Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
Release Decision: 
Original Classification: 
Document Page Count: 
Document Creation Date: 
December 9, 2016
Document Release Date: 
April 24, 2001
Sequence Number: 
Case Number: 
Publication Date: 
October 1, 1965
Content Type: 
PDF icon CIA-RDP79T01003A002400100001-3.pdf945.05 KB
Approved:For_Releiase 2001/05/17: ClAt ?' ~03A00244f1i00O01 3 NO !'O1U'1CN 1)ISSI-;M (;IA/1. R CF; 65-6'0 October 1965 SHIPPING TO NORTH VIETNAM IN `SEPTEMBER 1365 WARNING NOTICE-SENSITIVE SOURCES AND METHODS INVOLVEb DIRECTORATE OF INTELLIGENCE 'Office of Research and Reports NO FOREIGN DISSEM proved For Release 2001/05/17: CIA-F& 03A002400100001-3 GROW) Excluded from automat downgrading. and deelossificabon C;ooppy No. Approved For Release 2001/05/17 : CIA-RDP79TO1003AO02400100001-3 This material contains information affecting the National Defense of the United States within the meaning of the espionage laws, Title 18, USC, Sees. 793 and 794, the trans- mission or revelation of which in any manner to an unauthorized person is prohibited by law. Approved For Release 2001/05/17 : CIA-RDP79TO1003AO02400100001-3 Approved For Release 2001/05/17 : CIA-RDP79T01003A002400100001-3 FOREWORD The data in this publication are preliminary and subject to mod.ifica- tion as additional information becomes available. Significant changes may occur in data on ship arrivals and cargoes from Communist China and, to a lesser extent, in data on cargoes carried by ships of the Free World. Data, on Soviet and Eastern European ship arrivals and cargoes and on Free World ship arrivals are not likely to be changed significantly. As required, changes will be reported in subsequent publications. iii.? -- Approved For Release 2001/05/17 : CIA-RDP79T01003A002400100001-3 S-E-C--R-E-T Approved For Release 2001/05/17 : CIA 73T O 3. 002400100001-3 FOREIGN SHIPPING TO NORTH VIETNAM IN-SEPTEMBER 1965 Arrivals of all foreign merchant ships at North Vietnamese ports during September were the lowest for any month in 1965. * Calls by Free World ships at North Vietnamese ports decreased to 11 in September, which is less than half of the monthly average for the first nine months of 1965, and the lowest number since April. There were no exports of apatite, North Vietnam's principal export, or of pig iron during the month. Exports of anthracite increased slightly, and the possible re- entry of Japanese-flag shipping into the coal trade with North Vietnam threatens a significant breach in US policies designed to keep Free World shipping out of the trade. A total of 29 foreign merchant ships called at North Vietnam's ports in September, compared with 36 in August and with a monthly average of 44 thus far this year, as follows: August September Monthly Average January-Se te b 1 6 p m er 9 5 Total 36 29 44 Communist countries 24 18 20 USSR 7 3 6 Eastern Europe 3 3 4 Communist China 14+ 12 10 Free World 12 11 Most of the decline in foreign arrivals during September was in Communist shipping. The sharp decline in the number of Soviet arrivals, however, probably was only temporary. Of the three Soviet ships that arrived at North Vietnamese ports during the month, one was a tanker, which delivered the first shipment of Soviet petroleum since June. Calls by Chinese Communist ships, although fewer than in August, outnumbered calls by ships of all other flags. No seaborne shipments were identified as arms or ammunition during September. The downward trend in Free World shipping to North Vietnam since January is due principally to increased US involvement in Vietnam. In July the US began to bomb the rail line leading from the mines at Lao Cai For details, see Tables 1 through 4. Approved For Release 2001/05/17 : :1,-RBP1 11O1gb3A002400100001-3 Approved For Release 201 17R c -TZDP79T01003AO02400100001-3 to Haiphong. In spite of North Vietnamese efforts to restore this rail line, no apatite was available for loading at Haiphong in September. As a result, Free World shipping has continued to decline. I. Communist Shipping Arrivals of Communist ships at North Vietnamese ports declined from Z4 in August to 18 in September but outnumbered those of Free World ships for the second consecutive month. Chinese Communist ships continued to account for the greatest share of Communist ship- ping with 1Z calls; Soviet and Polish ships made three calls each. The cause of the sharp decline in the number of Soviet ships call- ing at North Vietnamese ports is not apparent and probably is only temporary. One of the Soviet arrivals provided the first tanker de- livery of Soviet petroleum to North Vietnam since June. In spite of this delivery, total imports on Soviet ships declined about 12, 200 metric tons (mt) in September, principally in the categories of miscel- laneous cargoes and fertilizers. Exports aboard Soviet ships also decreased by about 11, 100 mt. Because of this decline, Soviet ships carried only 39 percent of identified imports in September, compared with 86 percent in August, and 10 percent of identified exports, com- pared with 24 percent in August. An interesting sidelight to Chinese Communist shipping to North Vietnam occurred when the Malgorzata Fornalska, a ship of the Chinese- Polish Ocean Shipping Lines (Chipolbrok), arrived in Haiphong under the Polish flag and left Haiphong under the flag of Communist China. The transfer of this ship to the Chinese Ocean Shipping Company is the third transfer within the last two months to Chinese Communist registry of a ship jointly owned with Chipolbrok or with the Czechoslovak Ocean Shipping International Joint Stock Company (Plavba). These transfers may stem from the policy of Communist China to expand its international merchant fleet, from a reluctance of the Czechoslovak and Polish partners to be involved with the Chinese Communists in trade with North Vietnam, or from a combination of the two factors. II. Free World Shipping Calls by Free World ships at North Vietnamese ports decreased from 12 in August to 11 in September, which is less than half of the monthly average for the first nine months of 1965 and the lowest number Approved For Release 2001/8597 GC1A-l D'PT79T01003AO02400100001-3 Approved For Release 2001/05/17: CIP RDPM9-T04?3AO02400100001-3 since April, when only 8 Free World ships called at North Vietnam. Of the total number of calls by Free World ships, ships of UK registry accounted for eight and Norwegian ships for three. The absence of calls by ships of other flags in September is not especially significant. Ships of at least one other Free World country are en route to North Vietnam and probably will arrive in October. Of the 10 Free World ships-'-* calling at North Vietnam in September, 3 were under charter to Communist China, 3 to North Vietnam, 2 to the USSR, 1 to Cuba,. and 1 of unknown' charter. Although the downward trend in Free World shipping to North Vietnam since January is due principally to increased US involvement in Vietnam, lack of apatite for export is the principal reason for the declines in August and September. Loadings of apatite ceased shortly after the US began in July to bomb the rail line leading from the mines at Lao Cai to Haiphong. In spite of North Vietnamese efforts to restore the line, no apatite was loaded in September. Anthracite constituted 86 percent of the exports carried by Free World ships in September; the remaining 14 percent consisted of cement and general cargo. Fertilizer and general cargo were the only identified imports on Free World ships. Despite the slight decline in arrivals in September, Free World ships increased their share of North Vietnam's seaborne trade, as follows (in percent): Identified Seaborne Trade Carried in Free World. Ships September 1965 Monthly Average January-September 1965 Total 74 69 Imports ti8 32 Exports 86 82 Restrictions imposed by Japanese shipowners and seamen's unions in late March and by the Lebanese government in June continued to be effective in September. A Lebanese-flag ship under charter to Corn- monist China, which was scheduled to load sugar in Cuba for North Vietnam, is now reported to be en route to Communist China. Rumors The 10 Free World ships made 11 calls at North Vietnamese ports during the month, Approved For Release 2001/05/17 : 9 8LRT7 T( 10gA002400100001-3 Approved For Release 2094)05)37kte - bP79T01003A002400100001-3 that the Greek government also may adopt legislation restricting Greek- flag ships from trade with North Vietnam have not been confirmed, but no Greek ships are known to be in the trade at present. The owners of a Greek-flag ship (also under charter to Communist China), which was scheduled to load flour at Savona, Italy, for North Vietnam requested the charterers to cancel the Haiphong call because of the unwillingness of the crew to call at North Vietnam. It is possible that Japanese-flag ships may reenter the North Vietnamese trade. The Japan-Vietnam Trade Association, concerned over the continued chartering of foreign-flag ships to transport coal from North Vietnam to Japan,* sent a representative to North Vietnam in July to explore the feasibility of returning Japanese-flag ships to the trade. The Association also has asked its 70 member firms to reopen the route to Hon Gai, North Vietnam, with their own vessels. Talks also have been started with the All-Japanese Seamen's Union, which had been primarily responsible for the withdrawal of Japanese ships from the trade late in March 1965. The Japanese shipping industry is now reported to be ready to offer extra wages to crews sailing to North Vietnam under an agreement similar to that already reached with the union for crews sailing to South Vietnam. The owners hope to recoup the additional costs through increased freight rates. Reentry of Japanese-flag ships in the North Vietnamese trade would represent a significant breach in US policies designed to keep Free World shipping out of the trade. Costs are increasing fcr some UK-flag ships that call at North Vietnam in the same way that costs increased for Norwegian and Danish ships. A UK-flag ship arrived at North Vietnam in September under a charter to Cuba that provided for additional war risk insurance, bonuses to crews, and the right of the master to leave the area in the event of unwarranted risk to ship or crew. III. Cargoes In spite of the decrease in the number of ship arrivals, the volume of identified North Vietnamese seaborne foreign trade in September increased to about 132, 300 mt -- 15, 100 mt more than the volume for August, which was the lowest monthly volume thus far in 1965. The combined volume of imports and exports increased slightly in September but remained well below the -average for the first nine months of 1965. In September, 11 UK, one Malaysian, and one Soviet ship carried coal from North Vietnam to Japan. Approved For Release 20019ON47C:-0?lA f5P79TO1003A002400100001-3 Approved For Release 2001/05/17: CIAS OP79TR1-QO34002400100001-3 The above data include only a small part of the cargoes carried by Chinese Communist ships. Of the twelve calls by these ships, the only imports identified were 800 mt of salt and 2, 500 mt of miscellaneous exports -- feathers, rubber footwear, and clothing. No seaborne ship- ments were identified as arms or ammunition during September. Anthracite was the principal export cargo in September. Loadings increased slightly from about 68, 200 mt in August to 71, 900 mt in. September. The major recipients were Japan and Cuba. Shipload quantities also moved to Singapore and Communist China. Anthracite shipped to Japan totaled 39, 000 mt, 11, 000 mt less than the 50, 000 mt that Japanese industry reportedly requires each month from North Vietnam. No exports of pig iron from North Vietnamese ports were reported for September. Exports of this commodity, however, vary widely from month to month. Thus, although pig iron shipments averaged more than 5, 000 mt per month during the first eight months of the year, they fell to 136 mt in April, and none moved at all in May. The volume of imports arriving in North Vietnam by sea rose from about 32, 500 mt in August to 40, 700 mt in September. The volumes of both petroleum and fertilizer increased, and shipments of bulk food- stuffs and timber, which ceased temporarily in August, were resumed. The volumes of all the commodities imported were below the monthly average for the same commodities during the preceding eight months of 1965. Approved For Release 2001/05/17: ClA DR29]O-1&lQ3A002400100001-3 Approved For Release 2081J25/Q- RCIE..RpP79T01003A002400100001-3 Foreign-Flag Ship Arrivals in North Vietnam August, September, and January-September 1965 August September January-September Percent Percent Percent of of of Flag Number Total a/ Number Total -a/ Number Total Total 36 100.0 29 100.0 399 100.0 Communist countries 24 66.7 18 62.1 187 46.9 USSR 7 19.4 3 10.3 58 14.5 Eastern Europe 3 8.3 3 10.3 37 9.3 Albania 1 2.8 1 0.3 Bulgaria 2 0.5 Czechoslovakia 4 1.0 Poland 2 5.6 3 10.3 30 7.5 14 38.9 12 41.4 92 23.1 12 33.3 11 37.9 212 53.1 Cyprus 1 2.8 1 0.3 France 1 0.3 Greece 25 6.3 Italy 1 0.3 Japan 37 9.3 Lebanon 9 2.3 Liberia 3 0.8 Malta 1 2.8 2 0.5 Netherlands 5 1.3 Norway 3 8.3 3 10.3 26 6.5 Panama 1 0.3 United Kingdom 7 19.4 8 27.6 101 25.3 a. Because of rounding, components may not add to totals shown. Approved For Release 20d t( i1 %tKRI?P79TO1003AO02400100001-3 Approved For Release 2001/05/17: CIA-RQY7 LqTR1T3VO?400100001-3 Tonnage of Foreign-Flag Ship Arrivals in'North Vietnam a/ August, September, and Cumulative January-September 1965 August September Cumulative January-September Thousand Gross Thousand Gross Thousand Gross Flag Num- ber Register Tons Num- ber Register Tons Num- ber Register Tons Total L6 188.8 29 14o.o X99 7 Communist countries 24 124.6 18 81.. 5 . 187 936.6 USSR 7 57.2 3 23.9 58 _;69.7 Eastern Europe 3 22.4 3 19.1 37 254.8 Communist China 14 45.0 12 38.5 92 _{12.1 Free World 12 64.2 11 58.5 212 999.1 a. Many Soviet and Eastern European ships calling at North Vietnamese ports pick up or discharge only small parts of their total cargoes in North Vietnam, and many of the Free World ships merely pick up export cargoes. For this reason, with the possible exception of Chinese Communist ships, the aggregate tonnage of ships calling does not corre- spond to the actual volume of cargoes moving into and out of North Vietnam. These data are of value, however, as indications of relative changes in the volume of shipping. Approved For Release 2001/05/17: CIA-?DR7~T0A0qAQA2400100001-3 Approved For Release 208 ?5M RClA-RDP79T01003AO02400100001-3 Identified North Vietnamese Imports Carried by Foreign-Flag Ships J September 1965 Ammonium Sulfate Grain and and Other Petro- Other Bulk Miscel- Flag Fertilizers leum Foodstuffs laneous Total Total 2 1 4? 16.3 4 Communist countries 0 10.7 4+.14 6.2 21.3 USSR 10.7 0.7 4.4 ,15.$ Eastern Europe 3.7 1.0 4.7 Communist China b 0.8 0.8 Free World 9.3 0 0 10.1 19.4 a. Identified imports include some estimates of bulk cargoes using methods which have proved to be highly reliable. b. An additional unknown quantity of imports was carried. Approved For Release 200?/00/1'F'-b11 RlSP79T01003A002400100001-3 Approved For Release 2001/05/17: CIASR&f9T$1'0VO3Ab02400100001-3 Identified North Vietnamese Exports Carried by Foreign-Flag Ships a/ September 1965 Thousand Metric Tons Commodity Flag Coal Apatite Cement Miscel- laneou s Total Total 9 7? . 0 8.0 7 11 6 1 . . 9 Communist countri es 4.o 0 0 8 7 12 . .7 USSR 4.0 5.5 9.5 Eastern Europe 0.6 0.6 Communist China 2.5 2.5 Free World 67.9 0 8.o 3 0 8 . 7 .9 a. Identified exports include some estimates of bulk cargoes using methods which have proved to be highly reliable. Because of rounding, components may not add to totals shown. b. An additional unknown quantity of exports was carried. Analysts: 25X1A Approved For Release 2001/05/17 :CIA-19ID-1903A002400100001-3 40 Approved For Release 2001/05/17 : CtR-fkb ~'9KAMA002400100001-3 NO FOREIGN DISSEM Approved For Release 2001/ONf7 : 7-$TD1OQjQp2400100001-3 SECRET CONTROL RECORD FOR SUPPLEMENTAL DISTRIBUTION 25X1A SERIES NUMBER CIA RR CB 65-60 CLASSIFICATION OF REPORT SECRET/NFD DISTRIBUTION TO RC 50 DATE OF DOCUMENT October 1965 NUMBER OF COPIES 25X1 A 300 NUMBER I N RC COPY RECIPIENT DATE NO. (S) SENT RETURNED 192 CGS /HR/O s 1G81 H q. 18 Oct 65 193 St/P II 194 OCR II 195 cJ 196-20 201 202 203-20 ar 206 207 25X1 C 208 44 209 210 _ 211-21 216 217 218 219 220 221-25 Filed in St/P/C 18 Oct 65 25X1A -2 4e4 o~; l S CAS / 1.~ C IT ( / E 7 i1 64 c6 ~t b - , 25X1 A / ~` ?~?! )7l~ ~k"~ r F 22.5 .i 6 Ap roved For Release 2001/05/17 CIA-RDP79T01003A00240 100001-3 a Approved For Release 2001/05/17 : FOR 2.6M5 2353 (13) copApprl NO. (S) I oved For Release 2001/ Ic1i7 EqT -RDP79T01003AO02400 Approved For Release 2001/05/17 : CIA-RDP79TO1003AO02400100001-3 .Approved For Release 2001/05/17 : CIA-RD'S 1003A002400100001-3 St/A/DS Distribution of Current Support Brief No. . 65-6O, Shipping to North Vietnam in September 1965 .-- October 1965 (SECRETING WO IG Copy No. Recipient 1 - 5 25X1A ^ O/DDI, Room 7E32, H 6 O / DDI , 7 D/ORR { carr'e ' y St/P/C an 15 Oct 65) 8& 9 DD/ORR (hand carried by St/P/C on 15 Oct 65) 1S# SA/RR (hand carried by St/P/C on, 15 Oct 65) 10 Ch/E 11 - 13 D/ONE 14 - 19 St/CS 20 St/PR 21 - 27 D/'1; (1 each branch) 28 - 34 D/R (1 each branch) 35 MRA 36 - 40 D/P (1 each branch) 41 - 46 D/F (1 each branch) 47 St/PS 48 - 53 D/.I (1 each branch) 54 - 58 D/A (1 each branch) 59 - 60 GD/OBI 61 - 62 CD/OBI 63 CD/X/OBI 64 - 69 Room 1B 4004, Hq. 70 t P A 25X1A 71 St/FM 72 Analyst/B ranch T/IS) 73 GR/CR 74 BR/CR 75 FIB/SR/CR, Room 1G27, Hq. 76 Library/CR 77 IPI/CR 78 Archival File - Records Center 79 Chief., OCR/FDD 80 DCS/SD 81 OCI/SA/R, Room 5G19, Hq. 82 DDI/CGS, Room 7G00, Hq. 83 - 84 DDI/CGS/HR, Room 7G00, Hq. 85 DDI/RS, Room 4G39, Hq. 33ISSE /W'arain& Notice-Sensitive Sources and Methods Involved) CROUP 1 Exclud?d ftam automatic Approved For Release 2001/05/1 P -T81 r i 02400100001-3 Approved For Release 2001/05/17 : CIA-RD 3A002400100001-3 86.88 89 91-92 93 4 95 - 103 D/OSI D/OBI DD /S& T/SpIN T OTR/IS/IP, Room 532, 1000 Glebe (1 - OTR/SIC) 25X1 A NPIC/CSD/REF, Room 15518, NSAL, Room 3W 136, Ft. Meade v a GB 31, Hq. ) OCI Internal (via SDS/DDIOCR) 25X1 A 104- 112 113- 114 25X1 A NSA via GB31, Hq.) National Indications Center, Room 1E821, Pentagon 115 - 130 State, INR Communications Center, Room 6527, State Dept. B14 Mr. William C. Trueheart, Director, Office of Southeast Asian Affairs, Bureau of Far Eastern Affairs 1 - Ambassador Leonard Unger, Special Assistant for Vietnarnes Affairs Mr. Robert H. Johnson, Policy Planning Council, Room 7517-A Mr. S. Solomonson, Room 7818, State (for Mr. Melvin L. Manfull, American Embassy 131 - 178 Saigon) Defense Intelligence Agency, DIAAQ-3, A Building, Arlington 25X1A Hall Station 179 SA/VA (hand carried by St/P/C on 15 Oct 65). 181 - 184 USIA, IRS A, Room 1002, 1750 Pennsylvania Avenue, N. W., 185 - 189 Attn: Warren Phelps Defense Intelligence A enc DIASA-2C, Room 2D233, Pentagon 25X1A 1 - DIAAP`2, oom I - Chief, Yankee Team Task Force, DIAXX-3, Room 1D918 25X1A 25X1A 25X1A acility, USASSD Intelligence Support for Lt. Col. Fred Lang, COMUS MAC'S) (for Col. Patterson, CINCPAC J-2) 190 Chief, CIA/PIC (NPIC), Room 3N 121,- 25X1A 191 Mr. Chester Cooper, Room 380, Executive Office Building 192 - 250 St/P/C/RR, Room 4F41, Hq. (held in St/P/C, 18 Oct 65). 251 - 300 Records Center Approved For Release 2001/05/17 : CIA- 003AO02400100001-3 Approved For Release 2001/05/17 : CIA9 OO3AOO24OO1OOOO1-3 22. October 1965 MEMORANDUM FOR: Chief, Dissemination Control Branch, DD/CR FROM : Acting Chief, Publications Staff, ORR SUBJECT Transmittal of Material It is requested that the attached copies of CIA RR CB 65_ to North Vietnam in Sept r 196 , October 19b5, Secret N5 FOREIGN State, INR Communications Center, Room 6527, State Dept. Bldg. Suggested distribution for Embassies in Canberra, Melbourne, Bangkok, Hong Kong, Singapore, and Tokyo the d,ssemmation teed by this memorandum has bean wmp149i t-1s Owe: f,2 CPS. S Attachments: Copies #226 - #"231 of CB 65-60 cc: CGS/RAE Approved For Release 2001/05/17: CIAP79T040 25X1A ~`w'c. tti.ifaa SECRET pproved For Release 2001/05/17 : CIA-RQQ11)03A002400100001-3 Project No. Report Series CIA/RR CB 65-60 Title: Foreign Shipping to North Vietnam in September 1965 (SECRET/NO FOREIGN DISSEM) Responsible Analyst and Branch - T/IS RECOMMENDED DISTRIBUTION TO STATE POSTS Berlin, Germany Bucharest, Romania Budapest, Hungary Moscow, USSR Prague, Czechoslovakia Sofia, Bulgaria Warsaw, Poland Europe Belgrade, Yugoslavia Bern, Switzerland Bonn, Germany Brussels, Belgium Copenhagen, Denmark Geneva, Switzerland Helsinki, Finland The Hague, Netherlands Lisbon, Portugal London, England Luxembourg, Luxembourg Madrid, Spain Oslo, Norway Paris, France Rome, Italy Stockholm, Sweden Vienna, Austria Wellington, New Zealand Manila, Philippines \,Canberra, Australia elbourne, Australia ''1B angkok, Thailand Djakarta, Indonesia '/liong Kong Rangoon, Burma Kuala Lumpur, Malaya Saigon, Vietnam Seoul, Korea t,.S'ingapore, British Malaya Taipei, Formosa yTokyo, Japan Vientiane, Laos Colombo, Ceylon Near East & South Asia Ankara, Turkey Athens, Greece Cairo, Egypt Damascus, Syria Kabul, Afghanistan Karachi, Pakistan New Delhi, India Nicosia, Cyprus Tehran, Iran Baghdad, Iraq Tel Aviv, Israel Beirut, Lebanon Amman, Jordon Jidda, Saudi Arabia Ottawa, Canada Approved For Release 2001/05/17 25X1A Mexico Guatemala. Panama Brazillia, Brazil Buenos Aires, Argentina Bogota, Colombia Santigao, Chile La Paz, Bolivia Montevideo, Uruguay Caracas, Venezuela Yaounde, Cameroun Leopoldville, Congo Addis Ababa, Ethopia Accra, Ghana Abidjan, Ivory Coast Nairobi, Kenya Monrovia, Liberia Tripoli, Libya Rabat, Morocco Lagos, Nigeria Mogadiscio, Somal Khartoum, Sudan Tunis, Tunisia Pretoria, South Africa Algiers, Algeria Cotonou, Dahomey Dakar, Senegal Bamako, Mali.