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December 9, 2016
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March 20, 2001
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March 1, 1965
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Approved For Release 2WNK;PC1'A-R6PILA-L 7T01003A002200190001-6 INTELLIGENCE BRIEF CIA/RR GB 65-19 March 1965 Copy No. THE AFRO-ASIAN ECONOMIC SEMINAR DIRECTORATE OF INTELLIGENCE Office of Research and Reports CONFIDENTIAL GROUP 1 Excluded from automatic downgrading and I declassification Approved For Release 2001/04/17 : CIA-RDP79TO1003AO02200190001-6 Approved For Release 2001/04/17 : CIA-RDP79TO1003AO02200190001-6 ?.ontans Na.r,,nn .1 I ) tens1 of 011 or `nrmation affectinp the United State 111 espionage laws. wi 794 the tra,ns- ?f.h in env manner nrohihited by 1a.w Approved For Release 2001/04/17 : CIA-RDP79TO1003AO02200190001-6 TO IES TO IES TO CUT TO COP I ES CUT TO COPIES RECEIVtU vrt I- REC D I -- - --- DAY YR. o 6 Dist. Unit 1-280 50 0 w S 13 1 vveAor Relea D I pprD'MdWF 0,61ease ot? *-2 V-( y 7 : C -R AP79 01 App oved For Release 2001/04/17: CIA-RD 79T - I I Approved For Release 2001/0/17 : TITLE SEC. CLASS. LOCATION 65 -1c) mn." I 04a Approved For Release 2001/04/17 : CIA-RDP79TO1003AO02200190001-6 C-O-N-F-I-D-E-N-T-I-A-L THE AFRO-ASIAN ECONOMIC SEMINAR The Economic Seminar in Algeria sponsored by the Afro-Asian Peoples Solidarity Organization closed on 28 February after 6 days of deliberation. It was attended by low-level delegations from almost 40 Afro-Asian nations and committees of national liberation move- ments as well as observers from Cuba, the Organization of African Unity, the Asian Economic Office, and the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa. Both the USSR and Communist China sent large delegations. The Seminar was notable both for the Chinese- oriented proposals advanced by some of the participants, particularly Algeria and Cuba, and for the absence of the Sino-Soviet polemics that have characterized similar forums in the past. 1. The Final. Declaration The final declaration of the Seminar, which reflected many of the more extreme proposals advanced during the meeting by Algeria and Cuba, included calls for (a) an intensification of the national liberation struggle, including aid in arms, equipment, finances, and military training to the liberation movements; (b) an economic boycott against, and a break in diplomatic relations with, the "colonialist" countries; (c) a limitation of economic relations with imperialist countries; (d) the promotion of economic. relations between the Afro-Asian coun- tries and the socialist countries on the basis of unconditional aid without interest; (e) the further development of ties in all fields with the revolu- tionary countries of Latin America and especially with Cuba, and (f) the adoption of a series of institutional and fiscal measures designed to enhance the economic independence and viability of the Afro-Asian coun- tries. There were strong expressions of anti-Westernism at the Seminar, but it was the socialist countries as developed nations who were called on to increase both military and economic aid to less developed countries -- free of charge if possible. Cuban Minister of Industries Che Guevara, the only high-level official at the Seminar, demanded that countries "on the path of liberty" should be aided even at the expense of the developed socialist countries. 2. Sino-Soviet Participation The Chinese Communist delegate reiterated many of the same points advanced by Communist China at the Asian Economic Seminar C-O-N-F-I-D-E;-N-T-I-A-L Approved For Release 2001/04/17 : CIA-RDp79T01003A002200190001-6 Approved For Release 2001/04/17 : CIA-RDP79T01003A002200190001-6 C -O--N-F-II-D-E-N-T-1-A-L held in Pyongyang, North Korea, in June 1964. Reaffirming the virtues of self-reliance and urging that most developmental capital be generated from internal sources, the Chinese delegate nevertheless acknowledged it the duty of socialist states to aid developing countries and promised continued Chinese assistance, particularly for "enterprises requiring less investment and yielding quicker results. " He made reference to the Eight Principles of Chinese foreign aid first enunciated during Chou En-lai's African tour in early 1964* but noted that they were only preliminary and invited suggestions for their improvement or supple- mentation: Repeatedly stressing the similarity in experience and problems of China and other Afro-Asian nations through "long years of imperialist aggression and plundering, " he proclaimed the Chinese experience in economic development a useful reference for other ( ou.n- tries. The Soviet delegate, in contrast, primarily stressed trade rather than aid as the most effective assistance that the USSR could offer less developed countries and spoke of helping such countries by purchasing their finished products, by reducing tariffs the USSR formally abolished tariffs on imports from less developed countries in January 1965), and by concluding long-term trade agreements. Possibly in response to expressions of disapproval voiced by many Afro-Asian leaders against Sino-Soviet wrangling at previous Afro- Asian meetings, ** both the Soviet and Chinese delegates carefully avoided in their speeches any attacks on or hostile remarks about the other. It is possible that the two countries, increasingly sensitive to Afro-Asian unwillingness to become embroiled in the internecine Sino-Soviet quarrel, do not intend to press their polemics in such forums as energetically as they have done in the past. 4 For a discussion of the Eight Principles, see CIA/RR CB 64-34, Communist China's Eight Principles of Foreign Aid, May 1964. CONFIDENTIAL. 0-1 Expressive of such sentiments on the part of many Afro-Asians, one Kenyan delegate to the council meeting of the Afro-Asian Peoples Soli- darity Organization in Algiers a year earlier reportedly complained, "We are not Marxist-Leninists. Most of us have not read a line of Das Kapital. What interest. do you expect us to show in your doctrinal quarrels ? am tired of being asked what I think of the Soviet position when I'm eating a sandwich and what I think of the Chinese argument when I'm drinking my coffee. " Approved For Release 2001 /44/'3x, I RpPg9i0 0gAC~O2A209190001-6 Approved For Release 2001/04/17 : CIA-RDP79TO1003AO02200190001-6 C-0-N-F-I-D-E-N-T-I-A-L In spite of an appearance of unanimity, however, an open but unpublicized disagreement over a Chinese-sponsored resolution reportedly delayed the termination of the Seminar for a full day, The resolution, which called for the less developed countries to coordinate their development efforts outside the UN and which virtually declared that body useless by referring to it as a "tool of the United States imperialists for promoting neocolonialism, " led to protracted haggling between the delegates of Communist China and the South Vietnamese Liberation Front on the one hand and the delegates from the USSR, Algeria, and the United Arab Republic on the other. The six-point plan of action approved by the Seminar declared only that the resolu- tions of the Seminar have no connection with the UN or its specialized agencies. 3. Conclusions Although the significance of the Seminar does not appear to be great, the final declaration reflects Chinese aims in the less developed countries and represents the most extreme measures advanced thus far in Chinese efforts to build up a "poor man's association" arrayed against the advanced nations. Perhaps as a consequence, Peiping's propaganda media have given full coverage to the conference in contrast to the minimal publicity given the Seminar by the USSR, which did not even publish the speech of the chief Soviet delegate. Approved For Release X00'164'17': 61? RDP 79TS1J03A002200190001-6 Approved For Release 2001/04/17 : CIA-RDP79T01003A002200190001-6 C-O-N-F-I-D-E-N-T-I-A-L Sources: FBIS. Daily Report (Middle East and Africa), 24 Feb 65. OFF USE. Ibid. , 26 Feb 65. OFF USE Ibid. 1 Mar 65. OFF USE. Ibid. 2 Mar 6 5. OFF USE. Ibid. , 3 Mar 65. OFF USE. Ibid. , 4 Mar 65. OFF USE. State, Ibid. , Algiers. T-1986, 25 T-13, 4 Mar 65. C. Feb 65. Ibid. , T-2016, 2 Mar 65. OFF USE. 3. State., Alg Airgram A-366, 4 Mar Ibid. , A-364, 4 Mar 65. OFF USE. OFF USE. M 4 State, ar Hong Kong. Airgram A-603, 5 . 5. FBIS. Survey of Communist Bloc Broadcasts, 4 Mar 65. C. Analyst: OCI 25X1A Approved For Release fO0'~0V1-F.-Geri -R6Pl3fi~f 603AGO2200190001-6 Approved For Relejs /pENCj142qPP79T01003AO02200190001-6 CONFIDENTIAL Approved For Release 201/04/17 : CIA-RDP79TO1003AO02200190001-6 (.Project 41. , For Rel ease 200 A roved - RECORD FOR SUPPLEMENTAL DISTRIBUTION 25X1A CONTROL SERIES NUMBER CLASSIFICATION OF REPORT DISTRIBUTION TO RC 50 CIA/RR CB 65-19 CONFIDENTIAL DATE OF DOCUMENT NUMBER OF COPIES NUMBER IN RC March 1965 280 DATE COPY NO. (S) RECIPIENT 25XIA SENT RETURNED 97, 175- Z30 Recd in St/P/C 30 Mar 65 97 St/ P 175 CGS/HR/O s 1G81 25X1A 176 OCR / 3 178-181 182 183. 184-186 187 r' 188 25X1 C 189 If 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 J~ _ l 199-201 dtr~,2-73~ Filed in St/P/ C 30 Mar 65 ? 25X1A 171 C D oil 6 ' 25X1A I- d l- ' c --amaze Gl 2 25X1A FORM 2.65 2353 COPY NO. (S) 1,-;? 2 q 6 1 ~'T Approved For Releqg* 2QR4/04/17: CIA-RDP79T0100 2 3/ 3 2-, 3 3 A E SEN L Y Approved For Release 2001/04/17 : CIA-RDP79T01003A002200190001-6 iF1. U, E 14 TI A L Approved For Release 2001/044/17 : CIA-RDP79T01003A002200190001-6 SUBJECT: Distribution of Current Support Brief No. Aire-Ali Economic Seminar --- March 1965 (CONFENTIAL) Copy No. Recipient 1 O/DDI, Room 7E32, Hdqtrs. 2 - 3 NIC 4 - 12 OCI Internal 13- 14 ONE 25X1A 15 - 20 St/CS/RR 21 O/DDI - 22 - 30 NSA 31 NSAL 32 - 280 ORR Distribution, St/A/DS, Room GH0915, Hdqtrs. (Distributed by OCR) 25X1A i Y' .D 1 12. cl;nuP ~ Excluded from automatic duxfigrading and drize;lticatlen Approved For Release 2001/04/17 : CIA-RDP79T01003A002200190001-6 Approved For Release 2001/04/17 : CIA-RDP79T01003A002200190001-6 St/A/DS Distribution of Current Support Brief No. 65.19 Afr?_ slan Ee norm o r r --? -arch 2 fCONF'?DrNTJAL ) Copy No. Recipient 32 AD/RR 33 DAD/RR 34 SA/RR 35 Ch/E 36 St/PR 37 - 42 D/A (1 each branch) 43 - 48 D/MS (1 each branch) 49 - 54 D/R (1 each branch) 55 MRA 56 - 60 D/P (1 each branch) 61 - 66 D/F (1 each branch) 67 St/PS 68 - 76 D/I (1 each branch) 77 - 78 D/GG D/GC 81 D/GX/X 82 - 87 RID/SS/DS, Unit 4, Room 1B4004 Hq. 88 , St/P/A 25X1A 89 St/FM 90 Analyst/Branch 91 GR/CR 92 BR/CR 93 FIB/SR/CR, Room 1G27, Hq. 94 Library/CR 95 IPI/CR 96 98 Chief, OCR/F DD 99 CD/OO 100 OCI/SA/R, R oom 5G19 Hq. 101 DDI/CGS, Ro , om 7F35 Hq. 102 - 103 DDI/CGS/HR, , Room 1G81 Hq 104 DDI/RS, Roo , . m 4G39 Hq. 105 - 107 OSI , 108 OBI 25X1A 109 DD/S&T/SAIN T 110 - 111 OTR/IS/IP, R oom 532, Broyhill Bld 1000 Glebe (1 - OTR/SIC) 112 NPIC/CSD/RE F, Room 15518, 113 Commandant Classified Re Bldg., Wash National War College, cords Section, Room 26, N ington, D. C. es ie McNair, Attn: ational War College 114 - 115 Assistant Secr etary of Defense, ISA Ro om 4D825 Penta o 116 - 154 Defense Intelli Hall Station USIA, IRS/A, Attn: Warren , gence Agency, DIAAQ-3, Room 1002, 1750 Pennsylv Phelps , g n A Building, Arlington ania Avenue, N. W., 159 - 170 State, INR Co mmunications Center, Roo m 6527, State Dept Bld 171 - 172 Dr. Neilson D ebevoise, NSC, Room 365 . g. Executive Offic Bld 173 &175 - 174 - 230 Frank M. Cha S at'st?cs and St/P/C/RR, R , rrette, Agency for Internat Reports Division, Room A oom 4F41 Hq e g ional Development, Chief, -204, State Annex #10 231 - 280 Records Cente , . r Approved For Release 2 DP 9"j(7Q 39Af?92 00190001-6 ~ do~ve~ra mg and 'i; 11 ~i tl :itcatlort Approved For Release 2f/04/17 : CIA-RDP79T01003A002200190001-6 28 May 1965 MEMORANDUM FOR: Chief, Dissemination Control Branch, DD/CR Chief, publications Staff, ORR FROM Transmittal of Material SUBJECT It is requested that the attached copses of CIA/RR CB 65-19, Afro-Asian Economic nax March 1965, Confidential, be forwarded as f? 11 WS State, INR Communications Center, Room 6527, State Dept. Bldg. Suggested distribution for Embassies in Bern, London, Wellington* Manila, Canberra, Melbourne, Bangkok, Djakarta, Kong Kong, Rangoon, Kuala L purl Saigon, Seoul, Singapore, Taipei, Tokyo, Vientiane, Prom Penh., Colombo, Yaounde., Leopoldville, Addis Ababa, Accra, Abidjan,. Nairobi, Monrovia, Tripoli, Rabat, Lagos.. Mogad.iscio, 1 artom, tunic, Pretoria, Algiers,, Cotonou,, Kakar, and. Bamako 25X1A Attachments: 2og ` 23, 231 215 of - 21, Copies 200 CB 65-19 cc z CGS/RD Approved For Release 2001/04/17: CIA-RDP Ac ng BY: *n pate: / Approved For (ease 2 94 4/ EA LP79T0100*002200190001-6 41.5235 Report Series CIA/RR CB 65-19 Pro)ecl 1N'J? __ March 1965 (CONFIDENTIAL) =Asian Economic Seminar Title The Afro 25X1A I/PO Responsible Analyst and Branch RECOMMENDED DISTRIBUTION TO STATE POSTS Berlin, Germany Bucharest, Romania Budapest, Hungary Moscow, USSR Prague, Czechoslovakia Sofia, Bulgaria Warsaw, Poland gkok, Thailand Djakarta, Indonesia Kong a- uala Lumpur, Malaya Saigon, Vietnam Seoul, Korea -Singapore, British Malaya aipei, Formosa okyo, Japan enti,ane, Laos Belgrade, Yugoslavia C,Bern, Switzerland Bonn, Germany Brussels, Belgium Copenhagen, Denmark Geneva, Switzerland Helsinki, Finland The Hague, Netherlands Lisbon, Portugal -/London, England Luxembourg, Luxembourg Madrid, Spain Oslo, Norway Paris, France Rome, Italy Stockholm, Sweden Vienna, Austria nom Penh, Cambodia olombo, Ceylon Near East & South Asia Ankara, Turkey Athens, Greece Cairo, Egypt Damascus, Syria Kabul, Afghanistan Karachi., Pakistan New Delhi, India Nicosia, Cyprus Tehran, Iran Baghdad, Iraq Tel Aviv, Israel Beirut, Lebanon Amman, Jordon Jidda, Saudi Arabia Pacific Ottawa, Canada Wellington, New Zealand Manila, Philippine s -Canberra, Australia Mexico Guatemala Panama Brazillia, Brazil Buenos Aires, Argentina Bogota, Colombia Santiago, Chile La Paz, Bolivia Montevideo, Uruguay Caracas, Venezuela ,Yaounde, Cameroun jL-eopoldville, Congo Addis Ababa, Ethopia 1Accra, Ghana Abidjan, Ivory Coast ,r--Nairobi, Kenya Monrovia, Liberia ipoli, Libya Rabat, Morocco Jgos, Nigeria Togadiscio, Somal gKhartoum, Sudan ''u.nis, Tunisia ,P-retoria, South Africa lgiers, Algeria otonou, Dahomey kar, Senegal Bamako, Mali 4el} , p*pd v# t4 se 2001/04/17 : CIA-RDP79T01003A002200190001-6 L1/ s- )" SECRET Approved Fi d RECORD OF REVIEW OF ORR PUBLICATIONS FOR SECURITY/SANITIZATI N APPROVAL AN 25X1 C REMARKS 0 0001-6 (9.36.43) FORM 2-64 2 G3~OO Excluded from onto n ifi 1 n downggr.radiding and declassification 25X1A