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December 16, 2016
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November 12, 2004
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August 15, 1951
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Approved For %pbase 2004 2 LPP79TO1146A d00300400001-5 z E 15 August 1951 CIA No. 49306, Copy No. DAILY DIGEST Office of Current Intelligence CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY This summary of significant reports has bn preared of Current IntellPg n e. primarily lt does for the internal use of the Off ice all not represent a complete coverage Comments represent the or in the Office of Current Intelligence. immediate views of the Office of Current Intelligence.. OSD, DOS and DPMO review(s) completed. TOP SECRET, Approved For Release 2004/12/22 : CIA-RDP79T01146A000300400001-5 Approved For R4+se.2004/12/22 : CIA-RDP79T01146A600400001-5 TOP SECRET 25X1 formed regarding high-level policy,, withthe result that often they are er The Soviet-decision .to .attend.the.Japanese peaoe,conference is qW&s an indication of concern over Western plans to proceed without the USSR if necessary. It is also a sign of Soviet inability to hinder the con elusion of the treaty and to prevent widespread adherence to, it. The conference will offer the USSR the opportunity to exploit objections to the joint US-UK sponsored draft held mainly by Far Easter nations over questions such as reparations, rearmament and Chinese representation, Past Soviet criticisms of the US draft treaty'hav emphasized the absence of guarantees against a resurgence of Japanese aggression;, including future Japanese adherence to regional secl=ity arrangements,, and the treaty's -implicit sanction of the retention of U troops and bases in Japan? The USSR has also charged that Japan is:being prevented from establishing normal economic relations with neighboring states and developing its peacetime economy, TTP C nent on Soviet narti ipation In the at~a ese aeac treaty cones draft were being requested of the Soviet Goverhmentp, which probably fore.- shadows Soviet circulation of draft.proposals for conference consider-- Moreover, the USSR has objected to US prooedureomaintaining that the treaty should be prepared by the Big Four and that a?multilateral conference should then be held to .consider "available. treaty draftss On 20 Julys, Gromyko asked Ambassador Kirk whether comments on the US ation, scion In Japan uninformed regarding USSR attendance eat, conference z According to Tokyo Central News:, a spokesman for the Soviet Mission in Japan declined comment on USSR attendance at San Fran- cisco conference saying that he had not received any official n0tice fa?om Moscow and had heard the news only over. the Japaneseadio0., e it is not unusual for Soviet. officials abroad to be unim 3b caught unaware by moves such as this, New USSR Railroad Journal nubl shedz 'The first nxer of a new industrial-technical journal Rai wa Construct?on-has recently appeared in Moscow. Published by the Ministry of Transport,, its main task is said to be to spread knowledge of advanced methods of railway construo- tion,, to recount the experiences of individual Stakhanovite~btxildersp and to consider questions concerning mechanization and the formulation Approved For Release 2004/12/22 CIA-RDP79T01146A000300400001-5 25X1 Approved For ReI*W6 2004/12/22: CIA-RDP79T01146AO 0400001-5 TOP SECRET of new projects. The first issue contains articles on the "successes" of railway construction in the USSR, and reportedly devotes considerable space to the problems of railway transport connected, with the construes tion of the " antic' h7dro-eleatric power stations and irrigation canals. Co nto The appearance of this journal is of interest because of the considerable stress that has recently been placed in the Soviet press on the need for railroad improvements, It is possible that the USSR transportation system is presently- overburdened by shipments of?arious materials from factories to the building sites of the grandiose post-war construction projects, EASTERN EUROPE, CZECHOSLOVAKIA. Further harassmIent of? US missio t' The Czechoslovak. Governmexxt . has . recently ref used to clea?' some .unaccompanied US diplomatic pouches unless they were opened. Ambassador Briggs reports from Prague. The US Embassy has refused to allow any of its pouches to be opened,. Briggs states that similar Czechoslovak action has been taken against the diplomatic pouches of other Western countries,, A meeting of Foreign Affairs Ministry personnel. responsible for customs matters was scheduled for 13 August to establish future procedures for handling diplomatic pouches,. Ambassador Briggs will recto miend reciprocal treatment as soon as Czechoslovak intentions become clear, 25X1 Cole to The inviolability of. diplomatic pouches has-only the force of an internationally respected custom and courtesy. Brazil recently opened two Czechoslovak pouches to-intercept smuggled goods so that this: move on Prague ? s part may be a fora, of retaliation or a warning to other Western powers not to follow suit, The Italian Goverment recently closed its Consulate General in Bratislava over a dispute involving a Czechoslovak demand to open the Consulate's diplomatic pouches, 5. HUNGARY. Goverment demands end to Y oslav border rovocat ?ons The Hungarian Government on.13 August delivered a note to the Yugoslav Legation in Budapest demanding that QBorganized and systematic frontier provocations cease without delay," The note warned the Yugoslav Government that responsi- bility for the. consequences of border violations by Yugoslavia rested exclusively on the Yugoslav Government, Attempts to infiltrate spies into Hungary., the kidnaping of Hungarian citizens, and attacks on Hungarian ter- ritory were alleged to have become more and more frequent? The note stated that the aim of these frontier violations'was to disturb the peace in Hun- garian territory with violent and aggressive acts. It accused the Government of hostile intentions toward Hungary. 25X1 TOP SECR 2 Approved For Release 2004/12/22 : CIA-RDP79T01146A000300400001-5 Approved For Rem 2004/12/22 : CIA-RDP79T01146AOO 0400001-5 TOP SECRET C s This is the 35th published note which the Hungarian Govern- ment has sent to Yugoslavia regarding frontier-violations since the Tito- Cominform break, It is the first, however, which has demanded a cessation of the provocations; .A Rumanian note on 29 June-protested frontier vio- lations by Yugoslavia and also demanded that Yugoslavia'"take the necessary steps to prevent the occurrence of further provocations." The Hungarian note followed by a few days Yugoslav notes to,H=gar and Rumania protesting Cominforri..instigated border incidents TOP SECRET Approved For Release 2004/12/22: CIA-RDP79T01146A00030Q4000O1-5 25X1 Approved For Remise 2004/12/22: CIA-RDP79T01146A000400001-5 TOP SECRET SECTION 2 (EASTERN) 1a INDIA. Comment on Nehrufl s possible resignation as Prime Minister of India: The first oblique public reference to. the possibility that Nehru might resign his post as Prime Minister has appeared in the Indian press.. Significantly., the suggestion is attributed to Congress Party President Tandona with whom Nehru is currently at swords' points. On 12 August, the newspaper Times of India reported Tandon's view that Nehru should ease the current party crisis by taking over'both the Congress presidency and the Prime Ministership or, as an alternative, that he should assume the party presidency and resign as Prime, Minister in favor of someone commanding his "loyalty and respectort TOP SECRET 25X1 Approved For Release 2004/12/22' CIA-RDP79T01146A0063004000 'f-5~ug 51 Approved For Rel a 2004/12/22 : CIA-RDP79T01146AO 0400001-5 25X1 25X1 25X1 INDONESIA. Government believes recent lawlessness was Commzznist-inspired; A cabinet member told US Ambassador Cochran that the Indonesian Attorney General has evidence that the scattered incidents during the weekend of 5 August--including the attack on Tandjong Priok--were Communist-inspired and coordinated. He said the government had already made many arrests and would make more if circumstances warranted. The official also stated that an effort would be made to clean the Communists out of the Ministry of Labor. nL nwna._Le~ police ana security forces arx political suspects in Medan (North Sumatra). c na lonals and most of the local Indonesian Communist Party leaders. The majority will be released after 17 August (Indonesian iande endence the prisoners are chiefly Chinese but include several k' day). a date for which the Co ?sts have planned widespread demonstrations, 25X1 Coo rent; Indonesian officials have in the past defended the government for taking no action against the Communists with the argument that the government had to await an overt act by the Communists of sufficient importance to justify a repressive policy, Medan is the only city known to have undergone a wide "security sweep", It is.not clear whether this was specifically ordered by the central government or whether it was undertaken on the initiative of Col. Simbolone the efficient military commander in North Sumatra who 25X1 is generally credited with maintaining the most secure area in Indonesia,? TOP SECRET Approved For Release 2004/12/2: CIA-RDP79T01146A0003004000 -9 51 Approved For Rise 2004/12/22: CIA-RDP79T01146AW300400001-5 TOP SECRET 25X1 25X1 25X1 25X1A 6. CHINA. Hong Kohn restricts trade with Maaaoo Hong Kong is ncr requesting written assurances from Macao that strategic items imported from Hong Kong will not be transshipped. The US Consul General,, however,, points out that no credence can be given any assurances from Macao officials. Petroleum,, tires,, metals and other strategic goods continue to be shipped openly from the Portuguese colony to China,, and the Coaimuni.sts- have .declared,that 100 trucks will be used to move goods over the new highway between Macao and Canton. 8. Comment- Hong Kong measures to restrict legitimate trade with Macao will not curtail the smuggling traffic. It is this traffic,, rather than the legal trade, which has become the principal channel for petroleum and other strategic goods moving from Hong Kong through Macao to the Coma nist mainland.. In the absence of more vigorous anti-smuggling enforcement in Hong Kong, Macao will continue an important transshipment point for strategic goods moving to Communist China. American POWs re orted be hanahain American POWs were held in ?a Shan hai camp in mid-July. 178 ~777 1 25X1 25X1 6 Approved For Release 2004/12/22 : CIA-RDP79T01146A000300400001-5 Aug 51 Approved For Re 2004/12/22: CIA-RDP79T01146A00400001-5 TOP SECRET Coa x Several-thousand VS P( o s are believed to-be in Chinese Co is -. ndsd POW camps have been reported at Canton, Hankow and now Shanghai in China., and in Mukden and Liaoyand in Manchuria. None of these rep is hie been confirm" 25X1 25X1 KO M. North Koreans to use civilians in POW returns t North rean au ra ies are gathering refugees and ordinary citizens together in rear area amps. These people reportedly O ill be dazignated prisoners of war and used in any exchange of prisoners gnmwi-nop out of the o 25X.1 A cease-fire talks, Comnentt The great disparity between the large number of prisoners of a V . -y the UN forces and the small number held by the Communist forces may have induced the North Koreans to resort to such a subterfuge; however, this activity is uncon?firmed, 12, ROK .1tary court seeks former Defense Minister as a witness; A ROK mi,1it t,, currently . investigating ~ 0x acne ' 25X1 TOP SECRET Approved For Release 2004/12/227 CIA7.RDP79T01146A000300400001 Aug 5l 3QEk40.0001-5 vol d in the, nNational d Scandal (m3 pp o afi on ids d s .g x3ated for d ?afte training and subs steUee) h .s . requested the WmistrY Of' eat:: star' of Defense Foreign Affairs- to'recall as a witness .and present Ambassador to Japan e 0oa rb $ ?he expose of the Mati?nal Cad Scan-dal