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Approved For Release 2000/05/15: CIA-RDP79T01098A000600060001-4 Secret No Foreign Dissem The Tan-Zam Railroad-A_ pproaching Full Operational Status Secret ER RP 75-27 September 1975 Approved For Release 2000/05/15: CIA-RDP79T01098A000Y0060b1-4 3 Approved For Release 2000/05/15: CIA-RDP79TO1098A000600060001-4 NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION Unauthorized Disclosure Subject to Criminal Sanctions Classified by 015319 Exempt from General Declassification Schedule of E.O. 11652, exemption category: ? 5B(1), (2), and (3) Automatically declassified on: date impossible to determine Approved For Release 2000/05/15: CIA-RDP79TO1098A000600060001-4 SECRET Approved For Release 2000/05145'qr-GI-AFROP79T01098A000600060001-4 THE TAN-ZAM RAILROAD -- APPROACHING FULL OPERATIONAL STATUS SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS 25X1A 1. Track laying for the Tan--Zam Railroad was completed on 7 June 1975, when the line was extended to the Zambian terminus of Kapiri Mposhi. Test bed operations over the entire length of the system have begun, and the railroad should be fully operational early in 1976. 2. The Tan-Zam Railroad provides a link from the Zairian-Zambian copper belt to the African east coast port of Dar es Salaam. At full capacity, the rail line will provide an enormous increment to the existing transport networks in each country. It will meet land-locked Zambia's objective to move its foreign trade by rail to both the Atlantic and Indian Oceans without traversing Rhodesia. Monumental construction and finan- cial problems in the construction of the railroad having been overcome with Chinese assistance, access to low cost reliable transport may yet be delayed because of Tanzanian failure to expand the Indian Ocean terminus at Dar es Salaam. 3. Peking financed the project with a $402 million interest-free credit after the industrial countries refused to underwrite the project, pronouncing it uneconomic and wasteful. Chinese technicians designed and built the railroad. The largest Chinese construction project in the Third World, the Tan-Zam Railroad has been a symbol of Peking's interest in African development. 4. During construction, the Tan-Zam Railroad contributed an estimated $175 million to Tanzania's GDP and $115 million to Zambia's. Note: Comments and queries regarding this publication re ared by are welcomed. They may be directed to of the Office of Economic Research, Code 143, Extension 5291. 25X1A September 1975 Approved For Release 2000/05/15 :S 1RTRDP79T01098AOOO600060001-4 SECRET Approved For Release 2000/05/15: CIA-RDP79TO1098A000600060001-4 The anticipated traffic will provide the funds to operate the railroad and to generate the income needed to service the debt when payments begin in 1983. 5. Zambia has a choice of several alternative rail, highway, and combined rail-highway routes for copper exports and bulk imports, which might become competitive to the Tan-Zam Railroad -- but only if security can berestored in Angola and apolitical settlement is reached in Rhodesia. Zambia's decision to use these alternative routes will hinge on rail charges, port charges, and the quality of service at the major ports. Meanwhile, Zambia will not be able to divert much traffic from the closed Angolan route to the Tan-Zam Railroad, because the current port congestion in Dar es Salaam is likely to persist at least through mid-1976. DISCUSSION Background) 6. The decision by Tanzania and Zambia to construct the Tan-Zam Railroad was based on economic imperatives that were intensified by Zambia's deteriorating political relations with Rhodesia. Tanzania viewed the system as a means to speed development of its mineral and agricultural resources along the route of the new line and to stimulate trade with Zambia. For Zambia, the railroad offered a secure route for the transport of copper, its major export and hard currency earner. Historically, landlocked Zambia relied heavily on neighboring Rhodesia for access to seaports in South Africa and Mozambique. In the wake of Rhodesia's Unilateral Declaration of Independence (UDI) from the British in 1965, Zambia attempted to reduce its trade through Rhodesia but with little success. In 1972, approximately 50% of that trade still transited Rhodesia. The constant threat of route closure materialized in 1973, when 1. For additional details, see ER IM 70-162, The Tan-Zam Railroad, Progress and Prospects, November 1970, Secret No Foreign Dissem. 2 Approved For Release 2000/05H ETCIA-RDP79T01098A000600060001-4 SECRET Approved For Release 2000/05/15: CIA-RDP79TO1098A000600060001-4 Rhodesia closed the border for one month. Since then, Zambia has redirected its trade, with only a fraction transiting Rhodesia. Major shifts were to the Benguela Railroad and the Tan-Zam Highway (see Table 1). The potential importance of the Tan-Zam Railroad was further underlined in August, when service on the Benguela Railroad was suspended because of damage to the line from fighting in Angola. Total 1,200 1,100 1,050 Rail via Rhodesia 590 Negi. Negi. Benguela Railroad through Angola to Lobito 215 570 525 Tan-Zam Highway 305 360 370 Others 90 170 155 1. Exports and imports. 2. Prior to border closure. 7. Tanzania and Zambia sought Western financing for the railroad in 1964 with no success. They were equally unsuccessful and unable to interest the USSR in the project. So Tanzania and Zambia turned to China, which agreed in principle on 5 September 1967 to construct and finance the railroad. The credit agreement was signed on 12 July 1970, after surveys and plans had been completed by Chinese technicians. Under the accord, China extended a $402 million interest-free credit for construc- tion of the railroad and for the purchase of locomotives and rolling stock. A long-term loan covered the cost of equipment and commodities to be sold on the Tanzanian and Zambian markets to finance the local construction costs.2 2. For example, workers' wages, acquisition of land for the rail line, housing, and the procurement of materials on the domestic market. 3 Approved For Release 2000/05/15: Uri$-kDP79T01098A000600060001-4 SECRET Approved For Release 2000/05/15: CIA-RDP79TO1098A000600060001-4 8. Tanzania and Zambia are assessed equally for the loan. Credit repayments begin in 1983 in 30 annual installments. The currency conversion rate in repaying the loan will be the average of the buying and selling rates of the national currencies determined by the Bank of China. The Railroad 9. The Tan-Zam Railroad consists of a single-track (3 feet, 6 inches gauge) rail route extending some 1,150 miles from the port of Dar es Salaam in Tanzania to Kapiri Mposhi in Zambia. The gauge is compatible with Zambia's system but not with East Africa's smaller gauge. Neverthe- less, it will join the rail systems of the two countries and provide a second transcontinental rail route (see Figure 1). Traffic is facilitated by several multi-track local sidings.3 The road's initial annual capacity will be 1 million tons each way (the equivalent of about 2 or 3 full trains each way per day), gradually increasing to 3.5 million tons in each direction by 1978. 10. The Chinese have designed and built a quality rail system, aimed at low cost maintenance and minimal delay to service. A high degree of engineering skill is evident in the large number of bridges, culverts, and tunnels, and the track-laying operation was exemplary. Washouts caused by steep slopes have been minimized by plantings and intensive mainten- ance. The Chinese are the only nation in the world engaged in a large- scale external railway construction program in the past two decades. 11. The railroad will be formally handed over to the governments of Tanzania and Zambia after a six-month trial period to follow the inauguration of through service late this year. Operation of the railroad will be administered by the Tan-Zam Railway Authority (TAZARA), a corporation that reports to an Inter-Governmental Ministerial Committee whose members are appointed by the presidents of the two governments. 3. For specifications and installations, see Table 2. 4 Approved For Release 2000/05 ET CIA-RDP79TO1098A000600060001-4 Approved For a ease t1 : -Ct - Approved For Release 2000/05/15: CIA-RDP79TO1098A000600060001-4 SECRET Approved For Release 2000/05/15: CIA-RDP79TO1098A000600060001-4 Tan-Zam Railroad: Specifications and Installations Specifications Length 1,150 miles: 600 miles in Tanzania; 550 miles in Zambia (approximately) Gauge Capacity Equipment Single track with sidings. 45 kilograms per meter rail. Monobloc prestressed concrete. Initial: one million metric tons each way per year. Eventual: three and one-half million tons each way per year. 102 diesel-hydraulic, 2,000-horsepower loco- motives; 2,100 freight cars (including open cars); 100 passenger coaches. Installations Freight classification Yombo (on outskirts of Dar es Salaam) 10-track yard. Repair workshops Railroad tie factory Ancillary works 147 planned. 91 to be completed by the time the railroad becomes operational. Multi-track sidings are located at most stations. Dar es Salaam - completed Mpika - completed Mbeya - completed Kasama - to be constructed Nakonde - to be constructed Kapiri Mposhi - to be constructed Mang'ula. Manufactures prefabricated concrete ties and concrete telegraph poles. Probably will be converted to a prefabricated concrete plant. 11 electric powerplants 17 water stations 12-channel communication network 7 SECRET Approved For Release 2000/05/15: CIA-RDP79TO1098A000600060001-4 SECRET Approved For Release 2000/05/15: CIA-RDP79TO1098A000600060001-4 Tan-Zam Railroad: Specifications and Installations (Continued) Training facilities Railroad management and maintenance Signaling andcommuni- cations Engineering trades Dar es Salaam (also Peking and Mpika) Railway Technical School, Mang'ula Location unknown. Training machinists and diesel, passenger car, and freight car fitters. Tanzania and Zambia are equally represented on the Authority's Board of Directors. Operating expenses are to be shared equally by the two countries. 12. The Authority, established in 1968 to coordinated planning and construction work on the railroad, appears to have functioned efficiently during the construction period, probably because China maintained firm control over disbursements. An estimated 300 Chinese personnel are expected to remain to provide technical and training services to the Authority at least until 1978. India also has offered technical assistance in conjunction with a contract to provide rolling stock. We estimate that a permanent work force of 5,000 will be required to operate and maintain the line, divided about equally between Tanzania and Zambia. Construction in Tanzania and Zambia 13. Construction began late in 1970. Work went on simultaneously in each country. Track-laying began in Tanzania, and proceeded from Dar es Salaam, its eastern terminus, toward Kapiri Mposhi. Track mileage in each country is approximately the same. The Tanzanian segment took 3 years to build, compared with 2 years for the Zambian portion, because of the more difficult terrain and surface water problems in Tanzania. Swamps, 8 SECRET Approved For Release 2000/05/15: CIA-RDP79TO1098A0'006000600.01-4 II SECRET Approved For Release 2000/05/15: CIA-RDP79TO1098A000600060001-4 Bridges on the Mlimba-Makumbako section to the Tan-Zam Railroad. mountains cut by deep valleys, eroded and unstable soils, and rock escarpments on a single stretch of 90 miles from Mlimba to Makumbako required numerous tunnels and bridges, accounting for more than 30% of the structures on the 1,150-mile right of way. By December 1972, track extended 408 miles to Makumbako. In August 1973, ceremonies were held 9 SECRET Approved For Release 2000/05/15: CIA-RDP79TO1098A000600060001-4 SECRET Approved For Release 2000/05/15: CIA-RDP79TO1098A000600060001-4 at Tunduma on the Zambian border marking completion of track-laying on the Tanzanian portion of the rail line. 14. Chinese construction crews were then shifted to Zambia, where only a portion of the 120-mile Kasama- Mpika stretch had been laid. Operations in August 1973 concentrated on laying track west of the Tanzanian-Zambian border. By April 1974 a train service was inaugurated at Mwenzo, 11 miles inside the Zambian border, marking the beginning of freight service on the Tan- Zam Railroad between Dar es Salaam and Zambia. President Kaunda an- nounced that track-laying to the Zam- bian terminus of Kapiri Mposhi had been completed on 7 June 1975. The Traffic Picture Makumbako section of the Tan-Zarn Railroad 15. At the time full passenger and freight service is established, the line should accommodate approximately 50% of Zambia's total transport requirements, including three-fourths of its copper exports and two-thirds of Tanzania's transport requirements. At full capacity (7 million tons), the Tan-Zam Railroad should be able to meet all Zambian and Tanzanian transport requirements, including 1 million tons of Zambian and Zairian copper exported annually. 16. Two trains per month have been operating between Dar es Salaam and Mwenzo, Zambia, since April of last year. These trains usually carry only 1,200 tons of freight from Dar es Salaam to Mwenzo and return nearly empty. Nonscheduled trains supplement regular freight service, 10 SECRET Approved For Release 2000/05/15: CIA-RDP79T01098AOj00600060001-4 SECRET Approved For Release 2000/05/15: CIA-RDP79TO1098A000600060001-4 however. They boosted total traffic in the first six weeks of operations to 7,000 tons. Passenger service and Zambian copper shipments will rapidly swell this total now that the entire system is completed. 17. Several factors will control the speed with which the line will expand freight service: ? Congestion at the port of Dar es Salaam. Three new berths being built with funds loaned by the World Bank and Canada will probably be completed in 1975. The effect of this expansion may be largely negated by continued poor management of the port.4 ? Increased East African port charges. Port charges for Zambian freight were increased markedly and unexpectedly in May 1974. Although Zambia subsequently negotiated substantial adjust- ments of these rates, the estimated annual rise in Zambia's overall cost is more than $3 million, 15% of its shipping outlays. ? Uncertainty over rail traffic rates. They will be set only when the line is fully operational. Zambian shippers may choose other more economic routes if rates on the Tan-Zam Railroad are exorbitant, but there will be a strong pull to accept them because of the heavy government involvement in the economy. 18. Zambia has several routes for its trade which might become competitive if major changes occur in the political and security situation in Rhodesia and Angola. 4. A measure of port congestion at Dar es Salaam is highlighted by data showing that in February 1974 some 7,000 tons of Zambian cargo were awaiting shipment; in April, 24,000 tons; and by August, some 29,000 tons. By December, port congestion was- reduced considerably, largely because of a decrease in traffic handled through the port. Increased traffic since then has caused conditions to deteriorate again. 11 SECRET Approved For Release 2000/05/15: CIA-RDP79TO1098A000600060001-4 CRET Approved For Release 2000/055/15 : CIA-RDP79TO1098A000600060001-4 ? The railroad from the Zambian copper mines through Rhodesia to the Mozambique port of Beira -- if the elusive and difficult political settlement in Rhodesia can be achieved. ? The Benguela Railroad route through Angola to the port of Lobito -- if stabilization in Angola can be restored (something that may be a good distance in the future). ? The Tan-Zam Highway (the Great North Road) to the port of Dar es Salaam. ? The Great East Road from Zambia to Malawi, through to Mozambique, and then by rail to Beira (see Figure 1). There are also important rail and road routes to the port of Nacala, Mozambique, or the port of Mombasa, Kenya. 19. The extension to the Benguela rail line in Angola, the Cubal variant, now completed, cuts travel time and doubles line capacity to approximately 6 million tons. The closure of the Benguela Railroad in August 1975 because of internal political disturbances has eliminated this route for the present. This development has severely aggravated Zambia's already serious transport difficulties since the Benguela railroad has been carrying one-half of Zambia's international traffic. Zambia currently ships a small amount of freight via Malawi and Mozambique, and, with the independence of Mozambique on 25 June, shipments over this route have become politically attractive to Zambia. Moreover, both Zaire and Malawi are planning new rail lines that will facilitate direct shipments from Zambia to the Atlantic coast port of Matadi or to the Indian Ocean port of Beira. 20. Upgrading and reconstruction of the 1,200-mile Tan-Zam High- way from Dar es Salaam to Kapiri Mposhi with IBRD and US assistance bear special mention. The project was accomplished in several stages 12 SECRET Approved For Release 2000/05/15: CIA-RDP79T01098Ag00600060001-4 Approved For Release 2000/05/15: CIASETP79T01098A000600060001-4 between 1966 and 1974. The completion of a petroleum pipeline in 1968, roughly paralleling the road network, also has relieved transport pressures between the two countries. The highway reduced Zambia's dependence on Rhodesia while the Tan-Zam Railroad was under construction. Now it provides additional benefit as a feeder system to the railroad. The Tan-Zam Railroad and Economic Development 21. The construction of the Tan-Zam Railroad contributed an estimated $23 million to Zambia's GDP annually and $35 million to Tanzania's. Aside from the multiplier effect of this added employment, there was little indirect benefit to the two countries. 22. We believe that for 1976 the Tan-Zam Railroad will generate an operating surplus --net income in excess of direct outlays for operations and management -- if operating costs can be controlled effectively. Given a rate structure comparable to existing routes and recent levels of shipment of commodities susceptible to rail carriage, a surplus of $15 million should be produced in 1976. Overall, we estimate an annual operating surplus of approximately $27 million by 19835 when Zambia and Tanzania each must start to repay $6.7 million per year for 30 years. The new railroad will thus be a sound financial investment for both countries and will pose no debt repayment problems. 23. The railroad is expected to spin-off other economic and social benefits. For Tanzania, it will provide access to untapped mineral resources and assist agricultural development in the western region (see Figure 2). In the Ketewaka-Mchuchuma area of the Southern Highlands, 5. The gross operating surplus postulates that freight revenues for the new line will be the same as freight charges payable for carrying the same tonnage on the Zaire Railroad. The estimated operating cost is based on operating costs for similar rail lines in Africa reduced about 10% because of consultant's estimates of low unit operating costs for maintenance of plant and equipment for the first 10 years of the line's operation. 13 SECRET Approved For Release 2000/05/15: CIA-RDP79TO1098A000600060001-4 SECRET Approved For Release 2000/05/15: CIA-RDP79TO1098A000600060001-ore 2 Kampala* . Kivu 1er" *Kigali fuanda xs~ Bujumbura Cuku a ~ti. Ka 4 igoma Lake Tanganay,ka: Kidatu? ' s s?,2a Fe ; hunya 8 t1 r h y_j g IV)hmba Kilombero take Banuweulu nnk_ Kap~iri il, omic resources ong,th Tan'-Zam railroad Mwanza ~_ ^.Tukuyu unduma mib i a Lusaka Chipata. B1-Teti'' Z 3"'u1 mbashi copperbelt t f3ots*ana Lake Kariba Csf~ outherniRhodesia 30 Bulawayo 14 SECRET `:F?n ~v?';a aIawK i -Vila Cabral C"Itlair -dome Liga"V6I 1 ?Ketewaka-Mchuchuma ^ coalfield Lilongwe Zanzibar Or as Salaam Necala -fir ~'Lumbo I _ Agricultural area ^ Coal Fe Iron Cu Copper Mn Manganese Au Gold Nu Salt Scale 1:10,230,000 0 100 Boundary representation is not necessarily authoritative Approved For Release 2000/05/15: CIA-RDP79TO1098A000600060001-4 SECRET Approved For Release 2000/05/15: CIA-RDP79TO1098A000600060001-4 exploitable coal reserves are now estimated at 300 million tons and iron ore reserves at 70-80 million tons. The proximity of the railroad has stimulated development of these reserves. China recently extended a $75 million loan to enable Tanzania to exploit iron ore deposits at Chunya and coal deposits at Tukuyu. A feeder line from the deposit sites to the Tan- Zam Railroad, also financed under this Chinese credit, will allow these deposits to be marketed economically. 24. The railroad also will foster agricultural development in both the Kilombero Valley, a fertile region on the southeast fringe of the Southern Highlands, and other portions of the Southern Highlands. Cooperative self- supporting farming settlements, ujamaa villages, have been established in the area contiguous to the railroad to serve new markets. Several million Tanzanians have been resettled into ujamaa villages. The wheat, corn, and vegetables grown as well as cattle and sheep raised around these villages will provide both lower cost food for the domestic market and the prospect of increased agricultural exports. 25. The Tan-Zam Railroad will provide a major export transport option for Zambian shippers. The railroad also should boost indigenous economic development generally, especially in agriculture. Zambia now must import much of its food. The Tan-Zam Railroad will increase access to northern Zambia, where there is some opportunity to expand cattle raising, dairy farming, and production of coffee, tea, corn, and rice. This area has been earmarked for intensive agricultural development in the current national development plan (1972-76). Zambia intends to establish along the rail route Intensive Development Zones (IDZs) which will be transformed from traditional subsistence farming to small-scale, market- oriented commercial farming regions. Areas around Mpika and Kasama, for example, have been designated as IDZs; the area around Mkushi -- already with some commercial farming -- is another likely prospect. China recently extended a $50 million credit to Zambia for rural development projects. Finally, Zambia may now start to exploit man- ganese and copper ore deposits near Mkushi which have not been developed because essential transportation facilities were lacking (see Figure 2). 15 SECRET Approved For Release 2000/05/15: CIA-RDP79TO1098A000600060001-4 Approved For Release 2000/05/15: CIA-RDP79TO1098A000600060001-4 Secret Secret Approved For Release 2000/05/15: CIA-RDP79TO1098A000600060001-4 25X1A Analyst- 25 Appr~ovor Release 2000/05/15 I D/TA - now at t:_:KIA, D/TA took project over. CONTROL RECORD FOR SUPPLEMENTAL DISTRIBUTION DISSEM: 9 Oct 75 NO ELITE CLASSIFICATION OF REPOR-f DISTRIBUTION TO RC SERIES NUMBER C ER RP 75-27 SECRET/NFD 7 5 NUMBER OF COPIES N DATE OF DOCUMENT September 1975 200 UMBER IN RC DATE COPY N0.(S) RECIPIENT - - SENT RETURNED 1 --- DDI 3Oct75 2-6 g 10 Reserve DD/OER -- via o/D/O-ER25X1A SA/ER & D/SA/ER - 3 Oct 75 11 Ch/D/D 2 DCh/D/D 1 13 D/TA 25X1A 14 D/NIO -- - - - - - 15 NIO/EC S /P 16 17, 18 20 t 21 RLO/ER 8 Oct 75 - 22-44 External - see attached 9 Oct 75 45 D/OPR 95XlA- -- -- - 46 46 11 47 Ch/ DC D - - 49 48 OTR/II II - - -- - - , 50 -- ST-AT /CRS 51 D 52 53 CRS/ISG/SAID - D/OGCR --- - - - II -- - - - 54 D / O C:[ -- - 11 -- - - D/OSR 55 56, 57 --- --.----- II 25X1A 58 5 OCI -- 1 ~K=~ff D OO/EUR/Intel 25X1A 9 60 61 Ch/D/I ----- DCh/ D/I - -- 1 25X1A 62 Ch/D/D ----- 1 - - - - - Ch / D/ C I 1 1 ff64 D/U - - - 1 65 DAC -------------- . 66 St/CS ---- -- I -- - 67-7 73 D/TA - ---- Finished Intelligence Project, 154, PSD - - I - ldg. 2~A II 74, 75 II in St/P/ C d Fil 76-94 _- . e (OVER) ,- FORM 2353 Z-65 Approved For Release 2000/05/15: CIA-RDP79TO1098A000600060001-4 T 1098A000600 O0O-1-4-___- COPY NO. (S) RECIPIENT - SENT RETURNED -- - 95 9 -170 - Agency Archives -_ Agency Records Center / IT 9 Oct 75 171 -200 Destroyed 25X1A Wit` s p~c1 Sri .~ e c 7 r i /1/. .. r 25X1A mc. 25X1 1 4 F? ~~_ j r ``~ 7 Approved For Release 2000/05/15: CIA-RDP79TO1098A000600060001-4 _..._.__._~ oachinp Full Operational Status," S/NFD ER RP 75-27, "The Tan-Zam Railr!aad--~',Pl" 11 Approved For Release 2000/05/15: C DP7 d0dd1-4 P Mr . C. Thomas Thorne Director of Research,'Africa Bureau of Intelligence and Rese, Room 7534 Department of State )r Marianne L. Cook Chief, RAF/CS Room 7534 Department of State Mr. James Sartorius REC/CER Room 8646 Department. of State Mr. Herbert Horowitz, Chief, REA/OD/INR Room 8840 Department of State. Carol L. Hamrin REA/MA Room 8840 Department of-State Christopher J. Szymansk-_ REA/MA Room 8840 Department of State Department of State INR/CC, Rm. 6510, NS for Embassies in Brussels London, Hong Kong, Ottawa, Kins as a, Nairobi, Zomba, Lourenco Marques, Dar es Salaam, and Lusaka ISA/IANA ERDA 2 cYs~~+~ - Mr. .Dick Kat Treasury 2 cys - 43 uI J.M. Dunn, C1EP 1 copy STATINTL 2 copies 2 copies 10 copies STATINTL STATINTL Approved For Release 2000/05/15: CIA-RDP79T01098A000600060001-4 STATINTL SECRET Approved For Release 2000/05/15: CIA-RDP79TO1098A000600060001-4 25X1 A Project No. _SI.S , Y- Title: -~~ ' Ir-t+t vu, Responsible Analyst and Branch: SOVIET BLOC; Bulgaria, Sofia Czechoslovakia, Prague Germany, :Berlin Hungary, Budapest Poland, Warsaw Romania, Bucharest USSR, Moscow Austria, Vienna .-Belgium, Brussels (1 copy of all reports for &a./j/'1 Moc'r ; Milton Kovarew, US Mission to NATO) {1 copy for US Mission to the European Communities) Denmark, Copenhagen ,,E iigland, London Finland, Helsinki France, Paris Germany, Bonn Munich Iceland, Reykjavik Ireland, Dublin Italy, Rome Luxembourg, Luxembourg Malta, Vel.letta - Netherlands, The Hague Norway, O slo Portugal, Lisbon Spain, Madrid Sweden, Stockholm Switzerland, Bern Geneva Yugoslavia, Belgrade SECRET Australia, Canberra Melbourne Philippines, Manila New Zealand, Wellington .FAR EAST Burma, Rangoon Formosa, Taipei d-j ng Kong Indonesia; Djakarta Japan, Tokyo Korea, Seoul Laos, Vientiane Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur Singapore Thailand, Bangkok (2 cys - I cy for US Rep to SEATO Vietnam, Saigon (2 cys if report receives Vietnam distribution) ,,..C NADA, OTTAWA 25X1A (see reverse side) Approved For Release 2000/05/15: CIA-RDP79TO1098A000600060001-4 SECRET AFoved For Release 2000/05/15: CIA-RDP79T01098A000600060001-4 NEAR EAST AND SOUTH ASIA Algeria, Algiers Botswana, Gaberones Burundi, Bujumbura Cameroun, Yaounde Central African Republic, Bangui Chad, Fort Lamy ;t- Co rage , Kinshasa Dahomey, Cotonou Ethopia, Addis Ababa Gabon, Libreville Gambia, Bathurst Ghana, Accra Guinea, Conakry Ivory Coast, Abidjan ,,,,.Kenya, Nairobi Lesotho, Maseru Liberia, Monrovia Libya, Tripoli Malagasy Republic, Tananarive Mali, Bamako alawi, Zomba Mauritania, Novakchott Mauritius, Port Louis Morocco, Rabat s.Mbzambique, Lourenco Marques Niger, Niamey Nigeria, Lagos Rhodesia, Salisbury Rwanda, Kigali Senegal, Dakar Sierra Leone, Free Town Somalia, Mogadiscio South Africa, Pretoria Sudan, Khartoum Swaziland, Mbabane Tai zania, Dar es Salaam Togo, Lome Tunisia, Tunis Uganda, Kampala Upper Volta, Ouagadougou ,R?Zathbia, Lusaka Afghanistan, Kabul Ceylon, Colombo Cyprus, Nicosia Egypt, Cairo Greece, Athens India, New Delhi Iran, Tehran Iraq, Baghdad Israel, Tel Aviv Jordan, Amman Kuwait, Kuwait Lebanon, Beirut Nepal, Katmandu Pakistan, Rawalpindi Saudi Arabia, Jidda South Yemen, Aden Syria, Damascus Turkey, Ankara Argentina, Buenos Aires Bahamas, Nassau Barbados, Bridgetown Bolivia, La Paz Brazil, Rio de Janeiro Chile, Santiago Colombia, Bogota Costa Rica, San Jose Dominican Republic, Santo Domingo Ecuador, Quito El Salvador, San Salvador Guatemala, Guatemala Guyana, Georgetown Haiti, Port au Prince Honduras, Tegucigalpa Jamaica, Kingston Mexico, Mexico City Nicaragua, Managua Panama, Panama Paraguay, Asuncion Peru, Lima Trinidad, Port of Spain Uruguay, Montevideo Venezuela, Caracas SECRET Approved For Release 2000/05/15: CIA-RDP79T0109 SECRET Approved For Releass 20nnffM- 11 111 CURITVISANITI7ATION APPRO AL SE RECORD OF REVIEW OF OER PUBLICATIONS FOR \.Y . . r- ..I . J., - INITIALS SECRET O B S O L E T E PRE V I0US GROUP FORM 2358 ExcI ded from -10-tic 4 - 70 EDITIONS I.lowngroding and declassification Approved For Release 2000/05/15: CIA-RDP79TO1098A000600060001-4 060b060IIO r3 ~ C7U R SU PUBLICATIONS USE OF INFORMATION FROM COLLECTION PROGRAMS IN FINISHED INTELLIGENCE GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS Rating forms will be completed for each finished intelligence publication prepared by the DD/I and DDS&T. This is a machine-supported system and information must be gathered in a formatted fashion. Therefore, each analyst will complete the NON-SHADED parts of section I and II of this form. Please type or print legibly. Questions should be directed to CGAS/HSG, Room 2G 40, x1829 (red) or x5577 (black). SECTION I - PUBLICATION TITLE AND CONTENT NAME AND TELEPHO 25X1 A CARD I KXX(X XXXXXX (XXX XXXXXXXXXXX SURVEY NO. RECORD DATE PUBLISHED PUBLICATION NUMBER FOR OCI ONLY TYPE CIB PUBLICATION DATE 1_ 7-8) 9-12)(13-23) (13-18) 1 - 11 DAY - - (24-E0) 24 T-7 1 - i 52 S3 80 CARD2XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX RECORD OFFICE (9--10) SURVEY NO. TYPE 01 OCI 03 OSR 06 CRS 08 OWI (1.6) (7-$) 02 OER 04 OGCR 07 OSI 09 OPR 40 DIA 60 State I NSA 0 2 JOINT OFFICE (specify): (- - ) TOPICAL CATEGORY GEOGRAPHIC AREA CATEGORY Domestic Politics USSR International Relations Eastern .Europe Economics China Military Other Far East Science & Technology Near East/N. Africa Geography South Asia Biography Africa Latin America Western Europe LIST SPECIFIC COUNTRIES: _r?# z L n b,' Cx_- TO BE COMPLETED BY CGAS _ REC TYPE TOPIC AREA 17-8) 1- 1.2) 0 (13-16) . Approved Forelease 200 0 /05/15 CIA-RDP79T01 98A000600060001-4 . _- F% M MOP A SECRET Approved For Release TM5fl 15 ?0tAMDFk7 1098A000600060001-4 For each collection program contributing information to the publication, check only the highest rating that is applicable. More than one collection program may be rated as Key, Supplemental, or Incidental for each publication. If the source did not provide any reporting useful in the publication, check the box labeled Not Applicable. If a single publication treats more than one geographic area and'or topical category and the source mix for each varied then additional forms must be completed; e.g. India--economics --State and Japan-economics-- 25X1 A Rating categories are defined as follows: Key--Information from a particular collection program was of s idi importance that basic conclusions of the finished intelligence item could not have been reached without it. Supplemental--Information from a particular collection program intelligence item. 1. OVERHEAD IMAGERY 2. COMINT 3. ELINT 4. TELEMETRY 5 RADINT 6. DEFECTOR RPTS (e.g., FIRK's) 7. DDO Rpts (FIR'S) 8. STATE (FSO) REPORTS 9 DOD Human Source Reportinq (a) Defense Attache 25X1A (b) Other 10. DDOIDCD Rpts (00's) 11. FBIS PRESS, RADIO & TV REPORTS 12, Iianslation or Foreign Lang. documents by FBISjJPRS, etc. Non-LiSIB Agency Rpts. (USIA, AID, other such reports) Open Literature (professional journals, US Hire ser., items, etc.) KIQ Related Publication: Yes Na Li KEY INTELLIGENCE QUIESTION(S)-Kid TRANSLATIONS: 00CUMENT TYPE (61 -62) 02 GH :06 GR j 03 GM 107 I R 04 IM 108 R !05 M { 109 RA 10 WR;SR 14 BR 11 IH 15 TM 16 RS