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Approved For Release 2006ID'S (3 : CIA-RDP80-00809AO00500820092-6 CONFIDENTIAL CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY INFORMATION REPORT sUbJECT Conditions in Brasov Orasul Stalin) 25X1 ',. efi .w r~?r.t??-:,,,Iwt,(l,i, Ow'rt.ylh?,~ ,`~w.~r ?rw ~~ .iw.l.r,yw?11 THIS is UNEVALUATED INFORMATION DATE CISTR, L~Y May 1954 NO. OF PAGES 3 SUPP. TO REPORT NO. 1. Current political heads in Bragov are Col(,fnu/ ualusek, comInner of L'uv 1va:4M1 -- tatea and Major Ln}7 Condurache, commandant of the local militia. Oalusek lives at Dealul Spires Street 266. Neither one of the men is a Rumanian, and Condurache has adopted an old Rumanian name to hide his real nationality. 2. Troops in the city include two4nfantry regiments, in barracks near the Partizanul Rosu factory, on the Boulevard Lenin, on Strada Lungs and on Strad" Mibai Viteazul; two mountain regiments, outside the city; a mountain artillery regiment at Rasnov, and the 17th Bomber Regiment at the airfield. 3. Although Brasov was renames Orasul Stalin on Stalin's birthday in, 1949, no one in the town uses anything but the old name. The place now has a population of 170,000. Under the Communist regime it has lost its former gaiety and food is short. There is a general fear of deportation. By the beginning of 1953, about 20,000 persons had been deported as "socially undesirable elements", and only those rated as harmless were removed to Mieroureu Ciuc. 4. The first thing one sees in Brasov Is the Cetatzuia prison for political prisoners, d four-story building on Cetatzuia hill. The neighborhood is guarded by the Securitatea, and traffic around the building is forbidden. The place piQbly has underground torture chambers; details about this are not to be had fro>re few people who have been released from the place, they say nothing after tsir release and avoid contacts with their friends. SEE R-/'.ZT .=4.,77P" n: A rA, WkImm da toeeverm ? -! O t ne'K,r:ive office tkoneh itr Aa,M,+x Dnet.-s d de- CJ d Caflr MA D-mewswdca C. Noe pIM J din hOMMtR. ta) -'J by tn' .., . la~uuLt.u1A u 1::, d i"-oz. Vtaitd, Q.tiab/Oli PONVARB *a ,.L._.. Gi'Jiim she i Approved For Release 2006/11/03: CIA-RDP80-00809A000500820092-6 CON?IDENTIAL 5. The old railroad station was bombed out durin, World War II and the new one is decidedly shabby. From it the lines:rqn out to the factories of era:jov and its neighoorhoou. Near the station are the modern railroad shops. Before the station stand only a few taxis and horse-drawn droshkys. Because of the high fares, they are used almost ex- clusively by Communist functionaries. 6. In the town there are six bus lines, with 15 buses altogether, 10 of which are Czech Skodas, bought in 1952. The remainder, of various makes. are over age. They are always overcrowded, with 200 passengers inoteed of the 40 tbe7 are avppose4 to talcs, A ticket costs 0.50 leu. 7. The main street of the city, formerly called Regele Carol Street is now Lenin Street. It runs through the town to the edge, where a huge monument to Stalin has been erected. Midway along it there is a big unfinished building, intended for propaganda meetings. When it was three-quarters complete, it was found the t the ce. cu-'a-lions on it were wrong, and it has never been finished. Lenin Street is crossed by Karl Marx, formerly Strada Vamii. Here, in the building formerly occupied by the German National Union are the offices of the regional organization of the Communist Party. 8. Near the ARO Palace- Hotel; the. atreets.:aometimesa change :their,name-, beavaing Strada 7 November. Here in the building of the former savings bank, are the offices of the ARLUS (Association for Soviet-Rumanian Friendship) and the offices of the labor unions. Farther along are the offices of the state bank, the investment bank and the Sovrom bank. At the corner of Strada.7 November and Sfantul Ion Street are militia headquarters. The Securitatea offices are near the city baths, Strada Prundului and on the market place. 9. In Bra o,v th re,eare`five hotels, only three of which are open to the public--Hotel ARO Mace, Hotel Coroana and Hotel ARO Sport. The other two are the Cerul Militar, >...,. 120 Q2.nak which is an oiiioera` uuairio, and Litt Hu6t:l X,v""CVa *4! ii"+ ' ww.?..+ children. The ARO Palace, at the corner of.StaTlin Street and Strada 7 November, is a quite new nine-story building, reserved for Party functionaries and foreign visitors. The best rooms are cleared for foreign visitors,; and-those wh6 lire in them are moved to others, or to-,;other hbt61,Aj='rio iaatter`whaL Party rank they have. The hotels are managed by the state. In a first-class hotel the prices are 2P leu for a single room and 42 leu for a double; in second-class hotels 20 and 30 leu. A luxury hotel was built in iy51 at the Poiana Stalin for the Ski Olympics. Shortly afterward it burned. There were stories that it had been set afire by some of those concerned in the construction to hide the evidence of embezzlement during the build- ing; and, many arrests were made. 10. There are only a few restaurants open, since the state managements cannot keep their prices down to the level of the falling standard of living. The restaurants fall in three categories: the luxury class with a price of 50-100 leu a meal, visited only by the. new Communist aristocracy; Class A, wheE'e_25 to 35 leu is the price of a very ordinary meal and Class B, where the food is almost'inedible and the prices 10 to 20 leu Most of the factories maintain canteens for their workers. 11. The famous pastry shops are now state undertakings, but have a very limited patronage, singe only a few even of the Communist aristocracy are willing.-to pay 1.50 to 2.50 leu for,.a tiny cake. CONFIDENTIAL Approved For Release 2006/11/03: CIA-RDP80-00809AO00500820092-6 CONFIDEXTIAL 25X1 Lh n. ~. ,..1; 12. Bra$qov has .a state theater, directed by the famous actor of the old regime, Misu Fotino. Pieces by Cssragiale are played frequently. 13. The 'avvies show mostly stereotyped Soviet propaganda films, which leave, the houses almost empty., ?Those who attend these filers are rprkers who have been forced to buy tickets-b their:vnions or other organisations. When a Czech, Polish or German film with leas. propaganda cones along, the places are jammed. 14. Consumption of alcohol in Bragov has grown markedly. 15. The churches are filled on Sundays, in spite of CosommIst propaganda, and in spite of the fact that-many priests have vanished. 16. Brafov has an engineering school and an agricultural institute. Courses last three years. 17 .. Tha alim.ta n# hnonl tal * In aa,ekod . rf the fnlir hnanl tal a ; ths two boat- in -t- --- addition to two clinics, are reserved for Party functionaries and the army. re iere nu n., .,ri rio'.,