Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
Release Decision: 
Original Classification: 
Document Page Count: 
Document Creation Date: 
December 9, 2016
Document Release Date: 
March 21, 2001
Sequence Number: 
Case Number: 
Publication Date: 
January 1, 1965
Content Type: 
PDF icon CIA-RDP79T01003A002200060001-0.pdf642.05 KB
Approved For Release 2001/04(IC)NtAIfM IOD.DA002200060001-0 INTELLIGENCE BRIEF CIA/RR CB 65-6 January 1965 Copy No. BIG BOOST PLANNED FOR SOVIET PRODUCTION OF REFRIGERATORS DIRECTORATE OF INTELLIGENCE Office of Research and Reports Approved For Release 2001/04/f y() -' &RiX 03X002200060001-0 I GROUP 1 Excluded from automatic downgrading and declassification Approved For Release 2001/04/17 : CIA-RDP79TO1003AO02200060001-0 WARNING This material contains information affecting the National Defense of the United States within the meaning of the espionage laws, Title 18, USC, Secs. 793 and 794, the trans- mission or revelation of which in any manner to an unauthorized person is prohibited by law. Approved For Release 2001/04/17 : CIA-RDP79TO1003AO02200060001-0 CORD COPY NO. PUB. DATE LOCATION MASTER URIC N R.V c~ PY DA P6ZEPWki 2001104117 -4 STOCK IVX4klDP79TQ40 M INIMUM 03A - MAX IMUM T TO DATE CUT TO COPIES C DATE COPIES DESTROYE D PIES T TO DATE CUT TO COPIES DATE 4 r PIES DATE DATE MASTER T TO -PIES DATE NUMBER OF COPIES RECEIVED OR ISSUED RECD ISS?D BAL 10q - NUMBER OF COPIES ATE RECEIVED OR ISSUED MO. DAY YR. RECD ISS?D BAL DAY YR? 25 65 Dist. Unit#231-280 50 50 -.23r 4S 3 if ate - 2 U OFD 5 Approved For Relea a 20 11041 7 : C I -R P79 01 03A00220006 . P IOCAT ION nRR cR 65-6 Jan. 1965 C DATE RE NUMBER OF COPIES DATE MO. DAY YR. CEIVED OR ISSUED C ' RECEIVED OR ISSUED NUMBER OF COPT RE D ISS D SAL MO. DAY YR REC'*D ISS"D ? Ap roved For Release 2001/04 117 : IA-R P79T 10 3A0 22 0060001-0 T I TI C Ap roved For Release 2001/0 /17 : IA-R P79 010 3A - Approved For Release 2001/04/17 : CIA-RDP79T01003A002200060001-0 C-O-N-F-I-D-E-N-T-I-A-L BIG BOOST PLANNED FOR SOVIET PRODUCTION OF REFRIGERATORS any production An extraordinarily large boost in double Soviet yearly increase. is expected in 1965 -- more than riger In order to meet the plannemo oe than 60 percent 8 million that oafto 1964. goal f in 1965, output must increase Although such a large increase normally feals seemSunattufficaeikantblapace, are several signs that the plan may prove u e for meeting the goal for 196d of thedreconstrubt on andrexpansi.ons com- missioning of new plants an ones. Furthermore, the industry apparently is being given a higher priority by the present regime. In his speech to the Supreme Soviet on 9 December, Premier Kosygin singled out refrigerators as an impor- tant consumer need that must be met in the "netr o future, " l/ and dination Moscow recently has taken administrative steps improve in production of refrigerators and to bring about a more strict enforce- ment of plan goals . Production of 1. 8 million refrigerators obviosly will cannot rtisfy ed; pent-up demand for this product. Waiting periods be equir and the gdalit' ,of some = so c1s;P00 Nor will such a volume of produc-g tion represent an effort likely value ofrreother machine buildin frigerators produc d repre- grams significantly. The total v sents a minor part of the output of the machine building industries, an percent. comprising in 1965 considerably mpo tant st p toweards, this planned increase in refrigerators soothing the dissatisfaction of a populace long accustomed to waiting lists. 2/ 1. Introduction rmed The revised goal for 1965 of l08 million 62 percent higher by Premier Kosygin in his speech 9 butsprrepresents a near than the estimated level of production obably not achieved, doubling of the rate of growth in 1964. Except for 1963, when 20 and 30 percenpea h yearrsincer1959, of growth have ranged between as shown in the following tabulation: ~T E I-D-E-N-T-I-A-L Approved For Release 96%0"4%17 : CIA-RDP79T01003A002200060001-0 Approved For Release 2001/04/17 : CIA-RDP79T01003A002200060001-0 C-O-N- F-I-D-E-N-T-I-A-L 19624 1-959 1960 1.961 1962 1963 Plan Estimate Production (thousand units) 426 530 686 838 911 1,205* 1,100 Percent of increase 18 22 "~n 0-, 1.965 Plan 1, 777** 2. Greater Official Interest in Consumer Durables Since about 1950, when the USSR began to produce household appli- ances such as refrigerators and washing machines, production of these and a few small appliances has grown fairly steadily. Now the Soviet leadership is taking an even more active interest in the industry. Be- sides the emphasis given this subject in Kosygin's speech to the Supren; Soviet, there has been much discussion of it in the Soviet press, Ekonomicheskaya gazeta, the Soviet economic weekly, contains an item on some type of refrigerator in nearly every issue. In a major admin- istrative change in September the Council of Ministers of the USSR organized the All-Union Association for Electrical Household Machines and Appliances. Its mission is to coordinate all work in developing specialized plants; to approve technical specifications and plans for materials, supplies, and component parts used by the industry; and to carry on an extensive publishing effort. 5/ Because there had been previously no single organization governing production of consumer durables, output of various nonspecialized plants was potentially volatile, depending on the priority of the mainline item, and enforcement of planned goals was virtualli, impossible. 3. New Production Capacity Preparations for an upsurge in production of refrigerators have been underway for several years and should soon begin to reach fruition. New production capacity comprising well over 50 percent of the increment needed in 1965 has been accounted for, production in the last 2 years have plans fSeen or increases in 1965 ofebetween An upward revision of the original goal of 1, 450, 000 that was set in 1959. 4/ C-O--N-F-I-D- '_NN Approved For Release 2001/04/17: CIA-RDP79T010SS4002'2W060001-0 Approved For Release 2001/04/17 : CIA-RDP79TO1003AO02200060001-0 C-O-N-F-I-D-E-N-T-I-A-L 5, 000 and 100, 000 refrigerators, several times the production rates planned for 1964. In addition, at least one plant is being mechanized and automated and expects a sizable increase in production. Presum-' ably, there are sufficient gaps in intelligence to account for the re- mainder of the increment. Soviet industry has been notoriously slow in commissioning new plants or expanding old ones, and a continuance of this record could delay achievement of the goal for 1965. Compared with past efforts, however, an expanded investment program obviously is underway, and a large upsurge in production of refrigerators will occur as a result -- if not in 1965, then at least in 1966. The need for greater specialization and standardization -- a goal of the administrative reform -- has been obvious for some time. Pro- duction at present is carried on in 26 different plants, mostly as a sideline in subsidiary shops of automobile, elecitrical machinery, and other machine building plants. As recently as 1961, no plant was de- voted exclusively to production of refrigerators, but now there are several. The Leningrad Pressing Plant No. 2 was the first to special- ize completely, a change that was expected to lead to a tripling of the output of refrigerators by the plant. 6/ Were other plants to move toward specialization, a further boost in production of refrigerators would occur. 4. Quality and Distribution The quality of Soviet refrigerators is still far below US standards, and some are obsolete even by Soviet standards. The 11Baku1? refrig- erator, for example, has been prohibited by the State Committee on Trade of the Council of Ministers, USSR, from being sold until its defects are corrected. 7/ Even so, this model is still sold in Azerbaydzhar, `ASR, indicating the excess of demand over supply. Although promises of better quality are made continuously, it seems likely that the Soviet consumers will be far from satisfied in the fore- seeable future. In addition, even assuming that production in 1965 meets Kosygin's expectations, it will mean only one new refrigerator for every 127 people in the USSR, where existing stocks in 1963 were at most 20 refrigerators for every 1, 000 people. In the US in 1963 the volume of retail sales was about 1 refrigerator for every 46 people, in a situation C-O=N-F-I-D-E-N- T-I-A-L Approved For Release 2001/04/17 : CIA-RDP79TO1003AO02200060001-0 Approved For Release 2001/04/17 : CIA-RDP79T01003A002200060001-0 C-C)-N-F-I-D-E-N-T-I-A-L where all but a very few households (1. 2 percent) already had refrig- erators, 8/ and where there were about 300 refrigerators for every 1, 000 people. Furthermore, Soviet refrigerators are more expensive per unit of capacity than US refrigerators and are relatively more expensive compared with similar US models than are any other major consumer durables except washing machines. 9/ C-O-N-F-I-D-E-N-T-I-A-L Approved For Release 2001/04/17 : CIA-RDP79T01003A002200060001-0 Approved For Release 2001/04/17 : CIA-RDP79T 1 3A002200060001-0 C-O-N-F-I-D-E-N-T-I- - 1. Pravda, 10 Dec 64. U. Household Appliances in the USSR 2. CIA. CIA/RR ER 62-Z, 65, Jan 62. C. During the Seven Year Plan, 1959? 3. Sovetskaya Kirgiziya, 26 Aug 64. U. 4. Pravda, 7 Jun 64. U. 5. CIA. CIA/RR CB 64-64, Moscow Takes New Administrative 64. 31 Ma61. Program) U. Step to Ieta, Consumer 6. EkonomicheskaYa ga 9 U. 7. JPRS. 27, 690, p g. Commerce, Bureau of the Census. Statist19~4A P t 7 57 ofUhe United States, 1964, Washington, C. CI CIA/RR ER 64-1, A Comparison of Consumption in the 9? USSR and the US, Jan 64, p? 47. U. Analyst: Coord: 25X1A C-O-N- F-I-D-E-N- T-I-A-L Approved For Release 2001/04/17 : CIA-RDP79T01003A002200060001-0 CONFIDENTIAL Approved For Release 2001/04/17 : CIA-RDP79T01003A002200060001-0 Approved For Release 2001/04/17 : CIA-RDP79T01003A002200060001-0 CONFIDENTIAL OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND REPORTS Analyst: MS /M rojec 5206) Approved For Release 2001/04/17: CIA-RDP79TO1 003A 0220006000'1-0 St/P/RR - Control Section Control Sheet Series Number CIA/RR CB 65-6 Date of Document January 1965 _y- 178 - 118J----1-1,-11-- 182 ....._..1.8..3....x.... ~, :.~.. 1.8.4.. ,._,....1,.86 187 188 189 1 90 192 ._ 193 _ 195 19.8. ~.. ,.., 197-230 Recipient Filed in St/P/C It GROUP 1 Excluded from automatic downgrading and declRositicatlon Date Appoved For.Release_2OO-VO4/1.7-__CJA-RDPJ9TI 25X1A IN TI L Classification Number of Copies IN' t'T Approved For Release 200/04/17: CIA-RDP79T01003A002200060001-0 SUBJECT: Distribution of Current Support Brief No. Boast Pbumdt for Soyitt PrOAMIfon rf Rtfrtg.T*tOX` IMMAET 196S tCONFWENTIAL) Copy No. 1 2 - 3 4 - 12 13 -14 16 - 21 22 23 - 31 32 iSs 33 - 280 O/DDI, Room 7E32, Hdqtrs. NIC OCI Internal ONE 25X1A St/CS/ O /DDI NSA NSAL 25X1A ORR Distribution, St/A/Document Support Section, Room QH0915, Hdqtrs. (Distributed by OCR) TL ~?.~.v~la1UP 1 4~ Excluded from automatic do,-!,grading and deeta?siticsttan Approved For Release 2001/04/17 : CIA-RDP79T01003A002200060001-0 x TA Approved For Release 20 1 04/17: CIA-RDP79T01003A002200060001-0 St/A/DS Distribution of Current Support Brief No. Pied for Soviet Production of Refrigerators -- 65-60 ry 196 Copy No i 33 Recipient DBI/RSL Roo AD/RR 34 DAD /RR 35 Ch/E 36 St/ PR 37 - 42 D/A (1 each branch) 43 - 48 D/MS (1 each branch) 49 - 54 D/R (1 each branch) 55 MRA 56 - 60 D/P (l each branch) 61 - 66 D/F (1 each branch) 67 5t/PS 68 - 76 D/I (1 each branch) 77 - 78 D/GG 79 - 80 D/GC 81 D/GX/X H 4 82 - 87 q. , RID/AN, Unit 4, Room 1B400 25X1A 88 St/P/A 89 St/F'M 90 Analyst /Branch 91 GR/CR 92 BR/CR 93 FIB /SR/CR, Room 1G27, Hq. 94 Library/CR 95 IPI/CR 96 E'"~ 97 AD O 98 Chief, OCR/FDD 99 CD/00 100 OCI/SA/R, Room 5G19, Hq. 101 DD1/CGS, Room 7F35, Hq. 102 - 103 DDI/CGS/HR, Room 1G81, Hq. 104 10 6 OSI 25X1A 107 OBI 108 D/S&:T/SAINT D 1 d 00 0 Glebe (1 - OT R SIC) 109 110 . g. , OTR./IS /IP, Room 532, Broyhill Bl NPIC /C ud tcr.r , Room 15/ 18, : Att iii n e McNair, ll e C 11 2 eg o Commandant National War , N 11 War College Bldg. 26 . at- , Classified Records Section, Rm. 113 - 114 D Washington, . C .. Assistant Secretary of Defense, ISA, Room 4D825, Pentagon Arlington ABld 3 115 - 153 g., , Defense Intelligence Agency, DI.AAQ- 154 157 Hall Station Johnson USIA, Warren Phelps, IRR/D, Room 812, Walker W N 6 . . BE.u.ilding, 1734 New York Avenue, Communications Center, Room 7818, State Dept. Bldg. Office Bldg. INR State i 158 170 172 - 1 9 - 171 - 173 . , ve Dr. Neilson Debevoise, NSC, Room 365, Execut Agency for International Development, C ief, Frank M.C~.~, .arret ~.te, ~, State Annex 410 204 174 230 , Statistics and Reports Division, Room A- St/P/C/RR, Room 4F41, Hq. 231 - 280 Records Center Approved For Release 2001/04/17: CIA-RDP7 kkcrdid'tFal`n49 t 0060001-0 01' T . duw' grading and decltssi#icatlQR 7 7 Approved For Release 2L" /O4i1.~ LzidD CIA P79TO1003A002200060001-0 1 February 1965 H4EI4CRAIIXP4 FOR: Chief, Dissemination Control Branch, DD/CR FR(14 : Chief, Publications Staff, ORR SUBJECT : Transmittal of Material It is requested that the attached copies of CIA/RR CB 65-6, Big Boost Planned for Soviet Production of Refrigerators, January 1965, Confidential, be forwarded as follows: State, TNR Communications Center, Room 7818, State Dept. Bldg. Suggested distribution for Eubassiee in Moscow, and London Attachments: Copies #197 #198 of CB 65-6 cc: CGS/RB 25X1A by sirs mersorandum has been complef64 Approved For Relea 2001/04/1. CIA-RD P7B191Q~ 3AO02200060001-0 Approved For Release 20016'14 Project No. 34. 5206 'T01003A002200060001-0 Report Series CIA/RR CB 65-6 Title Big Boast Planned for Soviet Production of Refrigerators --- January 1965 tCONFIDENTIAL) Responsible Analyst and Branch MS / M 25X1A RECOMMENDED DISTRIBUTION TO STATE POSTS Berlin, Germany Bucharest, Romania Budapest, Hungary -M scow, USSR Prague, Czechoslovakia Sofia, Bulgaria Warsaw, Poland Europe Belgrade, Yugoslavia Bern, Switzerland Bonn, Germany Brussels, Belgium Copenhagen, Denmark Frankfurt, Germany Geneva, Switzerland Helsinki, Finland The Hague, Netherlands Lisbon, Portugal London, England Luxembourg, Luxembourg Madrid, Spain Oslo, Norway Paris, France Rome, Italy Stockholm, Sweden Vienna, Austria Wellington, New Zealand Manila, Philippines Canberra, Australia Bangkok, Thailand Djakarta., Indonesia Hong Kong Rangoon, Burma Kuala Lumpur, Malaya Saigon, Vietnam Seoul, Korea Singapore, British Malaya Taipei, Formosa Tokyo, Japan Vientiane, Laos Phnom Penh., Cambodia Colombo, Ceylon Near East & South Asia Ankara, Turkey Athens, Greece Cairo, Egypt 'Damascus, Syria Kabul, Afghanistan Karachi, Pakistan New Delhi, India Nicosia., Cyprus Tehran, Iran Baghdad, Iraq Tel Aviv, Israel Beirut, Lebanon Amman, Jordon Jidda, Saudi Arabia Ottawa, Canada Mexico Guatemala Panama Brazillia, Brazil Buenos Aires, Argentina Bogota, Colombia Santiago, Chile La Paz, Bolivia Montevideo, Uruguay Caracas, Venezuela Africa Yaounde, Cameroun Leopoldville, Congo Addis Ababa, Ethopia Accra, Ghana Abidjan, Ivory Coast Nairobi, Kenya Monrovia, Liberia Tripoli, Libya Rabat, Morocco Lagos, Nigeria Mogadiscio, Somal Khartoum, Sudan Tunis, Tunisia Pretoria, South Africa Algiers, Algeria Cotonou, Dahomey Dakar, Senegal Bamako, Mali Melbourn Aust li 'Approvedrgor elease 2001/04/17: CIA-RDP7.STG1003utOOO2 00060001-0 r4i IjL #I . 1r "I.--?IV-n SECRET Whn e Filled n) Approved r__ r~_l__'C _ Z'200CC'T11T0 /w~ n 1~ 70T nnn 222221 n ~ TT7ITCf~J'T 'CQLZ RECORD OF REVIEW OF ORR PUBLICATIONS }'~ FOR SECURITY/SANITIZATION APPROVAL SUBJECT A BRANCH yy EXTENSION SECURITY REVIEW 3,/ ga, lv 5`- SANITIZING INSTRUCTIONS ITEM DATE INITIALS RE VE UNEDITED DRAFT 25X1 A EDITED DRAFT DELETE 25X1 C SUBSTITUTE REMARKS FORM 12-64 2358 Approvea ~i J GROUP 1 Excluded from automatic downgrading and declassification