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December 20, 2016
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May 31, 2005
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March 5, 1951
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Approved For lease 200 5/Ob709SZTiq-& P79T01146.001 00040001-7 49097 OFFICE OF CURRENT INTELLIGENCE DAILY DIGEST OF SIGNIFICANT TRAFFIC Date: MAR a 195i NOTE: 1. This summary of significant reports has been prepared for the internal use of the Office of Current Intelligence. It does not necessarily represent a complete coverage of all current traffic in CIA or in the Office of Current Intelligence. 2. Comment represents the preliminary views of the responsible analysts and not necessarily the final view of the Office of Current Intelligence. 3. Marginal letter indications are defined as follows: NAVY review(s) completed. State Department review completed items indicating Soviet-Communist intentions or capabilities important regional developments not necessarily related to Soviet Communist intentions or capabilities other information indicating trends and potential developments 3 Approved For Release 2005/06/09 : CIA-RDP79T01146A000100040001-7 TOP SECRET Approved For RoVease 2005/06/09 : CIA-RDP79T01146Qp0100040001-7 TOP SECRET SECTION 1 (SOVIET) "B" USSR. Possibility of Js~.Taanese Questions Being Infected into the CFM. On 3 March 19519 Jacob Malik, Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister and UN delegate issued a statement declaring that he is "not conducting any talks with Mr. Dulles on a Japanese peace treaty and that the statement of Mr, Dulles (28 Feb) regarding his message to me on this matter as well as m willing- ness to resume negotiations - is absolutely groundless." 25X1 On 4 Mar 51 IZVTSTIA denounced US plans for a separate treaty and declared that the "Soviet Govern.m nt, together with the Chinese Peoples? Republic, insists upon the quickest conclusion of a universal peace treaty with Japan." Declaring that the "peaceful solution of the Japanese question" is"vital to the preservation of world peace,".IZVBSTIA quoted the following World Peace Council declarations The World Peace Council condemns any attempts at concluding a separate peace with Japan It believes the peace treaty should be the subject of negotiations of the Chinese Peoples' the Soviet Union, the United States and Great Britain, and must th e the last CPM in May 1949, although Far Eastern questions were not on agenda, the USSR proposed that a date be set for a Big Five meeting, in- eluding China, to discuss a peace treaty for Japan. "B" EASTERN EUROPE. RUMANIA. Axapsals to Patriotism Two new features have recently appeared in Rumanian propaganda both of which seem intended to rally the Rumanian people around the present Government. The first in- novation is an historical approach to the hate campaign in an effort to show that US-British exploitation of Rumania in the past was characterized by dishonesty and violence-, the second, which may be a departure of some significance, is frequent reference to Rumanian patriotism and national interests, which had previously been played down Furthermore, the Legation has been informed that early in February Rumanian school teachers were directed to place greater stress on patriotism. 25X1 COMMENT-. The appeal to national traditions marks a new point in the Communist regimeUS efforts to rally the population. In this effort, the Communists have already utilized mass movements such as the Peace Committees and have set up "national" churches for all faiths ex- cept the Roman Catholic. The Rumanian line is similar to the Polish Communists' recent enunciation of the theme of the national front, which apparently seeks to exploit Polish national traditions for Communist ends, the clearest example being the Government's call to Poles to be alert to the prospect of new German aggression. "C" Pressure on Frances The !?rench Charg4 has informed the US Legation that theRumanian Government has threatened to apply further travel re- strictions to the French Mission unless the French Government relaxed its travel restrictions on the Rumanians in Paris. The Charg; anticipates that new restrictions would include v resort area 15 to 25 miles from Bucharest and now unrestricted. 25X1 TOP SECRET 1 Approved For Release 2005/06/09 : CIA=RDP79T01146A000100040001-7 Approved For'i &ease 2005/06/09 : CIA-RDP79TO1146UP0100040001-7 YUGOSLAVIA. ugoslav S.peechas Intended to Bolster Morales In public speeches on L. March in Belgrade, two more Yugoslav leaders publicly ex- pressed their views regarding a possible attack on Yugoslavia. Chief of Staff Gen. Koca Popovic emphasized Yugoslaviags potentialities to wage a successful defensive war explaining that no amount of modern arms can substitute for the moral and political strength of a people fighting for its independence and declaring that the USSR, because it has become an aggressor state, is no longer invincible. Moss. Pijade, recently re- turned from a visit to London to Paris, emphasized the concern which Western nations viewed Yu.;oslaviags security and explained that it was not necessary for Yugoslavia to join any pact or bloc today since the people of the world will fight aggression, whether or not they are com- mitted by a written or oral agreement. Pijade warned Yugoslaviaes Cominform neighbors that their countries might suffer the same devasta- tion as Korea, if they attack Yugoslaviae COMMENT: Both speeches appear to reflect concern over the morale o the Yugoslav people in the face of possible Soviet-sponsored attacks The speeches are designed to bolster the morale of the poeple and to assure them that Yugoslavia is not isolated but will be supported by the West in the event of an attack. "B" Yugoslav Foreknowledge in Event of Cominform Attack. A Yugoslav official has told Embassy Belgrade that he would be able to advise it on a 24 hour basis of any important border disturbances and probably a week in advance of any major Cominform attack on Yugoslavia. The Embasev comments that it has no real reason to disbelieve this assertion. 25X1 2 Approved For Release 2005/06/09 : CIA-RDP79T01146A000100040001-7 Approved Forifease 2005/06/09: CIA-RDP79TO11464QA0100040001-7 SECTION 2 (EASTERN) "B" TURKEY. Reaction of UN SC Members to US-UK Resolution on Kashmir. The Turkish delegate to the UN has been given authority, at his discretion, to support the US-UK resolution on Kashmir nor before the.UN Security Council. Turkey feels that care should be taken not to push Nehru too fnrbut it is generally sympathetic to the US-UK vier. 25X1 COMMENT: Turkey is one of the first SC members to indicate its stand regarding the resolutiop. Previously? political observers in Jakarta had stated that Indonesia would abstain if the matter came to a vote. 25X1 "C" KOREA. ROK refugee problem. J. Donald Kingsley, UN Agent General for Korean Reconstruction, predicted on 3 March in Geneva that there will be a famine in South Korea next year unless about 3,000,000 refugees, 25X1 Approved For Release 2005/06/09 :3CIA-RDP79T01146A000100040001-7 Approved For%flease 2005/06/09 : CIA-RDP79T01146,Q 00100040001-7 TOP SECRET jammed into the lower portion of the peninsula, can be put back on their 25X1 farms in the near future. COMMENT: Kingsley's estimate of the number of Korean refugees is a Fallr" In addition to the problem of feeding these refugees, however, there are the more immediate problems of screening them for Communist infiltrators, diverting them from military areas and highways, and the prevention of disease. In the latter category, typhus has already been reported among the refugees and the cholera season will open in about three months. 110" JAPAN. Poll on rearmament. A public opinion poll conducted by the '1Mainichi" (an important national middle-of-the-road daily) shows 63% of the people approved rearmament for self-defense, while 89.2% of this group favored the continued stationing of US troops in Japan. Amon those o osing rearmament, 69% wanted US forces to remain. 25X1 25X1 COMMENT: While Japanese public opinion favoring rearmamen had crystallized several months ago, this is the first poll overwhelmingly favoring the presence of US troops in the post-treaty period. This is probably a reflection of the Japanese tendency to accept decisions made by their leaders - in this case, during the course of the Dulles visit. 14 Approved For Release 2005/06/09 : CIA-RDP79T01146A000100040001-7 Approved Forplease 2005/06/09: CIA-RDP79T011400100040001-7 TOP SECRET SECTION 3 (WESTERN) "A" FRANCE. French Communist Appeal to Neutralists by Emphasis on German Neu ralization, An eventual Sov:i_e proposal. for German neutralization was heavily stressed by Pierre Cot, representing the Communist-front Progressive Union, in his speech at a neutralist mass meeting in Paris on 1 March4 This point in Cot's speech received favorable comment from some orthodox neutralists, The Progressive Union has not had much success in winning their support for the Soviet peace policy, and Cot's group during the next few months will increase its efforts to exploit neutralism. At the same time, the French Communist Party (PCF) is Approved For Release 2005/06/0 : CIA-RDP79T01146A000100040001-7 Approved ForQplease 2005/06/09 : CIA-RDP79T0114WO0100040001-7 TOP S aC'RTT struggling ainst the spread of neutralism as well as national doviationism ';within its own ranks. C MUM, NT This is the first report of a mass meeting sponsore ~y of 'o x" and Comm unist-front neutralists, and is the first clear indication that the PCF is failing in its efforts to convert the original neutralists. By shifting the emphasis to German neutralization, the PCF probably hopes both to convert the neutralists to support of the Soviet peace offensive and avert defections from the party. FRANCE. Proposed General Solution of Political Crisis. Socialist Guy T:tollet announce( on -t March that He- e is found a so cation for the Cabinet crisis whereby electoral reform would be loft up to Parliament chile a short-teem Government would concentrate on other critical matters. The Mollet Plan envisages elections before summer after action has been taken on inflation, the budget, arms production, and modification of the Constitution in order to eliminate the Communists from any pre?-election care-baker Government. The next Government will probably include only the middle-of-the-road parties, since some Popular Republicans and Radicals can be expected to support the Socialists in opposition to the Gaullists' suggestion for a "national union government" including; them (but excluding the Communists). Representatives of all parties are calling for "elections as soon as possible", and there is. increasing support for a popular referendum on the electoral reform question. COLSIENT: even resigned because he was unable -to fulfill his commitment 9 obtain electoral reform. Mollet's proposal will therefore receive serious consideration both as a means of leaving the next Government free to support France's major role in Western European affairs and allowing the shaky middle-of-the-road coalition to survive until elections. 25X1 TOP SECRET 25X1 25X1 6 Approved For Release 2005/06/09 : CIA-RDP79T01146A000100040001-7 25X1 Approved Foi"s,Wlease 2005/06/09 : CIA-RDP79T01,14W00100040001-7 "Bu UNITED KINGDOM. British 14ilitary Plannin ; Alternative for Suez Base. n :rr riti h hie f6 of Sta f pan for the u ur'a e ense o the Suez Canal Zone is reported by the t; i Embassy Cairo to include the follow- ins feature:,, (1)- / phasod evacuation of the Suez Canal Zone, begin- n~nrr i-m.r, dl.ahely,to be completed by 1956) "'civilian" technicians rc:y lacing; the rii.i litary spec:i.alis l,s. (2) The leasing by the. UK of the S ez base v ith administrative control in British hands but with. Egyptian "participations" and. S' .th the 1gyptians responsible for policing the base. (3) The nosssib-)1e creation of a ""temporary" base in Israel which z?rould coot .0 million and take 8 years to construct. The British 1,,:"~o ssy in r, has s`Aar;-)7y criticized certain details in this plan axid has also c C1iroesc d. 'v" 1E: view th?i; i11 tale British ; to sell the %,yptianc on any such "joint defense'l? arrangement for the- area, the UK must first clc rionstrate faith in Egypt! military caoa-- b:IAUIe by 1 ?;.:cumin