (security GlassiticationJ O.Jor AW Approved For Release 2007/03/08 : CIA-RDP79T00975A0 - AW IMF 25X1 Approved For Release 2007/03/08 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO30400010094-0 Approved For Release 2007/03/08 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO30400010094-0 Approved For National Intelligence Daily Cable for Friday, 9 December 1977. The NID Cable is for the purpose o in orming senior US officials. PORTUGAL: Prime Minisi:er Sought TURKEY: Municipal Elections USSR - US - MIDDLE EAST: Comments ARGENTINA-CHILE: Beagle Channel BRIEFS 25X1 I United King om USSR Page 2 Page 3 Page 5 Page 7 Page 8 Page 11 Approved For RoIease 2007/03/08 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO30400910094-0 25X1 Approved For Release 2007/03/08 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO30400010094-0 Approved For Release 2007/03/08 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO30400010094-0 Approved For Ro PORTUGAL: Prime Minister Sought ist government Leaves President Eanes with the difficult task of choosing someone to become prime minister. In making his selection, Eanes will try to find a candidate who is supported, or at Least not resisted, by the Socialists, Social Democrats, and Center Democrats--the country's three Largest parties. Any of the current party heads except the Communists' CunhaZ could be picked, but Eanes may well decide on a relatively unknown "independent" candidate. Until a new government is appointed, Prime Minister Soares will govern in a caretaker capacity. Eanes accepted Soares' resignation yesterday after the Socialists lost a vote of confidence. The constitution does he collapse yesterday of Portugal's minority Social- not give the President a deadline for making his choice but in- dicates that he should first consult with the Revolutionary Council and the political parties, taking account of the par- ties' parliamentary strengths. The politically charged atmosphere in parliament will make it difficult for Eanes to find an acceptable candidate among party leaders. Soares' opponents accused him of being in- decisive and resented his stalling tactics and unwillingness to compromise. Intense personal antipathy has developed between the Socialists and the ambitious Social Democratic leader, Francisco Sa Carneiro. Approved For Approved For Only Center Democratic leader Diogo Freitas do Amaral seems to command the respect of all three parties. His party is small and conservative, however, and would have trouble govern- ing if serious new partisan differences developed later on. Consultations could go on for a couple of weeks or so, but Eanes apparently is trying to speed the process along. Among other things, he doubtless wants a new government in place so that talks with the International Monetary Fund and other foreign lenders can be resumed. 7_ I TURKEY : Municipal Elections //Turkey's municipal elections on Sunday may provz e a critical test of the cohesion of Prime Minister Demirel's Justice Part Local issues and personalities are usually the deci- sive factors in Turkey's municipal elections, but the vote is nevertheless viewed by most politicians as indicative of pop- ular attitudes on national policies. The Justice Party and its coalition allies--Necmettin Erbakan's National Salvation Party and the National Action Party of Alpaslan Turkes--will be look- ing in particular for indications of the public reaction to the recent devaluation of the lira and other austerity measures im- plemented under pressure from the International Monetary Fund. The vote may further be seen as a popular judgment on the gov- ernment's ability to control political violence. The parties will also be viewing the elections with an eye to their impact on intra-coalition power relations. Deputy Prime Minister Erbakan of the Salvation Party continues to be a problem for Demirel, seeking to wrest every conceivable concession from the Prime Minister in return for parliamentary support of the government. Approved Approved Fo4 Partly because of pressure from Erbakan, Demirel has 75A030400010094-0 been impeded in his efforts to negotiate usefully on the Cyprus issue and on the Greek-Turkish dispute over the Aegean. Erbakan's intransigence on economic issues has complicated the IMF nego- tiations as well. The fact that Erbakan lost considerable sup- port in the June general election has probably added to his determination to play the role of defender of the Turkish home- land in hopes of enhancing his popularity. //Demirel will be following the returns closely for signs of salvationist vulnerability that he might be able to play upon to tone down his obstreperous partner and mute criticism from Justice Party deputies. Many of the latter are frustrated by Erbakan's apparent ability to hamstring the gov- ernment almost at will and by his success in filling bureaucra- tic positions with his own party's stalwarts.// /Oppos.ition leader Ecevit may have difficulty exploiting Demirel's troubles. His failure to form a government in June despite his plurality in the general election led to harsh criticism among his Republican People's Party followers. The party is split into ideological camps, with a leftist minor- ity sniping at the moderate progressives around Ecevit. This internecine quarreling resulted in bitter primary battles in some key cities that could have a negative impact on the party's performance Sunday.// 1//Ecevit appears convinced that his party will widen its lea over the Justice Party by 3 to 5 percent. He believes this will be enough to cause Justice Party dissidents to defect and bring down Demirel's administration. Approved Foti Approved For Justice Party leaders, while not overly optimistic, do not envisage a defeat of the magnitude anticipated by Ecevit. Demirel discounts reports of possible defectors and seems con- fident that his party can hold its own at the polls. In our view, Ecevit's optimism is probably unwar- ranted. Although he does seem likely to gain in the elections, he would probably need a striking victory to induce Justice Party deputies to abandon Demirel. Barring such a success for Ecevit's party, the elections may serve only to confuse further an already muddled political situation.[ I Comments in Soviet media yesterday on developments in the Middle East indicate considerable unease over Secre- tary of State Vance's visit to the area. A TASS statement in English complained of "definite circles in the US administration "set on pressuring" Arab states to support both the meeting in Cairo and direct con- tacts between Egypt and Israel. The statement attacked Secre- tary Vance's remarks at his press conference Tuesday; it said that his placing greater emphasis on the session in Cairo than on a reconvening of the Geneva Middle East conference was a "direct contradiction" of the Soviet-US joint statement of 1 October. The Soviets continue to be concerned that they may not play a significant role in the Middle East negotiating process. Both a Radio Moscow commentary in Arabic and the TASS statement noted the Egyptians' order closing consulates and cultural centers of the USSR and its close allies. The Radio Moscow language was the more vehement; it asserted that the action was "another link in the chain of political steps" by Cairo to undermine Soviet-Egyptian relations. Radio Moscow did not mention Egyptian President Sadat, and TASS referred to him only matter-of-factly. The con- trast between this treatment and the virulence of earlier Soviet media pieces may indicate that the Soviets want to prevent a further deterioration of relations. Approved For Release 2007/03/08 : CIA-RDP79T00975Aq30400010094-0 25X1 Approved For Release 2007/03/08 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO30400010094-0 Approved For Release 2007/03/08 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO30400010094-0 Approved For R$Iease 2007/03/08: CIA-RDP79T00975A ARGENTINA-CHILE: Beagle Channel /Argentina's demarche to Chile demanding assurances that the Atlantic Territorial waters off the south- ern tip of South America belong to Argentina is the latest move in a diplomatic strategy aimed at protecting Argentine interests before the International Court's arbitration decision becomes final on 2 Februar re atzons )e ween the two nations are outwardly cor is an z ely to remain so.// I /At issue is not the disposition of the three small, Chilean-occupied islands--which have little value--but how the decision formally awarding them to Chile will affect Argentina's maritime rights outside the Beagle Channel, a question not addressed by the International Court.// /Argentine officials fear that Chile will try to use the decision to justify an extension of its maritime jurisdiction into the Atlantic. This potential threat was sub- stantiated when the Chilean Foreign Ministry published maps projecting Chilean territorial claims 200 miles outward from the Beagle Channel islands. If the Chileans acted on such claims a major confrontation could ensue; the region is be- lieved to be rich in cobalt, copper, petroleum, and marine resources. Such action would also have an impact on Chilean and Argentine overlapping claims to Antarctic territories.// I /Efforts by both nations to resolve recent alleged territorial violations in the area have been unsuccessful. The Chileans are concerned that Argentina will try to occupy some islets south of the channel to reinforce its claim to control of the Atlantic side of Cape Horn.// Approved For Release 2007/03/08 : CIA-RDP79T00975A03p400010094-0 Approved F //Within the Argentine junta, the most vociferous critic o the arbitral award is Navy Commander in Chief Admiral Massera, a political opportunist who has recently sought to ad- vance his own fortunes by appealing to ultranationalist senti- ment on a variety of issues. Vowing to defend Argentina from "geographical mutilation," the bellicose Massera has placed naval forces on alert in the South Atlantic.// I /Other members of the junta have been publicly silent on the issue. The chief of the Army General Staff, Gen- eral Viola, was moderate in a press conference last week. He said that it is in the interest of the Argentine Government to maintain the strengthened cordial. relations with Chile.// /While an invasion of islands in the Beagle Chan- ne area y the Argentine Navy cannot be ruled out, we have no evidence that such an adventure would have the support of Pres- ident Videla. The Chileans, however, have begun to watch Argen- tine troop movements in the southern border area more closely although they have made no move to reinforce the islands.// //There is no indication that the Argentine leaders have agreed on how to resolve the dispute if Chile does not re- spond positively to the recent demarche. Chile, however, may not push too hard on the issue, out of fear that Argentina would support Peru in any border showdown with Chile. Argentina has in fact already made some gestures in this direction, presumably as a subtle warning to the Chileans.// //Each country can be expected to maintain firm diplomatic and military pressure on the other, and small-scale border incidents are possible, but neither is likely to allow the channel issue to lead to major fighting. MAURITANIA: Rail Line Reopens Mauritania resumed iron ore shipments on Tuesday along the vital rail Line between the mining center of Zouerat and the port of Nouadhibou. The Line had been closed as a re- sult of attacks by Algerian-backed PoZisario Front guerrillas Approved For RoIease 2007/03/08 : CIA-RDP79T00975A0301 Approved For Rel in late October. The Mauritanians depend on iron ore exports for some 85 percent of their foreign exchange earnings. Al- though they had a two-month stockpile of ore at Nouadhibou as a buffer against guerrilla harassment of the line, this reserve would have been exhausted this week. The recent arrival of additional Moroccan troops in Mauritania has enabled the Mauritanians to deploy more,of their forces along the railroad. It is doubtful, however, that they will be able to prevent new Polisario attacks. Mauritanian mili- tary officers have admitted to US officials that their intelli- gence-gathering abilities are weak and that many nomads in the area are cooperating with the guerrillas. (Mauritanian mining officials fear that additional Polisario attacks against the trains, and especially the seiz- ure of more French workers as hostages, could result in the de- parture of much-needed French technical and managerial exper- tise. //An unattributed Algiers radio broadcast, meanwhile, has alleged that a French Jaguar fighter aircraft fired on Polisario guerrillas in Mauritania. The guerrillas reportedly damaged the aircraft, forcing it to land at an unspecified 25X1 Mauritanian base. French aircraft based in Dakar, Senegal, are flying missions over Mauritania, but other information indicates X1 they are unarmed reconnaissance flights.// Approved For Ro 25X1 Approved For Release 2007/03/08 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO30400010094-0 Approved For Release 2007/03/08 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO30400010094-0 Approved For R4 United Kingdom //Prime Minister Callaghan's wage policy received a major boost yesterday when moderate leaders of the coal min- ers' union accepted the government's rule calling for 12 months between pay increases. They also voted to permit local unions to pursue productivity incentive schemes that had been turned down earlier by the national union.// Approved For Release 2007/03/08 : CIA-RDP79T0097541030400010094-0 Approved Fo4 I //The victory is only partial, however; union mili- tants are likely to challenge the decision, and the demand for a 90-percent pay increase during the next contract period re- mains unresolved. The militants have vowed to fight on both questions. The future of the government's wage policy could hinge on the outcome of negotiations with the miners, because other unions will take their cue from the final settlement.// //The government's hand has been strengthened in recent weeks by a lack of popular sympathy for excessive wage demands. The miners, and the striking fireman as well, have re- ceived little support from fellow unions or from the powerful national Trades Union Con ress which has been reluctant to 25X1 fight government policy. I The latest issue of Izvestiats weekly feature magazine has elaborated on earlier "exposes' of the alleged activity of US diplomats among Soviet dissidents. The magazine named two former embassy officers as having been the most active in this regard. Petr Grigorenko, a leading dissident and former gen- era, was portrayed as having played the most important role in maintaining contact between other dissidents and the West. Oth- ers named were dissident Lyudmila Alekseyeva, who has since emi- grated, and Vladimir Slepak. The magazine article was clearly designed to keep alive the accusations of espionage activity that have been levied against US diplomats periodically since the spring of this year. The article's chief targets, however, seem to be So- viet dissidents. The focus on Grigorenko, who recently arrived in the US for a six-month visit, may be part of an effort to discredit in advance any public statements he might make and could even be the first sign that Moscow will bar his return. Approved For Release 2007/03/08 : CIA-RDP79T00975AP030400010094-0 1 0 0 A roved For Release 2007/03/08 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO30400010094-0 Top Secret (Security Classification) 1 1 1 0 '0 Top Secret 0 (Securi ldffflff stiff)Release 2007/03/08 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO30400010094-0 Aw Aw Aj