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December 9, 2016
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March 8, 2001
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February 1, 1965
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Approved For Release 2001 /03/2.EC A DP79T01003A002200110001-4 r.vr0 FOREI GN DISSEM CIA/RR CB 65- 3 1 February 1965 Copy No. 199 INTELLIGENCE BRIEF TREE NDS IN THE CEMENT INDUSTRY TN COMMUNIST CHINA IN 1964 IDIRECI"ORA'I'E OF INTELLIGENCE Office of Research and Reports GROUP 1 NO I'OREt..ICAN DISSEM Excluded from automatic downgrading and declassification Approved For Release 2001/03/22 :F&k- P79T01003AO0220 1-4 Approved For Release 2001/03/22 : CIA-RDP79TO1003AO02200110001-4 WARNING This material contains information affecting the National Defense of the United States within the meaning of the espionage laws, Title 18, USC, Secs. 793 and 794, the trans- mission or revelation of which in any manner to an unauthorized person is prohibited by law. Approved For Release 2001/03/22 : CIA-RDP79TO1003AO02200110001-4 Approved For Release, Ma 22~CIA-RDP79T01003A002200110001-4 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D TRENDS IN THE CEMENT INDUSTRY 1,N COMM NIST~ CHINA IN 1964 Although there was sti . i .le capacity in the industry in 1964, t e Chinese resumed production at two plants that had been shut down for a number of years, started initial. production at one completely new plant, increased output at some plants that had been operating below capacity during 1962 and 1963, and expanded the .support facilities at three or four additional plants. This increase in activity suggests that production of cement from major plants may have increased by 15 to 20 percent in 1964. Because most Chinese industrial plants still have excess capacity, expanded pro- duction of cement probably is related more to the resumption of con- struction of transportation and municipal facilities than to renewed indus- trial investment? 1. Areas of Increased Activity the industry opera - ol c h t y -~.__~_ - - p i men highest level since the retrenc - 25X1 D implemented in early 1.961. 1/ Two plants in Manchuria, -- the heart of the cement industry in. China --- that were idle apparently have resumed pro uc tion. ese p located at Fu.-shun and Pen- ch' i. in Liaoning Province and have a com- bined installed capacity of roughly 600, 000 tons per year. ** The increased activity of two other plants located in the southern 25X1 D 25X1 C part of the country, however, was of greater significance. .A new plant at Liu-chou in Kwangsi Province, which has been under construction for the past 6 or 7 years and, although nearly complete, had been abandoned ca~y of about 300, 000 tons per year - - should reduce or eliminate Chinese dependence on cement imported from North Vietnam for con- struction of projects in South China. and on Hainan Island. In addition to the Liu-thou plant, the important cement plant at in Yunnan Operation of this new plant -- estimated to have an insta since 1962, started initial production in September 1964 Tonnages are given in metric tons throughout this pu. . Ica . 25X1 D S-E--C-R-E-T Approved For Release 2001/03/22 : CIA-RDP79TO1003AO02200110001-4 Approved For Releasg-WIQ$122 TCIA-RDP79TO1003AO02200110001-4 25X1 D a opera e a a ou percent of uaNa.,- - ration. 1964 the second of two kilns was placed in opeon. Increased ted to have a total installed capacity province increased production in 1964 above that the K previous years. plant 25X1 D 1,?+ construction effort in the south 2s , production at this plant -- estima stepped-UP 00 tons per year -- may have been n in response to a t such as the recently rev pro- 300, 0 of production and Consumption plant s in 1964, total production of cement from and 9 ~ pion tons,nano ncrease China probably totaled between 7 million aof 1 million tons above the estimated 6 million b illionttons in 1963 (see the table). Although incomplete statistics sugges Chinese have increased gradually sed output p obably was Consumed exports of cement to the Free World the past few years, most of the increased domestically. The increase in exports exports to the USSR ~ ncea196 a3r, as has been offset by a decrease ports shown in the table. In 1964, there was not a major increase cement probably waslneeded in c tion in Communist China, but additional such known activities as the construction tlianMo~e military airavele-rs fields, 3/ ports, and railroads in re ort that there has been some resumption in the construction of p municipal projects that had been abandoned since 1961. S-E-C-R-E-T Approved For Release 2001103/22 : CIA-RDP79TO1003AO02200110001-4 of railroad construction. Approved For Releasg.2 041$122- TCIA-RDP79TO1003AO02200110001-4 Production. of Cement from Major Plants in Communist China and Exports to the USSR 1953-64 Thousand Metric Tons Exports 1953 3,880 290 1954 4,6oo 270 1955 4,500 348 786 1956 6,390 1957 6,860 1,192 1958 ,300 a/ 978 1959 12,270 b/ 560 1960 C/ 552 595 1961 689 1962 5,000 to 7,000 d/ 1963 6,000 to 8,000 a/ 373 1964 7,000 to 9,000 a/ Less than 100 d/ a. Production in 1978 may includ e i. million tons from small backyard plants. b. Including 1.72 million tons from small shaft-kiln plants of a design alleged to be more advanced than the backyard plants used in 1958. c. The plan for. 1960 was to produce 16 million tons, with one-third of the total to come from small plants. It is probable that this plan was not fulfilled and that, at the maximum, production from major plants in 1960 did not exceed 11 million tons. d. Estimated. 25X1A 1. CIA. CIA/RR EM 64-6, Level of Operation of the Cement Industry in Communist China in 1963, Mar 64. S/NO 25X1A Analyst: -? 3 - S-E-C-R.-E-T Approved For Release 2001/03/22 : CIA-RDP79TO1003AO02200110001-4 25X1 D Approved For Release 2001/03/22 : CIA-RDP79TO1003AO02200110001-4 Approved For Release 2001/03/22 : CIA-RDP79TO1003AO02200110001-4 SECRET Approved For Release 2001/03/22 : CIA-RDP79TO1003AO02200110001-4 Approved For Release 2001/03/22 : CIA-RDP79TO1003AO02200110001-4 SE CRE T Analyst: MS I Ub1' (Project 33. Approved For Release 2001/03/22 CIA-RDP79TO1003AO02200110001-4 z ,, kt ? u H ES: ark .: ~ . bL PO1 l'S 25X1 A Sheet Pte;: =amber CIA/RR CB 65-11 174.- 230 174 s.IcOtlumenr February 1965 175 SA/_RR St/P 1.76 CGS/HR/Ops, 1G81 177 182 183 184 - 186. 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 - 201 202 - 230 SEA Er NO ED E!D DIEM on 4 rnt. - of 4 280 25X1A 16 Feb 65 17 Feb 65 25X1A 25X1A 0MV Z_ %J, '7) C- s *- -~. G G 25X1 A /011;J22: CIA-RDP79T01 611Q001-4 /i IL /1 I/ N lI Approv d For FZelease 2001/03/22 : CIA-RDP79TO1003AO02200110001-4 Approved For Release 2001/03/22 : CIA-RDP79TO1003AO02200110001-4 'Appr'oved For Release 2001 ICIA-RDP79T01003AO02200110001-4 CT: Distribution 01 Uurrei" x 6 Cement du$t Go a t:tt 1 2-3 4 - 12 13 -1 16-21 22 23-31 32 33 - 280 O/DDI, Room 7E32, Hdgtrs. NIC OCI Internal ONE St/CS/R O/DDI - NSA/ 25X1A NSAL Support Section, ORR Distribution, St/A/Document Room GH0915, Hdqtrs. (Distributed by OCR) SECRET GROUP 1 LXCtuded tram automatic dow Uadin; and dcc+.a~titiCatw t 25X1A Approved For Release 2001/03/22 : CIA-RDP79TO1003AO02200110001-4 SECKET Approved For Release 2001/03/22 : CIA-RDP79TO1003AO02200110001-4 St/A/DS Distribution of Current Support Brief No. 65-11, Txends -in. the Cement Industry in -Communist China in 1964 --- February ~'' 1965 (SECRET/NO FOREIGN DISSEMr CopNo. Recipient 35 MI/' , Room 4G39, Hq. 34 DAD / RR 35 Ch/E 36 St/PR 37 - 42 D/A (1 each branch) 43 - 48 D/MS (1 each branch) 49 - 54 D/R (1 each branch) 55 MRA 56 - 60 D/P (1 each branch) 61 - 66 .R/F (1 each branch) 67 St/PS 68 - 76 D/I (1 each branch) 77 - 78 D/GG 79 - 80 D/GC 81 D/GX/X 82 - 87 RID/AN, Unit 4, Room 1B4004, Hq. 25X1A 88 99 95 IPI/CR MS/CST) 90 Analyst/Branch 91 GR/CR 92 BR/CR 93 FIB/SR/C R, Room 1G27, Hq. 94 L7.brary/CR 25X1A 96 97 AD/OO 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 1.13 - 114 115 - 153 154 - 157 158 - 169 170 - 171 172 - 173 174 - 230 231 - 280 St/P/A St/FM Chief, OCR/FDD CD/OO OCI/SA/R., Room 5G19, Hq. DDI/CGS, Room 7F35, Hq. D.DI/CGS/HR, Room 1G81, Hq. 25X1A OS:4. OBI DD/S&~T'/SpINT OTR/IS/IP, Room 532, Broyhill Bld 1000 Glebe (1 - OTR/SIC) NPIC/CSD/REF, Room 15518, Commandant National War College, eslie McNair, Attn: Classified Records Section, Rm. 26, Nat'l War College Bldg..,, Washington, D. C. Assistant Secretary of Defense, ISA, Room 4D825, Pentagon Defense Intelligence .Agency, DIAAQ-?3, ABldg., Arlington Hall Station USIA, Warren Phelps,_ IRR/D, Room 812, Walker Johnson e N Bt ilC11.L!. , 1 e `rz ivevv x State, INR Communications Center, Room, State Dept. Bldg. Dr. Neilson Debevoise, NSC, Room 365, Executive Office Bldg, Frank M.Charrette, Agency for International Development, Cief, Statistics and Reports Division, Room A-204, State Annex #10 St/P/C/RR, Room 4F41, Hq. Records Center I GROUP i Approved For Release 2001/03/2 1 R 79FO 003A002200110001-4 dding and declan deckafladth Ian. T SECR Approved For Release 2001/03/22 CIA-RDP79TO1003AO02200110001-4 ibruary 1965 MEMORANDUM FOR: Chief, Dissemination Control Branch, DD/CR FROM Chief, Publications Staff, ORR SUBJECT : Transmittal of Material d that the attached copies of CIA/RR 65-1 It is requeste Tren# to to C~ement ladustry- in Cr=uniet chine, in 12!a., February = %- a :u 4*n1 awa: State, INR Communications Center, Room 6527, State Dept. Bldg. Suggested distribution for Embassies in gong Kong.. Singaparer and Tokyo 25X1A Attachments: copies #9 65-1 ACTITOI The dissun:n ~:;, oy this memorandum ices been compietedi BY: (s' pate: 2_~- Approved For Release 2001/03/22 1CIA R{)P?9f01003A002200110001-4 Lc E T p_ < .SECRET Approved For Release 2001/03/22 : CIA-RDP79TO1003AO02200110001-4 Project No. 33. 5220 CIA/RR CB 65-11 Report Series Title Trends in the Cement Industry in Communist China in 1964 -- Responsible Analyst and Branch MS/CST RECOMMENDED DISTRIBUTION TO STATE POSTS 25X1A ARA Germany li Bangkok, Thailand Mexico l n, Ber Bucharest, Romania Djakarta, Indonesia a Guatema Panama Budapest, Hungary Long Kong Rangoon, Burma Brazillia, Brazil Moscow, USSR Buenos Aires, Argentina Czechoslovakia Kuala Lumpur, Malaya lombia C Prague, aria l B Saigon, Vietnam o Bogota, Chile u g Sofia, Warsaw, Poland Seoul, Korea, British Malaya Santiago, La Paz, Bolivia Formosa Taipei Montevideo, Uruguay , Tokyo, Japan Caracas, Venezuela Belgrade, Yugoslavia Vientiane, Laos Bern, Switzerland Phnom Penh, Cambodia Colombo, Ceylon Bonn, Germany Yaounde, Cameroun Brussels, Belgium Leopoldville, Congo Copenhagen, Denmark Near East & South Asia Addis Ababa, Ethopia itzerland S Ankara, Turkey Accra, Ghana Coast or I w Geneva, Helsinki, Finland Athens, Greece y v Abidjan, Nairobi, Kenya Netherlands Cairo, Egypt Liberia i The Hague, Lisbon, Portugal Damascus, Syria Afghanistan Kabul a, Monrov Tripoli, Libya London, England , Rabat, Morocco Luxembourg, Luxembourg Karachi, Pakistan New Delhi, India Lagos, Nigeria Madrid, Spain Mogadiscio, Somal Nicosia, Cyprus Oslo, Norway Khartoum, Sudan Tehran, Iran Paris, France Tunis, Tunisia Baghdad, Iraq Italy Rome Pretoria, South Africa , Stockholm, Sweden Tel Aviv, Israel Beirut, Lebanon Algiers, Algeria Vienna, Austria Cotonou, Dahomey Amman, Jordon Jidda, Saudi Arabia Dakar, Senegal Bamako, Mali Wellington, New Zealand Manila, Philippines Canberra, Australia Me FdVfed 6Ylk4laease 2001 /03/ Ottawa, Canada 3AO02200110001-4