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December 9, 2016
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April 24, 2001
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December 22, 1964
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Approved For Release 2001/05/1SfLAf QL'7k9TQ1019A000200440001-0 cember 1964 M iCIfANDU4 FCC: Chief, Dissemination Control Branch, Chief, Publications Staff, ORR Transmittal of CIA/RR GB 64-48, Tenth Antarctic edition of the Soviet Be6eEber Bret It is:requested that the attached copies of subject report be forwarded as foi owa: Noof Coe Recipient 2 Documents Control Officer D .tional Science Foundation Attu; Ho'rard Tlhila, Room 30A 1951 Constitution Avenue, N.W. Attn: Dr. T.G. Jonee, Room 303 Attn: R.R. Francis, Room 512, Annex 5 Department of the Navy, ACNO (Intelligence), Room 5B679 Pentagon Attnt U. S. Naval Support Force/Antarctica, Tempo D-1 6th and Independence Ave-S.W. Attn: Captain Price Lewis, Jr. U8NR Department of the Navy, ACNE (Intelligence) Room 5B679, Pentagon Attn: Command R. PC. McGregor, Chief, Naval Operations., Op 332 D Rom 4D578, Pentagon Office of Secretary of Defense,, Correspondence Control Section, Room 3A-948, Pentagon Attnt Dr. Henry Dater, U.S. Antarctic Projects Office, 801 19th St.. N.V. Dept. of Defense Approved For Release 2001/05/17 : P--k4. RQR7t9>TO4019A000200440001-0 SECRET Approved For Release 2001/05/17: CIA- TT1019A000200440001-0 of 2 apies Recipient Department of State Communications Center Room 7818s State Dept. Bldg. Attn:: Dr. James Slmeareen, Room 5 331 Department of State Attachments 7 copies of GB 6+~48 Approved For Release 20019 if ff DP79T01019A000200440001-0 Approved For Relume 2001/05/17: CIA-RDP79T01019A0O 00440001-0 ciA/RR GB 64+-1i8 December 1964 TENTH ANTARCTIC EXPEDITION OF THE SOVIET UNION Although final official plans that must be released under terms of the Antarctic Treaty usually do not appear much before the end of the calendar year, general Soviet plans for the Tenth Antarctic Expedition, 1961.-65, as announced through news media indicate a modest level of re- search activity on the ice continent and on the sea, as compared with other years. Plans for the 196i--65 season are much smaller than those undertaken during the previous austral summer, 1963-64, and as announced by 'Yevgeniy Tolstikov, Deputy Chief of the Chief Directorate of the Hydrometeorological Service, attached to the Council of Ministers, they stress the thought that the main task of the expedition will be to com- plete comprehensive research under the program of the International Year of the Quiet Sun (IQSY). Observations will be continued at Mirnyy, Vostok, Molodezhnaya, and Novolazaryevskaya. Komsomol'skaya again will be opened for the summer season to provide navigational assistance for inland flights to Vostok and to make some observations. The main logis- tic effort will be to continue building up Molodezhnaya until it becomes the main base of Soviet Antarctic expeditions. One of the tasks of the Tenth Antarctic Expedition will be to replace the old wooden buildings at Molodezhnaya with prefabricated houses built on fireproof piles and having aluminum and arbolite panels; research buildings will have rubber panels. The expedition will be supplied by two ships -- the Antarctic flag- ship OW, an oceanographic freighter reinforced against ice damage, and the Kooperatsiya, an Arctic passenger ship. The total expedition, in- cluding ships' crews, will total about 300 men, which is smaller than most previous expeditions whose size has ranged from 212 to 625. No supplementary delivery of personnel by intercontinental flights, as was undertaken last year, is currently contemplated... The full scope of scientific activity has not been disclosed, but no significant new or expanded work is indicated. In fact, if Tolstikov's initial estimates are correct, only a minimum program is to be effected. It is expected, however, that basic work on the IQSY program in upper atmospheric physics will be continued. Other activities will also be conducted in such fields as geology and mapping. GROUP 1 downgrading and This material Coah r ed F?or. R ea ,i Pllp e1 at :tI I R7t T01019A000200440001-0 within the meaning of the espic.'k-;e 1JNS, Tire x3, ',;S,, ',Secs. 793 and 794, the transmission &n ? , .. ,ii )ers,)n is proh'shlt!d by law. Approved For Release 2001/05/17 : CIA-RDP79TO1019AOW00440001-0 Although a 1,780-nautical-mile scientific traverse was made last season, no scientific traverse plans. for 1964-65 have been announced to date. Hence, traverse observations may be limited to those made during supply circuits. At present, a tractor-drawn sledge resupply train which left Nirnyy on 17 October is proceeding to Vostok. Oceanographic work is expected to be minimal, since logistic require- ments must be given priority. Despite the smaller size of the expedition, a number of foreigners will accompany the Soviets. In addition to a US exchange scientist, the Soviets will include scientists from East Germany, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, and Poland. The return of Polish personnel to Antarctica is somewhat puzzling. Since the abortive Polish participation in the Fourth Expe- dition, in 1958-59, when Poland received the station Oazis from the USSR, the Poles have not been in Antarctica. Plans to do so were announced for the Eighth Expedition but were not consummated. No details of the extent of Polish participation in the Tenth Expedition are as yet avail- able. The Soviets will also assist two Japanese scientists to reach the Japanese station, Showa, which has been closed, and to reexamine it in preparation for a return of a Japanese expedition in 1965-66. The four Antarctic whaling fleets of the Soviet Union -- the Slava, the Sovetskaya Rossiya, the Sovetskaya Ukraina, and the Ivan Dolgorukiy -- have departed on the 19th cruise to Antarctic waters. This year they plan to operate in a new sector and, for the first time, the ships will pass through the Suez Canal. This route will make possible a longer whaling season for the Soviet Union, enabling the whalers to begin hunt- ing the toothed sperm whale 2 weeks earlier than before. This whale is a beast of prey and as such may be hunted all year long under inter- national convention. Approved For Release 2001/05/17 : CIA-RDP79T01019A000200440001-0 Approved For Rel a 2001/05/ Ea"79T01019A0W0440001-0 WEEKLY SUMMARY ocI (Information as of 1200 EST, 23 December 1964) THE COMMUNIST WORLD Page USSR RENEWS BID TO ATTEND AFRO-ASIAN CONFERENCE The tentative nature of Moscow's current soundings suggests that it does not really expect to secure an invitation but is trying to take advantage of Afro- Asian fears that the Chinese will dominate the con- ference next March. SOVIET PURCHASING ACTIVITY IN WEST EUROPE SLOWING DOWN Contracts have been signed this year for about $200 million worth of chemical plants, but the economic views of the new Soviet leadership make it unlikely that many new deals will be undertaken. SOVIET PLANS FOR THE 1964-65 ANTARCTIC SEASON Preliminary information indicates no expansion of the program set up when the International Year of the Quiet Sun began a year ago. The US-Soviet ex- change of scientists will continue. SCANDALS ROCK HUNGARIAN REGIME Party leader Kadar is under new fire from party hard- liners for assigning high government positions to nonparty technicians, some of whom have recently been implicated in embezzlement scandals. RUMANIA CONTINUING TO ASSERT INDEPENDENCE FROM THE USSR 5 Bucharest appears to be taking advantage of the change of leadership in Moscow to re-emphasize its independ- ence, often with actions which, whether intentionally or not, have a distinctly pro-Peiping flavor. CZHHOSLOVAKIA TRIES NEW ROLE IN THE SOVIET BLOC Prague's new policy of reducing its subservience to Moscow was an outgrowth of the domestic liberalization forced on old-time Stalinist leader Novotny by dissident elements in his party. The change is especially evi- dent in the support Prague gave Khrushchev after his ouster, in the recent publication of a draft economic reform program which includes broader use of the market mechanism, and in attempts to improve economic and political relations with the West. (Published sep- arately as Special Report OCI No. 0363/64A) SECRET 24 Dec 64 CURRENT INTELLIGENCE WEEKLY SUMMARY Page i Approved For Release 2001/05/17 : CIA-RDP79T01019A000200440001-0 Approved For R lee se 2001/05/17 : CIA-RDP79T01019AQ,200440001-0 SECRET SOVIET PLANS FOR THE 1964-65 ANTARCTIC SEASON Preliminary information on the Soviet Tenth Antarctic Ex- pedition indicates that a modest program will be conducted in all areas of research. The chief logistic effort will be concen- trated on making Molodezhnaya into the main base for future Soviet expeditions. Research will continue in upper atmospheric physics under the program of the International Year of the Quiet Sun begun a year ago. There is no sign, however, of plans for signifi- cant new work or expansion be- yond the present program. Geological and mapping op- erations will be conducted along past lines, and a minimum of oceanographic work is expected. The wooden buildings at Molo- dezhnaya will be replaced by prefabricated houses constructed on fireproof piles. Reflecting the limited plans for 1964-65, the Soviet expedi- tion will consist of only 300 men, including the crews of the two supply ships. Some earlier expeditions have been twice as large. Despite the smaller size of the expedition, however, a larger number of scientists from Eastern Europe will participate in the Soviet program than last year. Polish scientists report- edly will be added to teams from Czechoslovakia, East Germany, and Hungary. The US-Soviet ex- change of scientists will be continued, and the USSR will pro- vide some assistance to a small Japanese team. In contrast to last year, there is apparently no plan to bring in extra men by air from Moscow. In another new develop- ment, the Soviet air detachment in Antarctica will be withdrawn for the winter period for the first time in 10 years. Four Soviet whaling fleets will be active in Antarctic waters this year. For the first time these ships transited the Suez Canal and will be operating in a new sector off Antarctica. The route through Suez will per- mit a longer hunting season than previously for sperm whales, which are not subject to inter- national control. The Soviet whaling fleets in the Antarctic are supported by weather report- ing from the USSR's station at Mirnyy. (CONFIDENTIAL) SECRET 24 Dec 64 CURRENT INTELLIGENCE WEEKLY SUMMARY Approved For Release 2001/05/17 : CIA-RDP79T01019A000200440001-0 Approved For Ruse 2001/05/17 : CIA-RDP79T01019A(,p200440001-0 140 ]30 120 110 100 90 a0 70 60 50 40 ? t, ARGENTINA '~ CHILE % A N ? rx' sAYe SOVIET ANTARCTIC k STATIONS G x e dro.l.1 a s a 1964.65 50 Sy Existing station s 5 I5. G' rransierred to Poland by USSR in 1959. a