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December 22, 2016
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June 11, 1954
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Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/01: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600060063-6 CLASSIFICATION CONFIDENTIA CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY INFORMATION REPORT PLACE ACQUIRED DATE ACQUIRED NO. OF ENCLS. (LISTED BELOW) SUPPLEMENT TO REPORT NO. L'- 25X1 The Donbasugol Combine controlled the trusts of Artemugul, located in Gorlovka; Kalininugol, located in Kalinovo; Sovetsbugol, located near the station of Ithanzhenkovo; Chistyakovugol, located in Chistyakova; Snezhnyanantratsit, located at'the station of Sofino-Brodskaya; Stalinugol; Z4skeyevugol; Budenovugol; Rutchenkovugo'_; Krasnoar.4leyskugol and Dzerzhinskugol. 3. The Voroshilovgradugol Combine controlled the trusts of Ordzhonikidreugo1, located in Verovka; Lisichanskugoi, located in Lisichansk; Kaganovichugoi; "di ^'^'^ ' located in Kodivev}:a (Sergo); Voroshilovs!. of located etweeC 4 LL c~LaLion of Kipuc'naya and the Town or Alchevsk (voroshilovsi:); Voroshilovg,ntratsit, located near the station of Zheleznaya; and Sverdlovugol, located in Sverdlovsk. S IM PADS FOR SU9.ZCT-6 Ah EA cODL CLASSIFICATION CQTP'I TIAL DISTRIBUTION I Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/01: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600060063-6 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/01: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600060063-6 L3A I CONFIDE TIAL -2- 4. The Rostov+.rgol Combine was located to the extreme east. It was comprised of the trusts of Shakhtantratsit, Bogure.sugcl, and the mines of the new rayon of Donbas. 5. Under the Soviet regime tb mines were referred to by numbers, especially in Gorlovka where the mines imeni Lenin were called Mine #5 and Mine #6. Coal mines were called according to the purpose they served i.e. the mines through which coal was hoisted were called hoisiing mines, and the ones through which the polluted air was pumped out were called ventilation mines. In earlier days (1933-38) the ventilation mines used to be 75 meters shallower than normal, and later (1940-43) they were 100 meters shallower. fA-vailabl, from td CIA Map Library :.s a map on Voroshilovgrad. M-37-11 MRS Series N-501 scale 1:450,000 which has been marked to show the locations of the trusts az:d coal a i s under the control of the Voroshilovgradugol and Donbasugol Coal Combine .* 6. The mines controlled by each trust were as follows: (the number preceding the mine indicatna its loca,ion on the annotated map). 1. Artemugol (Artem Coal Trust) 1. Gorlovka #1 2. Gorlovka #5 (Iment Lenin) 3. Novogorlovka #8 4. Novogorlovka #9 5. Konlrat'yevka 6. Alekiandra Zapad 7. & 8. Small unnamed mines 9. Podzeagaz Ii. Kalininugol (Kalinin Coal Trust) 30. Bayrakskiy (Kalinovo) 31. Novc-Kondrat'yevka 32. Rumyantaevc 33. Gigant g4. 35, & 36. Small unnamed mines 77. 13-bis 78. Buros (Kirovo) 79. Mine #8 near the station of Nizhnyaya Krynks. 80. Vizhnyaya Krynka 81. Unnamed mine 22 kilometers from the station of Khanzhenkovo 82 & 83. Ikunamed mines near Makeyevka 84. 3-big IV. Chistvakovus:ol (Chistvakova Coal Trust) 85. Mine #h v. i~:arnayn z.vezdu 87 & 88. Two small unnamed mines 89. Kimiovka 90, 91, & 92. Small unnamed mines 93. latik 94. Zuyr,ka 95. 01'Tovehik Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/01: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600060063-6 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/01: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600060063-6 CONFIDENTIAL -3- 96. Amerikanka 97, 98, & 99. Novyy Donbas Group 100. Small unnamed mine Sofiyevka ("Karl Marx") Verovka 'Krasnyy Profintercl Bunge (Yunyy Kommunar) Gidroshakhta KkasrWy Oktyabr Narnevka 16, 17, 18 & 19. II. Lisichanskugol (Lisichansk Coal. Trust) 20. Rukhimovich 21. Mel'nikovo 22. Titovka 23. Tomashevka 21' Chernomorka 25. Yevgen'yevka 26. Voykovo 27 & 28. Small unnamed mines 29. Podzemgaz III. Kaganovichngol (Keganivich Coal Trust) 37. Gorsko-Ivanovskiy 38. Zolotcye 39. Karbonit 40. Toahkovka 41. Pervomayak (Mariya) 42. Golubovka 43, 44, & 45. Small unnamed mines IV. Kaaiyevugol (Kadiyev Coal Trust) 1i6. Kadiyevka (Sergo) 47. Bryansk 48. Krivorozh'ye 49, Irmino 50 & 51. Small unnamed mines V. Voroshilovskugol (Voroshilovsk Coal Trust) 52, 53, 54, & 55. Pa.izhskaya Kcamuna (Seleznskaya 56. Arte #10 57. Delta 58. Intikovo 59 & 60. Sma11 unnamed mines VI. Voroshilovrsdugol * (Voroshilovgrad Coal Trust) 61. vapenskya #70 62. voroshilo!a Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/01: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600060063-6 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/01: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600060063-6 25X1 CorTh' KNTIAL -4- 63. Zapadiy 64, 65, & 66. The Uspenskaya group 67 & 68. Small unnamed mines * There were also a group of mines called "Prinudshakhta" located between Rozalinovka and Znaaenka. These were manned entirely oy convicts. VII. Krasnodonugol or Sorokinugol (Krasnodon Coal Trust) 69. Sorokino 70. Uralo'kavke.z 71. Izvarino 72. Mine #12 (west of the trust) 73. Krasnodon. 74, 75. & 76. Small unnamed mines 101. Khrustal'naya 102. Karl 1a3. Krasnyy Lnch 104. Bokovc 105, 106, 107, & 108. Small unnamed mines 109. Boko :k{y uo-118. Small mines in the neighborhood of the station of Shchetova (both east and vest!. 119. Dzerzhinka 120. Volodarka 121. Voykovo J22. Mines #14 & #17. 123. Shvartsevka 124. Mine #5 (Tsentrosoyuz) 7. The depth of shafts iu the mines di,fered. When the $np layer of a deposit was exhausted (usually in about 5 to 7 years) work was then begun on seams lying deeper. The average depth was about 330 meters. The deepest mine, Smolyanka of the Stalinugol Trust was 1,000 meters deep. Gorlovak #1 (1) was approximately 640 meters deep. Shcherbinovka of the Dzerzhinskugol Trust was 575 meters. Novo Kondrat'yevka (31) was 225 meters deep, and a never shaft of the Novo-Kondrat'yevka was 345 meters. Chernomorks (24) was 145 meters while Rukhimovich (20) vas 195 meters. The latter two bad in addition inclined passages that contained eight passages each. (Ceam #7 of the Ruth1mo7icb is an example). Chernomorka had a central inclined passage from which a fifth face was being mined. 8. The Donbas had 200 layers of which only 40 were suitable for development. They were 0.5 to 2.20 waters in thickness. The Shchetova mime had seams 3 meters thick but this was only a temporary phenomenon (swollen). Workable mines for the most part contained coal seams of 0.75 to 1.10 meters in thickness. Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/01: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600060063-6 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/01: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600060063-6 CONTFIDENNTTAi., -5- 9. As a rule e iiing was done by the pillar and stall rue~~"god. Where the dip of the seam was more than 450, the seam was extracted by means of roof caving. 'Where the dip was less than 450, the seam was removed with complete or partial backtilling. The material for backfilling was taken mostly from the floor and not from the ceiling (roof). 10. Inclined passages were used on seams of gentle slope (up to 450), and in exceptional cases greater than 450. In the eastern, section of the Rukhlmovich mine on Seas #7 there was an incliner- passage that dipped up to 580. Chutes were used on steep slope seams (Over 450). on seams of gentle slope:, propping cf fa-,es was done w'.th wcodeo frames and also at the edge (top or bottom) it, if vas necessary. on seep slope seams an additional orgenpipe supporting (?chocks"cdrges) structure of two or three rows was employed. Pine and. sometimes oak was used. However, "safety regulations" s trac tlq p-_onibited the use of oak on faces. There were also various new supports cf :on~ret ar_3 met::., but these were only in the stage of improve:mcn'.,, Underneath v ..*: t .lotion passages and above the hauling or loedinF. passage; pillar; w r Left. in the shape of rectangles (4 x 6 meter=_s). 11. Cutting machines were used on e.eams -L;.p ?.o 150 and coal was transported to the passages by conveyors or scrapers. The use of pneumatic drills, however, was more comm.cn. Here, coal was piled up under the influence of its own weigh': and gi_.ded to the right dircc!;ion by wooden chutes. 12. The diffi-:ulti,~s encountered in the process of mining a useful deposit were both geoirgica1 and. technical. The geological difficulties were: (a) a change in the thickness of a seam; (b) faults. dislocation of a seam along the normal; (;:) fle.xtires, a turn cf the seam without tearing (a rare phenomena); and (d) a con tioc:sus. molt tune in the form of rain (drip) coming down from the c"Ilin i.a some sans. Among the technical difficulties there were: (a) rrain'..enanes of the ce.'_ling; (b) temperature; (c) gases; (d) limitations of the rolling stock (-specially if the underground track was too long); (e) cmall range capaoity of the nine car; (f) limited number of reserved face-; (g) slow progress of preparatory work; (h) shortage and unsuitable meas'trements of wood for propping cleared area; and (i) continua- tion of work without -nte_ruption, leaving no time to make repairs on the track. E mples of mines w'th too long trackage were Smolyarka and Vetka of the Stalinugol Tr.csi; Buros and Sofiya of the Makeyevugol Trust; Gorlovka (1). Shch:-etb.'..rnvkn, Soflyerke (10), and Vero ka (11). was suppose to produce 250,000 tons per y; but up to 1943 the beat daily production was 235.0(Y) tens. Often only 150,000 to 170,000 tons were produced. Kondrat'yerka (5) produced 1800 tons per day, Gorlovka #1 (1) 34CC to 3800 tons per day, Sofiyevka (10) 3200 tons, and Smolyanka, 800 tons. Occasionally Smolyanka production would not exceed 250 tons. 14. Production figured of coal were complied on the bases of the amounts hauled to the surface. The total for the mines was corrected on a basis of the number of railroad cars loaded. The railway authorities received payment for the service of clearing cars- Failures to meet production quotas were sometimes concealed, especially when railroad cars were not available on time. The coal was then dumped into pies. The amount in the piles was often overestimated to hide rc:du...ior. quote, fei1?,;rc_ When ,he coal I, i_ted by spont.arleous combustion, the amount burned could be writter off. When it was necessary to make a report on coal production with a view to propaganda, both .tor;. domestic and foreign purposes, then usually the figures were juggled by dishonest auditors. Another reason why production quotas were not net was, after a mire was .corked for a certain period, the upper layers of coal would begin to press heavily on the mined area up to the face itself. E.s P. result Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/01: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600060063-6 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/01: CIA-RDP8O-00809AO00600060063-6 CONFIDENTIAL -6- art .valanche wuuld occur. In orde2 to avc:id_ o'ici. nr. ..ca:nn^he., la _ seams of coal often had i.o be abandoned. In 1937 a" the Kondrat'yevka Mine (5). Mazur seam Nc. 9 (mined by machinery) a layer of coal 150 meters in length, 110 centimeters thick with 50 centimeters of pyrite on top was abandoned. Every month. 1,000 to 1,500 ;on of good coal from this mine alone was thin; re.legai;ed. The same happened at Mine No. 10, or seam 95, where a .layer of coal 57 centimeters thick was abandoned. 15. The role cf the engineer was the same as the`; of a ^o-tr?on workman. He was not glvcr. suffi+:ie:tt time to think out his techr...cal. problems. He was ~_oml elled to do whw_ thi Party ' ctet:ed evcc thc?ign it was, contrary to his experience and education. Mc-t of thrs cir_crr did not favor the adopted 4DWt+a tarried c?n their work in a well thought out and consistent manner, a^.-:erdng tc >s';ubl fished procedure.-. 16. Each .level. of the mine area was exhou.';ed in five to seven years. Provisions had to be made in ad;nn^.e for the preparation of new faces and new levels. This rasulted in a ?.iecvense in the prod's*;ioni of coal and caused open friction between t.hr Party group er:?d the techniccal personnel (to the demands to produce the nece.::;ary quotas). The engineer'' answers were that, they had carried our, preparations for work but had not bean given the necessary work- men, time and funds (1938), The opening of new levels required a long period of time. The. Party 1.:_que ottil.d not wait end always demanded more and more coal. Con;equAntly, d ring the year 1.935 to 1938 the most learned engineers who honestly defended their technical opinions were arrested. They were punished more severely than a workman for a similar crime. The engineers fled wherever they could and many could be found at stud farms, fruit canning plants, st..c. Only those- remained who knew how to conceal their technical opinions, or were member.- of the Party. Tour Party ---lique relied more and more on young engineers. 17. Pressure was Increased on the engineers when the roof of a mine had deteriorated. The crr1inary passages were act strong enough to withstand pressure, because the workmen h,i.d. hurried and did. not build them well. The partial ;;a.ving of roof=_ ;re such circumstances had not yet (1940) become a general practice although some of the engineers had some knowledge of this system. 18. The Budenovugol Trust;, which was managed by a Party engineer who was interesteu only in getting out, more ,oal, overlooked repairs to excavations and made no expenditures to Improve the. situation. late, the engineers of the Budenovugol Trust began to use, the English system of timbering. 1?9. In slightly dipping deposits, layers were subdiv'ded by sloping passages and not by shafts, the construction of which required a long time because of the necessary expansion of the underground track. A complete run by the underground trolley at the "Buros" mines required a full hour. _inadequate supervision of 'ude.'ground tracks caused damages both to electric engines and to the cables. Preliminary works (drifts) lagged behin the clearing process (faces) which made it possible to prepare only one trolley and only one trolley run or to lay the empty trolley to oneside, which was also a slow operation. In 1941, a mad campaign of arrests of workers (former Kulaks) occurred at the miles. Production dropped from 1800 to 1200 tons per day at the Kond_rat'rerke Nina ti On the ht=t-: r' * (,) ? a,au'are grcdu^,i.on of three tons. per workman per day. the arrest of a homed workmen amounted to a loss of 300 tons per day. In Mine No. 8 (79) of the Sovetskugol Trust more than 70 men were arrested resulting in the loss of 210 tons. Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/01: CIA-RDP8O-00809AO00600060063-6 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/01: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600060063-6 - 25X1 CONFIDENTIAL -7- 20, The Donbas coal was earmarked for heavy industry. (machine building, niectri.cal, metallurgical, chemical, textile, etc.), water and railroad transport, fuel for the cities, and was also the principal fuel for the electric power stations. Better qualities of coal, both bituminous and anthracite, were exported to Italy and other countries. 21. The Donbas Basin coal was classified as: lean, ona flame, gas, coking, steam caking, and coal for maritime purposes. Coal or maritime purposes was characterized by its high heat producing capacity. It ignited readily, gave off very little smoke, and its carbon content ,ras 93 to 95%. Deposits were at Bokcvo-Antratsi+ terminating at Shakhtinskiy rayon. Steam caking coal while aflame, was sexy good for heating water. It was primarily used by locomotives. The deposits were in the northern walls of the. anticline Kondrat'yevka (5), Aleksandra'Zepad (6), and other mines. Long-flame coal was used in furna?;e_, with large combustion space. Its carbon, content was 89-9a%. Deposits were located in the Lisichanskiy rayon. Gas coal, which produced a high percentage of gazes, was used to supply power for factories. The Smclyarka mine partially supplied the Stalin Metallurgical Plant with as ,oal. Lean coal, whose hea, quality was not too high, was found in many places in the Donbas, particyuiarly In the Sovetskug-l rayon. Coking coal deposits were found in Voroshilovak.:gol and Kadiyevizrgol Trusts and also in the ,o-called Teentral'nyy (central) rayon. Prigci.ple consumers of the coking coal In the Crdzhonikidze Trust was the Ordzhonikidze Yenakiyevo Metallurgical. Plant and the Ordzhonikidze ccko an8.chemical. factory. 22. Carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, sulfa- dioxide, and methane were encountered in Donets Basin coal mines. All of the mines were divided into four categories &spending upon methane concentration. The first category consisted of mines whi nla bad less than 0.5% r.Cf CH4 in the mine air or 3 cubic meters .li.bere,ted per ton of extracted coal.; the second category those whicn had from 3 to 9 cubic meters l.berat,ed per ton of coil; the third category those w,li.ch had from 9 to 18 cubic meters of CH per ton; and the fourth, more than 18 cubic nacrs per ton. .Aleksandra'Zap~d (6), belonged to category #l, Rukhimovich (20) and Katik (93) to category #2, Sofiyevka (10), Verovka (11), Ba.yrak:ki.y (30), and Budenovugol to category #3, and Gorlovka #1 (1) to category J14. 23. Technical measures and diligent supervision to con:rc.1 gases in the mines depended on the type of management. One measaru was to make certain that the air had no lase t'.an 19% oxygen. This was one of the :5est ways to combat gas where methane continued to be formed. It was found necessary to keep the air in subsidiary faces in normal condition even when there were no miners present. 24. Not all the mines could be kept at this level. Sometimes analysis indicated a methane content of 17 or even 18.3% as in Novcgor'_ovka #8 (3) where a sample was taken rear the ventilation drift. In this case the coal was very hard and the miners made loading platforms with a charging hole in order to fulfill their quotas. The increased gas pressure would blr,a ou. large quantities of coal thus assisting the miners with their production. This, of course, was cone in secrecy as it was extremely dangerous. 25. Gas was discharged normally, through n gas feeder, and/or in sudden ejections_ 1'ne g7ZC fcocter disCharo.e was moat dangerous because i was unforeseen, It was very strong but steady. When gas had, concentrated in pockets under great At the Verovka mine (11) at layer 4 (Severnyy) within the period of one hour there were two ejections of coal. The first was 600 tons at the head. of the drift near the stove and the second 800 tons at about the middle of the bench. Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/01: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600060063-6 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/01: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600060063-6 CONFIDENTIAL -8- 26. 0x_amaethan- (NII CO CO_ C~ii) was also present in .ertain mine, and was very dangerous iveca?se~it,`e plr_ded like methane. However, `here *aeren't very many explosions from this cause. During the period 1933-1943 there were only six. Prior to 1930 there was an :xplosi.on at Shcheglov'ka Mine of the Makeyevagol Trust. One Sunday at the Shcheglovka Mine (at that time Sunday was not a work day) a careless watchman lit a cigarette near the shaft where the Oxamaethane. had acc?,.mMated, which resulted in an explosion. lacer, the rules for safety forbade the., lighting of fire at a distance of 50 meters from a shaft. 27. The Sofievka (10) and V.a!rovka (11) mines had uev,-_rai explosions within the period of one month which resulted in hea,.r 'here were also several lesser explosions, with few ;abua t; e:.. At No-o-Kr.inla there was an explosion in 1940 with ;rra11 losses. 28. The explosion.. attained maximcn for..F whoa +i,-_e mattane ;or'tent was between 5.5 and 9.5 percent, it wo-.Il.d no's explode it th_ cent_nt was lower. However, it;; was diffival; tr., tablish exact linitz, and it could al::a burn witho .t exploding, The explosions scald all be traced to defacti7re screens on safety lamp:, marks 'a:;sed by poor insulation of a locomotive boiy. or sparks from the ccn~;rr,1 tar of a .sitting machine. In order to prc,,er t future explosions, many repairs wFr~-. made on the ventilating machinery. Also, in accordance with the instr'.ictIon:, of the rules for safety, more air per ton of coal extracted wat; provided. for of for bias tirga. The air was calculated per man, and if there were horses, per horse. Each ventilating system, serving an entire mine. had to consist of two. independent ver_tilators and motors. At sore mines, which had no', beer rr,rd'arnized and removed from category I, the ventilating equipment c?or..s+c:ed of one ventilator and two motors, one of which wa= a standby. When t?:e methane eon';sn`, reached 2%. minere were im?rec?iately removed from the mines. If any work was to be done in s,z.:h m;nos at a future date, gas meters had to be installed. 30. Old style ver:tI ator- wen? replaced by more modern type that had a larger diameter na:,sing stronger _ :eats of ni.r and greatly i.ncrsazing the air press, ^e. Re ,ndi+.: cn.;ng ::.f rsntlla :rr . dock place in all mine?:, In ? ategories #3 and p4. 31. Large amounts of water were always present after he snow melted in the spring. This condition was foreseen. Mires were elaipped with three primps, each capable of pumping out the surplus water within 20 hours. Two of the pumps, if worked simultaneously, could successfully handle the raximum e.tra flow. Normal procedure was to alternate the operation of two pumps while the third was held in reserve. 32. Water di,1 not do much damage, although trouble occurred in some of the mines. A serious problem for the mine management staff was the cor.trol of the water level formed by water tight rocks. (the so-called phreatic horizon) from 1,14eh the water flowed order the pressure of its own gravity and in great quantities. These. underground springs would sometimes interrupt work completely. The Iosifoviskiy seam of the Aleksandra-Zapad Mine (6) and the Verovka mine (11) were two of the mines where mining operations were di:: it_d. 33. A great deal of trouble was _nco:,nt=_red in he xp3.ottation of Mine 112 (72) of the Sci?okanu;3cl Trust, Kisilevka and the New Passage (Novo prokhodka) in the Voroahilovskugol Trust. Sometimes the water came out on the lover side of a layer, e.g. when it me': a weak shale, and forced it.E, way through to form a eticky dirty mesa. Where there was a clay shale ("lupak") intersperead with thin layers of other rocks, there "swelling" occurred, which often ?fsmaf?-3 the mine props as well as the tracks. Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/01: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600060063-6 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/01: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600060063-6 CONFIDENTIAL -9- A12 of tie coal. t-ane:per'-ec'. o-t of the Donato Da.?in gent thro,zgh concentrating and enriching plants before -shipment. Mines ;14 & 17 (122) produced coal to size, since they had a crusher and a sifter. When the coal. was used by local industrial plants, they conditioned their own. Each local enterprise had its own tabling (stoly) and concentrating equipment. Many plants obtained a large percentage of ash and their corrplaints were answered with the statement, "we are still developing techniqueo.". Quite a furor arose over ash content. Mines were ordered not to transport large. quantities of worthless matter with the coal.. Despite acme remadiV.;s uudartak?;n, there were frequent instances when the ash content reached 27 to 31 percent. 35. Coal allocations to mime employees depended on the season and a-:,-ording to the norm whey had produced. Daring the surmsr each miner was allocated 20 to 30 p;rds (800 ~n 120' pounds)- In the apring and in the. fall this was increased to 50 p-jd- (1600 to 1800 po-nr(ls). The coal allocations were considered adaqu}{,e from 1930 Cr. bscan.e at that time fzrewcod was also available and the 3C 'P-.;.is q:-re n each dings In the summer could be saved for winter use. After 1)41 miner:, were given only 1`, 20, or 25 pods during the summ:.r and coal ef n `racy low quality. Mary n.iners then resorted to picking from the mire dumps. 36. Prices in 1.937 were general y stable, from 30 to 45 rubles per ton. From 1937 to 1941, without ao,yy reason, some of the mines raised their prices to 150 rubles per ton. The carting of coal. (30 pods) for a distance of 1.5 kilometers from Sofievka to Verovka, eoet 110 rubles in 1937. 15 rubles in 1938, and 25 rubles in 1941. However. these 1-r.ces applied orly to workers living outside of the m.in'_ng settlement, 37. Coal produced in the Donets Basin, which was not ender the. All-Union Ministry of Coal, amounted o abort two or three per cent of the total. Technical. control of non-Ministry mines was ir_c:ependent. The Ukrainian Ministry of Coal owned the Dr,n?.sgol Trust r-hinh managed all the mines of the Donbas. There were, however, many mines which Ukrainian towns had opened at their own expense. They profitted from cschr.cel ad rice from neighhorirg mines, or, if they had more funds, they engag~d.their own technical manager in which case there was also economic s-pervision. Such mines were located all over the Donbas but only in those places and seems were the Ministry of Heavy Industry was not interested in mining coal.. An .xception was made for the mines around the station rateynikeve. These mines were managed by the trusts of the heavy industries who wanted those mines completely exploited for their own benefits (production records). 38. All lifting equipment war raised by cables. It was raised by a lift with a bucket, a dump-car, a cage, skipcars, or a combination of cage and skipcar (when working on one shaft). 39. Most of the mines shipped coal without picking out waste rocks. Some of the bunkers (Kondrat'yevka (5), Rukhimovich (20), Aleksandra Zapad (6) mines, and others) had crashers, which picked out stones; or the consumer himself cleaned the coal. Verovka (131 and Sofiyevka (10) had small link conveyors at the bunkers, which performed the cleaning. Marking was done to a certain extent where the breaking up was done, since it was impossible to do it when very dirty coal was raised. There was no washing of coal.. Verovka and Sofiyevka had excellent washers that stood idle because of r or management. It also had a 14 to 17 ton mr:; bl. screen and link end belt conveyers. Lnadi:.g was done with the aid of dumpers, transporters, and in the case when coal piled up under a trestle, hand-barrows were used because there were not enough transporters. Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/01: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600060063-6 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/01: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600060063-6 CONFIDENTIAL -10- 1+0. Further processing consisted of brique*tes, produced whenever necessary. The mines "Burge" and "Bryansk" were two such producers. When it was necessary to pulverize.corl for furnaces with spray burners (such as at 'Don Soda') the plants would do the pulverizing using their own equipment. 41. The Gorlgvka #1 nine (1) bad its own equipment for producing benzol located near the mine yards. 735.1 219N 735.1 524N 740. 1 091 524N 1-12/735.1 524N 2_;2/735,1 524N 4-5/735.1 524N 2-5/735.1 524N 9/73=5 1 1-6/735 524N Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/01: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600060063-6