Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
Release Decision: 
Original Classification: 
Document Page Count: 
Document Creation Date: 
December 22, 2016
Document Release Date: 
July 6, 2011
Sequence Number: 
Case Number: 
Publication Date: 
July 13, 1949
Content Type: 
PDF icon CIA-RDP80-00809A000600240229-1.pdf293.57 KB
Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/07/07: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600240229-1 CLASSIFIP" ION 5 EI CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY REPORT INFORMATION FROM FOREIGN DOCUMENTS OR RADIO BROADCASTS CD NO. DATE DIaT. / ' ul 1949 NO. OF PAGES 4 SUPPLEMENT TO REPORT NO. THIS IS UNEVALUATED INFORMATION COUNTRY C3~r, SUBJECT Rai)rngr15 HOW PUBLISHED Daily newspapers WHERE PUBLISHED USSR DATE PUBLISHED May 13 Jun 1949 LANGUAGE Russian TURKSIB SYSTEM FAILS TO OPERATE ON 2UMM i# SCHEDULE -- Kazakhstaurkaya Pravda, No 1u7, 4 Jun. 49 After r,:-)re than one month of summer schedule, the Turksib Rail- road System Is operating worse than it did in the winter months when snow and fog impeded the movement of trains. The Turksib has thousands of cars above the norms established by the Ministry of Transportation for the rolling stock- ';f the railroad. Many more locomotives than foreseen by the plan are kept under steam. The basic, universal measure -- the car turnaround time -- was increased 30 percent in May. Cars stand idle for days in loading and unloading. Particularly unsatisfactory is the situation on such important sections as Rubtsovsk and Dzhambul, where trains continually depart from the schedule. Coordination of the railroad units on the Turksib is very poor, and consequently the schedule is not maintained. The Semipalatinsk Station, where trains are formed for the Turksib, has become a barrier obstructing train movements. Aleksandrovich, the head of the station, and Rodionov, acting head of the Ayaguz section, have given many promises to correct the terminal's operation, but the situation has not improved. Dozens of trains were delayed in May in approaching Semipalatinsk. Cars stand for a long time in the station itself. The average idle time of freight cars during loading opera- tions and handling of transit freight exceeded the norm by 200 to '00 percent. Both single cars and entire trains were standing for days. Strict discipline and exact observation of the laws of technical operation are the most important conditions for clear and coordinated operations according to schedule, Meanwhile, many operational defects ri, STATE Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/07/07: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600240229-1 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/07/07: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600240229-1 r . 2011. the M ulun-Kam run was delayed more than 4 hours and th-:c trains were thrown oil crhadule when tin qlr pump cn the locomotive went out of order. Tech- nical instruction is poorly ors-an7.zed on thy- railroad. Even some di ectors make no effort '.o mprovetheir technical knowledge. The greatest shortcoming in the work of the Turksib administra- tion is the lack of verification of decisions to be carried out. Orders remal.l on paper. The directors of the railroad -- Oms:rov, head of the railroad, and Mezinov, his assistant-- do not enforce the carrying out of their orders and instruction.3. TRANSBAYKAL TttAh'K 3ERVICE INEFFICIENT -- Zabaykte.l'siciy Rabochiy, No 93, 14 May '.'9 The 19119 slimmer Or t0(, 1ransba;ykal R-ilroad System. in :,,)m parison h 1948 h '1 call for-an increase of 100 tons in train t,onrage an 7 acrease of 1 . ^ V! I orrr ,.,?.r s pe: hour in the norm for aver. awe speed excluding stops it ut G.9 kilometers per, hour in the norm f(r? average ope'd including stop,, acceleration of the turnaround time of a locomotive by 1.b4 hours, and an increase of 31 kilometers in the 'norm for the average ddiiy run. Since the schedule were Into effect on 21 April, leading.locomot?ve engineers have been exceeding the norms and have achieved average daily locronotive runs of from 500 to 7'J0 ki.iomete,m . How- ever, due to poor track conditions, more than 250 trains were prevented from running on schedule and 6o cases of track breakdown, which limited train speed to 15 or 25 kilometers per h)ur, have occurred since 21 April. Track conditions are particularly poor in the Khilok, Mogzon, and 'Jrul'ginskaya sections of the system; lack of new rails and ties prevents the good maintenance of tracks. Other sections of the system have not made sufficient preparations for the summer season. The first-quarter plar fir our ovaLicn of track eruipment and procure- ment of ties was not corm .a ai.. Only 76 percent of the ra11e and 73 percent of the bolts were repaired, only 70 percent of the planr?ed number of anticreepors were produced, and only 63 percent of the ties were procured. The system has not been complying with the de- cree to lay only treated ties. The progress of introducing mechani- zation throughout the system has barn completely unsatisfactory. Such important machine-s ,is the mobile electric power plants and electric tie tampers are rarely put to use. The 1949 planned volume for medium and major track repair con- siderably exceeds .Le volume of work for 1948, particularly in regarc, to improvement of the earth roadbed. In order to meet this plan, it will be necessary to mobilize all existing machinery, particularly heavy-duty baliasters and plane:,, throughout the system. It will also be necessary to organize a mass collection and utilization of old cover plates, rail choirs, bolts, and spikes and to renovate rails and other track equipme:t. TRANSBAYKAL DEPOT WINS ALL-UNION AWARD -- Zabaykai'skiy Rabochiy, No 87, 5 May 49 The Depot imeni Kaganovich of the Transbaykal Railroad System was awarded first place and the Red Banner of th^ Council of Ministers USSR for its success in the first-quarter competition. In April, the depot exceeded its pledge and took first place in the competition on the Transbaykal System and was awarded the system's Red Banner. 50X1-HUM Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/07/07: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600240229-1 c plan.. The depotas a whole, however, has not been meeting these pledges. The volume of locomotive repair done in the first quarter was substan- tiai.ly below the plan. i0l.; time of locomotives in washing and over- ha,;ling was increased 100 percent. In April, the ioie time of locomo- fiv>; ir nverhs,iling was increased 60 hours above plan and 15 hours above plan in washing. Such serious deficiencies indicate the lack of organization per- mitted in the depot by its chief, Revyakin, and by Yeremin, deputy- chief for repair. Inefficient preparation of production has resulted in tremendous lceses of worker hours, amounting to as many as 212 hours for 20 days in the machine Shop. Productivity of machine-tool workers has been decreasing because of the shortage of cutting tools. Lathemen and planers often have to work with substandard cutters. There is only one half-inch drill for all working a2eas in the machine shop. Measuring tools are also scarce. Tools are available, but, the depot's directors are lax in pro"i'dirg an adequate supply. The depot has a great percentage of flaws in repair work for which the younger workers are usually responsible. These workers need more training, but technical training has not been organized in the depot. Complete disorder prevails in the overhaul shop and machine shop where produc- tion technique is et a very low level. ' the largestVenterprisen of the Far E.stern Railroad System, is equipped ,o repair a wide range of locc?oLIves. In the first quarter 1949, the depot pledged to increase the norm for the aven'age daily run of loco- ent and haul severel thousand tons of freight above noY',.-as by ? per 21 May tr9 RAILROAD WORKERS EXCEED PLEDGE -- Tikhookeansica.ya Zvezda, No 11(, 20 May 49 Railroad workers on the Urgal'skaya branch line, Khabarcvsk Kray, have been successful in meeting their pledge to realize a furl of above-plan accumulations. Locomotive engineers have pledged to save at least 5 percent on fuel every month, and actually saved 8 percent during the first quarter. This pledge was substantially exceeded in April. RAIL IMPROVEMENTS IN KAZAKHSTAN -- Kazakhstanskaya Pravda, No 107 4 Jun 49 The Ural'sk Station has completed its Five-Year Plan for .freight car unloading. One shift unloaded more than 4,000 cars above plun. An engineer at the Akmolinsk Depot is the first on the Karaganda Railroad to operate a train according to a pre-established financial plan for each run. On his example, a competition has begun among locomotive workers for high-earning capacity of each train. FIRST FAST DIESEL TRAIN OPERATES IN LITHUANIA -- Pravda, No 164, 13 Jun 49 The first fast Diesel train in Lithuania made a trial round trip on 12 June between Vil'ryus-Kaunas-Shaulyay-Klaypeda. The distance between Vil'nyus and Kau es took half of the time required by a regular passenger train. In the next few days, the Diesel train will operate regularly on the Vil'nyus-Kaunas line. Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/07/07: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600240229-1 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/07/07: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600240229-1 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/07/07: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600240229-1 EXPANSION OF OPERATIONS RELEASES LOCOMOTIVES -?- Gudok, No 70, 12 Jun 49 Increase in the average daily distance traveled by locomotivOn has enabled the following railroad systems and stations to cut their 100-Dmotive parks as Pillows stem ' r S Decrease in Loeomotiee Park (locomotivee~ , . y Station o Yaroslavl'-Railroad System Vspol've Depot 2 I Aleks androv 4 Saran' Railroad System including 7 7 Yurom Depot 7 Sergach Depot 6 banash Depot xl Yudino Depot Arya Depot kiy Railroad System Go 8 3 Brest-Litovsk System 2 L'vov System 3 Vologda Depot 7 Iavkasskaya Depot Ashkhabad Depot 7 24 Peru' System Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/07/07: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600240229-1 50X1-HUM