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Approved For Release 2000/05/15 : CIA-RDP79T0101foiffeeM10001-8 Romania: A New Market for US High-Performance Civil Aircraft Confidential ER RP 73-7 May 1973 Copy 36 Approved For Release 2000/05/15 : CIA-RDP79T01098A000100070001-8 Approved For Release 2000/05/15 : CIA-RDP79T01098A000100070001-8 WARNING This document contains information affecting the national defense of the United States, within the meaning of Title 18, sections 793 and 794, of the US Code, as amended. Its transmission or revelation of its contents to or re- ceipt by an unauthorized person is prohibited by law. Classified by 015319 Exempt from general declassification schedule of E.O. 11652 exemption category 513(1),(2),(3) Automatically declassified on Date Impossible to Determine Approved For Release 2000/05/15 : CIA-RDP79T01098A000100070001-8 25X1A Approved For Relca9TATii/kt/Liti:Vi'A-RDP79T01098A000100070001-8 ROMANIA: A NEW MARKET FOR US HIGH-PERFORMANCE CIVIL AIRCRAFT Summary 1. In March 1973 the United States made its initial penetration of the Warsaw Pact civil avia- tion market with the sale of three Boeing 707s to Romania for $45 million. Romania's national air- line Transporturile Aeriene Romine, TAROM, will use the 707s on its longer hauls, including its anticipated new service to New York. Service to New York may begin early in 1974, providing a US- Romanian air agreement is concluded. 2. The 707 deal has opened the door for addi- tional sales of US aircraft. The Boeing 727 is high on the list as a technically superior aircraft which meets Romanian needs for both scheduled and charter international service. Moreover, the initial Boeing sale has established a highly acceptable financing precedent -- that is, a cash downpayment of only 10%. On this basis, Romania probably will purchase as many as seven 727s with- in a year or two. Note: Comments and queries regarding this publi- cation are welcomed. They may be directed to of the Office of Economic Research, Code 143, Extension 7884. Approved For Rel?011TMi951151VJA-RDP79T01098A000100070001-8 ENXIAL Approved For Relca%\TEkkiruw-ro :r.;IA-RDP79T01098A000100070001-8 3. Among the airlines of Eastern Europe, TAROM ranks midway between Czechoslovakia's CSA and East Germany's Interf lug, but it is dwarfed by most non-Communist international airlines. It operates a summer schedule of 51 weekly flights to 22 foreign cities over a route network of some 13,500 miles. More than one million passengers were carried in 1972 on domestic and international routes. Scheduled international service extends from London to Algiers and Cairo, with most busi- ness concentrated in Europe. The extensive domestic service includes 265 weekly flights to 13 cities. Service is reduced markedly during the winter, especially on domestic operations. 4. TAROM's present aircraft inventory is inadequate to cope with its current passenger volume, much less the expected 1975 traffic. Its seven British BAC-111s are used exclusively on international routes. Its obsolete Soviet-built aircraft -- including IL-18s, AN-24s, IL-14s, AN-2s, and LI-2s -- are generally confined to domestic passenger and freight operations. Romania made its initial move to add "state of the art" aircraft by acquiring the BAC-111s in 1968. Subsequently, three long-range IL-62 jet 2 Approved For Re10iNbtiiPMriltIA-RDP79T01098A000100070001-8 Approved For RWalgMkIPO'CIA-RDP79T01098A000100070001-8 aircraft were bought from the USSR, two of which were delivered in April 1973. 5. Over the next few years TAROM is expected to inaugurate service to Peking via South Asia in addition to the anticipated New York service. Discussion Historical Perspective 6. Romania's civil after World War II when air the stock company Societatea de Romano-Sovietica (TARS) was control passed to Bucharest operations started joint Romanian-Soviet Transporturi established. Aeriene Full in 1954, and the Romanian national airline TAROM was formed to handle domestic and international service. Almost immediately, TAROM began laying the groundwork for the expansion of service to countries in Western Europe. Romania remained dependent on the USSR for aircraft until the late 1960s. 7. After a decade of exclusively civilian management, in 1965 several military officers were given key positions civilian mix lasted airline was shifted within the Ministry in TAROM. This military- until late in 1972, when the from its traditional position of Transportation to the 3 Approved For RE(boNegfiN?.15/MACIA-RDP79T01098A000100070001-8 Approved For RODigteMARE/A:LCIA-RDP79T01098A000100070001-8 Ministry of Defense, apparently in an effort to improve operational efficiency. Even though mili- tary officials are in nominal control, civilian managers play an important part in mid-level management and in day-to-day operations. 8. TAROM ranges in size and operations midway between Czechoslovakia's CSA1 and East Germany's Interflug among East European airlines. During most of its history, TAROM has served more as an economic and diplomatic link with selected coun- tries rather than as a competitive international carrier. Within five years after expanding service to Western Europe from its existing network within the Warsaw Pact area, TAROM was operating into most of the capitals of Western Europe. Moreover, since the early 1960s a few new routes have been added to North Africa and the Middle East (see the map). TAROM is the only Communist airline serving Israel. TAROM belongs to the "Six Pool Agreement," an asso- ciation formed by Warsaw Pact members in 1957 to regulate intra-Communist civil air service, fares, technical support, and the pooling and division of revenues. In 1965, Romania became a member of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).2 1. See ER RP 73-4, Czechoslovakia's International Civil Airline, April 1973, FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY. 2. Currently all the Warsaw Pact countries except East Germany are members of ICAO. Approved For Release 2006/05/15 : CIA-RDP79T01098A000100070001-8 CONFIDENTIAL Approved For Release 2000/05/15: CIA-RDP79T01098A000100070001-8 Romania: TAROM's International Route Network, May 1973 Copenhagen Algiers Moscow Nicosia Beirut Tel Aviv Romania: TAROM's Schedule of Flights, Summer 1973 To Non-Communist Countries Route Trip Number Flights per Week Type of Aircraft Bucharest-East Berlin-Copenhagen 201 2 BAC-111 Bucharest-Sofia-Athens 203 2 BAC-111 Bucharest-Brussels-London 205 2 BAC-111 Bucharest-Amsterdam-London 209 1 BAC-111 Bucharest-Paris 211 4 BAC-111 Bucharest-Vienna 213 5 BAC-111 Bucharest-Frankfurt 215 4 BAC-111 Bucharest-Istanbul 219 2 AN-24 Bucharest-Zurich-Algiers 223 1 BAC-111 Bucharest-Zurich 227 2 BAC-111 Bucharest-Prague-Amsterdam 229 1 BAC-111 Bucharest-Rome 235 2 BAC-111 Bucharest-Nicosia (1) - Beirut 239 2 BAC-111 Bucharest-Athens-Cairo 241 1 BAC411 Bucharest-Tel Aviv 245 5 BAC-111 To Communist Countries Bucharest-Moscow 207 5 BAC-111 Bucharest-Sofia 208 1 AN-24 Bucharest-Budapest-Warsaw 225 2 BAC-111 Bucharest-Prague (1) -East Berlin 231 3 BAC-111 Bucharest-Budapest (2)-Prague 233 3 BAC-111 Bucharest-Warsaw 251 1 BAC-111 515955 5 73 Approved For Release 2000/05/15 : CIA-RDP79T01098A000100070001-8 Approved For RelceliVaabgiiV:ViA-RDP79T01098A000100070001-8 Fleet Inventory 9. Except for seven British BAC-111-400s used exclusively for international service and two recently delivered Soviet long-range jet IL-62s, TAROM's aircraft inventory consists of obsolete Soviet-built aircraft, most of which are more than 10 years old. Domestic routes are served by nine turboprop AN-24s and 14 prop IL-14s. TAROM's 12 IL-18s -- the largest fleet outside the Soviet Union -- serve as backup to the BAC-111s on the international routes and handle most of the charter and cargo flights. Small prop aircraft (6 LI-2s and 10 AN-2s) round out TAROM's civil air fleet. 10. The mix in TAROM's civil air fleet inven- tory and aircraft on order is unique among Warsaw Pact countries, reflecting past ties with the USSR and a more recent independent stance by Bucharest in aviation matters. For more than a decade following the establishment of an inde- pendent TAROM service, Romania used only Soviet- built aircraft. By the mid-1960s, however, Bucharest was openly dissatisfied with the cost and operational characteristics of these aircraft and began investigating Western sources of high- performance civil aircraft. In mid-1968, after 5 Approved For Reles(41!2ftlietii*T51j6K-RDP79T01098A000100070001-8 Approved For ROJO)14#11910/497ItkiCIA-RDP79T01098A000100070001-8 2 years of evaluation, the Romanians purchased six3 British Aircraft Corporation (BAC) medium- range 111-400s for US $45 million. This purchase marked Bucharest's entry into the modern era of civil aviation. Moreover, it was the first ac- quisition of Western jet aircraft by a Warsaw Pact country. Romania, however, did not jettison its ties with the USSR; in 1970 it ordered three IL-62s, at that time the most modern high-performance long- range civil aircraft produced by the Soviet Union. The Boeing Deal 11. Even before the IL-62s were delivered, Romania apparently was having second thoughts about the operational effectiveness of these air- craft, which had been involved in a number of crashes. Consequently, Bucharest initiated negotia- tions with Boeing in 1972 for the 707 jet airliner and signed up for three in March 1973 at a total cost of about $45 million. Romania thus became the first Warsaw Pact country to purchase high- performance US jet civil aircraft for its civil air fleet. The first of the 707s is scheduled for 3. In late 1971 and early 1972, TAROM acquired two used BAC-111s, one directly from American Airlines and the other through the British Aircraft Corpora- tion, previously in service with Philippines Air- lines. 6 Approved For RelemiqffibpgtiRft-RDP79T01098A000100070001-8 Approved For Rarhar-AispM)FMrAICIA-RDP79T01098A000100070001-8 delivery in February 1974; the other two in May and June. Two of the aircraft will be in a pas- senger configuration; the remaining one is sched- uled for President Ceausescu's personal use. Romania's initiative in purchasing the IL-62s and the 707s clearly was keyed to the anticipated opening of long-haul service to Peking and New York. 12. The 707 sale may be a precursor of addi- tional sales of US civil aircraft to Romania. Romanian officials have already expressed interest in acquiring as many as seven medium-range 727- 200s to replace the BAC-111s now used on almost all of TAROM's international routes. The 727 is well-suited to Romania's needs, both on scheduled services and on extensive charter operations. It can carry up to 189 passengers in a tourist con- figuration and is one of the most popular aircraft on the market today. 13. The financing package, which was one of the key factors in closing the 707 deal, should facilitate future US sales. Boeing was able to arrange 10-year loans of about $20 million each by the Export-Import Bank and Morgan Guaranty Trust Co., leaving only a 10% cash outlay for 7 Approved For Relear(R$0:1/NRicARDP79T01098A000100070001-8 Approved ForReCiONFBIARd1171SALIA-RDP79T01098A000100070001-8 Romania. Bucharest's longstanding shortage of hard currency has made it almost impossible to undertake cash payment for aircraft. The only avenues open have been to buy Western aircraft under barter agreements or by arranging offset financing through the sale of products in third countries for the necessary hard currency. Such arrangements were unacceptable to US aircraft manufacturers in their earlier attempts to sell Romania aircraft, although the British had accepted offset financing arrangements in their sale of the BAC-111s in 1968. During the initial discussions, Boeing also was willing to accept offset financing, providing the price of the aircraft was raised 10%. Bucharest demurred and opted for the current arrangement. 14. Although the United States now has the in- side track into the Romanian civil aviation market, it can expect competition from other Western manu- facturers. Indeed, any Western aircraft manufac- turer willing to assist the Romanians in estab- lishing indigenous aircraft manufacturing facili- ties has a good opportunity for entry into the market. Before its destruction in World War II, Romania's small aircraft industry produced a variety 8 Approved For RemN99ff)1?MAVA-RDP79T01098A000100070001-8 Approved ForlUOfilkff0).6g/h4A-iCIA-RDP79T01098A000100070001-8 of French, German, and Italian aircraft under licensing arrangements. For more than two decades after the war, little was done to rebuild the in- dustry because Romania lacked the resources. The first major move in this direction was made in 1968 as part of the BAC-111 deal that provided for assembly in Romania of some 210 twin-engine ten- passenger Britten-Norman Islander aircraft. The Romanians have been producing about one aircraft per week since 1970 using parts imported from England. The completed aircraft are returned to Britain and sold on the world market by the Britten- Norman Company for about $100,000 each -- substan- tially below the prices of comparable aircraft pro- duced in the United States. Both parties have been quite satisfied with the arrangements thus far. 15. Romania apparently now has its sights set on manufacturing more sophisticated aircraft. In conversations with Boeing officials, President Ceausescu mentioned the possibility of Romania building a medium-range jet aircraft for TAROM that also had export potential. TAROM's Current Operations 16. TAROM's international route network radiating from Bucharest extends some 13,500 9 Approved For Releriqprqtygi4TIRIA-RDP79T01098A000100070001-8 Approved For ReImpsil:499M151ATA-RDP79T01098A000100070001-8 unduplicated miles from London to Moscow and from Scandinavia to Cairo. The airline serves all the Warsaw Pact countries, and 16 non-Communist coun- tries with 51 weekly international flights, two- thirds of which are to non-Communist countries (see the map). Most service is concentrated in Western Europe. There are five weekly flights to Israel. Five of the 15 weekly flights within the Warsaw Pact operate to Moscow with the remainder split about evenly among Budapest, East Berlin, Prague, Sofia, and Warsaw. As for domestic opera- tions, TAROM operates 265 weekly flights to 13 cities. New Agreements and Service 17. Romania, which has been adding non-European routes at a conservative pace, has been preparing for future expansion. Six new air agreements have been signed since 1968: the Central African Republic and the United Kingdom in 1970, Morocco and Finland in 1971, and Burma and the People's Republic of China (PRC) in 1972 (see Table 1). 18. Concurrent with an increase in frequency of flights to Western Europe during the past three years, TAROM has also inaugurated service to three additional non-Communist countries -- Algeria, 10 Approved For Release 2000/05/15 : CIA-RDP79T01098A000100070001-8 CONFIDENTIAL Approved For RMIFeWtat+CIA-RDP79T01098A000100070001-8 Table 1 Romania: Civil Air Agreements with Non-Communist Countries and Yugoslavia as of May 19731 Country Year Country Year Austria 1958 Lebanon 1967 Belgium 1956 Morocco 1971 Burma 1972 Netherlands 1957 Central African Norway 1958 Republic 1970 Sweden 1957 Denmark 1958 Switzerland 1960 Egypt 1958 Turkey 1965 Finland 1971 United Kingdom 1970 France 1962 West Germany 19612 Ghana 1962 Yugoslavia 1959 Greece 1960 Israel 1968 Italy 19652 1. Romania also has longstanding air agreements with all the Warsaw Pact coun- tries and a newly signed air accord with the PRC ? signed in April 1972. 2. Provisional agreement. Cyprus, and the Netherlands. Each was added as an integral part of existing routes. For example, flights to Amsterdam began in 1970 as an extension of service to Prague. About a year later, Nicosia was made an intermediate stop on flights to Beirut, based on a provisional landing right agreement. TAROM's newest service to Algiers is an extension of its Zurich route. Bucharest-New York Service 19. The most important new TAROM service in the future will be Bucharest-New York flights. 11 Approved For ROxotwalco 0431115ACIA-RDP79T01098A000100070001-8 Approved For Rstrim2p1OgiffAEIA-RDP79T01098A000100070001-8 The Romanians would like to begin this operation in April 1974, but inauguration of service will require further negotiations and the signing of a US-Romanian bilateral air agreement. Earlier talks, held in 1968, foundered because of Bucha- rest's refusal to ease restrictions on US commer- cial civil aviation rights in Romania. Nonethe- less, because of a desire to spur tourism, Pan Am was permitted to begin a unilateral New York- Bucharest service in 1970. Pan Am has operated twice-weekly service to Bucharest for the past 2 years. Romanian officials are expected to request talks with the United States this fall and may sign an agreement similar to US agreements with Czecho- slovakia and Poland completed in 1969 and 1972, respectively. Bucharest-Peking Service 20. Even before New York flights begin, TAROM . 4 is expected to inaugurate a Bucharest-Peking serv- ice, perhaps by the fall of 1973. The Romanian- PRC air agreement signed in April 1972 would be the basis for this link. A joint service by TAROM and CAAC -- China's civil airline -- has been dis- cussed, with each airline operating on alternate 4. See ER IM 72-164, China: Expanding Horizons for International Air Service, November 1972, SECRET/NO FOREIGN DISSEM. 12 Approved For Release 2000/05/15 : CIA-RDP79T01098A000100070001-8 CONFIDENTIAL Approved For ReCieb2illOffiting:VI1A-RDP79T01098A000100070001-8 weeks. In recent months the Chinese have high- lighted their desire to begin flights to Eastern Europe, including Yugoslavia, by opening a CAAC information office in Tirana and by operating a series of test flights using their IL-62 aircraft into Bucharest, Tirana, and Belgrade. Passenger Traffic and Airports 21. Domestic and international air traffic has more than tripled in the past decade, reaching an estimated 1.1 million passengers in 1972 (see Table 2). Even though substantial gains have been Table 2 Romania: TAROM's Passenger Carriage Thousand Passengers Scheduled Service Percent of Total Domestic International Total Charter Service 1 Total Scheduled Charter 19722 298 196 494 655 1,149 43 57 1971 235 194 429 528 957 45 55 1970 291 162 453 396 849 53 47 1965 147 78 225 146 371 61 39 1963 214 51 265 1002 3652 732 272 1. More than 75% of charter operations are in international service, mostly within Europe. 2. Estimated. 13 Approved For RelTmnqq5151\141K-RDP79T01098A000100070001-8 Approved For RaestiMtiOffletkitNtIA-RDP79T01098A000100070001-8 recorded in scheduled service, by far the greatest growth has occurred in TAROM's extensive charter operations. Indeed, charter service now accounts for some 60% of TAROM's total passenger carriage, compared with some 40% eight years ago. More than 75% of TAROM's charter operations are international service, mostly within Europe. Scandinavian and West German tourists traveling to Romania's Black Sea resorts account for much of the charter traffic. 22. In order to accommodate existing and ex- pected growth in service, airport facilities have been upgraded throughout the country, particularly in the coastal resort areas. In 1970, Otopeni Airport, outside of Bucharest, was opened to civilian traffic and currently serves as Romania's major international airport. It replaced Baneassa, also in the Bucharest environs, which now handles mostly domestic flights, but occasionally back- stops Otopeni. Air Safety 23. Early in the 1960s, TAROM had a series of accidents which in part were responsible for changes that included the assignment of several military officers to key position in the organization in 1965. Since then, air safety has improved. 14 Approved For RelroN219pf/WhiaA-RDP79T01098A000100070001-8 Approved For RelactNRWENTIMA-RDP79T01098A000100070001-8 Nonetheless, one of TAROM's newly acquired BAC-111s crashed in 1970, killing 18 of the 27 passengers on board. In another instance, a non-fatal crash occurred in November 1971 involving an AN-24. B:oth accidents took place Prospects 24. The next three to five years will be marked by the expansion of TAROM's international air serv- ices, including both scheduled and charter opera- tions. In addition to the opening of service to New York and Peking, mentioned above, other likely candidates include Tehran, Calcutta, Shanghai, and eventually Tokyo. Over the longer term, TAROM may also serve South America via Africa. 25. Because of the expansion of routes and the desire to increase the frequency of service on existing routes, Romania almost certainly will be in the market for additional modern aircraft. Although the purchase of a few more long-range jets is expected, Romania's primary emphasis will be on medium-range jets to meet the needs of both its domestic routes and its shorter international routes. Among available jets the medium-range Boeing 727 and the medium- to longer-range Soviet TU-154 are the prime contenders. The recent crash under poor weather conditions. Approved For ReltaWp 15 9. Wil-NRA-RDP79T01098A000100070001-8 Approved ForReas;aella106100itAtIA-RDP79T01098A000100070001-8 in Prague of a TU-154 has raised some doubt con- cerning its safety. Nonetheless, Western observers consider the aircraft to be generally sound, and it is well suited for Romanian requirements. 26. The Boeing 727 would appear to be the leading contender among the medium-range jets not only because of its superior performance and prestige but also because of the availability of easy financing from US lenders. Negotiations no doubt will be protracted. Even if Romania pro- posed that Boeing set up an aircraft manufacturing plant as a quid pro quo for aircraft sales, a Boeing refusal probably would not torpedo the talks. Eventually, Boeing might agree to set up a spare parts manufacturing facility as an alter- native to building a complete jet aircraft plant. The company may even agree to assist in building a plant for the fabrication of a smaller aircraft, although it is not certain whether this would satisfy Romania's desire to establish a broad- based domestic aircraft industry. In any event, Bucharest almost certainly would not ask the USSR to set up a plant as an alternative to Boeing. 27. These additional sales to Romania would add only a small amount to US civil aircraft 16 Approved For Relea5Rilffj:Wi4frAlt-RDP79T01098A000100070001-8 Approved For Rela1 I21it11815n9ACJA-RDP79T01098A000100070001-8 exports, which totaled $2.9 billion in 1972. They would nevertheless enhance prospects for sales to other countries of Eastern Europe, a market long monopolized by the USSR. Most of these countries have become disenchanted with the performance and economics of Soviet aircraft. Although no formal discussions have been held, Poland and Hungary are the most likely candidates to follow Romania in straying from the fold. Penetration of the East European market also could mean increased sales of advanced airborne and ground support avionic sys- tems, another area of lagging technology in Eastern Europe. 17 Approved For Relm&MgflpfBA-RDP79T01098A000100070001-8 Confident!litproved For Release 2000/05/15 : CIA-RDP79T01098A000100070001-8 Confidential Approved For Release 2000/05/15 : CIA-RDP79T01098A000100070001-8 Analysts. Li N/IT (Project 3 .6 15) ppi vd For Release 2000/05115: CIA-RDP79T4C11000100070001-8 CONTROL RECORD FOR SUPPLEMENTAL DI31 mssEm: 1 Jun 73 NO ELITE 25X1A SERIES NUMBER ER RP 73-7 CLASSIFICATION OF REPORT CONFIDENTIAL DISTRIBUTION TO RC 35 DATE OF DOCUMENT May 1973 1 NUMBER OF COPIES 100' r NUMBER IN RC COPY NO. (S) RECIPIENT DATE SENT RETURNED 1 D/OER 31 May 73 6 7,3 DD/OER 7 ' _2 3 SA/ER & SA/RCA m 4Ch/D/N 1 5 N/IT It ?6- /IT n 7 Ch/D/A ' 1 Jun 73 8 DCh/D/A 25X1A m. 9 i Ch/D/S m 10 Ch/D/C if 11 Ch/D/U n 12 DCh/D/U it 13 St/CS m 14 St/SD m 15 D/N IT ' 16-20 N/IT m 21 U TD IT 22 IRS/HR/O.s 25X1,1 IT m 23 0/ONE 24 D/IRS IT 25 D/DCS m 26,27 OTR/SIWA STATSPEC m 28 I T 29 D/CRS m 30 CRS/ISG/SAIO m 31 D/OBGI m 32 D/OCI m 33 D OSR 25X1A m 34-40 IT 41 OCl/EUR, 7F25 m 42-46 See attached It 47 1 CRS/ADD 25X1A m 48 m , 49 via CRS/ADD m 50,51 Bob Price, CIEP m 52,53 25X1A 4 Jun 73 54-6:4 Filed in St/P/C u 65 Archives file Records Center Z Xi A 1 Jun 73 IT 66-100 //2-.2.0 -z!-t9 . el/ / 11- 1- 73 17 od / ,lA P, er? 4 4' b z, Co G 31,i / FORM 2- 65 Nap ve or Re tease 2000/05/15: CIA-RDP79T01098A000100070001-8 A .ftr???????????sel, 1:1??slesoic?es nAAAIACI*1 E ? ('IA DrD7OTA4 AOC A Artflol AAA7AA1101 0 P%I.PIJI VVGLA I-VI IAGIVCIJG LIJIJIJIVI.1/ I %I ? ?..? I P IA la V / Zr I LI I LI N.W1111 1 ...... COPY NO. DATE RECIPIENT SENT RETURNED ..ste die' ez7L?. de P 25X1A , , _..._.... - ( ' 4 fJ'..., '--- '7 i - _3 ow.. i .e....4....t. 41i7 / 5( PM (2-bac #/xi -6 9-afil i-- Deo Agnall --- cw a A. ....1 jfif iffillMf' -(00 25X1A AnnmvPri For RPIPARP 9nnninsii s ? niA_Rnp7cyrn1ngRAnnn1nnn7nnni_R 0A5A (a-lqDP79T01098A000100070001-8 4r Mr. John S. Meadows ").?, Director Office of Aviation Bureau of Economic Affairs Department of State Mr. Michael H. Styles -1-1A Chief, Aviation Negotiations Division 4) Office of Aviation Bureau of Economic Affairs Department of State 'Mr. Henry Snowden .1 Special Assistant to the Director of Transportation and Communications Bureau of Intelligence and Research Department of State Mr. Charles 0. Ca Director International ation Affairs Federal Av n Agency cite The Ho, orable obert D. Timm Chair. an Civil aeronautics oard (4cMr. Charles F. Butler Director Bureau of International Affairs Civil Aeronautics Board 1825 Connecticut Avenue, N. W. (417 Mr. Rosario Scibilia Deputy Director Bureau of International Affairs Civil Aeronautics Board 1825 Connecticut Ave. , N. W. / Approved For Release 2000/05/15 : CIA-RDP79T01098A000100070001-8 SECRET ( hen i rwpi v v wu I vi INi.,T4,zus-c---c-vx/ ? ? RECORD OF REVIEW OF OER PUBLICATIONS FOR SECURITY/SANITIZATION APPROVAL SUBJECT 3 q. 69/.5' R P 73 - 2 BRANCH i/ A/ EXTENSION SECURITY REVIEW SANITIZIN INSTRUCTIONS ITEM DATE INITIALS REMOVE 25X1A UNEDITED DRAFT EDITED DRAFT DELETE 25X1C RELEASABLE TO YES "\N\ NO SUBSTITUTE REMARKS 1 *.,..4.4),.e....4.e Fi DE a (A"-- (7,/,()..>7/ ypd e-e A ?................J I....... In....1............. etriftrilAGIA G_ . "1 A r11111n70TAA /4-/ T / /9 yte,c-o7-yi-7-,--a--)4.-"L- 0 /100 A /1/1/1A /1/1/17^^f1A 0 ..s . 2358 cgli.0",riEs PRE VIOU SECRET GROUP 1 FORM 4.70 Excluded from automatic downgrading and declassification (9-36-43) /e? Approved For Release 2000/05/15 : CIA-RDP79T01098A000100070001-8 SECRET PUBLICATIONS SOURCE SURVEY USE OF INFORMATION FROM COLLECTION PROGRAMS IN FINISHED INTELLIGENCE ^ . GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS Rating forms will be completed for each finished intelligence publication prepared by the DD/I and DDS&T. This is a machine-supported system and information must be gathered in a formatted fashion. Therefore, each analyst will complete the NON-SHADED parts of section I and II of this form. Please type or print legibly. Questions should be directed to IRS/I IRG, Room 20 40, x1631 (red) or x4273 (black). SECTION I - PUBLICATION TITLE AND CONTENT 7884 or 7914 25X1A CARD I_XXXXXXXXXXXX X XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X XXX_XXXXXXXXXXXXXXYA XXXX3CXXXXXXXX RECORD FOR OCI ONLY SURVEY NO. "116) TYPE (7-8) 0 I 24 Romania: 53 DATE PUBLISFIED (9-12) MOiiYR PUBLICATION NUMBER TITLE (24-80) CIB PUBLICATION DATE (13-23) L.13-18L MO j DAY YR 1-44711 7j3 IlL A New Market for US High?Performance Civil Aircraft 80 52 CARD 2 XXXXXXXXXXX>b(XXXXXXXWX?XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX_XX RECORD OFFICE (9-10) SURVEY NO. (1-6) 1 1 { ? TOPICAL CATEGORY TYPE (7-8) 01 OCI X 02 OER 03 OSR 04 OBGI L I 05 SRS 06 CRS JOINT OFFICE (specify): Domestic Politics International Relations Economics Military Science & Technology Geography Biography LIST SPECIFIC COUNTRIES: 07 08 FMSAC OSI GEOGRAPHIC AREA CATEGORY X Romania USSR Eastern Europe Communist China Other Far East Near East South Asia Africa Latin America Western Europe TO BE COMPLETED BY IRS REC TYPE TOPIC (7-8) (11-12) IM 3492 SECRET J AREA (13-16) E 28.3 leATTET CL BY 007622 Approved For Release 2000/05/15 : CIA-RDP79T01098A000100070001-8 (1 0-13-43/ Approved For Release 2000/05/15 : CIA-RDP79T01098A000100070001-8 SECRET SECTION U - SOURCE RATINGS For eadi collection program contributing information to the publication, check only the highest rating that is applicable. More than one collection program may be rated as Key, Supplemental, or Incidental for each publicc.nion. If the source did not provide any reporting useful in the publication, check the box labeled Not Applicable. If a single publication treats more than one geographic area and/or topical category and the source mix for cad: varied then additional forms must be completed; e.g. India?economics?State and Japan?economics?CS. Rating categories are defined as follows: Kev--information from a particular collcction program was of such importance that basic conclusions of the finished intelligence item could not have been reached without it. Supplemental?Information from a particular collection program was important but not essential to basic conclusions of the finished intelligence item. Incidental?Information from a particular collection program was useful or interesting primarily as background but was used only incidentally in the finished intelligence item. CARD COL (17)? (19) (21) (23) (25) (27) (29) (31) (33) (35) (37) (39)* (401 (41)* (43)* (45)* COLLECTION PROGRAMS 1. OVERHEAD IMAGERY 2. COMIN f 3. ELINT 4. TELEMETRY 5. RAD1NT 6. DEFECTOR RPTS (CSK'S) 7. CS REPORTS 8. STATE REPORTS 9. DOD REPORTS 10. DCS REPORTS 25X1 B 11. FBIS PRESS, RADIO & TV REPORTS Translation of Foreign Lang. documents 1?. by FBIS, JPRS, etc. 13. Non.USIB Agency Rpts. (USIA, AID, other such reports) 14. Open Literature (professional journals, US wire ser., items, etc.) 15. OTHER For {terns No. 12, 13, 14, and 15 specify source of reporting used. (56-60) I01 CIB 02 GH 63 64 (65-69) TRANSLATIONS: NON-USBAGia4a(S): OPEN LITERATURE: Flight International OTHER: Li 03 GM 04 IM DOCUMENT TYPE (o1-621 1 05 M 06 GR 07 IR ._ CLASSIFICATION: Confidential CLASSIFICATION CONTROLS: List CS Information Reports that were key or supplemental information sources: NOTE: This space also should be used to list specific reports, other than CS, that were of exceptional value. 09 RA 10 Weekly Review-Spec Rpf SECRET Approved For Release 2000/05/15 : CIA-RDP79T01098A000100070001-8