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Document Creation Date: 
December 20, 2016
Document Release Date: 
November 14, 2006
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Publication Date: 
July 27, 1978
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PDF icon CIA-RDP79T00975A030700010128-9.pdf302.47 KB
T TO: NAME A DRESS DATE INITIALS 2 3 4 ACTION DIRECT REPLY PREPAR E REPLY APPROVAL DISPATCH RECOMMENDATION COMMENT FILE RETURN CONCURRENCE INFORMATION SIGNATURE REMARKS: FROM: NAME, ADDRESS, AND PHONE NO. DATE CIA-RDP79T00975A030700T1AP2& c re t (Security Classification) Access to this document will be restricted to those approved for the following specific activities: NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE DAILY CABLE Thursday 27 July 19713 CG NIDC 78/174 1 w NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION Unauthorized Disclosure Subject to Criminal Sanctions State Dept. review completed Top Secret 1 .aeuurit Approved For Release 2007/03/07 : CIA-RDP79T00975A03 7000 128-9 25X1 Approved For Release 2007/03/07 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO30700010128-9 Approved For Release 2007/03/07 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO30700010128-9 Approved For Rel National Intelligence Daily Cable for Thursday, 27 July 1978. 25X1 The NID Cable is for the purpose o informing senior US officials. CONTENTS LEBANON: Situation Report NORTH KOREA: Tunneling Activity ETHIOPIA: Situation Report Page 2 Page 3 Page 3 USSR: Changes on SA-8 Missile Page 5 Page 6 Eastern Europe Page 8 Approved Fob- Release 2007/03/07 : CIA-RDP79T00975,R030700010128-9 25X1 Approved For Release 2007/03/07 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO30700010128-9 Approved For Release 2007/03/07 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO30700010128-9 Approved For Rp' LEBANON: Situation Report I Christian militia units are reinforcing their posi- tions south of Beirut as fighting continues in the Christian town of Hadath. Sources of the US defense attache in Beirut report that the militias have brought up mortars and possibly some artillery to support their forces in the town. One source re- ports that the Christians responded to Syrian artillery fire yesterday with mortars. I IHadath is a stronghold of former Lebanese President Camille amun, who has demanded a complete Syrian withdrawal from Lebanon. The militiamen in Hadath appear to have taken few casualties during the clashes, which broke out on Satur- day, and continue to provoke the Syrians with sniper fire. The Syrians are taking numerous casualties--press re- ports indicate that at least 35 Syrians have been wounded. Perhaps in response, the Syrians launched their heaviest bom- bardment of Hadath to date on Tuesday evening. Press reports indicate some fighting in Christian East Beirut as well. The Damascus press has blamed the Christians for pro- voking the fighting in Hadath. Nonetheless, the Syrians seem to be increasingly sensitive to charges that they seek hegemony Approved Fair Release 2007/03/07 : CIA-RDP79T00975AQ30700010128-9 Approved For R lease 2007/03/07 : CIA-RDP79T00975 030700010128-9 25X1 over Lebanon. Foreign Minister Khaddam in a recent interview reiterated Syria's willingness to withdraw from Lebanon when some stability is restored to the country. Khaddam expressed frustration with the expense of Syria's involvement in Lebanon, which he placed at $70 million a month. The US defense attache's sources estimate that 85 percent of Hadath's civilian population has left the area. Civilian cas a ties from the Syrian shelling have been heavy. NORTH KOREA: Tunneling Activity //A US - South Korean detection team has dis- covered and is trying to neutralize what it believe to be an- other North Korean tunnel under the Demilitarized Zone. The tunnel passes near Panmunjom and extends several hundred meters under the southern half of the DMZ.// //Two tunnels were detected and neutralized in the western half of the DMZ in 1974 and 1975. The South Koreans believe they have evidence of active North Korean tunneling at several other sites along the Zone, and additional tunnels may have been completed without being discovered.// North Korean tunneling was egun in 1971 at the direction of President Kim Il-song and uses military personnel and sophisticated mining equipment. The program has expanded with the steady buildup of North Korea's unconventional forces and could be intended to insert 25X1 lightly armed infantry close to or behind South Korean forward defense lines. South Korea's fixed defensive positions near the DMZ are vulnerable to attack from the rear. ETHIOPIA: Situation Report I Ethiopian forces have captured Adi Urgi, a major town some 40 kilometers south of Asmara, and have completed their occupation of Teseney on the Sudanese border. The government's immediate objective is to relieve the sieges of Asmara and Barentu, open the roads and recapture major towns such as Karen and Akordat by 12 September--the fourth anniversary of the Ethiopian revolution. Approved Fort Release 2007/03/07 : CIA-RDP79T00975 030700010128-9 Approved For Eritrean Liberation Front. The ELF, which has been losing strength to the rival Eritrean People's Liberation Front in re- cent months, has had the difficult job of defending the open terrain along the Sudanese border and the main road from Adwa to Asmara. The two factions had planned a joint political com- The Ethiopian gains have come at the expense of the mand, but their fighting forces remain separate. The hardest fighting will take place when government 25X1 forces attempt to move into more rugged terrain and confront the more powerful EPLF forces. At present there would appear to be no prospects for negotiations to end the fighting. I I Approved For Approved For elease 2007/03/07 : CIA-RDP79T00975 030700010128-9 BOLIVIA: President Pereda's Plans In his first major address since he took power Zast week, Bo ivian President Pereda has pledged to continue--with modifications--the democratization process set in motion by former President Banter. He ignored opposition demands for a new presidential election. At the swearing-in ceremony for his new cabinet, Pere a renewed his pledge to seek national unity, promised to present a "plan of reform" to facilitate popular participation in government, and stressed the observance of human rights. Ap- proximately 100 politicians and trade union members who were arrested last week, however, are still in custody. Most major political leaders remain in hiding while ing for international support for a new election--an ff e ort meeting with little success. The Bolivian Foreign Ministry re- ports that Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, and the USSR have rec- ognized the Pereda government, and others seem sure to follow. The most vocal critic of the new government,. Venezuelan Presi- dent Perez, appears to be getting nowhere with his attempts to have the Organization of American ates review the Bolivian situation. Approved For Release 2007/03/07 : CIA-RDP79T0097PA030700010128-9 Approved For Release 2007/03/07 : CIA-RDP79T00975A USSR: Changes on SA-8 Missile The Soviets apparently have modified their SA-8 tacti- cal sur ace-to-air missile system to increase its firepower and reliability. The SA-8 is a mobile, low- to medium-altitude air de- tense system that is being deploved with Soviet in the USSR and East Germany. 25X1 an SA-8 launch vehicle in East Germany showed that it was equipped to fire six missiles instead of the four that have been associated with the system. In addition, the missiles apparently will now be fired directly from their shipping containers, which would probably increase missile loading speed as well as protect the missiles, thereby increasing their reliability. There are currently three Soviet SA-8 regiments in East ermany, each of which probably has 20 launch vehicles. We do not know how many of these are the modified type. With the modified vehicles, the number of missiles on launcher rai in a regiment would increase from 80 to 120. 25X1 Approved For Release 2007/03/07 : CIA-RDP79T00975 030700010128-9 25X1 Approved For Release 2007/03/07 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO30700010128-9 Next 1 Page(s) In Document Exempt Approved For Release 2007/03/07 : CIA-RDP79T00975AO30700010128-9 Approved For 30700010128-9 Eastern Europe I I Grain harvest conditions are deteriorating across as ern urope, indicating that this year's crop will be less than the 93 million tons we forecast earlier this month. The weather outlook for the region remains unfavorable as frequent storms delay and complicate the harvest. Damage from wind and rain so far is most severe in Hungary and in Czechoslovakia. The high moisture content of the cut grain is taxing drying facilities. While some of the wheat will be too poor for breadmaking, almost all of the grain can be used for live- stock feed. Approved For or AV AV AV AV AV AV Ar AV AV 1 1 1 1 9 Approved For Release 2007/03/07 : CIA-RDP79T00975A030700010128- Top Secret (Security Classification) op ecret Release 2007/03/07 : CIA-RDP79T00975A030700010128-9 (Security lassification) 1 0 0 1