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App%Qyed For Release 2001./09/06 : CIA-RDP79T01146A000900290001-2 SECRET SECURITY; INFORMATION 9 May 1952 OCI No. 5177 Copy No. US OFFICIALS ONLY CURRENT INTELLIGENCE DIGEST OSD, DOS, NAVY Declassification/Release Instructions on File Office of Current Intelligence CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY This digest of significant reports has been prepared primarily for the internal use of the Central Intelligence Agency. It does orts not represent a complete coverage the ~mmediatelviews of the Office ceived. Comments represent of Current Intelligence. SECRET SECURITY INFORMATION Approved For Release 2001/09/06: CIA-RDP79T01146A0009 P'I' b Appro*W For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP7O1146A000900290001-2 THIS MATERIAL CONTAINS INFORMATION AFFECTING THE NATIONAL DEFENSE OF THE UNITED STATES WITHIN THE MEANING OF THE ESPIONAGE LAWS, TITLE 18, USC., SECS. 793 AND 794, THE TRANSMISSION OR REVELATION OF WHICH IN ANY MANNER TO AN UNAUTHORIZED PERSON IS PROHIBITED BY LAW. 1. Russians increase pressure to prevent West.German integra ono a Eas ern Affairs vision of e g+ Com- m?sane_r s office in Berlin notes that several conspicuous articles in the Soviet Zone press are devoted to accusing the Western powers of turning interzonal boundaries into "international" boundaries, and draws the conclusion that the Russians are considering tightening the zonal borders them- selves. The High Commissioner's office believes that the press emphasis on boundaries, on an East German army, and on not allowing the "great achievements" under Communist regime to be lost, as well as the Pravda phrase that "the German Demo- cratic Republic is enter ng t e camp of peace and democracy," are designed to pose a threat to the Germans that their chance for a united Germany is slipping away, and also as a preview of a program for making a complete Satellite of the 'East Zone i,n the event Western military integration is unchecked. '(C Berlin 1318, 7 May 52) Comment: The press campaign, as well as the recent asser- tions MAT-an East German army would be created and Grotewohl's allegation that another situation similar to that of Korea was being created, fits into the recent pattern of Soviet pressure to prevent signing of the contractual agreements. It may be a further indication of the seriousness with which the USSR regards the signing of the agreements. 2. Austrian. aluminum allegedly diverted to Orbit via Trieste and Be gauma A i ennese firm, asa an Company, a ege y purchases 50 to 200 tons of aluminum per month from the SECRET 1 9 May 52 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP79T01146A000900290001-2 Ap,proO%WFor Release 2001/09/06: CIA-RDP79Z1146A000900290001-2 aluminum works at Braunau, Austria, for ultimate export to the Orbit. The metal is reportedly shipped via Trieste and Switzerland to Antwerp, and then, on the basis of fraudulent end-use certificates, by unknown routes to Czechoslovakia. Comment: It is uncertain that Austrian-produced aluminum in the quantities here reported is regularly diverted to Orbit countries, although such diversions have long been suspected. The Trieste company of Massimiliano lannitti, as well as his Austrian contact, the managing director of the Krasa Company, Gerhard Seelig, was investigated last fall, without conclusive results, for alleged transshipments of aluminum through Belgium and Switzerland to Satellite purchasers. 3. Czechoslovakia presses the Netherlands and Belgium to grant lig a-t r Ig s o Czechoslovakia in the past two weeks has withdrawn lane permission for the Friday flights of KLM out of Prague, thus forcing the Netherlands Minister to request permission for each flight in advance. The same procedure is understood to have been applied to Sabena, the Belgian airlines. Czechoslovakia last week reiterated its demands for the right to fly commercial service between Prague and Amsterdam, in- cluding eventually fifth freedom rights for transport between Berlin and Amsterdam. The Netherlands Foreign Office feels that it must reply to the Czech note by the end of May and does not see what further delaying tactics can be used. (C The Hague 1177, 7 May 52) Comment: Czechoslovakia has been pressing the Netherlands and Bed m `for several months to grant it landing rights in order to establish its air route to Western Europe, which was cut off on 10 September by a three-power action that denied Czechoslovakia the right to overfly Western Germany. Belgium and the Netherlands have indicated that they will eventually accede to the Czech request. France, which is the proposed terminal of the Czech air route, recently said that it will continue to postpone a final answer to the Czechs, but that it does not wish to be the only Western European country to refuse. 4. Communists plan International Social Security Conference: An in e~ rcepted-- et ri om t e or Federation of Trade Unions headquarters in Vienna, reveals attempts to interest SECRET 2, 9 May 52 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP79T01146A000900290001-2 Appr d For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA- RDPR0rT01146A000900290001-2 41 authorities in the field of social insurance in the forthcoming Communist-sponsored International Conference on Social Security and Social Insurance? The US Embassy in Vienna believes that, besides being a propaganda sounding board for attacks against the West, the conference may also be used to establish a new, Soviet-oriented international organization in competition with the International Social Security Association sponsored by the International Labor Office. (C Vienna 1579, 31 Mar 52) Comment: The Social Security Conference, planned at the Berlin WPTU General Council meeting in November, is expected to take place in June in Berlin or Vienna. The WFTU has sent out questionnaires asking for information on the harmful ef- fects of the restricted commercial relations between capitalis- tic and non-capitalistic countries, the strain of inflation upon social security benefits, inadequacies of social security systems in capitalistic countries, and unemployment figures. This information is expected to be presented to the conference in a Handbook of Social Security which will contrast the systems in the West and underdeveloped "colonial" areas un- favorably with what has allegedly been accomplished in the Communist bloc countries. 5. Gromyko-Kora conference on Japanese POW's reported: A correspondent an oscow reported a rs< ora, a apanese Diet member who attended the Moscow Economic Conference, con- fided to him that she had had a four-hour conference with Gromyko regarding the question of Japanese prisoners of war. Gromyko took the usual Soviet position that there were none in the Soviet Union, and that Mrs. Kora's visit to hospitals and graves would establish that fact. Mrs. Kora?s secretary, a former Japanese POW from the Soviet Union, is allegedly a Communist sympathizer. The United States Embassy feels that Soviet propaganda will exploit Mrs, Kora?s inspection of the graves to undermine the United States position regarding the Soviet refusal to return Japanese prisoners of war. (C FOR AMERICAN EYES ONLY Moscow 17?0, 7 May 52) Comment: The reported Gromyko-Kora conference may have occurred E lieu of the interview which Mrs. Kora reportedly had requested with Stalin. SECRET 3 9 May 52 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP79T01146A000900290001-2 ApprWed For Release 2001,/09/06 : CIA-RDP T01146A000900290001-2 SECRET Impasse reached in ROK-US economic talks: During the 6 May mee etwe-el~ autTior zi es and t re US Economic Mission, discussion was confined to the question of a realis- tic won-dollar conversion rate. The Mission stated that, in determining the tentative sum likely to be received by the ROK for UN military expenditures since 1 January 1952, a conver- sion rate of 12,000 won to one US dollar was used. The three South Korean cabinet ministers present argued against changing the present rate of 6,000 to one, and were quite adamant in their stand. The meeting adjourned without any immediate possibility of agreement. Finance Minister Paek on 7 May stated that he would resign if there were a. change in the present 6,000 to one rate. (C Pusan 1079, 7 May; Pusan 1083, 8 May 52) Comment: In order to combat the acute inflation in South Korea-Tt eeUS Economic Mission has maintained that first a realistic conversion rate must be established. The open market rate is currently 12,000 to 13,000 won per US dollar. ROK officials fear that any official change in the exchange rate, however, will cause retail prices to rise, as has happened in the past. 11, North Korean Government seeks solution to Panmunjom talks: The Sov~e "" i.n yongyang on-2-5-April called a meeting of the top North Korean and Chinese Communist leaders to convene on 5 Mav 25X1 C Although the North Koreans thought that the conference wou d, deal with new instructions from the USSR on the cease-fire talks, some officials believed that no significant action would take place at Panmunjom prior to 20 May. The North Koreans planned to press the USSR at this meeting for a "decision" on the truce talks, or, failing this, to urge that an international conference be called to "settle the Korean War." The North Koreans also planned a proposal to launch another attack prior to elections in the ROK,although it was known that neither the Soviets nor the Chinese favored such a course. It was believed that such a proposal would bring about a clarification of the Sino-Soviet position. 6 9 May 52 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP79T01146A000900290001-2 Apprkmed For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP7t01146A000900290001-2 Another proposal contemplated was for a "political con- ference" to be held at Kaesong in August 1952.. If this propo- sal were raised and agreed upon, the North Korean propaganda organ planned to institute a campaign callin for a "democratic conference for the unification of Korea." Comment: While no confirmation of this planned meeting or of t is-e North Korean intentions can be obtained, this report could very well represent North Korean governmental thinking. Itmust be pointed out, however, that the North Koreans probably are not in a position to urge such policies on the USSR, being in the least influential position in the Communist triumvirate.In any case they could be expected to abide by any decision made by the two senior partners--China and the USSR. 12, Purge of public security apparatus underway, The text of andaress i~icemFier by o ui-c ing -,Minister of Public Security, indicates that a purge of the Chinese Commu- nist public security apparatus has been underway for months. Lo told A meeting of party cadres in Peiping that "corrup- tion andbireaucracy" were widespread in the security apparatus, especially in the cities, where the apparatus had absorbed many former Nationalist secret police. Lo concluded that "degenerated" and corrupt elements must be purged from security bureaus throughout China. The Chinese Communist press in January 1952 revealed that the Director and Deputy Director of the Administrative Office of the Ministry of Public Security, together with four-fifths of the office staff, were found to be corrupt. Comment: The campaign against corruption, waste and bureaucracy, launched in late 1951 and now drawing to i close, affected all organs of the Peiping regime. It was learned in February 1952 that the administrative chief of the Public Security Ministry had been arrested and shot. The text of Lo's address, however, indicates more serious corruption in the public security apparatus than other Communist sources had revealed. As the Chinese Communist leadership depends directly upon its public security force 7 9 May 52 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP79T01146A000900290001-2 for the maintenance and consolidation of its control, the current purge of this apparatus is probably correspondingly severe. 13. Soviet journal praises Liu Po-cheng and Chen Yi: The Moscow n xs an ua e journal, carr es~in its February 1952 number an article by the3 Counsellor of the Soviet Embassy in Peiping which warmly praises the military ability and ideological orthodoxy of Generals Liu Po-cheng and Chen Yi. (U New Times, Moscow, Feb 52) Comment: Liu and Chen, commanders respectively of the 2nd ancU- Fff Field Armies, are the two Chinese Communist gen- erals most frequently reported to have fallen from favor in the past two years. This article suggests that both were in good standing with Moscow and. Peiping in early 1952 14. Western shipping in China trade increases: In January 1952, r~- r miaii st z-eg- ter merchant ships, aggregating .204,000 gross tons, traded with Communist China. By compari- son, the figures for the preceding month were 43 merchant ships totaling 188,000 tons. (C ONI Report 24-C-52, 1 Apr 52) 15, Comment: Vessels carrying British and Panamanian registr y mane up the bulk of Western-flag merchant shipping in the China trade. The Panamanian-flag ships are exclusively coasters operating in violation of a Panamanian decree against calling at Chinese Communist ports. Communists reportedly plan to attack Nationalist off- shore islands iii aa.y 25X1Ci eporte a the Communists intend to invade the off-shore islands of Tachen, Matsu, and Chinmen at the end of May. The plan, submitted by, Chen Yi, Commander of the Third Field Army, was approved in April by Mao Tse-tung. It seeks to insure the security of the southeast China coast and to learn the reaction of the American Seventh Fleet. This undertaking reportedly was suggested. after the Soviet Union Appr d For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDPF9fi01146A000900290001-2 Comment: Another report has 25X1C referrec_tti a, March meeting at -which Chen Yi is said to have discussed plans to capture the off-shore islands by early June. The Chinese Communists are estimated to have about 240,000 8 9 Ma 52 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP79T01146A0009002900v1-2 ApprQ*ed For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDPi T01146A000900290001-2 SEC R'ET troops in the adjacent coastal. area, as opposed to approxi- mately 75,000 Nationalist troops on the islands. 16. Cambodian Army allegedly passing arms to rebel forces: According to t Fe c ie o t e Frenc urete in Indochina, troops of the Cambodian Army on two occasions delivered "cases," which he presumed to be ammunition, to the non-Communist rebel leader Son Ngoc Thanh. French military sources also report an instance of the "disappearance," and possible delivery to Thanh, of ammunition consigned to a Cambodian platoon. Mean- while, a "clouded" military situation has prevented American officials from making a scheduled visit to Siemreap, a town in central. Cambodia. (C Saigon 2179, 7 May 52) Comment: With no improvement evident in the Vietnamese situation, French authorities are having progressively serious problems in Cambodia. There are strong indications that the Cambodian Government is abetting Thanh's activities as a means.of pressuring the French. for political concessions. The chief of the French information service recently characterized Thanh as "not. yet" a Communist but saw his path leading "inevitably" in that direction. He added that while the Communists were undertaking little military action in Cambodia, they were busily effecting a political penetration. 17. Communist peace feelers continue in Burma: Burmese Commu- nist propaganda Nas--r-e-newid its ca upon the Burmese Government to enter into "frank discussions" looking towards the establish- ment of peace and security. (C Rangoon 1078, 8 May 52) . Comment: Communist peace feelers in Burma have been re- porte wxt increasing frequency since the Vienna peace confer- ence last November. These approaches have thus far been brushed aside by Burmese officials. It is not yet clear whether they result from Communist weakness or are merely tactical maneuvers. SOUTH ASIA 18. Proposed merger of Communist and leftist labor federations in In ia: T -s -crotary o tTie -comniunis ominate All-India Trade Union Congress (AITUC):on 25 February 1952 sent the SECRET 9 9 May 52. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP79T01146A000900290001-2 ApprWd For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP,7~'T01146A000900290001-2 S CRET Communist World Federation of Trade Unions (WFTU), Vienna, copies of correspondence relative to a proposed merger of the AITUC and the leftist United Trade Union Congress (UTUC) of India. (C Vienna Desp 1650, 8 Apr 52) Comment- The AITUC, which reportedly has about 706,000 members, s the only Indian labor organization directly affiliated with WFTUL The UTUC is a leftist group of unions, with about 300,000 members, which left the AITUC in 1949 because of the latter's policy of violence. When the Communist Party of India adopted a new line emphasizing united front action early in 1950, the AITUC was quick to put it into practice on the labor front. The AITUC appealed to the UTUC to join it in united action,particularly against the labor bills then pending in Parliament, and met with some success. The two groups also cooperated in January 1951 in a Calcuttz dockworkers' strike. AITUC and UTUC dele- gates are now in China where they participated in May Day activities. There have been recurrent rumors of a merger of AITUC and UTUC. Together they might becomE a formidable opponent to the non-Communist Indian National Traue Union Congress (INTUC) with a membership of 1,434,258. NEAR EAST - AFRICA Greek Acting Prime Minister says situation intolerable- Acting rime sn ;ter veil ze_.os o t e merican m assa .or that both the King and he though that the existence of "two Prime Ministers" had created an intolerable situation which could not continue. He had hoped that Prime Minister Plastiras would go abroad for his health, but Plastiras' apparent opti- mism over his recovery might well prevent this "happy solution." Venizelos added that if Plastiras remains in Greece, the gov- ernment would have to resign. (S Athens 4722, 3 May 52) Comment- Since he became Acting Prime Minister in early March,-_T6T?wing Prime Minister Plastiras' second heart attack, minority leader Venizel.os has increased his efforts to gain control of the government, It is unlikely that he would agree, however, to new elections under the majority system advocated by both Plastiras and opposition leader Papagos unless he were convinced that he has no alternative, 0 9 May 52 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP79T01146A000900290001-2 Appr`yded For Release 2001/09/06: CIA-RDPWV01146A000900290001-2 20. British oil companies pressing hard for Libyan oil t 1. Amer can concessionso T e yan prime nxs rr told Minister fiat British oil companies, Shell and Anglo-Iranian, are pressing him hard for oil concessions, The Prime Minister said he intends to proceed slowly in this matter because he wishes to make the best possible arrangements for Libya and avoid a dispute over oil such as has developed in Iran. (C Tripoli 632, 6 May 52) Comment: So far there is no indication of any oil deposlts in Libya which would make commercial operations profitable, according to the oil company representatives. It is rumored in Tripoli, however, that the British may have located oil deposits in eastern. Libya. In any event, they are anxious tosecure the passage of Libyan legislation which would enable them to engage in oil exploration. The Libyan Prime Minister previously expressed surprise at the apparent lac;1 of interest on the part of American com- panies; he indicates, trzat, if concessions are to be granted, he preferred to deal with them. it 9 May 52 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP79T01146A000900290001-2 AppicQyed For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDPO9T01146A000900290001-2 21. Split occurs in new West German state's coalition govern- ment. iculties are increasing for t e coalit on govern- mend in the newly formed West German state of Da.den-Wuerttem- bergo Eight of the Free Democratic Party's delegates in the local legislature are considering bolting in protest against their party's merger with the Social Democrats rather than with Adenauer's Christian Democrats in forming the state's government. (S Frankfurt Sitrep 16, 7 May 52) Comment: The composition of this state government could tireatten Adenauer's majority in the Federal Senate and cause a. partial or total defeat of the Chancellor's programs, This is the first indication of defection within the state's coalition government. A continuation of this trend might lead to the formation of a state government friendly to Adenauer and to the sending of a more favorable delega- tion to the Federal Senate. 22. Austrian oil production estimated at 20 percent above 1951: espnte us roman press,"c a i--s a crude o pro- fion in Lower Austrian oil fields under Soviet control will exceed 1951 production by 50 percent, Mutual Security Agency estimates based on daily output in March place crude oil production at 2.88 million tons in 1952, or about 20 percent above last year's total. In 1951, when production exceeded refining capacity, the Soviet oil administration exported or consumed 44 percent of Austria's refined petro- leum products as well as some 800,000 tons of crude oil. (U Vienna 3528, 7 May 52; R Vienna TOMUS A-77 and A-80, 1S and 17 Mar 52) Comment: While expanding production may lend sub- stanc-strian fears of an early exhaustion of re- sources, Austrian domestic requirements are now fully met by Soviet allocations. Furthermore, the conversion of important plants to fuel oil has permitted savings in fuel imports and reduced Austria's dependence on Polish coal. It is, of course, by no means clear that increased dependence upon Soviet generosity will be preferable to dependence upon Polish exports. SECRET 12 9 May 52 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP79T01146A000900290001-2 AppgQyed For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP' T01146A000900290001-2 SECRET 23 r Britain discussing.-arrangements for cooperation with ~r orces ? '~ [o?'er t~'~ the groro~nd oor'mm1`ai~r planning after the European Defense Community treaty is signed, the British Air Ministry hopes to have a senior observer present when practical EDC planning actually begins. The British observer at the Paris conference has stated that his government is eager to have its forces on the Continent cooperate as closely as possible with EDC force. British Defense Minister Alexander will visit Paris next week to discuss proposed arrangements for this cooperation which have been approved, at the EDC confer- ence. (S Paris 6873, 7 May 52) Comment.- This proposal gives specific form to Brits n s heretofore somewhat vague assertions of desire for cooperation with the EDC without accepting the obligations. of full membership. Emphasis on air plan- ning reflects Britain's efforts to push its first line of defense as far east as possible in view of its air defense system's growing vulnerability to jet warfare. LATIN AMERICA 24. Bolivian miners take over municipal government at Corocoroo he manager o e Amer can Smelting and e xannaag T- spanny copper mine at Corocoro reported on 7 May that union members had taken over the municipal government, and that "Indian rebels" threatened to seize the mine. He asked the US Embassy at La Paz to obtain protection, and said that it was impossible to evacuate management personnel and families. Through Foreign Office channels, the Embassy was assured that steps were being taken to assure the safety of foreign personnel. (C La Paz 448, 7 May 52) Comment.- Labor-management relations at Corocoro have Been -strained for a long time. On 22 April the Corocoro miners called a general strike, which was ended the next day by government order. SECRET 13 9 May 52 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP79T01146A000900290001-2 Appr,v d For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDF'f01146A000900290001-2 Chilean reaction to termination of Co er agreement rna ma e new tale f'i t ; ~?~ m easy ant a.go states t. at polit C ` n hile continue praising president Gonzalez Videla ? s ending of the copper agree- ment, and that the reaction since 2 May is creating "a difficult atmosphere for any talks with the US," In the Chilean Congress two A.adical and Liberal senators have renewed the charge 'that US copper compa- nies competed with Chile in the European market, and have criticized the United States "for informing the government that certain sales were going behind the iron curtain." There is some tendency to tie the rati- fication of the Mutual Security agreement to a satis- factory copper deal with the US e The Minister of Finance reportedly may try to make an improved exchange rate for the US companies a bargaining lever for a higher copper price from the United States, Ex dictator and presidential aspirant Ibanez del Campo's policy council has called upon Congress to push a strategic materials conference among "American nations." (C Santiago 583, 7 May 52) 14 9 May 52 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP79T01146A000900290001-2 Appro df For Release 2001/09/06: CIA-RDP79T01146A000900290001-2 TOP SECRET SECURITY INFORMATION US OFFICIALS ONLY TOP SECRET SUPPLEMENT 9 May 1952 CIA No. 49645 Copy No. 46 TO THE CURRENT INTELLIGENCE DIGEST (including S/S Cables) Not'for dissemination outside O/CI and O/NE. Office of Current Intelligence CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY This digest of significant reports has been prepared primarily for the internal use of the Office of Current Intelligence. It does not represent a complete coverage of all current reports in CIA or in the Office of Current Intelligence. Comments represent the immediate views of the Office of Current Intelligence. TOP SECRET SECURITY INFORMATION Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP79T01146A000900290001-2 Appro\?e For Release 2001/09/06: CIA-RDP79T01146A000900290001-2 TOP SECRET THIS MATERIAL CONTAINS INFORMATION AFFECTING THE NATIONAL DEFENSE OF THE UNITED STATES WITHIN THE MEANING OF THE ESPIONAGE LAWS. TITLE l8 USC, SECS. 793 AND 794, THE TRANSMISSION OR REVELATION OF WHICH IN ANY MANNER TO AN UNAUTHORIZED PERSON IS PROHIBITED BY LAW. NEAR EAST o AFRICA 1. British press release adversely affects Iranian-United States relations-. a ritss asst' In e ran re ease o Th-e-Tr-a-n-Tan press on 5 May purported extracts from a Depart- ment of State press conference in Washington on military aid to Iran. The transcript, as released by the British without prior notification to the American Embassy, quoted the Wash- ington spokesman as saying that the non-payment of Iran?s troops was a problem which does not concern the United States. Ambassador Henderson reports that the Iranians inter- pret the release as evidence that the United States is "indifferent if not rather smug" about their difficulties. He believes that the release has undermined Iranian goodwill towards the United States, and points out that the Iranian press has interpreted the release as evidence of American- British collusion against Iran. (S S/S Tehran 4363, 7 May 52) Comment-. The British release inaccurately attributed to a a epartment spokesman a remark made by a corres- pondent during a 29 April press conferences The British, however, apparently consider that the military aid agreement has strengthened Mossadeq and have already expressed strong resentment over its conclusion. 2. Turks displeased with handling of Tunisian issue-. Turkish UN delegate arper o e mer~can a rga a that Turkey?s decision to abstain on the Tunisian item was partly caused by its reluctance to antagonize France so soon after being accepted in NATO. He added that he was so concerned over his country?s difficult position vis-a-vis NATO and the Arab-Asian group that he had almost persuaded Ankara to vote against inclusion of the item on the agenda. Turkey's stand- ing with the Arabs, Sarper hinted, was being increasingly impaired., (S S/S New York 786, 6 May 52) TOP SECRET 1 9 May 52 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP79T01146A000900290001-2 Appro d For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP79T01146A000900290001-2 . Comment: Turkey's abstention was influenced by its desire to main ain solidarity with the Western powers, particularly the United States. Turkey, apparently, would have preferred to have the question dealt with outside the Security Council through direct negotiations.: Many leading Turks share Sarper's conviction that Turkey would be more useful to the West if it did not openly align itself with Western policies in the area. TOP SECRET 2 9 May 52 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP79T01146A000900290001-2 TOO SECRET UNCLASSIFIED when blA tT R+~1@~9 b Fllt9g~~ SqS- I` $`~~l~~UyU~ c L r declassi- fied when filled in form is detached from controlled document. 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