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Document Creation Date: 
December 9, 2016
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April 23, 2001
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January 1, 1965
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PDF icon CIA-RDP79T01003A002200040001-2.pdf681.15 KB
Approved For Release 2001I1f PIPMKTfACR3A002200040001-2 CIA/ RR CB 65-4 January 1965 Copy No. INTELLIGENCE BRIEF INDONESIA TO USE EAST GERMAN RADIOBROADCASTING TRANSMITTERS IN ITS EXPANDING INTERNATIONAL PROPAGANDA EFFORT DIRECTORATE OF INTELLIGENCE Office of Research and Reports 1 GROUP 1 Excluded from automatic downgrading and Approved For Release 2001/~CIi49'1?~`11~03A00220004000 - declassiscatian Approved For Release 2001/05/17 : CIA-RDP79TO1003AO02200040001-2 WARNING This material contains information affecting the National Defense of the United States within the meaning of the espionage laws, Title 18, USC, Secs. 793 and 794, the trans- mission or revelation of which in any manner to an unauthorized person is prohibited by law. Approved For Release 2001/05/17 : CIA-RDP79TO1003AO02200040001-2 Approved For Release 2001/05/17 : CIA-RDP79T01003A002200040001-2 C-O-N-F-I-D-E-N- T-I-A-L INDONESIA TO USE EAST GERMAN RADIOBROADCASTING TRANSMITTERS IN ITS EXPANDING INTERNATIONAL PROPAGANDA EFFORT The international radiobroadcasting capability of Indonesia will be increased by as much as 800 percent by the construction of a new inter- national radiobroadcasting complex near Djakarta. The new complex in is to be built by East Germany cntra tf terms of a agreement otof May signed 1964 October 1964. This new between Indonesia and the Philips Company of the Netherlands for seven powerful transmitters and brings Indonesia of 19648commitment of funds for radiobroadcasting equipment to a tot these transmitters become operational in late 1968, the tremendous increase in transmission capability that they represent will herald the emergence of Indonesia as one of the major international radiobroad- casters of the world. Their completion also will mark the onset of an intensified worldwide propaganda effort aimed at furthering Indonesia's aspirations to Afro-Asian leadership, 1. Background In the 15 years since Indonesia gained its independence, the deteri- orated and loosely organized domestic radiobroadcasting facilities inherited from the Dutch have been expanded, modernized, and con- solidated into an important propaganda arm of the government, This mass communications medium, at present consisting of 36 stations having an aggregate power of approximately 330 kilowatts (kw), is operated by the Ministry of Information in support of national policy, During this same period. the international radiobroadcasting facilities of Indonesia have undergone relatively minor growth. International radiobroadcasting facilities at present consist of three shortwave transmitters in the Djakarta area, with an aggregate power of 170 kw, that direct programs to Southeast Asia, the Pacific area, the Middle East, North Africa, the Americas, and Europe. The inherent international role served y sseveral Indonesian somewhat the require- ment radiobroadca sting stations has ea ment to meet the "provocative broadcasts" of Malaysia by an expansion of international facilities. Because all Indonesian domestic radiobroad- casting stations utilize frequencies in excess of 2, 300 kilocycles, their resultant propagation characteristics permit coverage of contiguous areas of Malaysia. An example of this capability was shown in March 1964 when the propaganda--laden "Crush Malaysia" programs C--O-N-F-I-D-E-N-T-I-A-L Approved For Release 2001/05/17 : CIA-RDP79T01003A002200040001-2 Approved For Release 2001/05/17 : CIA-RDP79TO1003AO02200040001-2 C-O-N-F-I-D-E-N- T-I-A-L were transmitted to audiences in Singapore and Malaya by the Indo- nesian domestic station in Palembang, South Sumatra. 2. Recent Developments In October 1964 the government of Indonesia contracted with an East German electronics firm for the construction of an entire inter- national radiobroadcasting complex to be erected near Djakarta. Scheduled for completion by the end of 1968, this new complex will cost approximately US $6. 3 million and will include 10 shortwave transmitters of from 100 to 150 k:w each plus ancillary equipment. Two of the 1.0 transmitters will be operated as individual. units, and the remaining 8 transmitters will. be coupled to form 4 units of approxi- mately 250 kw each. It is reported that the contract specifies Asia, Africa, and Latin America as the target areas to which broadcasts will be directed. The terms of the contract call for a payment schedule of deferred installments to begin in November 1968 and to be completed in Novem- ber 1974. These installments will include interest charges calculated on the unpaid balance of the contract at the rate of 5 percent and are payable in US dollars. This contract probably is unrelated to the radiobroadcasting agreement that has existed between the two countries since 1956, as that agreement provided only for the exchange of pro- grams and "experience. " The increase of 1., 000 to 1, 500 kw in international broadcasting transmitter power represented by the East plement the transmitters purchased under the e terms of an earliersup- contract with the Philips Company of the Netherlands. The contract with the Philips Company, signed in May 1964 and valued at US $2.1 million, calls for the delivery of two 120-kw and five 50-kw trans- mitters at an unspecified date. The 120-kw transmitters probably will be used in international radiobroadcasting, whereas the 50-kw transmitters probably will be installed in areas contiguous to Malaysia for use in a dual domestic/ international role. 3. Outlook The addition to Indonesians international radiobroadcasting capa- bility of transmitters having an aggregate power of from 1, 240 to 1, 740 kw generally conforms to the ambitious expansion plan announced C-O-N-F-I-D-E-N-T-. Approved For Release 2001/05/17 : CIA-RDP79T01003A0022c0040001-2 Approved For Releas 2001/05/17 : I R P79T 1 03A002200040001-2 C- - - -I- - - -T- - -L in October 1963. Although an interest in expanding international. radio- broadcasting is characteristic of most developing countries, the mas- sive power of the new Djakarta international radiobroadcasting complex will outstrip even the most optimistically planned developments for this medium by other less developed countries. In fact the full operation of these new transmitters will mark the emergence of Indonesia as one of the major international radiobroadcasters of the world. Reflected by this coming effort is the apparent strong need of the government of ;Indonesia for an international voice that will provide both an apologia for its aggressive policies in Southeast Asia and a vehicle for further- ing its aspirations to Afro-Asian leadership. The effectiveness of the expanding Indonesian propaganda effort will be subject to limitations imposed not only by the audience poten- tial in target areas but also by a number of technical and human factors affecting transmission quality and program content. Nevertheless, the completion of the new Djakarta international radiobroadcasting complex portends an intensified worldwide propaganda effort. C-O-N- F-I-.D-E-N- T-I-A-L Approved For Release 2001/05/17 : CIA-RDP79T01003A002200040001-2 Approved For Release 2001/05/17 : CIA-RDP79T010 3A002200040001-2 C-O-N-F-I-D-E-N- T-I-A- 3. FBIS. Daily Report (Far East), 17 Oct 63, p. RRR5. UYY USE. 4. Ibid. , 17 Mar 64, p. R11. OFF USE. Analyst- 25X1A ORR OCI C-O-N-F-I- D-E-N-T-I-A-L Approved For Release 2001/05/17 : CIA-RDP79T01003A002200040001-2 Approved For Release 2W.-MR, Approved For Release 2, / r l003AO02200040001-2 Analyst: ~~pp tt 33 Approved For Release 2001/05/17 : CIA-RDP79T01003A'F02~686400i152 12) OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND REPORTS St/P/RR ? Control Section Date of Document ajLjy19,5..__, , Number of Copies Series Number CIAIRR CB 5-4- Classification 25X1A Control Sheet TI ~ GROUP 1 ` Excluded from rom eolcmoilc downgrading and declaesifleotlon Copy No. 186 187 188 - 190 191 Recipient 25X1A St P O_ CR CGS/HR/Ops, 1G81, H 1.9.3....._,.. 25X1- 1.95 .1.96..,..., .~~ 198 ..._,.~ 199 201 202 - 230 Filed in St P C a?a- ao/Z Date MS/COM 14 jg.n 65 7 ~~rn~i/rrsrnr np7aTn1nn,%nnnggnnndnnn1_q 3-3, / e)--15 ~ ~ 1 ~ P I--- STATINTL Approved For Release 2001/05/17 : CIA-RDP79TO1003AO02200040001-2 Approved For Release 2001/05/40'~ 003A002200040001-2 SUBJECT: Distribution of Current Support Brief No. 65.4, Indonesia to use East German Rt obroadceatins Transmitters in !ft, Expanding Interrat#onal 'roptnd Effort ,.-- 'anuary 1965 ON '" EN'TIAL/ FOREIGN DISSEM Copy No. 1 O/DDI, Room 7E32, Hdgtrp. 2 - 3 NIC 4 - 12 OCI Internal 13 - 15 ONE 25X1 A 16 - 21 St/CS/RR 22 O/DDI - 23-31 NSA 32 NSAL 33 - 280 ORR Distribution, St/A/Document Support Section, Room GH0915, Hdqtrs. 25X1A (Distributed by OCR) deetaesiftcatton CROUP 1 Excluded from automatic dow.grading and Approved For Release 2001/05/17 : CIA-RDP79T01003A002200040001-2 CONFIDENTIAL Approved For Release 2001105/17 : CIA-RDP79TO1003AO02200040001-2 St/A/DS Distribution of Current Support Brief No. 65-4. ISdpnesia to ibbroadcasting Transmitters in its Ex ding t,ernational Propaganda Effort --- January 1965 (CONFIDENTI ALINO REfsN P Copy No. Recipient 33 34 35 36 37 - 42 43 - 48 49 - 54 55 56 - 60 61 - 66 67 68 - 76 77-78 79 - 80 81 25X1A 82 .87 88 D/GG AD /RR DAD/RR Ch/E St/PR D/A (1 each branch) D/MS (1 each branch) D/R (1 each branch) MRA D/P (1 each branch) J)/F (1 each branch) St/PS D/I (1 each branch) D/GC D/GX/X 1B4004, Hq. 25X1A 89 St/FM 90 Analyst/Branch 91 GR/CR 92 BR/CR 93 F_IB/SR/CR, Room 1G27, Hq. 94 .Library/CR 95 IPI/CR. 25X1A 96 97 AD/00 98 Chief, OCR/FDD 99 loo CD/00 OCR/SA/R, Room 5G19, Hq. 101 DD1/CGS, Room 7F35, Hq. 1.02 103 DDI/CGS/HR, Room lG81, Hq. 1.04 106 OSI 25X1A 107 OBI 108 DD/SB&T'/SpINT 109 - 110 OTR./ S/IP, Room 532, Broyhill Bldg., 1000 G lebe (1 - OTR/SIC) 15518 111 , NPIC/CSD/REF, Room 112 Commandant National War College, Ft. Leslie McNair, Attn. Classified Records Section, Rm. 26, Nat'l War College Bldg. Washington, D. C. 113 - 114 Assistant Secretary of Defense, 1SA, Room 4D825, Pentagon 115 153 Defense Intelligence Agency, DI.AAQ-3, ABldg., Arlington Hall Station 154 157 USIA, Warren Phelps, IRR/D, Room 812, Walker Johnson Building, 1734 New York Avenue, N. W. 158 - 169 State, INR Communications Center, Room 7818, State Dept. Bldg. Bld Offi 170 g. ce - 171 Dr. Neilson Debevoise, NSC, Room 365, Executive 172 - 173 Frank M.Charrette, Agency for International Development, Chief, Statistics and Reports Division, Room A-204, State Annex #10 174 - 230 St/P/C/RR, Room 4F41, Hq. 231 - 280 Records Center Approved For Release 2001/054 t 7 jT:Ol grO ing and ~ duowfinding and dee42~sifica ten -AL 0040001-2 Approved For Release 2001/0311'T.' lA,-i4lP73T01003A002200040001-2 Chief, Publications Staff, ORR MCRM FOR. Chiefs Dissemination Control Branch, )/CR FRCM SUBJEM requested that the attached copies of CIA./?R CB 65_14,, Indonesia ee East German Radipbroadcasti Transmitters in Its Fxpendin International t o u FO-PagAnd ort, anuary 1965, Conf ential f It! FMIGN DI-B , be forwarded as follows; C Na 2O. Recipient State, INR Comunications Center, Room 7818, State Dept. Bldg- Attn: Herbert I. Glantz Executive Assistant to the Director, RCS, Room 8722, State Bldg. 15 January 1965 oral Security Agency 25X1 A (via GB31, Eq.) National Security ,gene Fort Meade, Maryland. 2o6 by. ,,;;;n has been completed: Date: Approved For Release 2001/05/1?x eL7 ','fbfc1003A002200040001-2 25X1A Department of Commerce Mr. *=lea F. Boeba, CID/BIC ,Room 6031, Main Commerce Attn: Donald S. Parris, Acting Director Office of Scientific & Technical !uip rent Business & Defense Services Administration Department of Commerce, Room k800-A, C=merce Bldg. lath St. & Constitution Avenue, N.W. Approved For Release 200;R:/G 207 ,1'7'." CIA+RDP79TO1003AO02200040001-2 Raw Recipient USIA, Mx-. Warren PYzelpa USIA/IRR/D Rom; A12,, Walker Johnaon Bldg. 1734 New York Avenue, R.W. Attn. Edgar T. ,Martin' Znglneering Manager Broadcastings Service U. S. information Agency,. Room 1718 Apo R Building 25X1A Attachments Approved For Release 2001/05/17 CIA F QP79TO1003AO02200040001-2 Approved For Release 2001/05/17 : CIA-RDP79TO1003AO02200040001-2 26 January 1965 , ORMUM OR; C h i e f ,, 1istom_ination Control Branch, D/( Chief, Publications Staffs ORR Tr&nszjLttal of Material 15 requested that the attached copies of CTAI'R CB 65-4, Indonesia nWt- on - ooegax Effort, January 19 5 Confidential. N(3 FOREIGN DIS ire rar ed as follows. atate, IMP l:," aunieationca Center, Room 781.8, L3tate Dept. Bldg. 3uugested distribution for $ ftaai,eLt .. Berlin, Moscow, Berxi.. London, Wellington, Manila, Canberra, Melbourne, Bangkok, Djakarta, Hong KCg, FCong, .ngoon, Kuala Lumpur, Saigon, Seoul, Singapore, Taipei, Tokyo, Vientiane, Phnom Penh, Colombo and Ottawa 25X1A tAftebmexxts Copies 2 - #223,, & #231 - #240 of cB 65-4 Approved For Release 2001/05/17 CIA RDPV91 1LO0! t~ tla I^r di zg ad y lIJ (~ T docl 511iCA`aa9 A ZITIML ETD Date:v2/?c5....-- BY' Ltd The disseiainat,on reoua,t. d by This memorandum has been completed, Approved For Release 2001/ Project No. 32. 5212 I d to use East German Radiob r oadca sting Transmitters in Its ia Title n ones Expanding International Propaganda Effort --- January 1965 (CONFIDENTIAL/NO FOREIGN DISSEM Responsible Analyst and Branch 7ja j ,-RQQt TO1003A002200040001-2 Report Series CIA/RR CB 65-4 MS/COM RECOMMENDED DISTRIBUTION TO STATE POSTS `Berlin, Germany Bucharest, Romania Budapest, Hungary 'Moscow, USSR Prague, Czechoslovakia Sofia, Bulgaria Warsaw, Poland Europe Belgrade, Yugoslavia /Bern, Switzerland Bonn, Germany Brussels, Belgium Copenhagen, Denmark Frankfurt, Germany Geneva, Switzerland Helsinki, Finland The Hague, Netherlands isbon, Portugal V London, England Luxembourg, Luxembourg Madrid, Spain Oslo, Norway Paris, France Rome, Italy Stockholm, Sweden Vienna, Austria "B angkok, Thailand /Dj akarta, Indonesia vHong Kong 1;Rangoon, Burma -Kuala Lumpur, Malaya L,Saigon, Vietnam 1Seoul, Korea Singapore, British Malaya vTaipei, Formosa okyo, Japan Vientiane, Laos JPhnom Penh, Cambodia V'Colombo, Ceylon Near East & South Asia Ankara, Turkey Athens, Greece Cairo, Egypt ,j>amascus, Syria Kabul, Afghanistan Karachi, Pakistan New Delhi, India Nicosia, Cyprus Tehran, Iran Baghdad, Iraq Tel Aviv, Israel Beirut, Lebanon Amman, Jordon Jidda, Saudi Arabia 4ellington, New Zealand Ottawa, Canada JManila, Philippines 'Canberra, Australia ~MelbourAr $ ovedsVorl 1Kelease 2001/ 25X1A Mexico Guatemala Panama Brazillia, Brazil Buenos Aires, Argentina Bogota, Colombia Santiago, Chile La Paz, Bolivia Montevideo, Uruguay Caracas, Venezuela Africa Yaounde, Cameroun Leopoldville, Congo Addis Ababa, Ethopia Accra, Ghana Abidjan, Ivory Coast Nairobi, Kenya Monrovia, Liberia Tripoli, Libya Rabat, Morocco Lagos, Nigeria Mogadiscio, Somal Khartoum, Sudan Tunis, Tunisia Pretoria, South Africa Algiers, Algeria Cotonou, Dahomey Dakar, Senegal Bamako, Mali SECRET Approved For Release 115?ROVAL ------------ ''17 AT RECORD OF REVIEW OF ORR PUBLICATIONS FOR SECURITY SANI I 25X1A SANITIZING INSTRUCTIONS 25X1 C Excluded from automatic downgrading and declassification 25X1A - 25X1 C