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December 22, 2016
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September 28, 2011
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January 11, 1950
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Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/28: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600280132-4 CLASSIFICATION 9ECRET , CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY INFORMATION FROM FOREIGN DOCUMENTS OR RADIO BROADCASTS CIO[ (1!Tnv DATE PUBLISHED 31 Aug - 4 Nov 1949 LANGUAGE Russian THIS DOCONRNT CONTAINS IRPOTNATION ASPICTINI TN[ NAIIT%AI DInRIS OT YN[ Vg11I0 STAIRS 91}X1? TNt NLMINO 01 IYIIOlADR AR YO Y. M1. C.. PI ANO D[, A! AN[N DIO. ITS TIAIVSJCAIO'A OR TN[ R[Y[LATIOI Df Ill CONTINT/IS ART 1ARN[R TO AN OSADTNORIARD VISION IS PRO. NIIIT[5 IY LAN. PIPRODOCTION 01 TRII POSR II PRONIIIT[D. Newspapers as indicated. DATE DIST. !t I Tan NO. OF PAGES 5 SUPPLEMENT TO REPORT NO. THIS IS UNEVALUATED INFORMATION RECONS1Yi,4GTIuN FROGUSS.$ IN BELO$1.T38IA !u AINE, ESTON-.A (umbers in parentheses refer to the sources listed at the end_7 Belorussia The Belorussian building industry has,e':,nded considerably in postwar years. The city of Minsk alone is spending :?.?.e Million rubles daily for reconst^uction and contt-uction work in 1c4). Several large construction organizations of the republic have adopted high- speed, assembly-line building me*.cdz. Construction trastb of "Glavprometroy" (Main Administration of Industrial Coz,3truction) have made great progress. Woodworking plants of these trusts produce nearly all wooden parts necessary for housing construction, including vind5v and door frames, wall closets, paneling, framework, floor boards, railings, etc. Construction organizations of "Glavpro-i- stroy" are applying industrial building methods in 20 to 40 percent of their operations. However, these methods should be applied more widely. In many smaller construction projects industrialization is only in its first stages of development. A large number of Minsk projects are using antiquated building methods. (1) Construction Yorkers of Minsk and Stalingrad have been competing with each other in the fulfillment of their plans. Although both cities completed the state plan for construction wcrk in the first 6 months of 1949, a number of important pledges have not been fulfilled. For instance, neither one of the cities met the plan for lowering production costs and releasing funds from their working capital. Giavminakstroy is lagging behind Ulavetalingradstroy with re- gard to housing construction. Stalingrad workers completed 67.8 percent of the year plan for housing construction during the first 6 months of 1949, and Glavminaketroy completed only 1,200 square meters of h9lasing area, out of a total of 2,700 provided by plan. Minsk builders have been severely criticized for not introducing prefabricated reinforced-concrete structures in their con- struction projects. (2) C SIFICATION SECRRT ErbtUT STATE NAVY NSRB DISTRIBUTION ARMY AIR FBI Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/28: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600280132-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/28: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600280132-4 Two large buildings are under construction in Mink. one 11-story building on Privokzal'naya Floshchad', and one eight-story building on the corner of Sovetskaya and D lgobrodskaya ulit-~a. The Mos_oa architect Bar3hch is working on a plan for a new 13-story building to be nsa acted at Dolgobrodakaya and Sovetskaya ulit3a. (1) ae eight-apartment house and two 24-apartment houses were recently built in Miaak. Three mnltistoried buildings have just been finished in the settle- men' of the Belorussian Tractor Plant. Workers of this plant received 80 new apartments. Construction of a multistoried apartment house on ulitsa Karla Me..:kea will soon be completed. There are many new buildings in other cities of Belorussia. A 16-apartment hose has been built in Mozyr, a 32-apart-ent house for workers of local enter- prises in Vitebsk, en the Technical School of Construction in Gomel' has received a new building. (3) General reconstruction plans have been worked out for the largest towns of sia, including Brest, Baranovich., Grodno, Pinsk, Molodechno, and others. Brest is to be transformed into a garden city. Construction plans for this city include large-scale construction of dwellings and administrative buildings, also a stadium, a hotel, and e general 3torc. Molodechno and Baranovichi are to undergo great changes. A great deal of construction work is in progress in these toms. (4) QitxkuontheNanan.River '-as been completely transformed in the past 10 years. Many new buildings have been constructed. The first unit of a nine-cloth com- bine has been put into operation. A shoe factory with modern equipment has also been established in Grodno. Leather plants, lumber mills, a tobacco factory, and other enterprises have been reconstructed. it pedagogical institute, a theater, and many secondary speciul schools have been opened in this town. The ancient Grodno castle has been restored and transformed into a museum. (5) A 20-year construction plan has been approved for the town of Mogilev. The plan provides for the construction of new industrial enterprises, a dramatic theater, clubr., schools, dispensaries, etc. The industrial districts wtli be connected with the center of the town by streetcar lines. (6) During postwar yearn, over 10,000 Belorussian villages have been reconstructed. About 400,000 houses have been built in these villages. Every single village in Belorussia has several new buildings. Puilding activities have been especially extensive in the new kolkhozes of western Belorussian oblasts. The general recon- struction plan is to be completed in 3 years. (7) - The first Belorussian sugar refinery is being built in Skidel'skiy Rayon, Grodno Oblast. Construction plans include the plant buildings, a power pla::t, and a workers' settlement. (8) During the war, 6,000 dwellings in Kiev were destroyed and burned. Until now 600,000 square meters of living area have been reconstructed and newly built. Eighty-eight dwellings were completed in 1949. Fifty houses are now under con- struction on Bagrinovaya Gora. (9) Two eight-story apartment houses are under construction on Kreshchatik, a main thoroughfare in Kiev. These are the first large buildings to be constructed according to the general plan The new houses will have 122 apartments with a total living area of about 5,000 square meters. The first stories of the build- ings will. be faced with red granite, the remaining stories with ceramic tiles. All apartments will have central heating, gas, elevator service, garbage disposal, etc. Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/28: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600280132-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/28: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600280132-4 astruction ie to be done by high-speed ae:sembly-i ns methcds, and th the latesi mechanical equipment. ;10) ouilding, a.-: well as light irdustry and food industry. Kiev enterprises have mastered th,- production ?:,f marry new types of products, including motorcycles, various gas installations, etc. Thu construction materials industry has The ple fcr new tens rartio:_, especially housing, is being augmented from year to year. --n 19,9 or_stru t~cc of sew buildings const_incted 10 per_ent of the eat'-re en tr c.tion prcgram, whereas in 1949 it constitutes 50 percont. (ii> The "Kiv.:"~?i1stroy" Trust construction workers have finished building tiro new school-%. No 14 on Kurenevka and No til on ulitsa Chekistov 2. A five-story In the 1 acne, new school{ have been built. Following the >xample of workers in Zhicomiz, Chernigoe, Kiev and other oblae.ts, 519 new schools have been built in the Ukraine with the help of community building methods; and 28,974 schools have 'been repaired. About 6,000 schools have been equipped with electricity. (13) The number of new rlvellinge it Zaporozh'ye is increasing daily The "Zaporozhatroy" Trust alone has built 89 houses during 1949, with a total area of 37,000 square meters. This trust will soon complete construction of 40 more houses. Construction is done by high-speed methods. (14) Individual building is derelopin in the Transcarpathian Obla,t. Daring the 4 years of Soviet government, workers of this oblast built over 8,000 d,re1.1- ings, Individuad builders received from the state 10 million bricks, over 4 million tiles, 66,000 cubic meters of timber, and large quantities of other building materials. (15) During the last 3 years, 116 factories and plants have been rebuilt and newly built in the Transcarpathian Oblast of the Ukraine. The number of enter- prises has increased six times, and the number of ti.orkers seven times; industrial production has increased ten times. Five large sawmills have been built in Trans- carpathia. (16) Tallin is one of 12 cities of the Soviet Union which are under the ju Ls&ic- tion of the new All-Union Ministry of Cicy Construction. A nbw general recon- struction plan for Tallin has been, made and recsaetruction work begun. ,.reider- able funds have been allocated in the 1950 budget for city ns purposes. By the end of 1951, Tallin is to reach its prewar level of living area and number of other buildings. The basic area of land new occupied by the city will -b, pre- served to its full extent and will reach from Pyaaskyula to Meri yal'ya. The ancient, historical part of the city will be left Intact. The most important construction project in the future center of the city is the House of Ministries. This huge building is to have a capacity cf 128,000 cubic meters and a length of 150 meters. The general construction plan has been approved. The new building will occupy a land area of 2 hectares and will extend along the entire length of the new central square. The new administrative build- ing of the Executive Committee of the City Soviet is to be built next to the House of Ministries, at the corner of ulitsa Vira and Mere puyestee. (17) Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/28: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600280132-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/28: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600280132-4 organizat..-ees mast continue to speed up housing constructs^n. (16) The town and. railroad junction of Valga on the Estonian-Latvian border was bs'y._y- damaged during the war, 1a the past 5 years, a great amount of recons;ruc.ion work has been done. Sixty various industrial enterprises have been rebuilt and 20 new ones built. Construction of a. new railroad station building is near c,ttrpietion. !5 nor workers of the "Vol'ta" Plant, and houses for workers of other enter- prises. Hovevsi, the steel for living area is still very great and city i,;~luding two large settlemer.te far cor traction corkers, a large dwelling During the pact 5 years: over. 1,300 dwellings :cvering an araa of more than +00,00) s pare weters were reccnstructed and newly built in i'allin, , 80 percent of the prewar area. The city has three technical schools, 16 schools, 8 clubs, 5 movie theaters, a dramatic theater, 30 children's inat'_tutiose, and severai hospitals. Streetcars have resumed operation. One of the leading enterprises of the city is the "Proletariy" Cement Plant, which has teen producing thous?.nds of tons of high-grade cement above plan each month. one of the met important ports of the Black Sea coast. During the war, nearly all of Its dwellings a total of 9,000 buildings) were destroyed. At present the city has about x00,000 square meters of living area which is more than Construction in Other. Parts of USSR No*roroesiyak is now the largest industrial city of the Kuban' region and Construction of new buildings i8 in full progress. The construction plan has been fulfilled 106 percent, labor productivity has increased 16.2 percent over 1948, production costs are 1.7 percent below plan. These results were achieved mainly by mechanization of construction work. Novorossiyck builders were the first in Krhsnoiar Kray to use col,red master. Buildings covered with this type of plaster do not require painting or whitewash- ing. Colored plaster is highly resistant to wind and rain. (19) The ancient Russian city -f Bryansk was seriously damaged during the war. It had to be practically rebuilt from its foundation. At present, 3n union- republic and local enterprises in Bryansk have been reconstructed and new types of industry have been created. The most important railroad Junctions have been restored. Great progress has been made in housing construction in the city. Over 165,000 square titers of living area have been rebuilt and newly built. The state has been extremely helpful to workers in the construction of dwellings. Indiviiual 'builders have built over 2,500 houses. The city has a number of multistoried buildings, including the Hall of Soviets, the Forestry Institute, the Communications Adminis- tration, offices of the State Bank, and the Oblast Committee of VKP(b). Over 80 buildings were built during 1949, of which 50 are dwellings. A new dramatic theater -ith a seating capacity of 750 was rece,.tl.y opened. Mach 1,9s been done in the reconstruction of schools, hospitals, and cultural instItutioas. Two new bridges have been built across the Verkhniy and Nizhniy Su.dki ravines. A new street, Fokinskaya, will run over these bridges. This is to be the main thoroughfare of the city. (20) Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/28: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600280132-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/28: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600280132-4 ET 2. Sovetskaya Belorussi.ya, No 174, 2 Sep 49 3. Thud, No 261, 4 Nov 49 4. Pravda, No 277, 4 Oct 49 5. Sovetskaya Estoniya, No 222, 2G Sep 49 6. Sove`sk ya Litva, No 224, 22 Sep 49 8. Pravda, No 263, 2O Sep 49 9. Pravda, No 266, 23 Sep 49 11. Izvestiya, No 247, 19 Oct 49 12.. Pravda Ukrainy, Nc 205, 31 Aug 49 14. Pravda, No 292, 19 Oct 49 16. Pravda Ukrainy, No 249, 21 oct 49 11". Trasn?vy Flot, No 224, 22 Sep 49 1.9. Yrasnyy Fi.ot, No 219, 16 Sep 49 20. Izvostiya, No 246, 18 Oct 49 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/28: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600280132-4